Q-2, r. 19 - Regulation respecting the landfilling and incineration of residual materials

Full text
147. An application for an authorization under section 22 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2) relating to the establishment or alteration of a residual materials disposal facility referred to below must be accompanied by the following information and documents, in addition to those required under section 22 of the Act or under the Regulation respecting the application of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2, r. 3):
(1)  in the case of an application for the establishment or enlargement of an engineered landfill or a construction or demolition waste landfill that was authorized by the Government under section 31.5 of the Environment Quality Act,
(a)  a copy of the titles confirming the applicant’s ownership of the lots or parts of lots covered by the application, and the location certificate for each lot or part of lot;
(b)  the plans and specifications of any facility required for the establishment and operation of the landfill, including any equipment or works to reduce, control, contain or prevent the deposit, release, emission or discharge of contaminants into the environment;
(c)  all documents and information required under the conditions specified in the authorization granted pursuant to section 31.5 of that Act;
(d)  any document or information showing compliance with the conditions set out in this Regulation if the application involves for the landfill or any of its components an exemption from a requirement of this Regulation or the use of an alternative system, technique or material, to the extent that a provision of this Regulation gives entitlement to such an exemption or use;
(2)  in the case of any other application concerning an engineered landfill or a construction or demolition waste landfill,
(a)  a copy of the titles confirming the applicant’s ownership of the lots or parts of lots covered by the application, and the location certificate for each lot or part of lot;
(b)  the general characteristics of the disposal facility, including information regarding the user community to be served by the project, and the nature and quantity of the residual materials to be landfilled;
(c)  the capacity and life of the landfill, the project schedule for the various phases, the estimated costs for the siting, operation, closure and post-closure management of the landfill, in particular for the monitoring and follow-up measures;
(d)  a general plan of the disposal facility showing
— the location and dimensions of the facility, including the buffer zone, with geographic coordinates or, where applicable, the numbers of the lots or parts of lots covered by the application;
— the current land use and zoning within a radius of 2 km;
— the location of every airport within a radius of 8 km;
— the public thoroughfares, access roads, watercourses or bodies of water, wetlands (marshes, swamps, peat bogs), flood plains and mapped 100-year flood plains or flood zones identified by the municipalities, and wooded sectors, dwellings and any other construction within a radius of 1 km;
— the current drainage pattern and general topography of the land within a radius of 1 km;
— the location of every catchment site or works for surface water or groundwater for human or animal consumption, and of the protection areas around the site or works;
(e)  a description of the local geology including, for the land covered by the application, a detailed stratigraphy, a geological survey performed using a representative number of stratigraphic borings (a minimum of 4 borings for the first 5 ha of land and an additional boring for each additional 5 ha or 5-ha portion), a soil characterization using a representative number of samples, and an estimate of the volumes of materials available for the establishment and operation of the landfill;
(f)  a description of the local hydrogeology including, for the land covered by the application, a piezometric map, the levels of observation wells and other water points (resurgences, streams, outcrops of the water table), groundwater characteristics including location and depth, hydraulic conductivity determined from in-situ tests, direction of flow, migration velocity, the relationship between the various hydrostratigraphic units and with the surface hydrographic network, and groundwater susceptibility to pollution determined from a representative number of observation wells or piezometers (a minimum of 4 wells or piezometers for the first 5 ha of land and an additional well or piezometer for each additional 5 ha or 5-ha portion);
(g)  a map showing, within a radius of 1 km, the location of the geological and hydrogeological observation points used, rock outcrops and unconsolidated deposits, areas sensitive to erosion and ground movement and land where, because of current or past use, contaminants could be potentially present in concentrations equal to or greater than the limit values set out in Schedule I to the Land Protection and Rehabilitation Regulation (chapter Q-2, r. 37);
(h)  the results of the groundwater samples taken on the land covered by the application for the purpose of verifying the parameters and substances listed in sections 57 and 66, using a representative number of samples (a minimum of 1 sample per piezometer);
