A-18.1, r. 0.01 - Regulation respecting the sustainable development of forests in the domain of the State

Full text
2. In this Regulation,
abutment means the end support of a bridge that holds the approach fill. Abutments are made of reinforced concrete, wood or steel caissons or a combination of stakes crowned by a portal cap beam; (culée)
accommodation centre means a group of commercial buildings laid out on an area in a single block and having an accommodation capacity of at least 15 persons per day; (établissement d’hébergement)
aggregated cut block means a territory situated in a management unit in which total cutting areas with or without recent natural disturbance zones are concentrated. The aggregated cut blocks must vary in shape and have an area less than or equal to 150 km2. Despite the foregoing, they may be larger in the case of plans for the protection of woodland caribou, woodland ecotype; (agglomération de coupes)
archaeological sector means a place where archaeological sites are concentrated and the surrounding grounds whose geographical characteristics and situation offer an archaeological potential; (secteur archéologique)
archaeological site means any site indicating prehistoric or historic human occupation and registered in the Register of the domain of the State referred to in section 26 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T-8.1); (site archéologique)
bank or shore means the lateral part of variable steepness of the bed of a watercourse or lake that may be submerged without the water overflowing. The upper limit of the bank is located at the top of the angle of repose located at the lower limit of emerged grass or, if there is no such grass, at the low limit of shrubs. In the absence of emerged grass and shrubs, the top of the angle of repose corresponds to the level of the bankfull discharge; (berge)
bear den means a site where bears hibernate. The bear dens that are to be protected are those indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (tanière d’ours)
bed of a watercourse means a natural depression in the ground occupied by a permanent or intermittent watercourse, comprising the bottom and the banks. The bed of the watercourse is free of vegetation other than aquatic plants, if any. It shows signs or traces of waterflow, whether underground or not; (lit d’un cours d’eau)
block cutting means an area of total cutting or a group of areas of total cutting carried out in a given territory so as to preserve, within the limits of the block cutting harvest site, a residual forest having the characteristics set out in section 139; (coupe en mosaïque)
block cutting harvest site means a territory delimited by all the cutting areas for block cutting, with a distance of less than 2 km between the areas, and by a strip of land 2 km wide surrounding the whole site; (chantier de récolte en mosaïque)
boat access route to trapping grounds means a route that comprises rivers, lakes and portage trails leading to trapping grounds and recognized by a Native community that includes members who use it every year. The boat access routes to trapping grounds that are to be protected are those indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (parcours d’accès en embarcation aux terrains de piégeage)
bridge means a structure not built under embankments including abutments, sometimes piers, a deck and stabilizing materials and that allows a road to cross an obstacle, such as a watercourse; (pont)
burial site means a place where the body of a deceased person is interred. The burial sites that are to be protected are those indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (site de sépulture)
canoe-kayak-camping course means a marked route to go down watercourses in a canoe or kayak that includes rivers and lakes along the banks and shores of which a number of wilderness campgrounds are located, and often portage trails that are developed and maintained by a government body, a municipality, the Fédération québécoise du canot et du kayak or a club affiliated with that federation. The canoe-kayak-camping courses that are to be protected are those indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (parcours de canot-kayak-camping)
caribou calving area north of the 52nd parallel means a caribou calving area north of the 52nd parallel within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats (chapter C-61.1, r. 18); (aire de mise bas du caribou au nord du 52e parallèle)
cliff inhabited by a colony of birds means a cliff inhabited by a colony of birds within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (falaise habitée par une colonie d’oiseaux)
commercial species means a tree species referred to in Part A or Part B of Schedule 2; (essence commerciale)
complementary vacation site means a site comprising at least 3 vacation lots, at the rate of at least 1 lot per 0.8 ha. Complementary vacation sites are developed to complete the development of vacation sites on the shores of a lake where the biophysical characteristics of the environment no longer make it possible to comply with the installation criteria for a grouped vacation site; (site de villégiature complémentaire)
concentrated network of hiking trails means a site criss-crossed by hiking trails developed for recreational purposes, except trails intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles, at a density equal to or greater than 2.5 km per square kilometer; (réseau dense de sentiers de randonnée)
