4. The Minister identifies by regulation the harmful organisms covered by this Act and, where applicable, the phytosanitary measures that apply.
The Minister may also identify by regulation the harmful organisms whose presence must be reported to the Minister.
If a harmful organism constitutes a threat by reason of a high and imminent risk of its spreading to commercial crops, the regulation identifying the harmful organism or the phytosanitary measures that apply is not subject to the provisions of Division III of the Regulations Act (chapter R-18.1) on the publication of draft regulations. Despite sections 17 and 18 of that Act, the regulation comes into force on the date it is issued; in addition to being published in the Gazette officielle du Québec, it is publicized by any means that ensures that the persons concerned are rapidly and efficiently informed.
For the purposes of this Act, the term “phytosanitary measures” includes all the means, particularly biological, chemical or physical means, that can be implemented to prevent the introduction or propagation of a harmful organism, and control, remove or eradicate it.