Q-2, r. 22 - Regulation respecting waste water disposal systems for isolated dwellings

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1. Definitions: In this Regulation, unless the context indicates otherwise,
(a)  (paragraph revoked);
(b)  privy means a toilet with no water-flushing system, built outside an isolated dwelling;
(c)  compost toilet means a toilet operating without water and without effluent, in which fecal matter is transformed into compost;
(c.0.1)  toilet means an appliance designed to receive urine or feces, or both;
(c.1)  leaching field means a work intended to distribute the effluent of a standard sand-filter bed, advanced secondary treatment system or tertiary treatment system to complete purification by seepage through the disposal site;
(c.1.1)  cementation class means the “weakly cemented class”, the strongly cemented class” or the “indurated class” of a soil as defined in The Canadian System of Soil Classification;
(c.1.2)  textural class means a class described in Schedule 1 and established on the basis of soil texture;
(c.2)  CBOD5 means 5-day carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand;
(d)  (paragraph revoked);
(e)  clarified water means the effluent from a septic tank;
(f)  grey water means kitchen, bathroom and laundry water, water from household appliances other than a toilet, including when the water is evacuated through a floor drain, including the floor drain in a residential garage, or the floor drain of an isolated residence and of a building or site referred to in section 2. In the latter case, the building or location must evacuate only grey water, sanitary wastewater or water from a toilet;
(g)  domestic waste water means water from a toilet combined with grey water;
(g.1)  non-domestic waste water means waste water discharged by a building or site, other than domestic waste water, water from toilets, grey water or rainwater;
(h)  soil absorption system means a work intended to spread over the effluent of a primary or secondary treatment system to complete purification by seepage through the disposal site;
(i)  soil absorption field means a soil absorption system composed of absorption trenches;
(j)  seepage bed means a soil absorption system built without trenches in a single excavation and constituted of a seepage bed;
(j.1)  maintenance means routine recurring work or action required to keep a disposal system in such condition that it may be continuously utilized, at its original or designed capacity and efficiency;
(k)  (paragraph revoked);
(l)  standard sand-filter bed means an absorption work built into impermeable or low permeability soil with borrowed sand and that discharges an effluent;
(m)  above-ground sand-filter bed means a soil absorption system built above high permeability, permeable or low permeability soil with borrowed sand;
(n)  holding tank means a watertight tank intended for storing sewage from a low-flush toilet or grey water before haulage;
(o)  septic tank means a primary treatment system composed of a tank intended for receiving domestic waste water or grey water;
(p)  (paragraph revoked);
(q)  Act means the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2);
(q.1)  SS means suspended solids;
(r)  (paragraph revoked);
(s)  (paragraph revoked);
(s.1)  municipal wastewater treatment works means a municipal wastewater treatment works described in the second paragraph of section 1 of the Regulation respecting municipal wastewater treatment works (chapter Q-2, r. 34.1);
(t)  seepage pit means a soil absorption system consisting of a hole in the ground;
(u)  isolated dwelling means a single or multi-family dwelling containing 6 bedrooms or fewer;
(u.1)  impermeable soil means soil whose percolation time is equal to or greater than 45 minutes per centimetre, whose hydraulic conductivity is equal to or less than 6x10-5 cm/s or whose texture is in the impermeable zone identified in Schedule 1;
(u.2)  low permeability soil means soil whose percolation time is equal to or greater than 25 minutes and less than 45 minutes per centimetre, whose hydraulic conductivity is greater than 6x10-5 cm/s and equal to or less than 2x10-4 cm/s or whose texture is in the low permeability zone identified in Schedule 1;
(u.3)  permeable soil means soil whose percolation time is equal to or greater than 4 minutes and less than 25 minutes per centimetre, whose hydraulic conductivity is greater than 2x10-4 cm/s and equal to or less than 4x10-3 cm/s or whose texture is in the permeable zone identified in Schedule 1;
(u.4)  high permeability soil means soil whose percolation time is less than 4 minutes per centimetre, whose hydraulic conductivity is greater than 4x10-3 cm/s or whose texture is in the high permeability zone identified in Schedule 1;
(u.5)  rainwater management system means any man-made works used for collecting and transporting rainwater to a hydrographic network;
(v)  (paragraph revoked);
(w)  available area means an area of land without trees, shrubs or structures which is used for purposes other than the circulation or parking of motor vehicles;
(w.1)  hydraulic loading rate means the volume of effluent applied to the soil of a disposal site or a treatment system component, expressed in litres per surface unit per day (L/(m2.d));
(w.2)  linear hydraulic loading rate means the volume of effluent applied to the soil of a disposal site or a treatment system component, expressed in litres per unit length per day (L/(m.d));
(x)  disposal site means the part of natural land intended to receive a system for the discharge, collection or disposal of domestic waste water, grey water or toilet effluents;
(x.1)  texture means the size distribution of mineral particles in a soil using percentage by weight of primary particles less than or equal to 2 mm making up the soil, determined with reference to the particle dimensions specified in Schedule 1;
(x.2)  qualified third person means a professional within the meaning of section 1 of the Professional Code (chapter C-26) whose professional order governs the practise of the professional activity to which this Regulation applies, or a person holding a valid qualification certificate in matters of operation of wastewater treatment works issued under a vocational training and qualification program established by the Minister of Employment and Social Solidarity under section 29.1 of the Act respecting workforce vocational training and qualification (chapter F-5);
(y)  (paragraph revoked);
(z)  (paragraph revoked);
(z.1)  CFU means colony forming units.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. Q-2, r. 8, s. 1; O.C. 786-2000, s. 1; O.C. 1158-2004, s. 1; 306-2017O.C. 306-2017, s. 1; 1156-2020O.C. 1156-2020, s. 1.
