q-2, r. 35.3.1 - Regulation respecting afforestation and reforestation projects eligible for the issuance of offset credits on privately-owned land

Full text
Updated to 1 January 2024
This document has official status.
chapter Q-2, r. 35.3.1
Regulation respecting afforestation and reforestation projects eligible for the issuance of offset credits on privately-owned land
Environment Quality Act
(chapter Q-2, ss. 46.1, 46.5 and 46.8.2).
Act respecting certain measures enabling the enforcement of environmental and dam safety legislation
(chapter M-11.6, ss. 30 and 45).
TITLE I
OBJECT, SCOPE AND INTERPRETATION
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. I.
1. With the aim of generating offset credits, whose climate benefits are equivalent to those obtained following a reduction in GHG emissions, through the temporary sequestration of carbon resulting from the creation or increase of forest cover, the object of this Regulation is to
(1)  determine which afforestation and reforestation projects on privately-owned land are eligible for the issuance of offset credits under section 46.8.2 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2);
(2)  set the conditions and methods applicable to such projects;
(3)  determine the information and documents that a person or a municipality responsible for the implementation of an eligible project or a project whose eligibility has yet to be determined must keep or file with the Minister.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 1.
2. In this Regulation, unless otherwise indicated by the context,
afforestation means the activity of creating forest cover by artificial means on a lot or part of a lot assigned to non-forestry purposes; (boisement)
agroforestry-type afforestation activity means an afforestation activity that involves establishing a windbreak, riparian strip or silvopasture system; (activité de boisement de type agroforestier);
anhydrous biomass means biomass with a moisture level close to 0%; (biomasse anhydre)
annual crop means the production of plants that complete a full biological cycle in 365 days; (culture annuelle)
baseline scenario means the scenario based on all the information and data needed to define the annual changes in carbon stock in the carbon reservoirs for a project as it would have been had no project been implemented in accordance with this Regulation; (scénario de reference)
biomass means all the organic mass of plant origin present per surface unit in the carbon reservoirs of a project’s living aerial biomass, living below-ground biomass and dead biomass; (biomasse)
biophysical characteristics means the information and data gathered during an inventory to define the topography, soil, deposits and drainage, tree population, ligneous and non-ligneous vegetation strata and, where applicable, type of fallow land present on a lot or part of a lot used for a project and on an equivalent lot or part of a lot; (caractéristiques biophysiques)
calculation tool means the calculation tool designed by the Ministère de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques to calculate the effect of a project’s GHG fluxes on radiative forcing and establish the number of offset credits to be issued pursuant to the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1); (outil de calcul)
cap-and-trade system for emission allowances means the cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances established by the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances; (système de plafonnement et d’échange de droits d’émission)
carbon sequestration means the process that captures CO2 from the atmosphere to store carbon in the carbon reservoirs constituted by living aerial biomass and living below-ground biomass and then in a project’s other carbon reservoirs; (séquestration de carbone)
CBM-CFS software means the Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector, designed by Natural Resources Canada; (logiciel MBC-SFC)
DBH means diameter at breast height; (DHP)
dead biomass means the biomass present in woody debris and snags present on the lot or part of a lot used for a project; (biomasse morte);
deforestation means the activity of harvesting trees on a lot or part of a lot assigned to forestry purposes with a long-term view to allowing other land uses; (déboisement)
DSH means diameter at stump height; (DHS)
early project means a project that began after 31 December 1989 but before 29 December 2022; (projet hâtif)
equivalent lot or part of a lot means a lot or part of a lot that is not used for a project, but has plant or forest characteristics that are equivalent to those found on a lot or part of a lot used for a project before it is implemented, and on which the promoter has conducted a biomass inventory to gather the information and data needed to characterize the baseline scenario and project scenario for an early project; (lot ou partie de lot équivalent)
executive officer means the president, chief executive officer, general manager, chief financial officer or secretary of a legal person or business corporation or any person performing a similar role or designated as such by a resolution of the board of directors; (dirigeant)
fallow land means a parcel of agricultural land that has been abandoned for at least 5 years after having been cultivated, with no crops planned over the short term (3 to 5 years) but which may, occasionally, be mowed by the owner solely to control invasion by ligneous vegetation. In this Regulation, fallow land is divided into 3 categories: “grassy fallow land”, “shrubby fallow land”, and “woody fallow land”; (friche)
forest development activity means an activity referred to in paragraph 1 of section 4 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1); (activité d’aménagement forestier)
full stocking means, when applied to regeneration, the optimal distribution coefficient for regeneration, which varies by site quality, at which all trees will occupy all available space at maturity; when applied to a forest stand, “full stocking” means a stand density at which all trees occupy all available space at maturity (plein boisement)
grassy fallow land means fallow land characterized by the presence of herbaceous species covering, at ground level, 75% or more of the area to be managed. Some shrubs may be observed; (friche herbacée)
greenhouse gas or GHG means one or more of the gases referred to in the second paragraph of section 46.1 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2) and the second paragraph of section 70.1 du Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances, namely carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoruride (SF6), nitrogen trifluoride (NF3), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs); (gaz à effet de serre ou GES)
GHG flow means the quantity of various forms of greenhouse gases, generally expressed in metric tonnes CO2 equivalent or in metric tonnes GHG, entering or leaving a carbon reservoir or resulting from the combustion of a fossil fuel; (flux de GES)
initial context for a project means the information and data gathered during the initial characterization of a project to define the history of land uses and, where applicable, the silvicultural management strategies or natural disturbances that led to the vegetative and forest characteristics observed prior to the implementation of the project; (contexte d’intégration du projet)
initial inventory means all the information and data gathered on a lot or part of a lot for a project and, where applicable, on an equivalent lot or part of a lot to determine the carbon stock in the carbon reservoirs for a project at the project start date or, for an early project, at the project filing date; (inventaire initial)
issuance inventory means all the information and data gathered on a lot or part of a lot for a project in order to establish the outcome of the project at the end of a reporting period; (inventaire de délivrance)
living aerial biomass means all the living organic epigeal biomass of plant origin present in the tree, shrub, grass and moss vegetation strata of the lot or part of a lot for a project; (biomasse aérienne vivante)
living below-ground biomass means the biomass present in the large roots and fine roots of the ligneous species present on the lot or part of a lot used for a project; (biomasse souterraine vivante)
lot or part of a lot assigned to forestry purposes means a lot or part of a lot where timber production is mandatorily or temporarily possible. This category includes both productive and unproductive forest lots and parts of forest lots; (lot ou partie de lot à vocation forestière)
lot or part of a lot assigned to non-forestry purposes means a lot or part of a lot, with or without an ecological characterization, where timber production is mandatorily or temporarily excluded. Such lots or parts of lots, with less than 25% of cover density, are generally used for purposes other than forestry. This type of lot or part of a lot is described as agricultural, assigned to non-forestry purposes or anthropogenic, depending on the characteristic degree of disturbance, from barely disturbed to extremely disturbed. The notion of disturbance is connected to a human activity that changes the physical characteristics of the environment such as deposit, deposit depth, drainage and slope, and therefore the resilience of the forest; (lot ou partie de lot à vocation non forestière)
privately-owned land means land that is not land in the domain of the State pursuant to the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T-8.1); (terre du domaine privé)
productive forest lot or part of a lot means a lot or part of a lot able to produce 30 m3 or more of ligneous matter per hectare in less than 120 years. Such lots or parts of lots are said to be assigned to forestry purposes because they are occupied by forest stands, and include natural forest, tended forest and planted forest; (lot ou partie de lot forestier productif)
professional means a professional within the meaning of section 1 of the Professional Code (chapter C-26); (professionnel)
project aggregation means a grouping of several eligible projects under the responsibility of the same promoter; (agrégation de projets)
project characterization means an activity performed at various project implementation stages to gather all the data and information needed to describe the project, create or update baseline scenarios and project scenarios, and determine the project outcome; (caractérisation d’un projet)
project outcome means the calculation showing the net GHG fluxes resulting from a comparison of the GHG fluxes for a project scenario with the GHG fluxes for a baseline scenario in order to determine the radiative effect of those fluxes and the number of offset credits to be issued to a promoter pursuant to the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances; (bilan de projet)
project scenario means a scenario based on all the information and data needed to define the annual changes in carbon stock in the carbon reservoirs for a project when a project is implemented in accordance with this Regulation; (scénario de projet)
promoter means a person or municipality responsible for the implementation of a project eligible for the issuance of offset credits; (promoteur)
radiative forcing means the variation in radiation (the difference between incoming irradiance and outgoing irradiance, expressed in W m–2) at the tropopause or upper limit of the atmosphere due to a change in an external climate change factor; (forçage radiatif)
reforestation means an activity to reconstitute forest cover by artificial means on a lot or part of a lot assigned to forestry purposes; (reboisement)
reporting period means a continuous period, within an eligibility period, during which the atmospheric CO2 removals or offset credits corresponding to atmospheric CO2 removals attributable to a project eligible for the issuance of offset credits are quantified pursuant to this Regulation for the issue of offset credits; (période de declaration)
shrubby fallow land means fallow land characterized by the presence of shrub species with a current height of less than 1.5 to 2 m covering, at ground level, more than 25% of the area to be managed; (friche arbustive)
snag means a standing dead tree, whether whole or not, at a given stage of decomposition; (chicot)
soil means the part of the soil composed of organic matter, namely litter, fibre and humus, and part of the upper layer of the surface mineral horizon; (sol)
timber forest products means products created through the primary or secondary processing of logs. Timber forest products are subdivided into timber forest products with a short, medium or long lifespan. They include saw wood, particle board, veneer, plywood, pulp and paper, cardboard and energy products such as granules, firewood and biofuels; (produits forestiers ligneux)
unproductive forest lot or part of a lot means a lot or part of a lot that is unable to produce 30 m3 or more of ligneous matter per hectare in less than 120 years. This category includes all lots or parts of lots with a density below 25% and a height that does not exceed 10 m at maturity at age 120. A stand less than 120 years old may be considered as an unproductive forest stand when its density is below 25% and there is no sign that the cover will densify. If a major disturbance has affected a productive forest stand, the stand must have reached at least 40 years of age before being considered an unproductive forest lot or part of a lot; (lot ou partie de lot forestier improductif)
woody fallow land means fallow land characterized by the presence of tree species over 2 m in height covering, at ground level, less than 25% of the area to be managed. (friche arborée)
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 2.
TITLE II
ELIGIBILITY
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. II.
CHAPTER I
ELIGIBILITY CONDITIONS
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. I.
3. A project is eligible for the issuance of offset credits under section 46.8.2 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2), for the eligibility period provided for in Chapter II of this Title, if it involves either implementing an afforestation or reforestation activity or implementing a combination of such activities on a single lot or part of a lot and if it meets the following conditions:
(1)  the project is implemented by a promoter registered for the cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances in accordance with section 7 or 8 of the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1), if the promoter is domiciled in Québec in the case of a natural person or has an establishment in Québec in other cases;
(2)  the carbon sequestrations attributable to the project are realized on the promoter’s initiative, without the promoter being required to do so when the project is filed in accordance with Title IV by a law or regulation, an authorization, an order made under a law or regulation, or a court decision.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 3.
4. For the purposes of section 3, an afforestation or reforestation project must meet the following conditions
(1)  it is implemented in Québec;
(2)  it is implemented on privately-owned land;
(3)  it relies on the use of indigenous forest species that are locally sourced and ecologically adapted to the lot or part of a lot for the project.
The use of non-local genotypes or non-indigenous species, for example in assisted migration, is authorized provided that a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec attests that, based on knowledge or experience, the invasive nature of the species is not an issue or, if it is, that it can be controlled and that effective mitigation measures have been put in place;
(4)  no credits are issued for it for activities under another GHG emissions offset program to compensate for GHG emissions;
(5)  the promoter has completed an initial characterization for the project in accordance with Chapter II of Title III;
(6)  except for a project that includes agroforestry-type afforestation activities in an agricultural zone or a project designed to restore a degraded or abandoned site, any afforestation activity for the project is carried out on a lot or part of a lot assigned to non-forestry purposes that has not been developed or used for a continuous period of at least 10 years immediately prior to the project;
(7)  any agroforestry-type afforestation activity for the project is carried out on a lot or part of a lot that was used for an annual crop prior to the project start date;
(8)  any reforestation activity for the project is carried out on a lot or part of a lot assigned to forestry purposes when the project begins;
(9)  in the case of a reforestation project,
(a)  it targets fill planting to ensure full stocking on the lot or part of a lot for the project;
(b)  it includes a reforestation activity that is not included in the forest producer’s current forest development plant and is not part of a silvicultural prescription at the project start date;
(c)  its goal is not to convert a low-density natural stand into a rapid-growth plantation.
An ecosystem with a cover density of less than 25% is considered to be a low-density natural stand;
(10)  in an agricultural zone, a project carried out on previously-cultivated agricultural land that includes an afforestation or reforestation activity, or both, must have received a positive assessment from the Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation concerning the potential for agricultural development of the managed area and recommending afforestation or reforestation.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 4.
5. An early project must be filed with the Minister for an analysis of its eligibility not later than 60 months following the date of coming into force of this Regulation.
In other cases, a project must be filed not later than 2 years following the year in which it begins.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 5.
6. In the case of an early project, only an afforestation activity is eligible as part of an offset credit project pursuant to this Regulation.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 6.
CHAPTER II
ELIGIBILITY PERIOD
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. II.
7. For the purposes of this Regulation, eligibility period means the period during which a project remains eligible, subject to compliance with the eligibility conditions in force on the project filing date provided for in Title IV.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 7.
8. The eligibility period corresponds to the actual duration of the project and begins on the project start date.
In the case of an early project, the project start date must be before 29 December 2022. It is either
(1)  the year in which site preparation work for the planting of seedlings or sowing of seeds began; or
(2)  the year in which site the planting of seedlings or sowing of seeds began, if the project involved no site preparation work.
In other cases, the project start date is the year in which the initial inventory began in accordance with Chapter III of Title III, in other words the year in which the survey plan begins on the lot or part of a lot used for the project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 8.
CHAPTER III
GENERAL CONDITIONS APPLICABLE TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ELIGIBLE PROJECT
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. III.
9. Every forest engineer hired by a promoter to complete the characterization stage of the baseline scenario and project scenario and the project outcome determination stage must be a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec and have, and be able to show, relevant expertise in forest growth and the simulation of changes in the biomass carbon stock of an ecosystem.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 9.
10. The promoter must send a notice, within 30 days, to inform the Minister if
(1)  the promoter terminates a project or a project aggregation; or
(2)  the promoter transfers responsibility for the implementation of a project or a project aggregation to another promoter.
The notice mentioned in the first paragraph must include the following information and documents:
(1)  for the termination of a project or a project aggregation referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph:
(a)  the date of termination of the project or a project aggregation;
(b)  the reason for terminating the project or a project aggregation;
(c)  the project code;
(d)  where applicable, an estimate of the offset credits that will be requested by the promoter for the reporting period during which the termination is planned in accordance with the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1);
(e)  a declaration by the promoter or the promoter’s representative that all the information provided is accurate and complete;
(2)  for a transfer referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph:
(a)  the scheduled date of the transfer of the project or a project aggregation;
(b)  the name of the transferee and all the information needed to identify the transferee, including the number of the general account opened by the Minister for the transferee under section 14 of the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances following the transferee’s registration for the cap-and-trade system for emission allowances;
(c)  the project code;
(d)  where applicable, an estimate of the offset credits that will be requested by the promoter and transferee for the reporting period during which the transfer is planned in accordance with the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances;
(e)  a declaration by the promoter and transferee, or their representatives, that all the information provided is accurate and complete.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 10.
11. The promoter must use the forms or templates available on the website of the Ministère de l’Environnement et de la Lutte contre les changements climatiques to submit the information or documents required pursuant to this Regulation.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 11.
12. The promoter must meet a copy of any information and document required to be submitted pursuant to this Regulation for the duration of the project and for a minimum period of 7 years from the project end date.
The information and documents must be legible, dated and revised as needed and be kept in good condition and in a readily accessible place for the duration of the project.
The promoter must also keep any other information and documents required to quantify the atmospheric CO2 removals and determine the outcome of the project for the duration of the project and for a minimum period of 7 years following the project end date.
The documents and information referred to in this section must also be provided to the Minister on request.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 12.
TITLE III
DEFINITION OF AN ELIGIBLE PROJECT AND QUANTIFICATION APPROACHES
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. III.
CHAPTER I
PROJECT BOUNDARIES AND GHG FLUXES ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE PROJECT
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. I.
13. Tables 1 and 2 below show the carbon reservoirs and the activities and natural processes affecting the carbon content of the reservoirs that must be taken into account by the promoter
(1)  when the initial inventory is conducted in accordance with Chapter III of Title III for the filing of the project with the Minister;
(2)  when the issuance inventory is conducted in accordance with Chapter III of Title III for the filing of an issuance request for offset credits;
(3)  when any other inventory is conducted to update the project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 13.
