88.1. Except in the case of the vegetation strip referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 335.1 of the Regulation respecting the regulatory scheme applying to activities on the basis of their environmental impact (chapter Q-2, r. 17.1), section 30 does not apply to the application of a Class 1 to Class 3A pesticide, carried out otherwise than by aircraft, in connection with the cultivation of non-aquatic plants and mushrooms eligible for a declaration of compliance under section 335.1 of the Regulation respecting the regulatory scheme applying to activities on the basis of their environmental impact and declared in accordance with that Regulation, provided that the following conditions are met:
(1) a pesticide, other than a biopesticide or a pesticide intended to eliminate grassland, must be applied in accordance with an prior agronomic justification limiting the use to 3 active ingredients;
(2) a Class 1 to Class 3 pesticide must be applied before 1 September each year and only to growing crops or parcels in direct sowing.
For the purposes of subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph, the agronomic justification must contain the information provided for in section 74.1 and comply with the second paragraph of section 74.3. In addition, the farmer must keep the agronomic justification for a period of 5 years following the date of signing by the agrologist and send a copy to any person authorized by the Minister who so requests.
Despite subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph, a Class 1 to Class 3 insecticide or fungicide may be applied before an agronomic justification is obtained when, in the opinion of an agrologist, the application of the pesticide is the treatment most appropriate to ensure rapid control of a pest that endangers a crop. The justification must be obtained at the latest 2 business days after the application of the pesticide, and must bear a number preceded by the letter “U”.
1596-2021O.C. 1596-2021, s. 1071.