12. A financial asset within the meaning of this Act is
(1) a security;
(2) a share or other participation in a person or an obligation of a person that, without being a security, is, or is of a type, dealt in or traded on financial markets or is a medium for investment in the area in which it is issued or dealt in or traded;
(3) any property that is held by a securities intermediary for another person in a securities account if the securities intermediary has expressly agreed with the other person that the property is to be treated as a financial asset under this Act; or
(4) a credit balance in a securities account, unless the securities intermediary has expressly agreed with the person for whom the account is maintained that the credit balance is not to be treated as a financial asset under this Act.