14. For the purposes of this Regulation,
(1)  an annual carbon stock cannot contribute, beyond a 100-year period following its sequestration, to the determination of the number of offset credits to be issued;
(2)  GHG fluxes can only be considered as attributable to an eligible project for the quantification provided for in this Title if they have not already been covered by the issuance of offset credits under the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1) or the issuance of credits under another program to compensate for GHG emissions;
(3)  in the case of an early project, the promoter may include sequestrations in the project outcome if they are realized after 31 December 1989 but before 29 December 2022.
However, when the issuance of offset credits has already been requested for carbon sequestrations under another GHG emissions offset program, the promoter may include those sequestrations in the project outcome if
(a)  when the project is filed with the Minister, the credits for which the promoter intends to consider carbon sequestrations in the project outcome are no longer available to compensate for GHG emissions in the program for which they were issued.
The promoter must, if intending to consider the credits in the project outcome, cancel the credits and provide proof that they can no longer be used to compensate for GHG emissions under the former program to compensate for GHG emissions;
(b)  the credits for which the promoter intends to consider carbon sequestrations in the project outcome must not have been sold or redeemed otherwise than between the person to whom the program to compensate for GHG emissions issued the credits and the promoter of the project implemented pursuant to this Regulation;
(4)  for the purposes of this Regulation, in the case of an early project, only the effect of GHG fluxes on radiative forcing after 31 December 2006 may lead to the issuance of offset credits.
Table 1 Overview of the approaches used to determine the carbon stock present in a project’s carbon reservoirs
Carbon reservoirApproach used to determine the carbon stock
Living aerial biomassThe carbon stock present in this reservoir is estimated using the measurements made for the initial inventory and the issuance inventory in accordance with Division III of Chapter III of this Title.
The information and data from the inventories, which are needed to simulate the annual changes in carbon in the reservoir for the baseline scenario and project scenario, must be entered into the CBM-CFS software.
Living below-ground biomassThe initial carbon stock present in this reservoir is estimated using Table 7.
The results of the calculations are entered into the CBM-CFS software to simulate carbon changes in the baseline scenario and project scenario.
For the issuance inventory, the carbon stock present in this reservoir is determined by the CBM-CFS software based on the information and data used to update the baseline scenario and project scenario.
Dead biomassThe carbon stock present in this reservoir is estimated using the measurements made for the initial inventory and the issuance inventory in accordance with Division III of Chapter III of this Title.
The information and data from the inventories, which are needed to simulate the annual changes in carbon in the reservoir for the baseline scenario and project scenario, must be entered into the CBM-CFS software.
SoilThe carbon stock present in this reservoir is estimated using the measurements made for the initial inventory and the issuance inventory provided for in Division IV of Chapter III of this Title and analyzed in the laboratory in accordance with Schedule C.
The information and data from the inventories, which are needed to simulate the annual changes in carbon in the reservoir for the baseline scenario and project scenario, must be entered into the CBM-CFS software.
The promoter must include this reservoir in the inventory and quantification when more than 25% of the area of the lot or part of a lot for the project is disturbed by site preparation work to plant seedlings or sow seeds.
Timber forest productsThe carbon stock present in this reservoir is estimated by the CBM-CFS software using the results from the simulation of annual changes in the carbon contained in the reservoir of merchantable timber in the baseline scenario and project scenario.
The promoter must enter the results of this estimate into the calculation tool in accordance with Division III of Chapter IV of this Title to determine the effect of processing the volume of timber into timber forest products on radiative forcing.
Table 2 Overview of the anthropogenic activities and natural processes to be taken into consideration to determine the project outcome
Anthropogenic activity or natural processGHGDescription
Construction and maintenance work on a network of trails and roads existing at the project start date or to be developed during the projectCO2GHG fluxes associated with the deforestation of a portion of the lot or part of a lot for the project to maintain the network of trails and roads existing at the project start date or to be developed.
Included only when the project has a leakage for a reporting period, in accordance with the Chapter VII of this Title.
Site preparation work to plant seedlings or sow seeds (for example, scarifying)CO2GHG fluxes associated with soil disturbances.
The promoter must measure the effect of the soil disturbance in accordance with Division IV of this Chapter III and Schedule C. Once the effect of soil disturbance on the carbon reservoir in the soil has been measured, the promoter must enter the result into the CBM-CFS software.
Included only when more than 25% of the area of the lot or part of a lot for the project is disturbed by site preparation work to plant seedlings or sow seeds.
Spreading of inorganic nitrogenous fertilizerN2OGHG fluxes associated with the application of organic or inorganic nitrogenous fertilizer.
The promoter must complete equation 8 and enter the result in the calculation tool.
Plantation release as part of plantation maintenanceCO2GHG fluxes associated with the decomposition of competing biomass.
The CBM-CFS software applies the silvicultural strategy entered by the promoter and distributes the carbon fluxes between reservoirs based on the type of treatment.
Precommercial thinning of the plantation as part of precommercial management workCO2GHG fluxes associated with the decomposition of the saplings removed.
The CBM-CFS software applies the silvicultural strategy entered by the promoter and distributes the carbon fluxes between reservoirs based on the definition of the treatment.
Partial or total harvest of merchantable volumes of timber for processingCO2GHG fluxes associated with the harvesting of some or all of the trees in the plantation.
The CBM-CFS software applies the silvicultural strategy entered by the promoter and distributes the carbon fluxes between reservoirs based on the definition of the treatment.
Use of fossil fuels for the purposes of the projectCO2GHG fluxes associated with the combustion of fossil fuels, in particular gasoline and diesel fuel, for the implementation of the silvicultural strategy associated with the project.
CH4
N2OThe promoter must complete equations 9 and 10 and enter the result in the calculation tool.
Carbon leakageCO2GHG fluxes associated with the deforestation of an area belonging to the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project.
The promoter must determine if there is a leakage by completing equations 11.1 and 12.
In the event of a leak, the promoter must calculate the carbon stock returned to the atmosphere for the baseline scenario and project scenario using the CBM-CFS software.
Included only when the project has a leak for a reporting period, in accordance with Chapter VII of this Title.
Timber forest productsCO2GHG fluxes associated with the transfer of part of the living aerial biomass to timber forest products and their degradation.
SoilCO2GHG fluxes associated with the transfer of part of the biomass to the carbon reservoir in the soil.
BiomassCO2Fluxes associated with the transfer of CO2 from the atmosphere to living biomass and dead biomass.
Table 3 – Conversion table to be used to determine the carbon stock present in the carbon reservoirs for a project
FromTo
1 t anhydrous biomass0.5 t carbon
1 t carbon3.667 t CO2
1 acre0.4046 ha
1 ha10,000 m²
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 14; I.N. 2023-01-01.
CHAPTER II
PROJECT CHARACTERIZATION
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. II.
15. At the project filing stage and before filing a project with the Minister in accordance with Title IV, the promoter must produce an initial characterization for the project
(1)  to define the initial context for the project
(a)  by identifying the history of land uses on the lot or part of a lot for the project over a period of at least 10 years immediately preceding the project start date;
(b)  where applicable, by outlining the history of all forest development activities of an afforestation or reforestation type carried out on the lot for the project over a period of at least 10 years immediately preceding the project start date;
(c)  where applicable, by defining the silvicultural strategy applied prior to the project start date that resulted in the biological characteristics of the cartographical strata observed on the lot or part of a lot for the project, including a list of silvicultural treatments, their description and their effects.
For an early project, the promoter must present the silvicultural strategy planned and carried out since the project start date and describe the context and forest-related and other objectives that led to the planting of seedlings on the lot or part of a lot for the project and the voluntary nature of the actions taken that led to its implementation;
(d)  where applicable, by defining the site preparation methods applied prior to the planting of seedlings or sowing of seeds in connection with the lot or part of a lot for the project and the area affected or to be affected by the site preparation activity compared to the area of the lot or part of a lot for the project.
In the case of an early project, at the project filing stage, if the promoter is unable to define the site preparation mode and the area affected or to be affected by the activity, the promoter must conduct an inventory of the soil carbon reservoir on the lot or part of a lot for the project, and also when filing an issuance request;
(e)  by producing one or more maps of the lot for the project with, as a minimum, the following layers:
i.  the outline of the lot for the project and the areas managed for the project;
ii.  the road and trail network;
iii.  the hydrographic network;
iv.  the outline of land assigned to non-forestry purposes, ecoforest stands and adjacent lots;
The geographical entities for the project, such as the outline of each ecoforest stand, must be numbered and described in a table accompanying the map or maps. The table must include, for each entity shown on the map, its number on the map, a description of the ecoforest stratum, and its surface area in hectares.
All the maps in the report must have a scale, a key, the cardinal points and, as the base layer, an aerial photograph or satellite image with a spatial resolution making it possible to distinguish transitions between contrasting geographic entities such as a forest and a road. The resolution of the maps for the project must make it possible to perform a quick analysis of the attributes connected with the project.
(f)  by producing 2 images taken from aerial photographs or analogical or digital satellite images, the first showing the project lot at least 10 years before the project start date and the second showing the project lot at a date as close as possible to the project start date. The images must indicate the boundaries of the lot for the project and the boundaries of adjacent lots.
The interpreted images must come from an analogical aerial photograph at a scale of 1: 15 000 or better, a digital aerial photograph with a spatial resolution of 30 cm or better, or a satellite image with a spatial resolution of 50 cm or better. The promoter must include the photograph used, in.jpg, .tif or PDF format, with the project plan or project report. The image must be accompanied by georeferencing information and the source of the image, in Word file format;
(g)  in the case of an afforestation or reforestation project in an agricultural zone, a summary and a copy of the analysis of agricultural potential for the management area carried out by the Ministère de l’Agriculture, des Pêcheries et de l’Alimentation;
(2)  to define the biophysical characteristics observed at the project start date on the or part of a lot for the project and, where applicable, on the equivalent lot, including the definition in the project plan provided for in Chapter III of Title IV;
(3)  to conduct an initial inventory for the lot or part of a lot for the project and, where applicable, for the equivalent lot using the methodology in Chapter III of this Title.
A promoter may decide to not use the methodology in Chapter III of this Title; in such a case, the promoter must use an inventory methodology that is documented and approved by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec.
The inventory method used must meet the requirements of sections 20 and 21 of Chapter III of this Title. When submitting a project plan or project report, the promoter must present the inventory methodology used and show that it meets the requirements of sections 20 and 21 of Chapter III of this Title;
(4)  to determine the evolution of the carbon stock present in the carbon reservoirs for the project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 15.
16. At the project report stage, the promoter must, where applicable, update the data and information presented for the previous project characterization as needed for the project report stage, as follows:
(1)  by completing the issuance inventory for the lot or part of a lot for the project using the methodology in Chapter III of this Title;
(2)  by determining the carbon stock present in the project’s carbon reservoirs.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 16.
CHAPTER III
INVENTORY
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. III.
DIVISION I
GENERAL
M.O. 2022-11-17, Div. I.
17. The inventory of the lot or part of a lot for the project and, where applicable, of the equivalent lot must be conducted using the methodology in Chapter III of this Title. The aim of the inventory is to gather the information and data need to create a project and define the baseline scenario and project scenario which, using the CBM-CFS software, will then be used to simulate the annual changes in the carbon stock in accordance with Chapter IV of this Title.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 17.
18. The results of an inventory must be compiled and recorded in a compilation report signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 18.
19. The inventory must be conducted by survey unit, and each survey unit must contain a sampling unit. The promoter must ensure that each cartographic stratum identified on the lot or part of a lot for the project contains at least one sampling unit.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 19.
20. The sampling method used must be of the stratified random or systematic type.
In the case of an agroforestry-type project to create a windbreak or riparian strip, when it is not appropriate to proceed as above, the promoter must define an alternative method to objectively and randomly define the number and location of the sampling units. The alternative method must be documented and approved by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 20.
21. Information and data for the inventory of the carbon in living aerial biomass, dead biomass and, where applicable, the soil must be gathered at the following times:
(1)  in the case of an early project, at the same time as the activities needed to ensure completeness at the project filing stage in order to determine the initial carbon stock in the reservoirs of the lot or part of a lot for the project and of the equivalent lot and thereby establish the starting point for the simulation of the baseline scenario and project scenario provided for in Chapter IV of this Title; or
(2)  in other cases, before any site preparation work to plant seedlings or sow seeds in order to determine the initial carbon stock in the reservoirs of the lot or part of a lot for the project and thereby establish the starting point for the simulation of the baseline scenario and project scenario provided for in Chapter IV of this Title; and
(3)  at the end of each reporting period, within the meaning of section 2, in order to determine annual changes in the carbon stock in the reservoirs of the lot or part of a lot used for the project during that period and then to calculate the project outcome as provided for in Chapter VIII of this Title, using data from the report generated by the CBM-CFS software;
(4)  all measuring and other equipment used for the inventory of the lot or part of a lot for the project pursuant to this Chapter must be used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, be maintained in good working order and work reliably when used.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 21.
DIVISION II
SURVEY PLAN
M.O. 2022-11-17, Div. II.
§ 1.  — General
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 1.
22. The planned and revised survey plan must be signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 22.
§ 2.  — Determination of the required number of sample plots
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 2.
23. The number of sample plots associated with an inventory must be determined based on the variations in biophysical characteristics present on the lot or part of a lot for the project and carried out using a survey methodology documented in the survey plan and approved by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 23.
24. For carbon reservoirs in living aerial biomass and dead biomass, the number of sample plots in a sampling stratum must allow the achievement of an inventory data precision rate of at least 90% and a confidence level of 90% (α = 10%).
For a carbon reservoir in the soil, the number of sample plots in a sampling stratum must allow the achievement of an inventory data precision rate of at least 90% and a confidence level of 75% (α = 25%).
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 24.
§ 3.  — Sampling unit
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 3; I.N. 2023-01-01.
25. The promoter must establish a network of sample plots for the inventory as follows:
(1)  for the initial inventory for an early project, the promoter must establish a network of temporary sample plots on the equivalent lot for the project and a network of permanent sample plots on the lot or part of a lot for the project;
(2)  for the initial inventory for other types of projects, the promoter must establish a network of temporary sample plots on the lot or part of a lot for the project when a site preparation treatment is applied before the planting of seedlings or sowing of seeds.
For an issuance or update inventory, the promoter must establish a network of permanent sample plots on the lot or part of a lot for the project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 25.
26. A sampling unit is made up of a variable-radius plot and 10 micro-plots. Each plot and micro-plot must be georeferenced. Each sampling unit must be laid out as indicated in the diagram in Schedule A.
In the case of an agroforestry-type project to create a windbreak or riparian strip, for which the use of a variable-radius plot is not appropriate, the promoter must use an alternative sample plot arrangement to measure the trees, woody debris and snags on the lot or part of a lot for the project. The alternative method used must be documented and approved by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 26.
27. To establish a network of temporary sample plots, the promoter must identify the centre of the plots and micro-plots listed using a non-permanent pin and label.
To establish a permanent network of sample plots, the promoter must identify the centre of the variable-radius plots and micro-plots listed using a permanent aluminum pin and label.
In all cases, the label must indicate the number of the sample route and sample plot, the date and the name of the person responsible for gathering data from each plot and micro-plot.
Where applicable, the promoter must also identify the places where a soil sample was taken in micro-plots 4 and 6 of each sample plot with a pin and label that, depending on whether the first or the second paragraph applies, are permanent or non-permanent. In addition to the information listed in the third paragraph, the pin must indicate the number of the soil sample.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 27.
DIVISION III
INVENTORY OF LIVING AERIAL BIOMASS AND DEAD BIOMASS
M.O. 2022-11-17, Div. III.
§ 1.  — General
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 1.
28. The promoter may limit measurements to those needed to estimate the merchantable volume of trees in the plantation, snags and woody debris during the initial inventory of the lot or part of a lot for an early project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 28.
§ 2.  — Data gathering
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 2.
29. Data gathering for an inventory of the carbon reservoirs in living aerial biomass and dead biomass must comply with the procedure set out in Tables 4, 5 and 6.