(i)  a description of the physico-chemical and bacteriological characteristics of the surface water near any points of discharge into the environment, and the uses of the surface water;
(j)  a study showing the integration of the landfill into the surrounding landscape;
(k)  the plans and specifications of any facility required for the establishment and operation of the landfill, including any equipment or works to reduce, control, contain or prevent the deposit, release, emission or discharge of contaminants into the environment, including
— a topographical survey of the land showing the contour lines at intervals of not more than 1 m;
— a survey of the servitudes encumbering the land and of the surface and underground equipment present;
— a land development plan (scale between 1 :1,000 and 1 :1,500) showing among other things natural screens, the features to ensure integration into the landscape, the areas reserved for the removal or stockpiling of cover materials, the location of the buildings to be used by employees and for storing equipment, deforestation areas, vehicle traffic areas, weighing equipment, fences and gates, surface water, groundwater and biogas monitoring points and longitudinal and cross sections of the land showing its original and final contours;
— the plans and profiles of the drainage systems with cross sections of the various components, their description and location of the points of discharge into the environment;
— a description of the impermeable liner system for the disposal areas and of the leachate and water treatment system;
— a description of the final cover for the disposal areas, with cross sections of the components;
— a description of the equipment and works to be used to collect and treat leachate, with an estimate of the quality and quantity of leachate treated having regard to the variability of its characteristics, how the equipment and works are to be managed, how the leachate is to be characterized and treated and how the treatment waste is to be disposed of, as well as the location of the points of discharge into the environment;
— a description of the equipment and works to be used to prevent or control migration into the soil or emission into the atmosphere of the gas produced by the decomposition of landfilled residual materials, including biogas detection, combustion or treatment equipment and the composition of the gas;
(l)  the quality assurance and quality control programs to ensure the application of sections 34 to 36;
(m)  the operational specifications for the landfill, including
— assignment of the personnel required for the operation;
— the measures to be taken to ensure the maintenance and repair of the machinery and its replacement if required;
— the control measures for the residual materials accepted (nature, quality, origin) and the measures to be applied when the materials are unacceptable;
— the control measures for the daily cover materials to ensure compliance with section 42;
— the systems inspection, maintenance and cleaning program to be implemented to ensure the application of section 44;
— the programs to be implemented to monitor and supervise surface water, groundwater and biogas quality to ensure the application of sections 63 to 71, indicating in particular the location of the observation wells and the particulars of their installation;
(n)  where required, any document or information referred to in subparagraph d of paragraph 1;
(3)  in the case of an application concerning a trench landfill,
(a)  a copy of every document confirming the applicant’s rights on the land covered by the application;
(b)  the documents and information referred to in subparagraphs b to i and k to n of subparagraph 2, which apply with the necessary modifications;
(c)  if a landfill is planned to be sited completely on a mine tailings heap, the documents or information establishing that physical constraints justify the implementation of substitution measures for water monitoring and supervision, as permitted by section 89, and that those measures meet the conditions in that section;
(4)  in the case of an application concerning a northern landfill,
(a)  the documents and information referred to in subparagraphs b and d of subparagraph 1, subparagraphs b to d of subparagraph 2 and subparagraph a of subparagraph 3, which apply with the necessary modifications;
(b)  a survey of the servitudes encumbering the land and of the surface and underground equipment present;
(c)  the plans and profiles of the drainage system;
(d)  a description of the soil at the landfill site to a minimum depth of 30 cm below the residual materials floor level;
(e)  the operational specifications for the landfill; and
(5)  in the case of an application concerning a residual materials transfer station or a residual materials incineration facility,
— the documents and information referred to in subparagraph b of subparagraph 1, subparagraphs b to d of subparagraph 2, subparagraph a of subparagraph 3 and subparagraph e of subparagraph 4, which apply with the necessary modifications.
The plans and specifications required under this section must be approved by an engineer who is a member of the Ordre des ingénieurs du Québec.
O.C. 451-2005, s. 147; O.C. 451-2011, s. 38.