18. Penal proceedings for an offence under Division II, Division III or a regulation made under this Act may be instituted by a local municipality if the offence was committed in its territory. Such proceedings may be instituted before the competent municipal court.
Fines imposed under this section belong to the municipality.
The costs relating to proceedings instituted before a municipal court belong to the municipality in which the court has jurisdiction, except the part of the costs remitted by the collector to another prosecuting party under article 345.2 of the Code of Penal Procedure (chapter C-25.1), and the costs remitted to the defendant or imposed on the prosecuting municipality under article 223 of the Code.