Table 4 – Variables to be measured for the inventory of carbon reservoirs of living aerial biomass
VariableWhen measuredData gatheredThreshold to be respected for data gatheringData acquisition method
RegenerationInitial inventory• Distribution coefficientHeight > 30 cmField inventory
  • Species Groups of sample plots
TreesInitial inventory• SpeciesHeight > 1.3 mField inventory
Issuance inventory• NumberVariable-radius plot
• DBH class (2 cm classes)DBH (1.3 m)Biomass Shrub: Schedule B
• HeightDSH (15 cm from ground) 
• Basal area
ShrubsInitial inventory• NumberHeight < 1.3 mField inventory
• DSH class (2 cm class)DSH (15 cm from ground) (2 cm class)Groups of sample plots
• SpeciesBiomass Shrub: Schedule B
Grasses, mosses, seedlings and shrubs of less than 1.3 mInitial inventoryCover class (0-25%, 25-50%, 50-75%, 75-100%) – all heights combinedHeight < 1.3 mField inventory
Height < 50 cm by 25 cm classGroups of plots
Default value for 100% cover
7.5 tonnes anhydrous biomass/ha
To be multiplied by actual herbaceous cover (ha)
Table 5 – Variables to be measured for the inventory of carbon reservoirs of dead biomass
VariableWhen measuredData gatheredThreshold to be respected for data gatheringData acquisition method
Woody debris and snagsInitial inventorySpeciesSnag: Height > 1.3 mField inventory
Issuance inventoryNumberVariable-radius plot to measure snags caught by the prism
 Snags: DBHDecomposition class:
 Woody debris: average diameter; lengthWoody debris: Diameter > 9 cm diameter class1. Tree that died recently with twigs but without needles/leaves
 Decomposition class2. Tree without twigs but with branches
 At the initial inventory, snags must be marked but not measured3. Tree with large branches only
 At the issuance inventory, only unmarked snags and woody debris must be measured4. Snag without branches
 Woody debris: measurement taken within the variable-radius plot delimited by the last tree caught by the prism
Table 6 – DBH classes for the inventory of carbon reservoirs of living aerial biomass and dead biomass
DBH classDBH value
21 < DBH ≤ 3 cm
43 < DBH ≤ 5 cm
65 < DBH ≤ 7 cm
87 < DBH ≤ 9 cm
109 < DBH ≤ 11 cm
...… < DBH ≤ … cm
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 29.
§ 3.  — Estimate of living below-ground biomass for the initial inventory
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 3.
30. The promoter must estimate the initial quantity of living below-ground biomass using data from the initial inventory of living aerial biomass and the equations in Table 7 below. The promoter must enter this information and data into the CBM-CFS software.
Table 7 – Information used to estimate living below-ground biomass during the initial inventory
VariableMethod used to estimate the initial quantity of biomass
Tree rootsCalculation
Softwoods: Root biomass = 0.222 × tree biomass obtained following compilation of the initial inventory
Hardwoods: Root carbon biomass = 1.576 + 0.615 × tree biomass obtained following compilation of the initial inventory
Shrub rootsCalculation
Shrubs: root biomass =1.5750 + 0.615 × shrub biomass obtained following compilation of the initial inventory
Grass rootsDefault value for 100% cover
15.0 tonnes biomass/ha
To be multiplied by the actual herbaceous cover (ha) obtained during the initial inventory
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 30.
DIVISION IV
SOIL CARBON INVENTORY
M.O. 2022-11-17, Div. IV.
§ 1.  — General
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 1.
31. Except in the case of an agroforestry-type afforestation project, the soil carbon inventory of the lot or part of a lot for a project must be conducted at the time of the initial inventory and issuance inventory when more than 25% of the lot or part of a lot is disturbed by site preparation work to plant seedlings or sow seeds.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 31.
§ 2.  — Data collection
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 2.
32. Soil sampling must be conducted as follows:
(1)  3 successive samples of around 10 cm, including surface litter (LFH horizon), must be taken to a depth of about 30 cm around micro-plots 4 and 6 of the plan in Schedule A;
(2)  once a sample has been taken and before the next sample is taken, the promoter must measure the depth of the hole to the nearest 0.25 cm, to ascertain the depth of the soil taken for each of the 3 samples;
(3)  the samples must be taken using a volumetric probe with a diameter of at least 5 cm for quantitative sampling. When it is impossible to take a volumetric sample, the soil samples must be taken using a Dutch auger;
(4)  the colour of each soil sample must be determined using a Munsell soil colour chart;
(5)  each successive soil sample must be stored in a bag or rigid container before being sent to the laboratory for analysis, on which the promoter must inscribe the cruise line number and sample plot number, sample number and sampling zone (0-10, 10-20 and 20-30);
(6)  the promoter must, in particular, enter the cruise line number and sample plot number, the sample number, the sampling zone (0-10, 10-20 and 20-30) and the soil colour code in the compiled inventory report for the project;
(7)  the distance between 2 samples taken during different sampling campaigns must be at least 1 m.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 32.
33. The steps in the soil sampling process and the associated variables used to calculate the quantity of soil carbon in the laboratory are described in the table in Division I of Schedule C.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 33.
§ 3.  — Analysis of soil samples
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 3.
34. All the soil samples taken must undergo combustion analysis or laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) at a laboratory accredited pursuant to section 118.6 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2) or, if no laboratory is accredited for sample analysis, by a laboratory that is compliant with ISO/CEI 17025, “General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories” distributed jointly by the International Organization for Standardization and the International Electrotechnical Commission.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 34.
35. When analyzing the samples, the laboratory must follow the steps presented in the table in Division II of Schedule C. It must also follow the steps for the analysis of variables used to calculate soil carbon set out in Division III of Schedule C.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 35.
CHAPTER IV
SIMULATION OF THE ANNUAL CHANGE IN CARBON STOCK IN THE CARBON RESERVOIRS FOR A PROJECT
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. IV.
DIVISION I
GENERAL CONDITIONS
M.O. 2022-11-17, Div. I.
36. The annual change in carbon stock in the carbon reservoirs for a project must be simulated for the baseline scenario and project scenario using the most recent updated version of the CBM-CFS software and the calculation tool.
The simulation must be consistent with the information and data collected and compiled at the various project stages.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 36.
37. The simulation of the annual change in carbon stock in the carbon reservoirs for a project must make it possible to
(1)  define and compare the annual change in the carbon stock under the baseline scenario and the project scenario;
(2)  produce the data needed to establish the net result of the project’s radiative effect and the number of offset credits to be issued pursuant to the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1).
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 37.
38. The simulation of the baseline scenario and project scenario must
(1)  when the project is filed, cover a period of at least 100 years from the data collection data for the initial inventory;
(2)  at the end of each reporting period, be updated for a simulation period of at least 100 years.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 38.
39. When a natural or anthropogenic disturbance occurs during a reporting period, the promoter must
(1)  include the effect of the disturbance in the project scenario;
(2)  include the effect of the disturbance in the baseline scenario only when it could have occurred if the project had not existed.
The effect of the disturbance must be included in a scenario either during the year in which it occurs or at the end of a reporting period.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 39.
40. The baseline scenario for a project cannot be amended after the project’s eligibility has been confirmed by the Minister, except in the case of an update needed to include the effect of a natural disturbance mentioned in section 39. The same applies in the case of an agroforestry-type afforestation project, for an update needed to take into account developing knowledge about the real evolution of carbon stock resulting from the implementation of the agricultural strategy characterizing the baseline scenario.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 40.
41. The promoter cannot amend the information and data entered into the CBM-CFS software and the calculation tool if they have been used to apply for the issuance of offset credits when including a natural or anthropogenic disturbance or performing an update at the end of a reporting period in the project scenario and, where applicable, in the baseline scenario.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 41.
42. For the duration of the project, the promoter must keep a register of the modifications made to the baseline scenario and project scenario, including in particular a summary description of the main modifications made to the information and data entered into the CBM-CFS software and the calculation tool for the initial characterization and the updating of the baseline scenario and project scenario.
The information in the register must be kept for a minimum period of 7 years from the project end date and be made accessible, for consultation, by the persons responsible for verifying the project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 42.
DIVISION II
GROWTH CURVE
M.O. 2022-11-17, Div. II.
§ 1.  — Selection of the growth curve for merchantable volume in the baseline scenario
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 1.
43. To simulate the baseline scenario, the promoter must
(1)  for an afforestation project on a lot or part of a lot assigned to non-forestry purposes, select a growth curve representing the annual change in the merchantable volume of each cartographic stratum in the baseline scenario from among those shown in the tables in Division II of Schedule D;
(2)  for an agroforestry-type afforestation project, generate a growth curve based on the initial carbon stock measured in the carbon reservoir in the soil before the project was established. The baseline scenario for this type of project involves reproducing, for each year during the simulation period, the initial carbon stock measured before the project was established;
(3)  for a reforestation project on a lot or part of a lot assigned to forestry purposes or on a lot or part of a lot assigned to non-forestry purposes, generate or select a growth curve from a growth model for each cartographic stratum in the baseline scenario.
The growth curve generated or selected must be representative of the effects of land uses and management and the effects of the biophysical characteristics of the lot or part of a lot for the project on the increase in biomass and carbon.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 43.
§ 2.  — Selection of the growth curve for merchantable volume in the project scenario
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 2.
44. To simulate the project scenario, the promoter must generate or select a growth curve from a growth model for each cartographic stratum in the project scenario.
The growth curve generated or selected must be representative of the effects of land uses and management and of the effects that the biophysical characteristics of the lot or part of a lot for the project have on the increase in biomass and carbon.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 44.
45. For an agroforestry-type afforestation project, the promoter must generate or select a growth curve to represent the change in the biomass and carbon content of all the grass, shrub and tree species used for the project.
The generation or selection of the growth curve must be supported by a document showing all the data or methods used to represent the change in the biomass and carbon content of all the species used for the project, including a notice signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec concerning the valid and robust nature of the data and methods used by the promoter.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 45.
§ 3.  — Method used to define the age of the cartographic strata in the baseline scenario and project scenario
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 3.
46. To position the initial total anhydrous biomass on the growth curve for the baseline scenario, the anhydrous biomass in each plant stratum must be converted into merchantable volume using the information in Schedule E.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 46.
47. The age of each cartographic stratum in the baseline scenario and project scenario must be defined
(1)  in the case of the baseline scenario for a lot or part of a lot assigned to non-forestry purposes, based on the merchantable volume calculated in accordance with section 45 in relation to the growth curve selected to represent the change in the merchantable volume for a cartographic stratum; or
(2)  in the case of the baseline scenario for a lot or part of a lot assigned to forestry purposes, based on the measurements of dominant height, basal area and number of stems in relation to the growth curve selected to represent the change in the merchantable volume for a cartographic stratum; and
(3)  in the case of the project scenario, based on the year of the planting of seedlings or sowing of seeds.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 47.
48. The promoter must ensure that the measures implemented on the lot or part of a lot for the project are consistent with the age-volume relationship for the selected growth curve. The promoter must also adjust the growth curve if any inconsistency is observed, and document the adjustments made.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 48.
DIVISION III
TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS
M.O. 2022-11-17, Div. III.
49. When the baseline scenario and project scenario are simulated, the promoter must enter into the CBM-CFS software the actual or, if this is not possible, the estimated percentage of the volume of timber harvested that will be processed into timber forest products during a reporting period.
The percentage must be determined taking into account the information and data gathered during inventories before and after the treatment and when all stems in the 10 cm and over diameter class are scaled.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 49.
50. The promoter must enter into the calculation tool the data generated by the CBM-CFS software concerning the reservoir in the merchantable volume of softwood and hardwood species.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 50.
51. The calculation tool defines the carbon stock contained in timber forest products and their radiative effect by applying, to the results generated by the CBM-CFS software, the values from the distribution matrix by product and the half-life for timber forest products shown in Division I of Schedule F.
The promoter may use a distribution matrix rate by product that is different from the default matrix in the calculation tool.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 51.
52. The carbon stock contained in timber forest products is calculated by the calculation tool using equation 6:
Equation 6
C(t+1) = e-k × C(t) + 1 – e-k× I(t)
k
Where:
C(t+1) = Carbon stock, in metric tonnes, sequestered in a type of timber forest product;
t = Year after processing;
e = Napier’s constant = 2.71828;
k = Constant annual rate at which the quantity of timber forest products degrades and completes its lifecycle. k = ln(2)/t1/2 where t1/2 is the half-life of a timber product for a specific final use;
The value of parameters k and e-k for predicting the annual change in the quantity of a product category over time is determined in Division II of Schedule F.
The promoter may determine a value for parameters k and e-k and for half-life that are different from the values in Division II of Schedule F. A change in the value of parameters k and e-k and half-life must be entered in the calculation tool and supported by a supporting document. The supporting document must set out the reasons that justify the change and, where applicable, the methods used to define the value of parameters k and e-k and half-life. It must include a notice signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec concerning the valid and robust nature of the value of parameters k and e-k and half-life used for the forest products resulting from the processing of the volumes of timber harvested on the lot or part of a lot for the project.
A promoter that is unable to justify the change in the value of parameters k and e-k and half-life in connection with the forest products resulting from the processing of the volumes of timber harvested on the lot or part of a lot for the project must use the most conservative value for the parameters k and e-k and half-life set out in Division II of Schedule F, based on the similarity between the characteristics of the timber forest products resulting from the processing of the volumes of timber harvested on the lot or part of a lot for the project and those of the timber forest products presented in Division II of Schedule F.
C(t) = Quantity, in metric tonnes, of carbon harvested and processed into timber forest products at the start of year t. The product of C(t) and e-k describes the carbon retained in timber products from year t to year t+1;
I(t) = Accumulation of timber products (in mass of carbon) at time t from new harvesting or recycled timber products. The product of the equation corresponds to the carbon contained in I(t) maintained as a timber product at the end of year t after decomposition. The value is determined using the provincial matrix of distribution rates by product in Division I of Schedule F, except where the promoter uses a different matrix as provided for in the second paragraph of section 51.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 52.
DIVISION IV
SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR THE SIMULATION OF THE ANNUAL CHANGE IN CARBON STOCK IN THE CARBON RESERVOIRS FOR AN EARLY PROJECT
M.O. 2022-11-17, Div. IV.
§ 1.  — General conditions
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 1.
53. The following provisions apply to an early project, in addition to the requirements set out in Divisions I to III of this Chapter that apply to all projects.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 53.
54. When an early project is filed, the annual change in carbon stock in the baseline scenario and project scenario must be simulated using the data gathered during the initial inventory on the equivalent lot and the lot or part of a lot for the project. The simulation must include
(1)  a reconstitution period for the annual change in the carbon stock for the project between the year in which the project began and the year in which it is filed;
(2)  a period representing the annual change in the carbon stock for the project over 100 years following the year of filing.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 54.
§ 2.  — Conditions applicable to the baseline scenario concerning the initial state of the carbon reservoirs and changes within those reservoirs, except the soil reservoir
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 2.
55. The promoter must determine the initial state of the carbon reservoirs, except the soil reservoir, using the data gathered during the initial inventory, on the basis of an equivalent lot or part of a lot.
Once the values have been determined, the promoter must link them to the growth curve selected to show the change in the merchantable volume for a cartographic stratum, and must adjust the growth curve if any inconsistency is observed.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 55.
56. The equivalent lot or part of a lot must be selected using a comparative photo-interpretation analysis, which must
(1)  for the lot or part of a lot for the project, be based on an analogical or digital aerial photograph or a satellite image showing it before the implementation of the project. The photograph or image must be taken at a date as close as possible to the year of planting of seedlings or the sowing of seeds;
(2)  for the equivalent lot or part of a lot, be based on an analogical or digital aerial photograph or a satellite image showing the land to be inventoried. The photograph or image must be taken at a date as close as possible to the year in which the comparative photo-interpretation analysis takes place;
(3)  define the category of fallow land and the characteristics of the plant strata, in particular the types of species present, their density class and average height on the lot or part of a lot for the project;
(4)  show that there is no statistically significant difference between the lot or part of a lot for the project and the equivalent lot or part of a lot with respect to the category of fallow land, within the meaning of this Regulation, and the biophysical characteristics of the strata defined from the comparative analysis of the analogical or digital aerial photographs or satellite images.
For the purposes of subparagraph 4 of the first paragraph, a difference is “statistically significant” when the value obtained by a chi-squared test is below 0.05.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 56.
§ 3.  — Conditions applicable to the baseline scenario and project scenario concerning the initial state of the soil carbon reservoir
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 3.
57. The initial quantity of the carbon stock in the soil carbon reservoir is determined using equation 7. The result of the equation must be entered into the CBM-CFS software for the simulation of the baseline scenario and project scenario.
Equation 7
CSoilRef = ((Yearinv – 1990) x 0,0167 + 1) × tCsoilDP/ha
Where:
CSoilRef = Carbon stock present in the soil, in metric tonnes of carbon per hectare, at the start date of an early project;
Yearinv = Year when the inventory to determine the initial carbon stock in the soil was done;
0.0167 = Annual rate of carbon accumulation in the soil following site preparation work;
1 = Term linking the estimated carbon stock present at the start of the early project with the measured carbon stock present in the soil of the lot or part of a lot for the project;
tCsoilDP/ha = Carbon stock in the soil carbon reservoir, in metric tonnes of carbon per hectare, determined using the compiled value of the carbon stock obtained following the analysis of soil samples taken during the initial inventory of the lot or part of a lot for the project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 57.
§ 4.  — Conditions applicable to the project scenario
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sd. 4.
58. The promoter must determine the initial state of the carbon reservoirs in the project scenario for an early project using the data gathered during the initial inventory on the lot or part of a lot for the project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 58.
59. For the reconstituted portion of the growth curve of merchantable volume in the project scenario, the annual change in the carbon stock in all the carbon reservoirs for the project must be simulated using the information and data gathered during the initial inventory of the lot or part of a lot for the project.
