12. A technology-based document may fulfil the functions of an original. To that end, the integrity of the document must be ensured and, where the desired function is to establish
(1) that the document is the source document from which copies are made, the components of the source document must be retained so that they may subsequently be used as a reference ;
(2) that the document is unique, its components or its medium must be structured by a process that makes it possible to verify that the document is unique, in particular through the inclusion of an exclusive or distinctive component or the exclusion of any form of reproduction ;
(3) that the document is the first form of a document linked to a person, its components or its medium must be structured by a process that makes it possible to verify that the document is unique, to identify the person with whom the document is linked and to maintain the link throughout the life cycle of the document.
For the purposes of subparagraphs 2 and 3 of the first paragraph, the processes must be based on technical norms and standards approved by a recognized body referred to in section 68.