continuous forest cover means a forest cover with a density of at least 25%, characterized by a relatively uniform space between its stems and not having any patch greater than the size of the dominant trees forming it; (couvert forestier continu)
culvert means a structure built under embankments including an arch or at least a conduit and stabilizing materials and that allows a road to cross an obstacle, such as a watercourse; (ponceau)
cutting area means an area in a single block where a single type of cut is used, during a single harvest year, comprised in a development unit or in another forest of the domain of the State; (aire de coupe)
developed campground means a site developed for the sojourn of campers, accessible by road and having service areas such as shelters, toilets and parking lots. Each camping site or group of sites including no more than 20 camping site is supplied with running water or electric power by a private or public distribution network offered by the lessor of camping space; (camping aménagé)
developed trail means a trail, other than a trail intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles, for which amounts were invested by the managers of an outfitting operation, a controlled zone or a wildlife sanctuary, with a view to offering services to all the users of those territories; (sentier aménagé)
dock site with a boat ramp means a public site with the facilities required to facilitate the coming alongside and the launching of pleasure boats, as well as its service areas, such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (site de quai avec rampe de mise à l’eau)
downhill skiing station means a site developed for the practice of downhill skiing and its service areas, such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (station de ski alpin)
dwelling means any building intended for occupancy by human beings and provided with a water supply system and a waste water disposal system connected to the ground; (habitation)
ecological or nature interpretation centre means a site consisting of trails developed for educational purposes in connection with ecology or for purposes of discovering nature and service areas such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (centre d’écologie ou de découverte de la nature)
fish habitat means a fish habitat within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats;
fish hatchery : means a site comprising the facilities and equipment required for the raising and breeding of fish with a view to seeding the lakes and watercourses of a region; (station piscicole)
forest camp : means a place where dwellings and facilities are grouped mainly for the use of workers assigned to forest development activities authorized under a forest development plan (camp forestier)
forest cover density means the relative ground cover by the projection of all the living branches of trees 7 m tall or higher; (densité du couvert forestier)
forest development activity means a forest development activity within the meaning of paragraph 1 of section 4 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1); however, for the purposes of sections 3, 5, 19 to 22, 47, 50, 52, 54, 55, 57 and 59, it does not include the repair, maintenance and closure of forest roads or the control of fires, insect epidemics and cryptogamic diseases; (activité d’aménagement forestier)
forest operations zone means a maximum area of 250 ha, not necessarily in a single block, that is the subject of a single sylvicultural treatment during a single harvest year, comprised in a single development unit or other forest in the domain of the State; (secteur d’intervention)
forest stand means a forest area of a single block of at least 30 km2, of which a minimum of 70% of the productive forest area is constituted of timber stands 7 m or higher; (massif forestier)
geotextile membrane means a permeable textile, needle punched and nonwoven, having a minimum tensile strength of 1,000 newtons and interstices smaller than 150 micrometres; (membrane géotextile)
grouped vacation site means a site comprising at least 5 vacation lots, at the rate of at least 1 lot per 0.8 ha; (site de villégiature regroupé)
harvest year means the period comprised between 1 April of a year and 31 March of the following year; (année de récolte)
heritage cultural landscape means a land area recognized by a community for its remarkable landscape features, which are the result of the interaction of natural and human factors and are worth preserving and, if applicable, enhancing because of their historical or emblematic interest, or their value as a source of identity, within the meaning of section 2 of the Cultural Heritage Act (chapter P-9.002); (paysage culturel patrimonial)
heritage site means a place, a group of immovables or, in the case of a heritage site referred to in section 58 of the Cultural Heritage Act, a land area that is of interest for its archaeological, architectural, artistic, emblematic, ethnological, historical, identity, landscape, scientific, urbanistic or technological value, within the meaning of section 2 of that Act; (site patrimonial)
heronry means a heronry within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (héronnière)