The promoter must ensure consistency between the measurements made for the initial inventory and the age-volume relation for the growth curve selected, and must adjust the growth curve if any inconsistency is observed.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 59.
CHAPTER V
CALCULATION OF DIRECT EMISSIONS OF NITROUS OXIDE ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE FERTILIZATION OF THE LOT OR PART OF A LOT FOR THE PROJECT
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. V.
60. GHG fluxes must be taken into account at the end of a reporting period for the baseline scenario and project scenario to ensure that the result of the calculation is entered into the most recent updated version of the calculation tool and considered in the project outcome.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 60.
61. For a project to afforest a lot or part of a lot in an active agricultural zone, the promoter must determine the quantity of inorganic nitrogenous fertilizer that would have been used had the managed area remained under cultivation. This value is determined by calculating the average quantity of fertilizer used over the last 5 years before the project was established.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 61.
62. The promoter must calculate the direct emissions of nitrous oxide attributable to the spreading of quantities of inorganic nitrogenous fertilizer on the lot or part of a lot for the project at the end of a reporting period using equation 8, to ensure that the result of the calculation is entered into the most recent updated version of the calculation tool:
Equation 8
N2OSpreadingi = (NFERTi × ECBASE) ×44
28
Where:
N2OSpreadingi = Emissions from the spreading of nitrogenous fertilizer of type i (kg N/year);
i = Type of inorganic nitrogenous fertilizer (synthetic fertilizer);
NFERTi= Quantity of nitrogen from nitrogenous fertilizer of type i, kg N spread (kg N/year);
ECBASE= Base emission coefficient = 0.012 kg N2O-N/kg N;
44= Conversion coefficient, N-N2O to N2O.
28
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 62.
CHAPTER VI
CALCULATION OF DIRECT CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE USE OF FOSSIL FUELS
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. VI.
63. GHG fluxes must be taken into account at the end of a reporting period for the baseline scenario and project scenario to ensure that the result of the calculation is entered into the most recent updated version of the calculation tool and considered in the project outcome.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 63.
64. The promoter must calculate the direct GHG emissions attributable to the use of fossil fuels when implementing a silvicultural strategy on the lot or part of a lot for the project using the following equations:
Equation 9
Where:
FFECO2 = Total CO2 emissions attributable to the consumption of fossil fuels, in metric tonnes;
z = Number of types of fossil fuel;
c = Type of fossil fuel, gasoline (regular or premium) or diesel;
FFc = Total quantity of fossil fuel c consumed, in litres;
EFCO2,C = CO2 emission factor for fossil fuel c as set out in Table 27-1 of Schedule A.2 QC.27.7 of the Regulation respecting mandatory reporting of certain emissions of contaminants into the atmosphere (chapter Q-2, r. 15), in kilograms of CO2 per litre;
10-3 = Conversion factor, grams to metric tonnes.
Equation 10
Where:
FFECH4,C = Total CH4 emissions attributable to the consumption of fossil fuels, in metric tonnes;
z = Number of types of fossil fuel;
c = Type of fossil fuel, gasoline (regular or premium) or diesel;
FFc = Total quantity of fossil fuel c consumed, in litres;
EFCH4,C = CH4 emission factor for fossil fuel c as set out in Table 27-1 of Schedule A.2 QC.27.7 of the Regulation respecting mandatory reporting of certain emissions of contaminants into the atmosphere, in grams of CH4 per litre;
10-6 = Conversion factor, grams to metric tonnes.
Equation 11
Where:
FFEN2O,C = Total N2O emissions attributable to the consumption of fossil fuels, in metric tonnes;
z = Number of types of fossil fuel;
c = Type of fossil fuel, gasoline (regular or premium) or diesel;
FFc = Total quantity of fossil fuel c consumed, in litres;
EFN2O,C = N2O emission factor for fossil fuel c as set out in Table 27-1 of Schedule A.2 QC.27.7 of the Regulation respecting mandatory reporting of certain emissions of contaminants into the atmosphere, in grams of N2O per litre;
10-6 = Conversion factor, grams to metric tonnes.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 64.
65. The promoter must calculate the quantity of fossil fuels consumed, using the following equation:
Equation 10.1
Where:
FFc = Total volume of fossil fuel of type c used during a reporting period, in litres;
c = Type of fossil fuel, either gasoline or diesel;
y = Number of treatment families;
t = Treatment family as indicated in the table in Schedule H;
CFc = Consumption factor for fossil fuel of type c as set out in the table in Schedule H, in litres/ha;
Surface area = Total surface area on which a treatment family is applied, in ha.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 65; I.N. 2023-01-01.
CHAPTER VII
CARBON LEAKAGE
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. VII.
66. The promoter must determine if a leak has been generated by the project at the end of a reporting period.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 66.
67. A carbon leakage is generated by a project when, during a reporting period, the deforestation rate for all the lots and parts of lots belonging to the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project, obtained using equation 11.1, is greater than the deforestation rate for private land in the municipality where the project is implemented, obtained using equation 12.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 67; I.N. 2023-01-01.
68. At the start and at the end of each reporting period, the promoter must define the surface area of all privately-owned lots or parts of lots assigned to forestry purposes in the municipality where the project is implemented.
The promoter must indicate the result in the project plan and, if applicable, in the project report and indicate the sources and approach used to quantify the result.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 68.
69. When it is impossible to establish the deforestation rate for private land in the municipality where the project is implemented at the end of a given reporting period using equation 12, the minimum deforestation rate for the lots belonging to the owner of the lot or part of a lot that is applicable to an issuance period is 2%.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 69.
70. When a carbon leakage is generated during a reporting period, the promoter must quantify, in the CBM-CFS software, the effect of deforestation on all the areas deforested on the carbon reservoirs for the project on lots belonging to the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project.
Equation 11.1
RP = (Aps - Ape)× 100
Asp
Where:
Rp = Deforestation rate for lots belonging to the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project;
Aps = At the start of a reporting period, total surface areas of lots or parts of lots assigned to forestry purposes that are located on lots or parts of lots belonging to the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project implemented pursuant to this Regulation;
Ape = At the end of a reporting period, total surface areas of the lots or parts of lots assigned to forestry purposes that are located on lots or parts of lots belonging to the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project implemented pursuant to this Regulation.
Equation 12
Rm = (Ams - Ame)× 100
Ams
Where:
Rm = Deforestation rate for private land in the municipality where the project is implemented at the end of a given reporting period;
Ams = At the start of a reporting period, surface area of the lots or parts of lots assigned to forestry purposes on private land in the municipality where the project is implemented pursuant to this Regulation;
Ame = At the end of a reporting period, surface area of the lots or parts of lots assigned to forestry purposes on private land in the municipality where the project is implemented pursuant to this Regulation.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 70; I.N. 2023-01-01.
CHAPTER VIII
PROJECT OUTCOME
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. VIII.
71. The promoter must, to determine the project outcome, enter into the most recent updated version of the calculation tool the information and data obtained pursuant to Title III.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 71.
72. For an update to the project outcome and an issuance request, the promoter must keep the data obtained pursuant to Title III and entered into the calculation tool that are covered by the issuance request. In addition, the promoter may not modify the data at a later date.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 72.
73. For an issuance request, the whole of the radiative effect from the processing of the volumes harvested and processed during a reporting period must be taken into account when determining the project outcome.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 73.
74. For an early project put in place before 31 December 2006, the promoter must define the reporting period for the project to cover the period beginning on the project start date and ending in 2006.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 74.
75. The project outcome is determined by the calculation tool by subtracting the results for the project scenario obtained using equations 13 to 18 below from the results for the baseline scenario obtained using the same equations:
Equation 13
Equation 14
Equation 15
Equation 16
Equation 17
Equation 18
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 75.
TITLE IV
PROJECT FILING
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. IV.
CHAPTER I
GENERAL
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. I.
76. A promoter must file a project with the Minister, after completing the stages such as the initial inventory and the simulation, within the time limits set in section 5.
The filing of a project involves the simultaneous transmission of the project notice provided for in Chapter II of this Title, the project plan provided for in Chapter III of this Title and the verification report on the project plan provided for in Chapter III of Title VII.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 76.
77. Within 90 days of receiving a complete project the Minister, in a written communication with the promoter, confirms or rejects
(1)  the project’s eligibility, in accordance with the eligibility conditions set out in Chapter I of Title II;
(2)  the validity of the initial inventory and the baseline scenario.
When a project’s eligibility is confirmed by the Minister, a project code is assigned and forwarded to the promoter.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 77.
CHAPTER II
PROJECT NOTICE
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. II.
78. The project notice includes, in particular, the following information and documents:
(1)  the information needed to identify the promoter and the promoter’s representative, if any;
(2)  the number of the general account opened by the Minister for the promoter under section 14 of the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1) following the promoter’s registration for the cap-and-trade system for emission allowances;
(3)  the date of the project notice;
(4)  information relating to the location of the project, including the regional county municipality, the municipality, the cadastral designation and, where applicable, the street address of the lot;
(5)  a brief description of the project including, in particular, the following information:
(a)  the project type, whether an afforestation project, a reforestation project, or both;
(b)  whether or not the project is an early project;
(c)  whether or not the project is or will be part of an aggregation and, if so, the name of the aggregation;
(d)  the total surface area of the lot for the project;
(e)  the surface area of the lot affected by an afforestation activity, the surface area affected by a reforestation activity and, where applicable, the cumulative area affected when the project involves both types of activity;
(f)  the project start date when known or, when not known, an estimate;
(g)  the estimated duration of the project;
(h)  the estimated start and end dates of the reporting periods for the entire estimated duration of the project;
(i)  an estimate of the number of offset credits to be issued for each reporting period and the total number of offset credits for the entire duration of the project;
(6)  the information needed to identify the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project and the relevant information if it belongs to the promoter;
(7)  a declaration by the promoter or the promoter’s representative that the information and documents provided are accurate.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 78.
CHAPTER III
PROJECT PLAN
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. III.
79. Every project plan verified in accordance with Title VII in which the verifier has noted errors, omissions or inaccuracies in connection with the characterization of the baseline scenario or the results of the simulation of carbon change in the reference scenario must be corrected by the promoter before the project is filed with the Minister.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 79.
80. The project plan must include, in particular, the following information and documents:
(1)  the information needed to identify the promoter and the promoter’s representative, if any;
(2)  when the promoter has engaged, or expects to engage, the services of a professional or another person to prepare or implement the project,
(a)  the information needed to identify that professional or person;
(b)  a summary of the tasks that will be assigned to that professional or person;
(3)  the date of the project plan;
(4)  information relating to the location of the project, including the regional county municipality, the municipality, the cadastral designation and, where applicable, the street address of the lot:
(5)  an exhaustive description of the project, including
(a)  the project type, whether an afforestation project, a reforestation project, or both;
(b)  whether or not the project is an early project;
(c)  whether or not the project is or will be part of an aggregation and, if so, the name of the aggregation;
(d)  the project objectives in terms of carbon offset and forest management;
(e)  the total surface area of the lot for the project, including the area assigned to forestry purposes and the area assigned to non-forestry purposes;
(f)  the surface area of the lot affected by an afforestation activity, the surface area affected by a reforestation activity and, where applicable, the cumulative area affected when the project involves both types of activity;
(g)  the project start date when known or, when not known, an estimate including an indication of how the estimate was determined;
(h)  the estimated duration of the project;
(i)  the estimated start and end dates of the reporting periods for the entire estimated duration of the project;
(j)  the information needed to identify the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project and the relevant information if it belongs to the promoter;
(k)  where applicable, information on the owner’s registration as a forest producer associated with the project, if the owner is not the promoter, and the owner’s forest producer number;
(6)  a demonstration that the project meets the eligibility conditions set out in Chapter I of Title II, including a copy of any relevant document;
(7)  information on the initial characterization for the project, including the elements listed in section 15 and their justification;
(8)  a presentation of all the work performed to complete an initial inventory for the lot or part of a lot for the project including in particular the elements connected with the planning, gathering and compilation of data for the inventory and their justification, such as the determination of the number of sample plots for the initial inventory, where applicable, the coefficient of the prism used for the inventory of the variable-radius plot, a summary of the survey plan as planned and revised, and a summary of the results from the compilation of the initial inventory;
(9)  a copy of the survey plan, as planned, signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec and of the survey plan as revised following the completion of the initial inventory for the project. The copy must include
(a)  information on the survey units and sampling units planned on the lot or part of a lot for the project, including the number of the sample cruise line and sample plots, their location and the starting point for each route;
(b)  a copy of the shape file presenting the survey plan as planned and revised following the completion of the inventory and the information needed to identify and locate each cruise line and each sample plot measured;
(10)  a copy of the compilation report for the initial inventory, signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec, and of all the inventory data files, along with those used to compile the inventories and the files for all the compilation results;
(11)  where applicable, a copy of the report on soil sample analyses for the project prepared by the laboratory responsible for analyzing the samples;
(12)  a presentation of the baseline scenario and project scenario including all relevant information, the data on which it is based and its justification, and a presentation of the annual results and results for each reporting period from the simulations of annual changes in the carbon stock in each scenario, along with all the data and hypotheses used to generate the information and the data needed for the simulation of the baseline scenario and project scenario and all the results from those simulations;
(13)  a presentation of the annual results and results for each reporting period for the project outcome, including all relevant information and its justification;
(14)  where applicable, the missing data and information used, along with a document justifying the data, information or methods used to compensate for missing data, including a notice signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec concerning the complementary nature of the missing data and information used for the project;
(15)  a copy of the files for the project generated by the CBM-CFS software to simulate the annual change in the carbon stock in the carbon reservoirs under the baseline scenario and project scenario;
(16)  a copy of the calculation tool used to define the project outcome including all the data and hypotheses used to characterize the baseline scenario and project scenario;
(17)  a declaration signed by the promoter or the promoter’s representative stating that no offset credits have been issued for the atmospheric CO2 removals targeted by the project plan under the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1) and that no credits have been issued under another GHG emissions offsetting program or will be issued under such a program;
(18)  in addition to the requirements set out in this section, in the case of an early project, the promoter must provide the information needed to identify the early project as registered for another program to offset GHG emissions including, in particular, the information needed to identify the program. In addition, a promoter who wishes to consider, in the project outcome, atmospheric CO2 removals for which offset credits have been issued under another program to offset GHG emissions must provide the following information:
(a)  the project start date, as defined in this Regulation, and the date of its registration under the GHG emissions offset program;
(b)  the total number of credits issued, by vintage;
(c)  the total number of credits issued, by vintage, that are sold to a third party and the total number of credits, by vintage, that have not yet been used to offset GHG emissions, along with the information needed to identify the credits, such as the serial or equivalent numbers and the vintage;
(d)  the total number of credits issued, by vintage, that are still in the possession of the original project promoter;
(e)  the total number of credits issued, by vintage, and the number of GHG removal, in metric tonnes CO2 equivalent, that will be considered in the project outcome when the project is filed and when applications for issuance are made;
(f)  the information needed to identify the credits for which the promoter wishes to consider atmospheric CO2 removals in the project outcome, including the serial number or equivalent and the vintage;
(19)  in the case of an early project, when credits have been issued for the atmospheric CO2 removals considered in the project outcome under another GHG emissions offset program, the promoter must show that
(a)  the credits issued to the promoter of the original project and the related GHG removal taken into account in the project outcome have never been used to offset a GHG emission under another GHG emissions offset program or a voluntary offset initiative.
The promoter must submit an official document from the authorities responsible for the initial program showing compliance with the obligation. In addition, the authorities for the GHG emissions offset program must provide a list of the credits concerned with their serial numbers and vintages;
(b)  the credits issued to the promoter of the original project have not been sold or redeemed otherwise than as a transaction between the person to whom the GHG emissions offset program issued the credits and the promoter of the project implemented pursuant to this Regulation.
The promoter must submit an official document from the authorities responsible for the initial program showing that the current holder is the first and only owner of the carbon credits issued and that they have never been sold or purchased by a person other than the promoter. In addition, the authorities for the program to offset GHG emissions must provide a list of the credits concerned with their serial numbers and vintages;
(c)  the carbon credits issued to the promoter of the original project and the related atmospheric CO2 removals taken into account in the project outcome pursuant to this Regulation have been withdrawn, cancelled or invalidated in the course of activities under the former carbon credits program and are no longer available to offset a GHG emission under the initial issuance program.
The promoter must submit an official document from the authorities responsible for the initial program showing compliance with the obligation and specifying the number of credits cancelled and the identification number and vintage of each credit cancelled.