1. Definitions: In this Regulation, unless the context indicates otherwise,
(a)  “aeration tank” means a tank designed to oxidize organic matter by means of aeration;
(b)  “privy” means a toilet with no water-flushing system, built outside an isolated dwelling;
(c)  “compost toilet” means a toilet operating without water and without effluent, in which fecal matter is transformed into compost;
(c.1)  “leaching field” means a work intended to distribute the effluent of a standard sand-filter bed, advanced secondary treatment system or tertiary treatment system to complete purification by seepage through the disposal site;
(c.2)  “CBOD5” means 5-day carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand;
(d)  “settling tank” means a receptacle in which the effluent from an aeration tank is clarified;
(e)  “clarified water” means the effluent from a septic tank or an aerated waste treatment plant;
(f)  “grey water” means kitchen, bathroom, laundry water and water coming from any appliance other than a toilet;
(g)  “waste water” means toilet effluents combined with grey water;
(h)  “soil absorption system” means a work intended to spread over the effluent of a primary or secondary treatment system to complete purification by seepage through the disposal site;
(i)  “soil absorption field” means a soil absorption system composed of absorption trenches;
(j)  “seepage bed” means a soil absorption system built without trenches in a single excavation and constituted of a seepage bed;
(j.1)  “maintenance” means routine recurring work or action required to keep a disposal system in such condition that it may be continuously utilized, at its original or designed capacity and efficiency;
(k)  (paragraph revoked);
(l)  “standard sand-filter bed” means a work built into impermeable or low permeability soil with borrowed sand;
(m)  “above-ground sand-filter bed” means a soil absorption system built above high permeability, permeable or low permeability soil with borrowed sand;
(n)  “holding tank” means a watertight tank intended for storing sewage from a chemical or low-flush toilet or grey water before haulage;
(o)  “septic tank” means a primary treatment system composed of a tank intended for receiving waste water or grey water;
(p)  (paragraph revoked);
(q)  “Act” means the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2);
(q.1)  “SS” means suspended solids;
(r)  “aerated waste treatment plant” means a waste water treatment plant comprising an aeration tank and settling tank;
(s)  (paragraph revoked);
(t)  “seepage pit” means a soil absorption system consisting of a hole in the ground;
(u)  “isolated dwelling” means a single or multi-family dwelling containing 6 bedrooms or fewer;
(u.1)  “impermeable soil” means soil whose percolation time is equal to or greater than 45 minutes per centimetre or whose coefficient of permeability is equal to or less than 6x10-5 cm/s or which, according to the relationship of soil type to permeability established in accordance with Schedule 1, is in the impermeable zone;
(u.2)  “low permeability soil” means soil whose percolation time is equal to or greater than 25 minutes and less than 45 minutes per centimetre or whose coefficient of permeability is greater than 6x10-5 cm/s and equal to or less than 2x10-4 cm/s or which, according to the relationship of soil type to permeability established in accordance with Schedule 1, is in the low permeability zone;
(u.3)  “permeable soil” means soil whose percolation time is equal to or greater than 4 minutes and less than 25 minutes per centimetre or whose coefficient of permeability is greater than 2x10-4 cm/s and equal to or less than 4x10-3 cm/s or which, according to the relationship of soil type to permeability established in accordance with Schedule 1, is in the permeable zone;
(u.4)  “high permeability soil” means soil whose percolation time is less than 4 minutes per centimetre or whose coefficient of permeability is greater than 4x10-3 cm/s or which, according to the relationship of soil type to permeability established in accordance with Schedule 1, is in the high permeability zone;
(v)  (paragraph revoked);
(w)  “available area” means an area of land without trees, shrubs or structures which is used for purposes other than the circulation or parking of motor vehicles;
(x)  “disposal site” means the part of natural land intended to receive a system for the discharge, collection or disposal of waste water, grey water or toilet effluents;
(y)  (paragraph revoked);
(z)  “chemical toilet” means a toilet in which fecal matter is treated with chemicals, recirculated and periodically evacuated;
(z.1)  “CFU” means colony forming units.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. Q-2, r. 8, s. 1; O.C. 786-2000, s. 1; O.C. 1158-2004, s. 1; 306-2017O.C. 306-2017, s. 1;306-2017O.C. 306-2017, s. 1.
