C-27 - Labour Code

Full text
1. In this Code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees : a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association : the association recognized by decision of the Tribunal as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association : a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement : an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute : a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance : any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike : the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out : the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  (paragraph repealed);
(j)  Minister : The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer : anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee : a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the Tribunal, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Tribunal or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a criminal and penal prosecuting attorney;
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(7)  a public servant of the Tribunal assigned to functions set out in section 86 or 87 of the Act to establish the Administrative Labour Tribunal (chapter T-15.1);
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operations : all activities in the forest related to the felling and harvest of timber, including cutting, cross-cutting, barking, hauling, piling and loading, but excluding highway transportation of timber;
(o)  logging operator : the holder of a timber supply guarantee granted under the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1) or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private forest;
(p)  (paragraph repealed);
(q)  (paragraph repealed);
(r)  (paragraph repealed);
(s)  Tribunal : the Administrative Labour Tribunal established by the Act to establish the Administrative Labour Tribunal (chapter T-15.1).
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59; 2001, c. 26, s. 1; 2004, c. 22, s. 14; 2005, c. 34, s. 51; 2007, c. 3, s. 72; 2006, c. 58, s. 1; 2011, c. 16, s. 129; 2010, c. 3, s. 268; 2013, c. 2, s. 66; 2015, c. 15, s. 126; I.N. 2016-01-01.
1. In this Code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees : a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association : the association recognized by decision of the Commission as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association : a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement : an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute : a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance : any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike : the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out : the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Commission : the Commission des relations du travail established by this Code;
(j)  Minister : The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer : anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee : a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the Commission, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Commission or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a criminal and penal prosecuting attorney;
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(7)  a public servant of the Commission assigned to functions referred to in section 137.48 or 137.48.1;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operations : all activities in the forest related to the felling and harvest of timber, including cutting, cross-cutting, barking, hauling, piling and loading, but excluding highway transportation of timber;
(o)  logging operator : the holder of a timber supply guarantee granted under the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1) or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private forest;
(p)  (paragraph repealed);
(q)  (paragraph repealed);
(r)  (paragraph repealed).
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59; 2001, c. 26, s. 1; 2004, c. 22, s. 14; 2005, c. 34, s. 51; 2007, c. 3, s. 72; 2006, c. 58, s. 1; 2011, c. 16, s. 129; 2010, c. 3, s. 268; 2013, c. 2, s. 66.
1. In this Code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees : a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association : the association recognized by decision of the Commission as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association : a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement : an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute : a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance : any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike : the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out : the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Commission : the Commission des relations du travail established by this Code;
(j)  Minister : The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer : anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee : a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the Commission, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Commission or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a criminal and penal prosecuting attorney;
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(7)  a public servant of the Commission assigned to functions referred to in section 137.48 or 137.48.1;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation : the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator : the holder of a timber supply guarantee granted under the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1) or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private forest;
(p)  (paragraph repealed);
(q)  (paragraph repealed);
(r)  (paragraph repealed).
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59; 2001, c. 26, s. 1; 2004, c. 22, s. 14; 2005, c. 34, s. 51; 2007, c. 3, s. 72; 2006, c. 58, s. 1; 2011, c. 16, s. 129; 2010, c. 3, s. 268.
1. In this Code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees : a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association : the association recognized by decision of the Commission as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association : a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement : an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute : a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance : any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike : the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out : the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Commission : the Commission des relations du travail established by this Code;
(j)  Minister : The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer : anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee : a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the Commission, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Commission or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a criminal and penal prosecuting attorney;
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(7)  a public servant of the Commission assigned to functions referred to in section 137.48 or 137.48.1;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation : the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator : means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  (paragraph repealed);
(q)  (paragraph repealed);
(r)  (paragraph repealed).
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59; 2001, c. 26, s. 1; 2004, c. 22, s. 14; 2005, c. 34, s. 51; 2007, c. 3, s. 72; 2006, c. 58, s. 1; 2011, c. 16, s. 129.
1. In this Code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees : a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association : the association recognized by decision of the Commission as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association : a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement : an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute : a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance : any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike : the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out : the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Commission : the Commission des relations du travail established by this Code;
(j)  Minister : The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer : anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee : a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the Commission, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Commission or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a criminal and penal prosecuting attorney;
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(7)  a labour relations officer of the Commission;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation : the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator : means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  (paragraph repealed);
(q)  (paragraph repealed);
(r)  (paragraph repealed).
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59; 2001, c. 26, s. 1; 2004, c. 22, s. 14; 2005, c. 34, s. 51; 2007, c. 3, s. 72; 2006, c. 58, s. 1.
