31. After notifying the holder in writing as prescribed by section 5 of the Act respecting administrative justice (chapter J-3) and allowing the holder at least 10 days to submit observations, the Minister may refuse to issue a permit
(1) for reasons of public interest;
(2) if the Minister is of the opinion that the permit is not in the animals’ interest or that the animals’ welfare or safety will not be ensured; or
(3) if the applicant was found guilty, in the last five years, of an offence under an Act or a regulation or under the Criminal Code (R.S.C. 1985, c. C-46) in relation to the treatment of animals or the illegal possession of animals, unless the applicant has been pardoned.