The promoter must report to the Minister all the questions, actions and decisions raised or taken by the authorities responsible for the carbon credits program in connection with the validity of the project, the validity of the outcomes or the credits issued in the course of the activities under that program;
(20)  when the promoter is not the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project, a declaration by the owner authorizing the implementation of the project by the promoter and undertaking not to apply, with respect to the atmospheric CO2 removals covered by the project plan, either for offset credits under the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances or for credits under GHG emissions offset program;
(21)  a declaration signed by the member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec responsible for supervising the project plan stating that the information and documents produced under the engineer’s responsibility are complete and accurate;
(22)  a declaration signed by the promoter or the promoter’s representative stating that the project will be implemented in accordance with this Regulation and that the documents and information provided are complete and accurate;
(23)  when the environmental impacts of the project have been assessed, a summary of the analysis and its conclusions;
(24)  a copy of every authorization needed for the implementation of the project;
(25)  the information provided for in paragraph 3 of section 81 concerning financial and fiscal assistance received during the implementation of the project;
(26)  the information needed to identify the members of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec involved in the project filing stage.
Where a document signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec is required, it must be accompanied by the information needed to identify the forest consultant employing that member;
(27)  the name and function of each person involved in drawing up the project plan;
(28)  the date and the signature of the promoter or the promoter’s representative.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 80; I.N. 2023-01-01.
TITLE V
PROJECT MONITORING
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. V.
81. Throughout the project implementation period, the promoter must record the following information and documents in an events register:
(1)  the project title and code;
(2)  information and documents relating to a natural or anthropogenic disturbance, including in particular
(a)  the actual or estimated date on which the disturbance occurred;
(b)  the type of natural or anthropogenic disturbance;
(c)  one or more maps of the lot showing and locating the areas disturbed with, as a minimum, the following layers: the outline of the lot and the areas managed for the project, the road network, the hydrographic network, the outline of the disturbed areas, the areas assigned to non-forestry purposes, forest stands and adjacent lots. The geographical entities for the project, such as the outline of each forest stand, must be numbered and described in a table accompanying the map or maps. The table must include, for each entity shown on the map, its number on the map and a summary description including the name of the ecoforest stratum and its surface area in hectares.
All the maps in the report must have, as the base layer, an aerial photograph or satellite image with a spatial resolution making it possible to distinguish transitions between contrasting geographic entities such as a forest, a disturbance and a road. The resolution of the maps for the project must make it possible to perform a quick analysis of the attributes connected with the project;
(d)  the number of hectares affected by the disturbance and a description of the methodology used to assess it;
(e)  in the case of a natural disturbance, an estimate of the merchantable volume of timber affected in cubic metres and the methodology used;
(f)  in the case of an anthropogenic disturbance caused by a forest management activity:
i.  the type of forest development activity;
ii.  a description of the forest development activity and its effect on the project, in particular on the growth curve;
iii.  the documents justifying the forest development activity, including in particular the silvicultural prescriptions and the pre- and post-treatment inventory reports;
iv.  the merchantable volume of timber, in cubic metres, affected by the forest development activity and the methodology used;
v.  where applicable, a description of the volume of timber harvested including, where applicable, proof of sale, the destination of each volume of timber harvested and the data, hypotheses and references used by the promoter to define the distribution matrix by product to replace the provincial matrix set out in Division I of Schedule;
(g)  any other information specifying the consequences of the disturbance for the carbon reservoirs;
(3)  information and documents on the financial and fiscal assistance received during the project, including in particular
(a)  the type of financial or fiscal assistance;
(b)  the amount of the financial or fiscal assistance;
(c)  the date on which the financial or fiscal assistance was obtained;
(d)  the conditions for receiving the financial or fiscal assistance;
(e)  the reason for requesting financial or fiscal assistance;
(f)  the information needed to identify each program, organization and donor;
(4)  in the case of an early project, information and documents on the GHG emissions offset program, including in particular
(a)  a copy of the project plan or its equivalent as submitted to the authorities for the program to offset GHG emissions, to justify the project’s eligibility;
(b)  a copy of the project reports or their equivalent as submitted to the authorities for the program to offset GHG emissions, to justify the issuance of carbon credits to the person responsible for the project;
(c)  a copy of the project verification reports or their equivalent, completed by a third party and submitted to the authorities for the GHG emissions offset program to justify the issuance of carbon credits to the project promoter or, where applicable, a copy of the project verification reports or their equivalent completed by the authorities of the GHG emission offset program to justify the issuance of carbon credits;
(d)  the information and data used for the calculations to establish the number of credits issued under another program to offset GHG emissions;
(e)  all the data files used for inventories and to compile inventories for the carbon reservoirs for the project;
(f)  all the data and hypotheses used to simulate the baseline scenario and project scenario and the results of the simulations;
(5)  all the data files for the inventories and those used to compile inventories of the project’s carbon reservoirs;
(6)  all the data and hypotheses used to simulate the baseline scenario and project scenario and the results of the simulations;
(7)  the information needed to identify the person who recorded the information in the register, along with the person’s function and signature, the signature of the promoter or the promoter’s representative, and the date on which the information was recorded.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 81.
TITLE VI
PROJECT REPORT
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. VI.
82. The promoter must file a project report for each reporting period not later than 8 months after the end of the period.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 82.
83. Every report plan that has been verified in accordance with Title VII in which the verifier has noted errors, omissions or inaccuracies must be corrected by the promoter before any request for the issuance of offset credits under the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1).
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 83.
84. The project report must include the following information and documents in particular:
(1)  where applicable, updates to the information and documents that have changed since the project was filed or since the last issuance request;
(2)  where applicable, a detailed description of all the changes made to the planning and implementation of the project since the project was filed or since the last issuance request;
(3)  the project code assigned by the Minister when confirming the project’s eligibility;
(4)  the information needed to identify the promoter and, where applicable, the promoter’s representative;
(5)  where the promoter has relied, during the reporting period, on the services of a professional or another person to prepare or implement the project,
(a)  the information needed to identify the professional or person;
(b)  a summary of the tasks that were, or will be, assigned to the professional or person;
(c)  where applicable, a declaration by the professional or person stating that the information and documents filed are complete and accurate;
(6)  the date of the project report;
(7)  information relating to the location of the project, including the regional county municipality, the municipality, the cadastral designation and, where applicable, the street address of the lot;
(8)  a summary description of the project, including the following information:
(a)  the project type, whether an afforestation project, a reforestation project, or both;
(b)  whether or not the project is an early project;
(c)  whether or not the project is or will be part of an aggregation and, if so, the name of the aggregation;
(d)  the project objectives as regards carbon offsetting and forest development;
(e)  the total surface area of the lot for the project, including the area assigned to forestry purposes and the area assigned to non-forestry purposes;
(f)  the surface area of the lot affected by an afforestation activity, the surface area affected by a reforestation activity and, where applicable, the cumulative area affected when the project involves both types of activity;
(g)  the project start date;
(h)  the estimated duration of the project;
(i)  the start and ends dates of the reporting period covered by an applicant for the issuance of offset credits and the estimated start and end dates of future reporting periods;
(j)  the information needed to identify the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project and the relevant information if it belongs to the promoter;
(k)  where applicable, information on the owner’s registration as a forest producer associated with the project, if the owner is not the promoter, and the owner’s forest producer number;
(9)  a presentation of all the work performed to complete the issuance inventory for the lot or part of a lot for the project including, in particular, the elements connected with the planning, gathering and compilation of data for the inventory and their justification, such as the determination of the number of sample plots for the issuance inventory, the coefficient of the prism used for the inventory of the variable-radius plot, a summary of the survey plan as planned and revised, and a summary of the results from the compilation of the initial inventory;
(10)  a copy of the survey plan, as planned, signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec and of the survey plan as revised following the completion of the issuance inventory for the project. The copy must include:
(a)  information on the survey units and sampling units planned for the lot or part of a lot for the project, including the number of cruise line and sample plots, their location and the starting point for each route;
(b)  a copy of the shape file presenting the revised survey plan once the inventory has been conducted and the information needed to identify and locate each route and each sample plot measured;
(11)  a copy of the compilation report for the initial inventory, signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec, and of all the inventory data files, along with those used to compile the inventories and the files for all the compilation results;
(12)  where applicable, a copy of the report on soil sample analyses for the project prepared by the laboratory responsible for analyzing the samples;
(13)  a presentation of the changes made to the project scenario and, where applicable, to the baseline scenario, including all relevant information, the data on which it is based and its justification, and a presentation of the annual results and results for each reporting period from the simulations of annual changes in the carbon stock in each scenario, along with all the data and hypotheses used to generate the information and the data needed for the simulation of the project scenario and baseline scenario and all the results from those simulations;
(14)  a presentation of the annual results and results for each reporting period for the project outcome, including their constitutive elements and justification;
(15)  where applicable, the missing data and information used, along with a document justifying the data, information or methods used to compensate for missing data, including a notice signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec concerning the complementary nature of the missing data and information used for the project;
(16)  a copy of the files for the project generated by the CBM-CFS software to simulate the annual change in the carbon stock in the carbon reservoirs under the baseline scenario and project scenario;
(17)  a copy of the calculation tool used to define the project outcome including all the data and hypotheses used to characterize the baseline scenario and project scenario;
(18)  a declaration signed by the promoter or the promoter’s representative stating that no offset credits have been issued for the GHG removal and effects mentioned in the project report under the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1) and that no credits have been issued under another GHG emissions offset program or will be issued under such a program;
(19)  when the promoter is not the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project, a declaration by the owner authorizing the implementation of the project by the promoter and undertaking not to apply, with respect to the GHG fluxes covered by the project plan, either for offset credits under the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances or for credits under another GHG emissions offset program;
(20)  a declaration signed by the promoter or the promoter’s representative stating that the promoter still owns the effects of the carbon sequestrations for which the offset credits have been requested;
(21)  when a change in owner occurs during the reporting period covered by the project report and when the promoter is not the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project, a declaration by the new owner authorizing the implementation of the project by the promoter and undertaking not to apply, with respect to the atmospheric CO2 removals and effects covered by the project report, either for offset credits under the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances or for credits under another GHG emissions offset program;
(22)  a declaration signed by the member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec responsible for supervising the project report stating that the information and documents produced under the engineer’s responsibility are complete and accurate;
(23)  a declaration signed by the promoter or the promoter’s representative stating that the project has been implemented in accordance with this Regulation and that the documents and information provided are complete and accurate;
(24)  when the environmental impacts of the project have been assessed, a summary of the analysis and its conclusions;
(25)  a copy of every authorization needed for the implementation of the project;
(26)  the information provided for in paragraph 3 of section 81 concerning the financial and fiscal assistance received during the reporting period;
(27)  the information needed to identify the members of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec involved in the implementation of the project during the reporting period covered by the project report, and the role of each member;
(28)  the name and function of each person involved in drafting the project report;
(29)  the date and signature of the promoter or the promoter’s representative.
When a document signed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec is required, it must be accompanied by the information needed to identify the forest consultant that employs that member.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 84.
TITLE VII
VERIFICATION
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. VII.
CHAPTER I
GENERAL CONDITIONS
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. I.
85. The promoter must entrust the verification of a project plan or project report to a verification organization accredited under ISO 14065 by an accreditation body belonging to the International Accreditation Forum in Canada or the United States and according to an ISO 17011 program, with respect to the sector of activity for the project.
Despite the first paragraph, the verification of a project plan or project report may be entrusted to a verification organization that is not yet accredited, provided it is accredited in accordance with the first paragraph in the year following the verification of the project plan or project report.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 85.
86. The promoter may entrust the verification of a project plan or project report to a verification organization in accordance with section 85 if the organization, the verifier designated by that organization to carry out the verification and the other members of the verification team
(1)  have not acted for the promoter, in the 3 preceding years, as a consultant for the purpose of developing the project, calculating GHG emission reductions, or determining the radiative effect outcome or the number of credits to be issued that are attributable to the project for the promoter;
(2)  if a promoter files requests for issuance on an annual basis, have not verified project reports covering more than 6 consecutive reporting periods for the project being verified.
If the promoter files requests for issuance biannually, the verifier and members of the verification team must not have verified project reports covering more than 3 consecutive reporting periods for the project being verified.
In other cases, the verifier and members of the verification team must not have verified project reports covering more than 2 consecutive reporting periods for the project being verified.
In addition, when the promoter wishes to have the project plan or project report verified by a verification organization other than the organization that verified the project report for the preceding reporting period, the verification organization to which the verification is entrusted, the verifier designated by that organization to carry out the verification and the other members of the verification team, must not have verified a project plan or project report covering the 3 preceding reporting periods for that project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 86.
87. The verifier designated by the verification organization must be a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 87.
88. The verifier designated must form a verification team to perform tasks under the verifier’s supervision. The verification team, as a minimum, include one member of the Order des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec and have relevant experience in each of the following sectors: forest operations and management, forest inventories, statistics, forest growth, and the simulation of annual changes in the carbon stock of the biomass in an ecosystem.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 88.
89. In addition to the requirements of the standards ISO 14064-3 and ISO 14065 concerning conflicts of interest, the promoter must ensure that none of the following situations exists between the promoter, its officers, the verification organization and the members of the verification team referred to in section 86:
(1)  a member of the verification team or a close relative of that member has personal ties with the promoter or one of its officers;
(2)  during the 3 years preceding the year of the verification, one of the members of the verification team was employed by the promoter;
(3)  during the 3 years preceding the year of the verification, one of the members of the verification team provided the promoter with one of the following services:
(a)  the design, development, commissioning or maintenance of a data inventory or data management system for GHG emissions from the establishment or facility of the promoter or, where applicable, for data on electricity or fuel transactions;
(b)  the design, planning, implementation or supervision of a forest development project or a project to offset GHG emissions through forest development;
(c)  the development of GHG emission factors, or the design and development of other data used for quantification purposes for any GHG emission reductions or atmospheric CO2 removals;
(d)  a consultation concerning GHG emission reductions or atmospheric CO2 removals from the atmosphere, in particular the design of an energy efficiency or renewable energy project and the assessment of assets relating to greenhouse gas sources, sinks and reservoirs;
(e)  the preparation of manuals, guides or procedures connected with the reporting of the promoter’s GHG emissions under the Regulation respecting mandatory reporting of certain emissions of contaminants into the atmosphere (chapter Q-2, r. 15);
(f)  consultation in connection with a GHG allowances market, including
i.  brokerage, with or without registration, while acting as a promoter or subscriber on behalf of the promoter;
ii.  advice concerning the suitability of a GHG emissions transaction;
iii.  the holding, purchase, sale, negotiation or withdrawal of emission allowances referred to in the second paragraph of section 46.6 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2);
(g)  a consultation in the field of health and safety and environmental management, including a consultation leading to ISO 14001 certification;
(h)  actuarial consulting, bookkeeping or other consulting services relating to accounting documents or financial statements;
(i)  a service connected with data management systems for a project of the promoter that is eligible for the issuance of offset credits;
(j)  an internal audit of GHG emissions;
(k)  a service provided in connection with litigation or an inquiry into GHG emissions;
(l)  a consultation for a GHG emissions reduction project or a atmospheric CO2 removals project carried out in accordance with this Regulation or the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1);
(4)  the independent verification examiner has previously provided the promoter with a verification service or other services referred to in subparagraph 3 for the reporting periods covered by the verification.
The existence of one of the situations described in the first paragraph or contravening section 83 is considered to be a conflict of interest that invalidates the verification.
For the purposes of this section, a close family member of a member of the verification team is that person’s spouse, child, spouse’s child, mother or father, mother’s or father’s spouse, child’s spouse or spouse’s child’s spouse.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 89.
CHAPTER II
CONDUCT OF THE VERIFICATION
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. II.
90. In addition to the requirements of ISO 14064-3, the verification of a project plan or project report must be carried out in accordance with the conditions and methods set out in this Chapter and in compliance with the provisions of the Professional Code (chapter C-26).
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 90.
91. For the purposes of a project verification, the promoter and, where applicable, the owner of the lot or part of a lot for the project must give the verifier all information and documents needed for the verification and provide access to the lot or part of a lot for the project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 91.
92. When the verifier and the verifier’s team carry out a project verification, they must visit the lot or part of a lot for the project and, where applicable, the equivalent lot, in the company of the promoter. In the case of a project aggregation, the verifier and the verifier’s team must also comply with the condition set out in section 111.
The visit of the lot or part of a lot must allow the verifier and the verifier’s team, if applicable, to observe the implementation of the project, its carrying out and its satisfactory progress, as well as any change made to the project since the preceding verification.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 92.
93. The verifier must verify a project when it is filed and when a request for the issuance of offset credits is made. The verification of a project must
(1)  be carried out in accordance with a detailed verification plan including, in particular, a specific survey plan to verify the measures taken by the promoter to estimate the state of the carbon stock in the reservoirs.
The survey plan used by the verifier to verify the measures taken by the promoter to estimate the state of the carbon stock in the reservoirs must provide for the verification of at least 10% of the sample plots for the project or the greater or of at least 3 sample plots, whichever is greater. The sample plots verified must be selected at random and taking the risk of error into account;
(2)  include a verification of the measures taken by the promoter during inventories. The verification of the measures taken by the promoter must confirm that the parameters of the table in Schedule G are met. For a project aggregation, the verifier and the verifier’s team must also comply with the parameters of section 112.
Except for an early project, during the verification of a project plan the measures taken by the promoter during an inventory must be verified before seedlings are planted or seeds sown.
