40. The Government may, in respect of any production and any region it designates and for such time as it indicates, recognize one of the following periods as a critical period:
(1) the period concomitant with or consecutive to a natural disaster which creates an emergency situation for a certain number of farmers, aspiring farmers or group operations;
(2) the period during which an unforeseen and uncontrollable collapse in the selling prices of a designated production seriously affects a large number of farmers, aspiring farmers or group operations;
(3) the period during which the cessation of a designated production or a significant reduction in such production due to causes out of the control of farmers, aspiring farmers or group operations seriously affects some of them.