1. In this Code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees : a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association : the association recognized by decision of the Commission as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association : a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement : an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute : a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance : any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike : the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out : the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Commission : the Commission des relations du travail established by this Code;
(j)  Minister : The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer : anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee : a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the Commission, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Commission or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, the construction industry commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and workforce management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a criminal and penal prosecuting attorney;
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(7)  a labour relations officer of the Commission;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation : the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator : means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  (paragraph repealed);
(q)  (paragraph repealed);
(r)  (paragraph repealed).
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59; 2001, c. 26, s. 1; 2004, c. 22, s. 14; 2005, c. 34, s. 51; 2007, c. 3, s. 72.
1. In this Code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees : a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association : the association recognized by decision of the Commission as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association : a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement : an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute : a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance : any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike : the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out : the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Commission : the Commission des relations du travail established by this Code;
(j)  Minister : The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer : anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee : a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the Commission, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Commission or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, the construction industry commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a criminal and penal prosecuting attorney;
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(7)  a labour relations officer of the Commission;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation : the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator : means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  (paragraph repealed);
(q)  (paragraph repealed);
(r)  (paragraph repealed).
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59; 2001, c. 26, s. 1; 2004, c. 22, s. 14; 2005, c. 34, s. 51.
1. In this Code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees : a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association : the association recognized by decision of the Commission as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association : a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement : an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute : a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance : any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike : the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out : the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Commission : the Commission des relations du travail established by this Code;
(j)  Minister : The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer : anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee : a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the Commission, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Commission or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, the construction industry commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  an Attorney General’s prosecutor;
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(7)  a labour relations officer of the Commission;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation : the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator : means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  (paragraph repealed);
(q)  (paragraph repealed);
(r)  (paragraph repealed).
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59; 2001, c. 26, s. 1; 2004, c. 22, s. 14.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees : a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association : the association recognized by decision of the Commission as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association : a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement : an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute : a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance : any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike : the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out : the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Commission : the Commission des relations du travail established by this Code;
(j)  Minister : The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer : anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee : a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the Commission, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Commission or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, the construction industry commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(7)  a labour relations officer of the Commission;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation : the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator : means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  (paragraph repealed);
(q)  (paragraph repealed);
(r)  (paragraph repealed).
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59; 2001, c. 26, s. 1.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including the State, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a legal person, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the construction industry commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator —means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46; 1999, c. 40, s. 59.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the construction industry commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.3)  a public servant of the Institut de la statistique du Québec assigned to functions referred to in section 4 of the Act respecting the Institut de la statistique du Québec (chapter I-13.011);
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator —means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58; 1998, c. 44, s. 46.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the construction industry commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Institut de recherche et d’information sur la rémunération or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator —means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18; 1998, c. 46, s. 58.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Institut de recherche et d’information sur la rémunération or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator —means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33; 1996, c. 29, s. 43; 1996, c. 35, s. 18.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Employment;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère de l’Emploi, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines, of the Institut de recherche et d’information sur la rémunération or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(3.2)  a public servant of the Conseil du trésor, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator —means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1; 1994, c. 12, s. 66; 1994, c. 18, s. 33.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a mediator of the Conseil des services essentiels, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines, of the Institut de recherche et d’information sur la rémunération or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator —means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1; 1993, c. 6, s. 1.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines, of the Institut de recherche et d’information sur la rémunération or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(3.1)  a public servant of the Ministère du Conseil exécutif, except in the cases that the Government may determine by order;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator —means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72; 1990, c. 69, s. 1.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines, of the Institut de recherche et d’information sur la rémunération or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator —means the holder of a timber supply and forest management agreement entered into under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the said Act, or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242; 1988, c. 73, s. 72.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines, of the Institut de recherche et d’information sur la rémunération or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  logging operator —means the holder of a forest management permit to supply a wood processing plant issued under the Forest Act (chapter F-4.1), or a forest producer supplying a wood processing plant from a private woodlot;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50; 1986, c. 108, s. 242.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this Act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines, of the Institut de recherche et d’information sur la rémunération or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82; 1986, c. 89, s. 50.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constituted as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer, a mediator or a mediator-arbitrator of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines, of the Institut de recherche et d’information sur la rémunération or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561; 1985, c. 12, s. 82.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the chief electoral officer;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26; 1984, c. 51, s. 561.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la Fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the director general of elections;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138; 1984, c. 47, s. 26.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a public servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter IV of the Public Service Act (chapter F-3.1.1) which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to the public servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, public servant of the Conseil exécutif, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Commission de la fonction publique, of the Office des ressources humaines, of the office staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a public servant who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the director general of elections;
