22. The word “spouses” means
(1) persons who are married or in a civil union with each other and who cohabit;
(2) persons of opposite sex or the same sex who cohabit and who are the parents of a child, unless they establish that their cohabitation is temporary and results from exceptional circumstances related to a serious health problem of one of them or of one of their children;
(3) persons of full age of the opposite or the same sex who live together in a de facto union and who, at any one time, cohabited for a period of not less than one year.
Such persons remain spouses or, for the purposes of subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph, are presumed to have continued to cohabit despite the temporary absence of one of them.
The minimum one-year period of cohabitation specified in subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph may be extended by regulation, in the cases and under the conditions prescribed by regulation.
2005, c. 15, s. 22; 2016, c. 25, s. 241.