During the verification of a project report, the measures taken by the promoter during an inventory must be verified in the same year as the year in which they are taken by promoter. The verification date for the measures must be as close as possible to the date on which the promoter took the measures;
(3)  ensure that each sample plot verified is identified by a label must be attached to the pin indicating the centre of each variable-radius plot and micro-plot. The label must be weatherproof and specify the date of the verification and the name of the verifier responsible for the verification;
For the verification of an agroforestry-type project, each sample plot verified must be identified by a label attached to the pin indicating the centre of each plot and micro-plot. The label must be weatherproof and specify the date of the verification and the name of the verifier responsible for the verification;
(4)  ensure that every measurement instrument or other equipment used for verification purposes is used in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, is maintained in good working order and works reliably when used.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 93.
94. The verifier must verify the following elements in particular when verifying the project plan:
(1)  the description of the initial context for the project;
(2)  the biophysical characteristics of the lot;
(3)  the initial inventory of the lot or part of a lot for the project;
(4)  the definition of the baseline scenario;
(5)  the results of the simulation of the annual change in carbon stock in the baseline scenario using the MBC-SCF software and the radiative effect outcome noted in the software;
(6)  in the case of an early project, the requirements for the recognition of carbon sequestrations that occur after 31 December 1989 but before 29 December 2022.
The characterization, the simulation of the annual change in the carbon stock for the project scenario and the annual GHG flow outcome for the project are an optional part of the verification.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 94.
95. In addition to the elements in section 94, the verifier must verify the following elements in particular when verifying the project report:
(1)  any changes made to the characterization and simulation in the baseline scenario, and to the radiative effect outcome;
(2)  the characterization, the reconstitution of the growth curve in merchantable volume for the reporting period and the simulation in the project scenario;
(3)  the project outcome.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 95.
96. The verifier must conduct the verification in a way that allows the verifier to conclude, with reasonable assurance, that the project plan or project report meets the conditions of this Regulation and that the GHG fluxes attributable to the project as quantified and reported in the project plan and project report contain no significant errors, omissions or inaccuracies.
For the purposes of this Regulation, significant errors, omissions and inaccuracies means any errors, omissions and inaccuracies in the determination of the project outcome that are recorded in the project plan and in the project report for a reporting period that, individually or as an aggregate, result in an over-estimate or under-estimate of atmosphérique CO2 removals greater than 5%.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 96.
97. When, during the verification, the verifier notes an error, omission or inaccuracy in the quantification of the GHG fluxes attributable to the project or in the determination of the project outcome, or non-compliance with a condition of this Regulation, the verifier must inform the promoter.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 97.
98. If, following the verification of the project plan or project report, as the case may be, the verifier concludes that it meets the conditions of this Regulation and contains no significant errors, omissions or inaccuracies, the verifier gives the promoter a positive verification notice attesting, with reasonable assurance,
(1)  in the case of a project plan, that the initial characterization of the lot or part of a lot for the project, the characterization of the baseline scenario, the results of the simulation of carbon change in the reservoirs for the baseline scenario, and the radiative effect outcome associate with the baseline scenario, contain no significant errors, omissions or inaccuracies and that the project plan meets the conditions of this Regulation;
(2)  in the case of a project report, that the quantification of GHG fluxes attributable to the project and the determination of the project outcome contain no significant errors, omissions or inaccuracies and that the project plan meets the conditions of this Regulation.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 98.
99. If, following the verification of the project plan or project report as the case may be, the verifier notes a failure to comply with a condition, the verifier must
(1)  in the case of a project plan, assess its impact on the eligibility of the project, the validity of the initial inventory and the characterization of the baseline scenario and determine if it leads to significant errors, omissions or inaccuracies;
(2)  in the case of a project report and with respect to a condition relating to the quantification of GHG fluxes that cannot be corrected by the promoter, assess its impact on the GHG fluxes recorded in the project report and determine if its leads to significant errors, omissions or inaccuracies.
If the failure to comply with a condition relating to the quantification of GHG fluxes cannot be corrected by the promoter but does not lead to significant errors, omissions or inaccuracies, and if the verifier concludes that the other conditions of the Regulation have been met and that there are no significant errors, omissions or inaccuracies, the verifier gives the promoter a positive verification opinion.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 99.
CHAPTER III
VERIFICATION REPORT FOR A PROJECT PLAN OR PROJECT REPORT
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. III.
100. Every verification of a project plan or project report must be recorded in a verification report. For a project aggregation, a verification report may record the verification of more than one project report.
The verification report for a project plan or project report must include the following information and documents in particular:
(1)  the information needed to identify the verification organization and the verifier designated to carry out the verification, the other members of the verification team, with their respective roles in the verification of the project plan or project report, and the independent examiner;
(2)  the information needed to identify the accrediting organization that accredited the verification organization for the verification, the sector of activity covered by the accreditation of the verification organization, and the period of validity of the accreditation;
(3)  information on the project, including the information needed to identify the promoter and, where applicable, the project code;
(4)  the verification plan and a description of its objectives and the activities completed by the verifier to verify the project plan and project report, along with all exchanges of information between the verifier and the promoter for the purposes of the verification;
(5)  the period during which the verification was conducted and the date of any visit to the lot or part of a lot for the project and, where applicable, to the equivalent lot;
(6)  the survey plan for the verification of the initial inventory or, as the case may be, the issuance inventory carried out by the verifier;
(7)  the percentage precision of the initial inventory or, as the case may be, the issuance inventory calculated by the verifier;
(8)  the results of the verification based on the elements to be taken into consideration during the verification of the measures provided for in Schedule G;
(9)  where applicable, the results of the verification of the soil carbon inventory at each sampling point including
(a)  the calculations for the carbon stock;
(b)  the satellite geolocation of the sampling points verified;
(c)  the 95% Dbm and Dbo confidence interval;
(d)  the precision of the values for soil carbon stock on a mass of mineral soil basis (Qcorrected);
(e)  where applicable, a comparative table showing the soil colour code determined by the verifier and the soil colour code determined by the promoter for each soil sample verified with a description of the sampling point, including the promoter’s route number, the micro-plot number and the number of the soil sample taken by the promoter;
(10)  a list of all errors, omissions or inaccuracies noted in the quantification of GHG emissions or atmospheric CO2 removals attributable to the project and all failures to comply with a condition of this Regulation, including the following information concerning them:
(a)  their description;
(b)  the date on which the promoter was informed of them;
(c)  where applicable, a description of the action taken by the promoter to correct them and the date on which the action was taken;
(d)  in the case of a failure to comply with a condition relating to the quantification of GHG fluxes and the determination of the project outcome that cannot be corrected by the promoter, an assessment of the impact of each on the quantification of GHG fluxes and the determination of the project outcome and a notice from the verifier concerning the significant errors, omissions and inaccuracies within the meaning of the second paragraph of section 96 that may have occurred as a result;
(11)  where applicable, the version and date of the project plan or project report revised during the verification;
(12)  a copy of the verification notice given to the promoter pursuant to sections 98 and 99, along with the justifications for the notice;
(13)  a declaration by the verification organization and verifier that the verification was conducted in accordance with this Regulation and ISO 14064-3;
(14)  a declaration concerning conflicts of interest, including
(a)  the information needed to identify the verification organization, the members of the verification team and the independent examiner, and the sector of activity covered by the accreditation of the verification organization;
(b)  a copy of the organization chart for the verification organization;
(c)  a declaration signed by a representative of the verification organization attesting that the conditions of sections 86 and 89 have been met and that the risk of conflict of interest is acceptable;
(15)  a description of the experience of the members of the verification team in connection with the project;
(16)  the name and function of every person involved in the drafting of the verification report;
(17)  the date and the signature of the verifier;
(18)  in addition to the above requirements, the verification report for a project report which must include the following information and documents in particular:
(a)  the reporting period covered by the verification and the quantity of offset credits to be issued to the promoter that are attributable to the project for the reporting period verified;
(b)  where applicable, a notice concerning the accuracy of the percentage of timber harvested entered into the CBM-CFS software;
(c)  where applicable, a notice concerning the inclusion in the baseline scenario and project scenario of events entered in the events register;
(d)  where applicable, a notice concerning the accuracy of the results of the calculation used to determine the presence of a leak pursuant to Chapter VII of Title III;
(e)  when the verifier concludes that errors, omissions or inaccuracies have occurred in the quantification of GHG fluxes and the determination of the project outcome, the determination of the annual and total quantities of GHG fluxes in metric tonnes CO2 equivalent, and the determination of the number of offset credits to be issued to the promoter that, in the verifier’s opinion, are actually attributable to the project.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 100; I.N. 2023-01-01.
TITLE VIII
SPECIAL PROVISIONS CONCERNING A PROJECT AGGREGATION
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. VIII.
101. A promoter who creates a project aggregation must submit a summary of the aggregation to the Minister. The summary must include the following information and documents in particular:
(1)  the information needed to identify the promoter and the promoter’s representative;
(2)  a brief description of the aggregation;
(3)  a summary of the aggregation including the following information in particular:
(a)  the estimated or actual number of projects in the aggregation;
(b)  a list of the codes for each project in the aggregation;
(c)  the estimated start and end dates of the reporting periods for the estimated duration of the aggregation;
(d)  the start and end dates for the aggregation when known, or an estimate. The start date for an aggregation is the start date for a project in the aggregation that is furthest in the past. The end date for a project aggregation is the end date for a project in the aggregation that is furthest in the future;
(e)  an estimate of the total number of offset credits to be issued for each reporting period and the total number of offset credits to be issued for the duration of the aggregation;
(4)  the signature of the promoter and, where applicable, the promoter’s representative, with the date of signing.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 101.
102. A promoter who wishes to add a project to an aggregation whose eligibility has yet to be confirmed by the Minister must file the project in the usual manner set out in Title IV.
Once the eligibility of the project has been confirmed by the Minister, the promoter must submit a project modification notice to the Minister to include the project in the aggregation and update the information in the project notice provided for in section 78 and in the summary of the aggregation provided for in section 101.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 102.
103. The promoter must notify the Minister when a project is withdrawn from an aggregation and continued, within 30 days of the withdrawal. The notice submitted must update the information contained in the project notice provided for in section 78 and in the summary of the aggregation provided for in section 101.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 103.
104. The promoter must notify the Minister when a project is terminated, within 45 days of the termination. The promoter must then submit a notice to the Minister including the information prescribed for the notice of termination provided for in section 10 and updating the information contained in the project notice provided for in section 78 and the summary of the aggregation provided for in section 101.
The promoter must include a report on the state of forest stands drawn up by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec when the project has not been verified to ensure the compliance of the measures taken by the promoter in accordance with Schedule G during the last request for the issuance of offset credits.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 104.
105. The promoter must notify the Minister when an aggregation is terminated, within 45 days of the termination.
The promoter must include with the notice a report on the state of the forest stands completed by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec for projects that have not been verified to ensure the compliance of the measures taken by the promoter during the inventory for the last issuance of offset credits.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 105.
106. The report on the state of forest stands referred to in the second paragraph of sections 104 and 105 must include the following information and documents in particular:
(1)  the date of the report;
(2)  the project code;
(3)  the information needed to identify the promoter, as entered in the general account opened by the Minister for the transferee under section 14 of the Regulation respecting a cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gas emission allowances (chapter Q-2, r. 46.1) following the transferee’s registration for the cap-and-trade system for emission allowances, and the name of the person responsible for the project;
(4)  the period during which the verification was conducted and the date of the visit of the lot or part of a lot for the project;
(5)  the name and function of the persons involved in assessing the state of the forest stands;
(6)  a description of the activities carried out by a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec to assess the state of the forest stands;
(7)  an image interpreted from an analogical aerial photograph at the scale of 1: 15 000 or better, an image from a digital aerial photograph with a spatial resolution of 30 cm or better, or a satellite image with a spatial resolution of 50 cm or better, taken at a date as close as possible to the date of the notice provided for in section 103 or 104, showing the lot for the project;
(8)  the results of the interpretation of the analogical aerial photograph, digital aerial photograph or satellite image. The interpretation must, in particular, focus on the following elements:
(a)  stand density;
(b)  tree height;
(c)  the presence or absence of natural or anthropogenic disturbances. When a disturbance is noted, the promoter must specify the year, the cause of the disturbance, the area affected by the disturbance, and the impact of the disturbance on the project outcome;
(d)  a conclusion as to whether the forest capital on the lot or part of a lot for the project, when the comparative analysis is performed, is sufficient to support the project outcome declared at the last issuance request for offset credits and to ensure that the credits issued are able to cancel the effect, quantified over 100 years, of the presence in the atmosphere of one metric tonne of CO2 emissions;
(e)  the date and the signature of the member of the Ordre des ingénieurs forestiers du Québec who drew up the report.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 106.
107. When the conclusion of the report on the state of the forest stands is positive, the Minister withdraws the project from the aggregation and, where applicable, terminates the project and notifies the promoter.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 107.
108. When the conclusion of the report on the state of the forest stands is negative, the promoter must conduct a new inventory, draw up a new project report, and file a new issuance request for offset credits.
The new issuance request must update the project outcome. It must cover the period beginning on the start date of the reporting period covered by the preceding issuance request for offset credits and ending on the date of the inventory conducted to correct the project outcome for the reporting period.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 108.
109. When an issuance request for offset credits is filed, the promoter may request the issuance of offset credits for some or all of the projects in an aggregation.
The promoter must file with the Minister an inventory, a project report and a verification report only for the projects covered by the issuance request.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 109.
110. The promoter must plan and conduct the initial inventory and issuance inventory for all areas managed for the purposes of the projects covered by an issuance request for offset credits.
The 90% precision threshold for inventories and the confidence levels provided for in section 24 apply to all areas managed for the purposes of the projects covered by an issuance request for offset credits.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 110.
111. The verifier must plan and conduct a verification inventory of all the areas managed for the purposes of the projects covered by an issuance request for offset credits.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 111.
112. When an issuance request is filed, the verifier must visit the lots or parts of lots for at least 30% of the projects covered by the application.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 112.
113. When the first issuance request for offset credits is filed, the verifier must verify, in accordance with Schedule G, the measures taken by the promoter for at least 30% of the projects covered by the application.
The verifier must, in the verification report, provide an explanation of the way in which projects were selected to meet the 30% threshold.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 113.
114. For each period for the issuance of offset credits following the first issuance request, the verifier must determine the projects to be included to meet the threshold provided for in section 113 by prioritizing the selection of projects among those for which measures have never been verified for a preceding issuance request.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 114.
115. The verification notice submitted to the Minister following an issuance request for offset credits and its conclusion apply to all the projects in the aggregation covered by the application.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 115.
TITLE IX
ADMINISTRATIVE AND PENAL PROVISIONS
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. IX.
CHAPTER I
MONETARY ADMINISTRATIVE PENALTIES
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. I.
116. A monetary administrative penalty of $500 in the case of a natural person or $2,500 in other cases may be imposed on any person who
(1)  in contravention of this Regulation, refuses or fails to file any notice, information, report or other document, or fails to produce it within the required time;
(2)  contravenes the first and third paragraphs of section 12, the first paragraph of section 85 or section 91;
(3)  contravenes any other requirement of this Regulation, if no other monetary administrative penalty is otherwise specified for that contravention by this Title or by the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2).
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 116.
117. A monetary administrative penalty of $1,000 in the case of a natural person or $5,000 in other cases may be imposed on any person who contravenes paragraph 4 of section 21 or section 86.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 117.
CHAPTER II
PENAL SANCTIONS
M.O. 2022-11-17, c. II.
118. Every person who
(1)  refuses or fails to file any notice, information, report or other document, or fails to produce it within the required time;
(2)  contravenes the first, second and third paragraphs of section 12, the first paragraph of section 85 or section 91;
(3)  contravenes any other requirement of this Regulation, if no other monetary administrative penalty is otherwise specified for that contravention by this Title or by the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2);
commits an offence and is liable, in the case of a natural person, to a fine of $3,000 to $100,000 and, in other cases, to a fine of $3,000 to $600,000.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 118.
119. Every person who contravenes paragraph 4 of section 21 or section 86 commits an offence and is liable, in the case of a natural person, to a fine of $6,000 to $250.000 and, in other cases, to a fine of $25,000 to $1,500,000.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 119.
120. Every person who, for the purposes of this Regulation, communicates to the Minister information that is false or misleading commits an offence and is liable, in the case of a natural person, to a fine of $5,000 to $500,000 or, despite article 231 of the Code of Penal procedure (chapter C-25.1), to a maximum term of imprisonment of 18 months, and, in other cases, to a fine of $15,000 to $3,000,000.
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 120.
TITLE X
FINAL PROVISION
M.O. 2022-11-17, Tit. X.
121. (Omitted).
M.O. 2022-11-17, s. 121.
SCHEDULE A
(ss. 26 and 32)
Layout of a sample plot and soil sampling points
  
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sch. A.