(m)  (paragraph repealed);
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1; 1983, c. 55, s. 138.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a civil servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Civil Service Act which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such civil servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this Act, the building commissioner or the placement commissioner and deputy-commissioners contemplated in the Act respecting labour relations in the construction industry (chapter R-20), a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Ministère de la Fonction publique, of the Commission de la fonction publique, of the Office du recrutement et de la sélection du personnel de la fonction publique, or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a staff member who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the director general of elections;
(m)  repealed;
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56; 1983, c. 22, s. 1.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a civil servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Civil Service Act which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such civil servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du Travail, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this act, a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Ministère de la Fonction publique, of the Commission de la fonction publique, of the Office du recrutement et de la sélection du personnel de la fonction publique, or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a staff member who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(6)  a member of the personnel of the director general of elections;
(m)  repealed;
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1; 1982, c. 54, s. 52; 1982, c. 53, s. 56.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour, Manpower and Income Security;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a civil servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Civil Service Act which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such civil servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du Travail, de la Main-d’oeuvre et de la Sécurité du revenu, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this act, a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Ministère de la Fonction publique, of the Commission de la fonction publique, of the Office du recrutement et de la sélection du personnel de la fonction publique, or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a staff member who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(m)  repealed;
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34; 1982, c. 37, s. 1.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour, Manpower and Income Security;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a civil servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Civil Service Act which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such civil servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du Travail, de la Main-d’oeuvre et de la Sécurité du revenu, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this act, a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Ministère de la Fonction publique, of the Commission de la fonction publique, of the Office du recrutement et de la sélection du personnel de la fonction publique, or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a staff member who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(m)  public services —the following categories of employers:
(1)  municipal and school corporations and the Conseil scolaire de l’île de Montréal;
(2)  hospital centers, sanatoriums and institutions for the mentally ill;
(3)  hospices, crèches and orphanages;
(4)  universities, colleges and convents;
(5)  telephone and telegraph concerns and boat, tramway, autobus or railway transportation concerns;
(6)  concerns for the production, transportation, distribution or sale of gas, water or electricity and transportation services by delivery car operated under an authorization of the Commission des transports;
(7)  garbage removal undertakings;
(8)  the services of the Gouvernement du Québec and the other agencies of Her Majesty in the right of Québec, except the Société des alcools du Québec;
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124; 1981, c. 9, s. 34.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour and Manpower;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a civil servant of the Government whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Government and the associations certified in accordance with Chapter VIII of the Civil Service Act which are parties to a collective agreement that otherwise would apply to such civil servant; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du travail et de la main-d’oeuvre, a certification agent or labour commissioner contemplated by this act, a member of the staff of the executive council, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Auditor General, of the Ministère de la Fonction publique, of the Commission de la fonction publique, of the Office du recrutement et de la sélection du personnel de la fonction publique, or of the executive staff of a minister or of a deputy minister, or a staff member who, in a department or agency of the Government, is a member of the personnel service or of a personnel management division;
(4)  a permanent Attorney General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(m)  public services —the following categories of employers:
(1)  municipal and school corporations and the Conseil scolaire de l’île de Montréal;
(2)  hospital centers, sanatoriums and institutions for the mentally ill;
(3)  hospices, crèches and orphanages;
(4)  universities, colleges and convents;
(5)  telephone and telegraph concerns and boat, tramway, autobus or railway transportation concerns;
(6)  concerns for the production, transportation, distribution or sale of gas, water or electricity and transportation services by delivery car operated under an authorization of the Commission des transports;
(7)  garbage removal undertakings;
(8)  the services of the Gouvernement du Québec and the other agencies of Her Majesty in the right of Québec, except the Société des alcools du Québec;
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  labour commissioner general —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2; 1978, c. 15, s. 124.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the certification agent, the labour commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour and Manpower;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the labour commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation, unless a person acts as such with regard to his employer after having been designated by the employees or a certified association;
(3)  a functionary of the Gouvernement whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Gouvernement and the associations certified in accordance with Division XV of the Civil Service Act which are parties to a collective agreement which otherwise would apply to such functionary; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du travail et de la main-d’oeuvre, an investigator or investigation commissioner contemplated by this act, an employee of the Conseil exécutif, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Commission de la fonction publique, of the Ministère de la fonction publique, or in the office of a minister or of a personnel manager;
(4)  a permanent Attorney-General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney-General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(m)  public services —the following categories of employers:
(1)  municipal and school corporations and the Conseil scolaire de l’île de Montréal;
(2)  hospital centers, sanatoriums and institutions for the mentally ill;
(3)  hospices, crèches and orphanages;
(4)  universities, colleges and convents;
(5)  telephone and telegraph concerns and boat, tramway, autobus or railway transportation concerns;
(6)  concerns for the production, transportation, distribution or sale of gas, water or electricity and transportation services by delivery car operated under an authorization of the Commission des transports;
(7)  garbage removal undertakings;
(8)  the services of the Gouvernement du Québec and the other agencies of Her Majesty in the right of Québec, except the Société des alcools du Québec;
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  certification agent —a certification agent appointed under section 23;
(q)  labour commissioner —a labour commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  chief investigation commissioner —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14; 1977, c. 41, s. 1, s. 2.