1. Definitions: In this Regulation, unless the context indicates otherwise,
(a)  “aeration tank” means a tank designed to oxidize organic matter by means of aeration;
(b)  “privy” means a toilet with no water-flushing system, built outside an isolated dwelling;
(c)  “compost toilet” means a toilet operating without water and without effluent, in which fecal matter is transformed into compost;
(c.1)  “leaching field” means a work intended to distribute the effluent of a standard sand-filter bed, advanced secondary treatment system or tertiary treatment system to complete purification by seepage through the disposal site;
(c.2)  “CBOD5” means 5-day carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand;
(d)  “settling tank” means a receptacle in which the effluent from an aeration tank is clarified;
(e)  “clarified water” means the effluent from a septic tank or an aerated waste treatment plant;
(f)  “grey water” means kitchen, bathroom, laundry water and water coming from any appliance other than a toilet;
(g)  “waste water” means toilet effluents combined with grey water;
(h)  “soil absorption system” means a work intended to spread over the effluent of a primary or secondary treatment system to complete purification by seepage through the disposal site;
(i)  “soil absorption field” means a soil absorption system composed of absorption trenches;
(j)  “seepage bed” means a soil absorption system built without trenches in a single excavation and constituted of a seepage bed;
(j.1)  “maintenance” means routine recurring work or action required to keep a disposal system in such condition that it may be continuously utilized, at its original or designed capacity and efficiency;
(k)  (paragraph revoked);
(l)  “standard sand-filter bed” means a work built into impermeable or low permeability soil with borrowed sand;
(m)  “above-ground sand-filter bed” means a soil absorption system built above high permeability, permeable or low permeability soil with borrowed sand;
(n)  “holding tank” means a watertight tank intended for storing sewage from a chemical or low-flush toilet or grey water before haulage;
(o)  “septic tank” means a primary treatment system composed of a tank intended for receiving waste water or grey water;
(p)  (paragraph revoked);
(q)  “Act” means the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2);
(q.1)  “SS” means suspended solids;
(r)  “aerated waste treatment plant” means a waste water treatment plant comprising an aeration tank and settling tank;
(s)  (paragraph revoked);
(t)  “seepage pit” means a soil absorption system consisting of a hole in the ground;
(u)  “isolated dwelling” means a single or multi-family dwelling containing 6 bedrooms or fewer which is not connected to a sewer system authorized under section 32 of the Act; any other building discharging waste water only and whose total daily flow is no more than 3,240 litres is considered to be an isolated dwelling;
(u.1)  “impermeable soil” means soil whose percolation time is equal to or greater than 45 minutes per centimetre or whose coefficient of permeability is equal to or less than 6x10-5 cm/s or which, according to the relationship of soil type to permeability established in accordance with Schedule 1, is in the impermeable zone;
(u.2)  “low permeability soil” means soil whose percolation time is equal to or greater than 25 minutes and less than 45 minutes per centimetre or whose coefficient of permeability is greater than 6x10-5 cm/s and equal to or less than 2x10-4 cm/s or which, according to the relationship of soil type to permeability established in accordance with Schedule 1, is in the low permeability zone;
(u.3)  “permeable soil” means soil whose percolation time is equal to or greater than 4 minutes and less than 25 minutes per centimetre or whose coefficient of permeability is greater than 2x10-4 cm/s and equal to or less than 4x10-3 cm/s or which, according to the relationship of soil type to permeability established in accordance with Schedule 1, is in the permeable zone;
(u.4)  “high permeability soil” means soil whose percolation time is less than 4 minutes per centimetre or whose coefficient of permeability is greater than 4x10-3 cm/s or which, according to the relationship of soil type to permeability established in accordance with Schedule 1, is in the high permeability zone;
(v)  (paragraph revoked);
(w)  “available area” means an area of land without trees, shrubs or structures which is used for purposes other than the circulation or parking of motor vehicles;
(x)  “disposal site” means the part of natural land intended to receive a system for the discharge, collection or disposal of waste water, grey water or toilet effluents;
(y)  “low-flush toilet” means a toilet in which the quantity of evacuated water is less than 1.5 litres per flush;
(z)  “chemical toilet” means a toilet in which fecal matter is treated with chemicals, recirculated and periodically evacuated;
(z.1)  “CFU” means colony forming units.
R.R.Q., 1981, c. Q-2, r. 8, s. 1; O.C. 786-2000, s. 1; O.C. 1158-2004, s. 1.