C-61.01 - Natural Heritage Conservation Act

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2. For the purposes of this Act,
brine means “brine” within the meaning of section 6 of the Petroleum Resources Act (chapter H-4.2);
forest development activity means a “forest development activity” within the meaning of section 4 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1);
mineral substances means “mineral substances” within the meaning of section 1 of the Mining Act (chapter M-13.1);
other effective conservation measure means “other effective area-based conservation measure” as defined by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in Decision 14/8 dated 30 November 2018 and as interpreted by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN);
petroleum means “petroleum” within the meaning of section 6 of the Petroleum Resources Act;
protected area means a “protected area” within the meaning of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity and as interpreted by the IUCN in the Guidelines for Applying Protected Area Management Categories (2008);
underground reservoir means an “underground reservoir” within the meaning of section 6 of the Petroleum Resources Act;
wetlands and bodies of water means the settings described in section 46.0.2 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2).
Partnerships and associations without legal personality are considered to be legal persons.
2002, c. 74, s. 2; 2017, c. 142017, c. 14, s. 13; 2021, c. 12021, c. 1, s. 4.
2. In this Act,
aquatic reserve means an area, consisting mainly of fresh water, salt water or brackish water, established to protect all or part of a body of water or watercourse, including associated wetlands, because of the exceptional value it holds from a scientific, biodiversity-based viewpoint, or to conserve the diversity of its biocenoses or biotopes;
biodiversity or biological diversity means the variability among living organisms from all sources including terrestrial, marine, estuarial and freshwater ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part; those terms include diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems;
biodiversity reserve means an area established in order to maintain biodiversity and in particular an area established to preserve a natural monument — a physical formation or group of formations — and an area established as a representative sample of the biological diversity of the various natural regions of Québec;
ecological reserve means an area established
(1)  to conserve the elements constituting biological diversity in their natural state, as integrally as possible and in a permanent manner, in particular by protecting ecosystems and the elements or processes on which their dynamics are based;
(2)  to set aside land for scientific study or educational purposes; or
(3)  to safeguard the habitats of threatened or vulnerable species of flora or fauna;
government body means a body a majority of whose members are appointed by the Government or by a minister and whose personnel is, by law, appointed in accordance with the Public Service Act (chapter F‐3.1.1), or whose assets form part of the domain of the State;
man-made landscape means an area established to protect the biodiversity of an inhabited area of water or land whose landscape and natural features have been shaped over time by human activities in harmony with nature and present outstanding intrinsic qualities the conservation of which depends to a large extent on the continuation of the practices that originally shaped them;
nature reserve means land under private ownership recognized as a nature reserve because it has significant biological, ecological, wildlife, floristic, geological, geomorphic or landscape features that warrant preservation;
protected area means a geographically defined expanse of land or water established under a legal and administrative framework designed specifically to ensure the protection and maintenance of biological diversity and of related natural and cultural resources;
wetlands and bodies of water means the wetlands and bodies of water described in section 46.0.2 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2).
2002, c. 74, s. 2; 2017, c. 142017, c. 14, s. 13.
2. In this Act,
aquatic reserve means an area, consisting mainly of fresh water, salt water or brackish water, established to protect all or part of a body of water or watercourse, including associated wetlands, because of the exceptional value it holds from a scientific, biodiversity-based viewpoint, or to conserve the diversity of its biocenoses or biotopes;
biodiversity or biological diversity means the variability among living organisms from all sources including terrestrial, marine, estuarial and freshwater ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part; those terms include diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems;
biodiversity reserve means an area established in order to maintain biodiversity and in particular an area established to preserve a natural monument — a physical formation or group of formations — and an area established as a representative sample of the biological diversity of the various natural regions of Québec;
ecological reserve means an area established
(1)  to conserve the elements constituting biological diversity in their natural state, as integrally as possible and in a permanent manner, in particular by protecting ecosystems and the elements or processes on which their dynamics are based;
(2)  to set aside land for scientific study or educational purposes; or
(3)  to safeguard the habitats of threatened or vulnerable species of flora or fauna ;
government body means a body a majority of whose members are appointed by the Government or by a minister and whose personnel is, by law, appointed in accordance with the Public Service Act (chapter F‐3.1.1), or whose assets form part of the domain of the State;
man-made landscape means an area established to protect the biodiversity of an inhabited area of water or land whose landscape and natural features have been shaped over time by human activities in harmony with nature and present outstanding intrinsic qualities the conservation of which depends to a large extent on the continuation of the practices that originally shaped them;
nature reserve means land under private ownership recognized as a nature reserve because it has significant biological, ecological, wildlife, floristic, geological, geomorphic or landscape features that warrant preservation;
protected area means a geographically defined expanse of land or water established under a legal and administrative framework designed specifically to ensure the protection and maintenance of biological diversity and of related natural and cultural resources.
2002, c. 74, s. 2.