SCHEDULE B
(s. 29)
Allometric equations used to estimate the aerial biomass of certain species present on a sample plot
Parameter values
 Equationbob1a15b15Reference
Abies balsameaA5, A672.7152.250.06841.1302Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979; Ker 1984
Abies balsameaA10.17462.1555  Ker 1984
Acer pensylvanicumA4-3.5182.878  Telfer 1969
Acer rubrumA10.1972.1933  Ker 1984
Acer rubrumA4-4.1942.094  Telfer 1969
Acer saccharumA10.15992.3376  Ker 1980
Acer saccharum1A4-4.1942.094  Telfer 1969
Acer spicatumA5, A673.1822.2590.16451.0485Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Acer spicatumA10.2042.2524  Whittaker 2 al. 1979
Alnus rugosaA5, A663.282.380.14091.0225Roussopoulos and Loomis 1979
Alnus rugosaA10.26122.2087  Young 2 al. 1980
Amelanchier sp2A5, A671.5342.3910.01421.1037Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Amelanchier sp.A10.26122.2087  Young 2 al. 1980
Betula alleghaniensisA2-1.83372.1283  Ker 1980
Betula papyriferaAS, A673.3162.2790.7131.0452Roussopoulos and Loomis 1979; Ker 1984
Betula papyriferaA10.15452.3064  Ker 1984
Cornus stoloniferaA5, A674.1142.4570.02431.0828Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Cornus stolonifera3A10.06162.5094  Perala 2 Alban 1994
Corylus cornutaA5, A662.8192.420.18940.9226Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Crataegus sp.A5, A663.282.380.14091.0225Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Crataegus sp.A10.26122.2087  Young 2 al. 1980
Diervilla loniceraA5, A614.2111.2170.10620.8818Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Fagus grandifoliaA10.19582.2538  Ker 1980
Fagus grandifoliaA4-3.6472.906  Telfer 1969
Juniperus communisA359.2052.202  Smith 2 Brand 1983
Larix laricinaA10.09462.3572  Ker 1980
Lonicera canadensisA4-2.4272.77  Telfer 1969
Nemopanthus mucronatusA4-3.042.819  Telfer 1969
Picea abiesA10.07772.472  Harding and Grigal 1985
Picea glaucaA10.07772.472  Harding and Grigal 1985
Picea glaucaA5, A665.7572.2870.07151.1241Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Picea abiesA5, A665.7572.2870.07151.1241Roussopoulos and Loomis 1979
Picea marianaA10.16832.1777  Ker 1980
Picea marianaA30.50721.9246  Wagner 2 Ter-Mikaelian 1999
Picea rubens4A10.1662.2417  Freedman et al. 1982
Picea rubensdA30.50721.9246  Wagner 2 Ter-Mikaelian 1999
Pinus banksianaA10.1522.273  Ker 1980
Pinus banksianaA30.16942.3002  Wagner 2 Ter-Mikaelian 1999
Pinus resinosaA10.08472.3503  Ker 1980
Pinus resinosaA30.12192.4618  Wagner 2 Ter-Mikaelian 1999
Pinus strobusA10.16172.142  Ker 1980
Pinus strobusA30.14042.2918  Wagner 2 Ter-Mikaelian 1999
Populus balsamifera56A5, A646.5742.5270.12941.0517Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Populus tremuloidesA10.10492.391  Ker 1984
Populus tremuloidesA4-2.922.715  Telfer 1969
Prunus pensylvanicaA5, A668.0412.2370.11511.0676Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Prunus pensylvanicaA10.15562.1948  Young 2 al. 1980
Prunus sp.A5, A668.0412.2370.11511.0676Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Prunus virginianaA10.26431.7102  Young et 2 1980
Prunus virginianaA39.9342.92  Brown 1976
Quercus rubraA10.13352.422  Perala 2 Alban 1994
Quercus rubraA4-2.2992.649  Telfer 1969
Ribes sp.A349.0013.112  Brown 1976
Rubus idaeusA343.9922.86  Brown 1976
Salix sp.A10.06162.5094  Perala 2 Alban 1994
Salix sp.A4-1.5192.325  Telfer 1969
Sorbus americanaA5, A644.3943.2530.02631.1373Roussopoulos 2 Loomis 1979
Sorbus americanca7A10.15562.1948  Young 2 al. 1980
Thuja occidentalisA5, A668.4231.8630.18531.0906Roussopoulos and Loomis 1979; Ker 1984
Thuja occidentalisA10.11482.1439  Ker 1980
Vaccinium angustifoliumA4-3.9783.706  Telfer 1969
Viburnum alnifoliumA4-4.0793.243  Telfer 1969
Viburnum cassinoidesA4-2.6132.774  Telfer 1969
Explanatory note: 6 different equations are used to determine the biomass of aerial ligneous vegetation (B) (DBH: diameter at breast height; DSH: diameter at stump height; D15: diameter at height of 15 cm).
[A1] B = b0× DBHb1
[A2]8 ln B = b0 + b1 × ln DBH
[A3] B = b0 × DSHb1
[A4] ln B = b0 + b1 × ln DSH
[A5] B = b0 × D15b1
[A6] D15 = (DSH – a15)/b15
1 The equation for A. rubrum is used.
2 The equation for A. rugosa is used.
3The equation for Salix sp. is used.
4The equation for P.mariana is used.
5 The equation for Populus sp. is used.
6 The equation for P.mariana is used.
7 The equation for P. pensylvanica is used.
8 To obtain the value B, the result of the equation must be converted to an exponent.
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sch. B.
SCHEDULE C
(ss. 14, 33 and 35)
Soil carbon calculation method
DIVISION I
SOIL SAMPLING STEPS AND VARIABLES OBTAINED
Soil sampling stepVariable obtained during sampling
Locate on the ground, using a metal peg, each soil sampling point on sample plot (n = 2, see diagram in Schedule A).Physical location and geolocation by satellite
Take volumetric samples at 3 depths (0-10 cm, 10-20 cm and 20-30 cm) for each of the 2 sampling points.Vt
For each sample taken, measure the depth reached by the probe.Eh
Assess the overall percentage of soil stoniness, in other words the percentage of the soil comprising stones with a diameter greater than that of the probe. This value should not change from one sample to another.fm’
Determine the colour of each soil sample taken using a Munsell soil colour chart.CodeMunsell
DIVISION II
LABORATORY ANALYSIS STEPS AND VARIABLES OBTAINED
(1) The laboratory report must show that the steps in the table below have been completed and described the calibration process for the apparatus used to measure carbon in the soil samples.
Laboratory stepVariable obtained
Note the mass of the initial sampleMi
Dry the soil samples at room temperature (≈ 21 °C, ≈ 48-72 h).---
For samples analyzed using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), dry the soil samples at ≈ 37 °C, ≈ 12 h.
Determine the total mass of the dry sample (g).Mt
Separate fine soil particles (diam < 2 mm) from coarse soil particles (diam > 2 mm) in each sample by sieving. Crush clay soils to 2.5 mm.---
For samples analyzed using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), crush and sieve the soil samples to 2 mm.
Determine the mass of the fine soil sample (g).Mf
Determine the moisture content of the dry sample (on the basis of the anhydrous mass of the soil at 105° C).% H
Determine the mass density of the sample knowing the % H, Mt and the value of the input variables in equation 27 (below)Db
For samples analyzed using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), place ≈ 40 g of soil in a cup and compress to 1500 psi.---
Determine the percentage of organic matter using the loss-on-ignition method for the sample (%) at 375° C or using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS).Fo
Crush a fraction of the sample to <150 μm (100 Mesh). (necessary for the C dose of a LECO-brand device)---
This step is not required if the samples are analyzed using a LaserAg-brand device.
Determine the organic carbon concentration of the sample by ignition (using, for example, a LECO brand device [%; g/kg or mg/kg or ppm; on the basis of the anhydrous mass of the soil at 105° C]) or by Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) [%].Ch
DIVISION III
CALCULATION OF SOIL CARBON
(1) Soil carbon is calculated using equation 19:
Equation 19
Where:
Q = Sum of the content of an element in each soil horizon to the selected depth, by hectare (metric tonnes/ha);
k = Scale factor (k = 0.1 if “C” is expressed in g/kg or k = 0.0001 if “C” is expressed in mg/kg or ppm);
h = Number of horizons (3 for samples taken at 0-10 cm, 10-20 cm and 20-30 cm depth);
Teh = Effective thickness of fine soil (soil without stones or coarse fragments) in horizon h (cm), calculated using equation 20;
Dbh = Apparent density of horizon h (g/cm3), calculated using equation 22 or, in other cases, using equation 23;
Ch = Concentration of carbon in fine soil (g/kg or mg/kg or ppm) of sample h.
Equation 20
Eeh = Eh × (1 – fm) × (1 – f’ m)
Where:
Eeh = Effective thickness of fine soil in the sample (cm);
Eh = Measured thickness of the sample (here, the measured thickness of the soil sample (~10 cm));
f’m = Fraction of the soil composed of stones, assessed in the field (stoniness; 0.00);
fm = Average fraction by volume of coarse fragments in the volumetric sample (0.00), calculated using equation 21.
Equation 21
fm = (Mt – Mf)
Pm × Vt
Where:
fm = Average fraction by volume of coarse fragments in the volumetric sample (0.00);
Mt = Total dry mass of the volumetric sample (g);
Mf = Dry mass of fine soil (g);
ρm = Density of coarse fragments (presumed to be equal to 2.65 g/cm3 for stones);
Vt = Total volume of the sample (depending on the probe used, cm3).
Equation 22
Db = [(100 – %H) × Mf]
100 × [Vt × (1 – fm)]
Where:
Db= Apparent observed density of individual samples taken using a volumetric probe g/cm3);
%H = Moisture content of the air-dried sample (%);
Mf = Dry mass of fine soil (g);
Vt = Total volume of the sample (depending on the probe used, cm3);
fm = Average fraction by volume of coarse fragments in the volumetric sample (0.00), calculated using equation 21.
Equation 23
Db = Dbm × Dbo
Fo × Dbm + (1 – Fo) × Dbo
Where:
Db = Apparent calculated density of individual samples taken using a Dutch auger g/cm3);
Dbm = Constant: apparent density of mineral soil without organic matter (g/cm3);
Dbo = Constant: apparent density of organic matter without mineral content (g/cm3);
Fo = Proportion of organic matter observed in individual samples after analysis of the organic matter (0.00);
The values Dbm et Dbo may be estimated using all the Db and Fo data for soils from the same plantation and equation 23. The values of the constants Dbm and Dbo in equation 23 may be calculated using statistical software.
DIVISION IV
CORRECTION OF CARBON STOCK IN SOIL
(1) The carbon stock in the soil must be corrected using equation 24 to establish any change during a reporting period.
The average mineral soil mass (M) obtained during the first sampling campaign must be used during subsequent sampling campaigns as a reference to calculate the average variation in carbon stock and the 90% confidence interval for soil carbon stock.
Equation 24
Qcorrected = Q + k (Ta × Db × CIII)
Where:
Q = Sum of the content of an element in each soil horizon to the selected depth, by hectare (metric tonnes/ha), calculated using equation 19;
k = Scale factor (k = 0.1 if “C” is expressed in g/kg or k = 0.0001 if “C” is expressed in mg/kg or ppm);
Ta = Additional thickness (or, if negative, surplus thickness) of the last sample at the base of the soil profile to be added to the carbon stock (cm), calculated using equation 25;
Db = Apparent observed or calculated density of individual samples (here, the sample is extracted at a depth of 20-30 cm) (g/cm3);
CIII = Concentration of the element in fine soil from the last sample at the base of the soil profile sampled (here, the sample is extracted at a depth of 20-30 cm) (g/kg or mg/kg or ppm).
Equation 25
Ta = (M0 – Mt) × 0.01
DbIII
Where:
Ta = Additional thickness (or, if negative, surplus thickness) from the last sample at the base of the soil profile sampled to be added to the carbon stock (cm);
DbIII = Apparent density, measured (equation 22) or calculated (equation 23), of the last sample (~20-30 cm) at the base of the soil profile sampled (g/cm3);
M0 = Total mass of reference mineral soil at time t = 0 (metric tonnes/ha);
Mt = Total mass of mineral soil from sample point at time t = 20 years or more (metric tonnes/ha).
Equation 26
Where:
M = Mass of mineral soil to the depth (Eeh) selected (metric tonnes/ha);
Dbm = Apparent density of mineral soil without organic matter (g/cm3);
Eeh = Effective thickness of fine soil in the sample (cm), calculated using equation 20;
h = number of horizons (3 for samples taken at depths of 0-10, 10-20 and 20-30 cm).
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sch. C.
SCHEDULE D
(s. 43)
Selection of the growth curve for the baseline scenario and tables showing the annual change in merchantable volume on fallow land by bioclimatic subdomain and potential vegetation groups
(1) The tables in Division II of this Schedule contain the data needed to define the growth curve for the baseline scenario in the CBM-CFS software for a project on a lot without forest cover.
The growth curve selected must be representative of the biophysical characteristics and species present at the time of the initial inventory.
(2) For the purposes of this Schedule, a lot without forest cover includes lots used for non-forestry purposes and unproductive forest land.
DIVISION I
POTENTIAL VEGETATION GROUPS
(1) The codes FE_ MJ_ MS_ RB_ RS_ RE_ in the tables in Division II of this Schedule represent potential vegetation groups. The composition of the groups is determined in the tables below.
Table 1 – Name and code of stands based on the composition of dominant species in the stand (Hardwood species on rich sites (FE_))
DesignationCode
Red oak standFC1
Maple stand with bitternut hickoryFE1
Maple stand with lindenFE2
Maple stand with yellow birchFE3
Maple stand with yellow birch and beechFE4
Maple stand with eastern hop-hornbeamFE5
Maple stand with red oakFE6
Table 2 – Name and code of stands based on the composition of dominant species in the stand (Hardwood species on mesic sites (MJ_))
DesignationCode
Black ash stands with firMF1
Yellow birch stands with fir and sugar mapleMJ1
Yellow birch stands with firMJ2
Fir stand with yellow birchMS1
Table 3 – Name and code of stands based on the composition of dominant species in the stand (Mixed species (MS_))
DesignationCode
Black spruce stand with trembling aspenME1
Fir stand with white birchMS2
Fir stand with red mapleMS3
Fir stand with mountain white birchMS4
Fir stand with red mapleMS6
Table 4 – Name and code of stands based on the composition of dominant species in the stand (Softwood species on rich sites (RB_))
DesignationCode
White spruce stand or cedar stand resulting from agricultureRB1
Maritime white spruce standRB2
White spruce stand resulting from browsing by white-tailed deer (Anticosti island)RB5
Table 5 – Name and code of stands based on the composition of dominant species in the stand (Softwood species on mesic sites (RS_))
DesignationCode
Spruce stand with red spruceRR1
Fir stand with black spruceRS2
Fir stand with black spruce and sphagnum mossRS3
Fir stand with mountain black spruceRS4
Fir stand with red spruceRS5
Fir stand with maritime black spruceRS7
Table 6 – Name and code of stands based on the composition of dominant species in the stand (Softwood species on poor sites (RE_))
DesignationCode
Black spruce stand with lichensRE1
Black spruce stand with moss or heathlandRE2
Black spruce stand with sphagnum mossRE3
White pine or red pine standRP1
Table 7 – Name and code of stands based on the composition of dominant species in the stand (Fir stand with thuya (RS1))
DesignationCode
Fir stand with thuyaRS1
DIVISION II
TABLES SHOWING ANNUAL CHANGE IN MERCHANTABLE VOLUME ON FALLOW LAND BY BIOCLIMATIC SUBDOMAIN AND POTENTIAL VEGETATION GROUPS
(1) The data used to create the growth curve for the baseline scenario used in the CBM-CFS software must be selected from the tables in this Division.
Tables 1 to 18 show merchantable volume on woody fallow land, Table 19 shows merchantable volume on shrubby fallow land and Table 20 shows merchantable volume on grassy fallow land.
(2) The table to be used must be selected on the basis of the bioclimatic subdomain and potential vegetation group on the lot used for the project. The potential vegetation group can be deduced from the vegetation in neighbouring forests.
(3) In Tables 1 to 4, the percentage coverage provided by the tree stratum and must be assessed to select the data representing the annual change in merchantable volume.
Coverage is
(1) low from 0% to 8%;
(2) medium from more than 8% to 15%;
(3) high from more than 15% to 25%.
(4) For the purposes of the tables in this Division, with respect to bioclimatic subdomains,
“1” means maple stands with bitternut hickory;
“2 West” means maple stands with linden, western sector;
“2 East” means maple stands with linden, eastern sector;
“3 West” means maple stands with yellow birch, western sector;
“3 East” means maple stands with yellow birch, eastern sector;
“4 West” means fir stands with yellow birch, western sector;
“4 East” means fir stands with yellow birch, eastern sector;
“5 West” means fir stands with moss, western sector;
“5 East” means fir stands with white birch, eastern sector.