1. In this code, unless the context requires otherwise, the following expressions mean:
(a)  association of employees —a group of employees constitued as a professional syndicate, union, brotherhood or otherwise, having as its objects the study, safeguarding and development of the economic, social and educational interests of its members and particularly the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(b)  certified association —the association recognized by decision of the investigator, the investigation commissioner or the Court as the representative of all or some of the employees of an employer;
(c)  employers’ association —a group organization of employers having as its objects the study and safeguarding of the economic interests of its members, and particularly assistance in the negotiation and application of collective agreements;
(d)  collective agreement —an agreement in writing respecting conditions of employment made between one or more certified associations and one or more employers or employers’ associations;
(e)  dispute —a disagreement respecting the negotiation or renewal of a collective agreement or its revision by the parties under a clause expressly permitting the same;
(f)  grievance —any disagreement respecting the interpretation or application of a collective agreement;
(g)  strike —the concerted cessation of work by a group of employees;
(h)  lock-out —the refusal by an employer to give work to a group of his employees in order to compel them, or the employees of another employer, to accept certain conditions of employment;
(i)  Court —the Court established by this act;
(j)  Minister —The Minister of Labour and Manpower;
(k)  employer —anyone, including Her Majesty, who has work done by an employee;
(l)  employee —a person who works for an employer and for remuneration, but the word does not include:
(1)  a person who, in the opinion of the investigation commissioner, is employed as manager, superintendent, foreman or representative of the employer in his relations with his employees;
(2)  a director or officer of a corporation;
(3)  a functionary of the Gouvernement whose position is of a confidential nature in the opinion of the Labour Court or under the terms of an agreement binding the Gouvernement and the associations certified in accordance with Division XV of the Civil Service Act which are parties to a collective agreement which otherwise would apply to such functionary; such is the position of a conciliation officer of the Ministère du travail et de la main-d’oeuvre, an investigator or investigation commissioner contemplated by this act, an employee of the Conseil exécutif, of the Conseil du trésor, of the Commission de la fonction publique, of the Ministère de la fonction publique, or in the office of a minister or of a personnel manager;
(4)  a permanent Attorney-General’s prosecutor appointed under the Act respecting Attorney-General’s prosecutors (chapter S-35);
(5)  a member of the Sûreté du Québec;
(m)  public services —the following categories of employers:
(1)  municipal and school corporations and the Conseil scolaire de l’île de Montréal;
(2)  hospital centers, sanatoriums and institutions for the mentally ill;
(3)  hospices, crèches and orphanages;
(4)  universities, colleges and convents;
(5)  telephone and telegraph concerns and boat, tramway, autobus or railway transportation concerns;
(6)  concerns for the production, transportation, distribution or sale of gas, water or electricity and transportation services by delivery car operated under an authorization of the Commission des transports;
(7)  garbage removal undertakings;
(8)  the services of the Gouvernement du Québec and the other agencies of Her Majesty in the right of Québec, except the Société des alcools du Québec;
(n)  logging operation —the felling, cutting into logs, barking in the forest, cartage, piling, driving, loading and highway transportation of timber but not its processing outside the forest;
(o)  limit holder —the holder of the right to cut timber or the owner of the land or the holder of the cutting license when he has not assigned the cutting rights to a third party;
(p)  investigator —an investigator appointed under section 23;
(q)  investigation commissioner —an investigation commissioner appointed under section 23;
(r)  chief investigation commissioner —the chief investigation commissioner appointed under section 23.
R. S. 1964, c. 141, s. 1; 1965 (1st sess.), c. 14, s. 76; 1968, c. 17, s. 97; 1969, c. 20, s. 10; 1969, c. 47, s. 2; 1969, c. 48, s. 1; 1969, c. 14, s. 18; 1971, c. 20, s. 66; 1971, c. 48, s. 161; 1972, c. 55, s. 173; 1972, c. 60, s. 29; 1977, c. 5, s. 14.