Table 1 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East/ 4 West5 East5 West
Potential vegetation groupsRS/RERS/RERS/RE
 Merchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
AgeHighMediumLowHighMediumLowHighMediumLow
1000000000
5000100100
10320310310
15851820830
201510315511561
25251762410324113
303625103517534195
354934144625947289
40644420593514593814
45795526724620734920
50946633865727876127
5510977409969351017336
60124894811280441148544
651381005612591531289654
70151111641371026314010764
75164122711491127315211673
80175132791601218216312583
85185141871691299117413292
9019515094178136100183139101
95203158101187141108191144109
100210165107194146115199148116
Table 2 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with mixed forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East / 4 West5 East
Potential vegetation groupsMS_ / RB_MS_ / RB_
 Merchantable volume
(m³/ha)
Merchantable volume
(m³/ha)
AgeHighMediumLowHighMediumLow
1000000
5000000
10222222
15766566
20141211121211
25241917211917
30362825332825
35493833463833
40634941624941
45786050786050
50937159947159
5510882681108268
6012293771259377
651351048513910485
701461149215111492
751571239916212399
80166132105172132105
85174139110180139110
90181146115186146115
95186152119191152119
100190158123194158123
Table 3 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with mixed forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains5 West
Potential vegetation groupsMS_ /RB_
 Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
AgeHighMediumLow
1000
5000
10220
15651
201493
2524155
3036238
35503112
40654017
45815023
50966030
551117137
601258144
651379251
7014910259
7515811267
8016712274
8517313181
9017814088
9518214894
100184156100
Table 4 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East / 4 West4 East /4 West
5 East / 5 West5 East / 5 West
Potential vegetation groupsMS_RB_
 Merchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
AgeHighMediumLowHighMediumLow
1000000
5211211
1010431043
152210722107
20371812371812
25532719532719
30693826693826
35844933844933
40986041986041
4511171481117148
5012282551228255
5513191621319162
6013999691399969
651451067514510675
701491128014911280
751511178515111785
801521219015212190
851521239315212393
901511259715112597
951491269914912699
100146126101146126101
Table 5 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains12 East2 West3 East3 West
Potential vegetation groupsFE_FE_FE_FE_FE_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
100000
511111
1044465
159991212
201716172120
252626263131
303737374242
354849485454
406162616666
457475747879
508789879091
55100103100102104
60113116113113115
65125130125124126
70137142137134137
75148154148143146
80159165159152155
85168176168160163
90177185177167170
95185194185173177
100192202192179182
Table 6 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East4 West5 East5 West
Potential vegetation groupsFE_FE_FE_FE_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
10000
51111
103544
1581099
2015181616
2523272424
3033363434
3544464545
4056565656
4569666767
5081767878
5593859090
6010694100100
65117102111111
70129109120120
75139115129129
80149121137137
85158126145145
90166130152152
95174134157157
100180136163163
Table 7 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains12 East2 West3 East3 West
Potential vegetation groupsMJ_MJ_MJ_MJ_MJ_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
100000
511111
1044465
1591091212
201718172120
252627263131
303738374242
354850485454
406162616666
457475747879
508788879091
55100101100102104
60113114113113115
65125127125124126
70137138137134137
75148150148143146
80159160159152155
85168170168160163
90177179177167170
95185188185173177
100192195192179182
Table 8 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East4 West5 East5 West
Potential vegetation groupsMJ_MJ_MJ_MJ_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
10000
51111
103544
1581099
2014181616
2523272424
3033363434
3544464545
4056565656
4568666767
5080767878
5593859090
6010594100100
65117102111111
70128109120120
75139115129129
80149121137137
85158126145145
90166130152152
95173134157157
100180136163163
Table 9 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains12 East2 West3 East3 West
Potential vegetation groupsMS_MS_MS_MS_MS_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
100000
511111
1044433
1599988
201616161414
252424242222
303434343232
354444444242
405555555353
456666666464
507777777575
558787878585
609797979595
65106106106104104
70114114114113113
75122122122121121
80128128128127127
85134134134133133
90139139139138138
95143143143142142
100146146146146146
Table 10 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East4 West5 East5 West
Potential vegetation groupsMS_MS_MS_MS_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
10000
52001
106324
15117410
201814919
2525221528
3033322339
3542423151
4051534163
4559645274
5068746385
5577857495
60869485104
659410396113
70102111106120
75110118116126
80117124125131
85124128134135
90131132142139
95137136149141
100143138155142
Table 11 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains12 East2 West3 East3 West
Potential vegetation groupsRB_RB_RB_RB_RB_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
100000
511111
1044433
1599988
201616161414
252424242222
303434343232
354444444242
405555555353
456666666464
507777777575
558787878585
609797979595
65106106106104104
70114114114113113
75122122122121121
80128128128127127
85134134134133133
90139139139138138
95143143143142142
100146146146146146
Table 12 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East4 West5 East5 West
Potential vegetation groupsRB_RB_RB_RB_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
10000
52001
106324
15117410
201814919
2525221528
3033322339
3542423151
4051534163
4559645274
5068746385
5577857495
60869485104
659410396113
70102111106120
75110118116126
80117124125131
85124128134135
90131132142139
95137136149141
100143138155142
Table 13 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains12 East2 West3 East3 West
Potential vegetation groupsRS_RS_RS_RS_RS_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
100000
500000
1022211
1555544
2010101077
251616161313
302424241919
353232322727
404242423535
455252524444
506262625454
557373736464
608383837575
659494948585
701041041049595
75114114114105105
80123123123114114
85132132132123123
90140140140132132
95148148148140140
100155155155147147
Table 14 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East4 West5 East5 West
Potential vegetation groupsRS_RS_RS_RS_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
10000
50000
102111
156333
2011767
2518121113
3026191821
3535272631
4045363543
4556464556
5067575670
5578686784
6089797897
651008990111
7011099101123
75120109112135
80130118122145
85138126132154
90147133141162
95154139149168
100161145157173
Table 15 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains12 East2 West3 East3 West
Potential vegetation groupsRE_RE_RE_RE_RE_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
100000
500000
1022211
1555544
2010101077
251616161313
302424241919
353232322727
404242423535
455252524444
506262625454
557373736464
608383837575
659494948585
701041041049595
75114114114105105
80123123123114114
85132132132123123
90140140140132132
95148148148140140
100155155155147147
Table 16 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East4 West5 East5 West
Potential vegetation groupsRE_RE_RE_RE_
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
10000
50000
101111
153332
206766
2511121110
3017191817
3524272625
4032363534
4541464544
5050575655
5560676766
6070787878
6580889089
708998101100
7599108112110
80108116122120
85117124132129
90125131141136
95132138149143
100139143157149
Table 17 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains12 East2 West3 East3 West
Potential vegetation groupsRS1RS1RS1RS1RS1
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
100000
511111
1035555
15713131313
201325252525
252139393939
302956565656
353975757575
405095959595
4561116116116116
5073138138138138
5584160160160160
6096181181181181
65107202202202202
70117222222222222
75127241241241241
80137259259259259
85146276276276276
90154292292292292
95161306306306306
100168318318318318
Table 18 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on woody fallow land with softwood, mixed or hardwood forest cover based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains4 East4 West5 East5 West
Potential vegetation groupsRS1RS1RS1RS1
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)Merchantable volume (m³/ha)
10000
50000
102211
155522
20101055
25181899
3027271414
3539391919
4051512525
4564643232
5078783939
5593934646
601071075353
651211216060
701351356767
751471477474
801591598080
851701708585
901801809090
951891899595
1001971979999
Table 19 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on shrubby fallow land based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains1 / 2 East /2 West / 3 East /3 West/ 4 East / 4 West / 5 East /5 West
Potential vegetation groupsFE_/ MJ_/ MS_ /RB_/ RS_ /RE_ /RS1
AgeMerchantable volume (m³/ha)
10
50
101
151
202
252
303
354
405
455
506
557
608
659
7010
7511
8012
8513
9014
9515
10016
Table 20 – Growth curve values (merchantable volume in m³/ha) on grassy fallow land based on bioclimatic subdomains and potential vegetation groups
Bioclimatic subdomains1 / 2 East /2 West / 3 East /3 West/ 4 East / 4 West / 5 East /5 West
Potential vegetation groupsFE_/ MJ_/ MS_ /RB_/ RS_ /RE_ /RS1
AgeMerchantable volume
10
51
101
151
201
252
302
352
402
452
502
553
603
653
703
753
803
854
904
954
1004
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sch. D.
SCHEDULE E
(s. 46)
Conversion of anhydrous biomass in each plant stratum into merchantable volume
DIVISION I
TABLE FOR THE CONVERSION OF ANHYDROUS BIOMASS ON WOODY FALLOW LAND INTO MERCHANTABLE VOLUME
(1) For the purposes of this Division,
“Ecozone 7” and “Ecozone 8” mean the ecozones representing the ecological subdivisions in the CBM-CFS software;
“BOP” means white birch;
“PET” means trembling aspen;
“EPB” means white spruce;
“TMA” means anhydrous metric tonne.
Ecozone 7Ecozone 8 
BOPPETEPBBOPPETEPB 
Biomass (TMA)Biomass (TMA)Biomass (TMA)Biomass (TMA)Biomass (TMA)Biomass (TMA)Merchantable volume m³/ha
0.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
1.81.11.50.81.01.50.5
3.12.02.71.51.92.81.0
4.32.73.82.22.64.11.5
5.43.54.82.93.35.92.0
6.44.25.83.64.08.12.5
7.34.96.74.24.710.93.0
8.25.67.74.95.414.03.5
9.16.38.65.66.117.34.0
10.07.19.56.26.820.64.5
10.97.810.46.97.523.85.0
11.78.611.27.58.326.75.5
12.59.412.08.19.029.26.0
13.310.112.98.79.831.36.5
14.110.913.79.310.533.07.0
14.911.614.49.911.234.47.5
15.612.315.210.511.935.38.0
16.413.016.011.012.636.08.5
17.113.716.711.613.336.49.0
17.814.317.512.113.936.79.5
18.515.018.212.614.636.710.0
19.315.619.013.215.236.610.5
20.016.219.713.715.836.411.0
20.716.820.414.216.436.211.5
21.317.421.114.717.035.912.0
22.018.121.915.217.635.712.5
22.718.722.615.718.235.413.0
23.419.323.316.218.835.113.5
24.019.923.916.719.434.914.0
DIVISION II
EQUATIONS USED TO CONVERT ANHYDROUS BIOMASS ON SHRUBBY FALLOW LAND OR GRASSY FALLOW LAND INTO MERCHANTABLE VOLUME
(1) The following equations must be used to convert total anhydrous biomass (t) on shrubby fallow land or grassy fallow land that includes below-ground and epigeal biomass into merchantable volume brut (m³):
Equation 21
Volumegrassy (m3) = 0.0013x2 + 0.3253x
Equation 22
Volumeshrubby (m3) = 0.0032x2 + 0.6891x
Where:
x: anhydrous biomass in metric tonnes
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sch. E.
SCHEDULE F
(ss. 51, 52 and 81)
Simulation of the carbon present in timber forest products – determination of the parameters “I(t)”, “K” and “e-k” in equation 6
DIVISION I
VALUE OF PARAMETER “I(t)
(1) Unless modified by the promoter, the value of the parameter I(t) in equation 6 is determined using the table below. The variable corresponds to the value from the provincial matrix of distribution rates by forest product, based on age, for the fir, spruce, jack pine and larch species group.
Value of parameter “I(t)” in equation 6
 Age of stand
Timber forest product0102030405060708090100 to 160
Sawn timbern/an/an/a0.190.430.490.520.440.600.640.58
Particle board *n/an/an/a0.020.060.070.070.070.070.070.07
Veneer and plywood *n/an/an/a0.020.060.070.070.070.070.070.07
Pulp and paper, cardboardn/an/an/a0.680.440.380.350.420.280.250.30
Energy products (granules, logs, biofuels, etc.)n/an/an/a0.110.070.060.060.070.050.040.05
* The products “particle board” and “plywood” are mutually exclusive. The promoter must determine which of the two matches the reality of the project.
DIVISION II
VALUE OF PARAMETERS “K” AND “e-k” AND HALF-LIFE
(1) The value of parameters K and e-k and half-life in equation 6 of section 46 is determined using the table below. The parameters are used to define the annual change in carbon stock in various categories of timber forest products.
Value of parameters K and e-k in equation 6
Timber forest productke-kHalf-life
Sawn timber0.020.9835
Particle board0.030.9720
Veneer and plywood0.030.9720
Pulp and paper, cardboard0.280.762.5
Energy products (granules, logs, biofuels, etc.)0.690.501
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sch. F.
SCHEDULE G
(ss. 93, 100 and 113)
Elements to be taken into account when verifying the measures taken by a promoter during the initial inventory and issuance inventory
(1) The table in this Schedule presents the elements to be taken into account by the verifier when verifying the project plan and project report with respect to the measures taken during the initial inventory and issuance inventory.
In addition to these elements, the verifier must define the soil colour using a Munsell soil colour chart and a soil sample taken at a distance of 10 cm from where the promoter took soil samples. The soil sample must be taken using the methodology prescribed for the taking of samples by the promoter.
(2) For the purposes of the table in this Schedule,
“DiN” means the difference between the number of stems inventoried by the promoter (NbtigeP) and the number of stems inventoried by the verifier (NbtigeV), as an absolute value;
“DiE” means the sum of the differences between the number of stems inventoried by the promoter and the number of stems inventoried by the verifier for each species, as an absolute value;
“DiD” means the sum of the differences between the number of stems inventoried by the promoter and the number of stems inventoried by the verifier for diameter class, as an absolute value;
“P” means a promoter;
“V” means a verifier.
SubjectAccepted deviations and errorsAttributed errorsPossible errorsTolerance limit (%)
Lot / Sample plot
Surface area of strata (map verification)Deviation ≤ ± 5%0Number of strata5%
Deviation > ± 5%1
Positioning of sample plot (in the field – with satellite geolocation; if the sample plot has not moved compared to the survey plan)Distance ≤ ± 10 m0Number of sample plots9%
Distance > 10 m1
Positioning of the sample plot group (in the field with satellite geolocation; if the sample plot has not moved compared to the survey plan)Distance ≤ ± 50 cm0Number of sample plots18%
Distance > 50 cm1
Regeneration - Coefficient of distribution
Number of stemsDiN = |NbtigeP – NbtigeV|DiNMaximum of total of P or total of V12%
Number of stems per speciesDiE = |NbtigeP – NbtigeV| (by species)(DiE–DiN) /2Minimum of total of P or total of V9%
Trees > 130 cm in height (commercial)
Number of stems by speciesDiE = |NbtigeP – NbtigeV| (by species)(DiE – DiN) /2Minimum of total of P or total of V8%
Height (3 dominant, codominant, intermediate trees per sample plot)In softwoods Total number of observations8%
Deviation ≤ 1 m0
Deviation > 1 m1
In hardwoods 
Deviation ≤ 10%0
Deviation > 10%1
Number of stemsDiN = |NbtigeP – NbtigeV|DiNMaximum of total of P or total of V8%
Number of stems per DBH class (2 cm classes)DiD = |NbtigeP – NbtigeV| (per DBH class)(DiD – DiN) /2Minimum of total of P or total of V8%
Shrub strata > 130 cm in height (non-commercial)
Number of stemsDiN = |NbtigeP – NbtigeV|DiNMaximum of total of P or total of V15%
Number of stems by speciesDiE = |NbtigeP – NbtigeV| (by species)(DiE – DiN) /2Minimum of total of P or total of V15%
DSH height (2 cm)DiD = |NbtigeP – NbtigeV| (per DBH class)(DiD – DiN) /2Minimum of total of P or total of V15%
Stratum of grass, moss, seedling, and trees below 130 cm in height
Cover class (25% classes)Same0Total number of observations10%
Different1
Snags
Number of snagsDiN = |NbtigeP – NbtigeV|DiNMaximum of total of P or total of V15%
Number of snags by condition classSame0Total number of observations10%
Different1
Soil
Volume of sample (measured in the laboratory)More than 100 cm31Total number of observations0%
Less than 100 cm30
Stoniness classSame0Total number of observations0%
Different1
Positioning of sub-sampleDistance ≤ ± 50 cm0Total number of observations10%
Distance > 50 cm1
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sch. G.
SCHEDULE H
(s. 65)
Fossil fuel consumption factors per hectare based on family of silvicultural treatment
Family of silvicultural treatmentConsumption factor (litres/ha)Fossil fuel
Site preparation107.6Diesel
Planting of seedlings28.5Gasoline*
Tending operations34.3Gasoline*
Commercial thinning of softwoods504.2Diesel
Partial cutting of hardwoods420.8Diesel
Final cutting of hardwoods796.3Diesel
Partial cutting of softwoods491.5Diesel
Final cutting of softwoods1019.1Diesel
* “Gasoline” includes both “Regular” and “Premium” gasoline.
M.O. 2022-11-17, Sch. H.
REFERENCES
M.O. 2022-11-17, 2022 G.O. 2, 4021