holder of a forestry permit means the holder of a forestry permit referred to in section 73 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act or the third person to whom the permit holder entrusted the performance of the work authorized by the permit; (titulaire d’un permis d’intervention)
improvement work on a road, bridge or culvert means work performed to improve a road or road segment, including the bridges and culverts, in relation to the condition it was in at the time of its construction or latest improvement, as the case may be. In the case of a road, the work includes the following, among other things: operations to upgrade a road’s class, particularly by making it wider; course correction; the reduction of slopes and the addition of safety devices such as safety slides. In the case of a bridge or culvert, the work includes, among other things: the replacement of the structure by a different structure, such as replacing a culvert with a conduit by a culvert with an arch, and alterations to the structure of a bridge to improve its bearing capacity; (travaux d’amélioration d’un chemin, d’un pont ou d’un ponceau)
integrated forest development plan means a tactical plan or an operational plan referred to in section 54 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act; (plan d’aménagement forestier intégré)
intermittent watercourse means a watercourse whose flow is intermittent and whose bed consequently dries up during certain times of year; (cours d’eau intermittent)
interregional trail means a hiking trail developed for recreational purposes, linking 2 municipalities or 2 regions, excluding trails intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles; (parcours interrégional de randonnées)
island or peninsula inhabited by a colony of birds means an island or a peninsula inhabited by a colony of birds within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (île ou presqu’île habitée par une colonie d’oiseaux)
isolated vacation site means land leased under section 47 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State and intended for vacation, excluding land intended for the construction of a shelter; (site de villégiature isolé)
landfill means a landfill within the meaning of the Regulation respecting the landfilling and incineration of residual materials (chapter Q-2, r. 19); (lieu d’enfouissement de matières résiduelles)
logging machine means a machine, motorized or not, mobile or stationary, including machines pulled by a motor vehicle, used to carry out one or more forest development activities; (engin forestier)
maintenance work on a road, bridge or culvert means work performed to prevent the degradation of a road or road segment, including the bridges and culverts, so that it remains in the condition it was in at the time of its construction or latest improvement, as the case may be. In the case of a road, the work includes, among other things: the leveling and resurfacing of the roadway provided that it does not entail the road’s reclassification; cleaning and digging ditches, the installation or replacement of drainage channels; the repair and stabilization of embankments; clearing the right-of-way of bushes to ensure visibility; spreading dust suppressants and spreading abrasives on roads during wintertime. In the case of a bridge or culvert, the work includes, among other things: clearing a culvert’s entrance and repairing the roadway surface and kerbs of a bridge; (travaux d’entretien d’un chemin, d’un pont ou d’un ponceau)
marsh means land flooded permanently or temporarily, and dominated by grass growing on a mineral or organic soil. Shrubs and trees, if any, cover less than 25% of the swamp’s area. A swamp is usually riparian, that is, adjacent to a lake or watercourse, or isolated; (marais)
Minister and department means the Minister responsible for the administration of the Sustainable Forest Development Act and the department within which the Minister discharges duties; (ministre and ministère)
muskrat habitat means a muskrat habitat within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (habitat du rat musqué)
Native gathering or sojourn area means an area regularly frequented by Natives and located along a boat access route to trapping grounds or at the meeting point of a portage trail and a river or lake, identified by a Native community and indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (aire de rassemblement ou de séjour autochtone)
natural drainage means a soil’s capacity to naturally discharge, by runoff or by infiltration into the soil, the waters brought by precipitations and the melting of snow; (drainage naturel)
numeric information layers means the most up-to-date numeric information layers used in the process of forest planning for the cartographic localization of places and territories in respect of which normative provisions are applicable; (couches d’informations numériques)
observatory means a site comprising facilities intended for astronomical observation and its service areas, such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (observatoire)
outdoor recreation centre means a site developed to practise outdoor activities and its service areas, such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (base de plein air)
outlying circuit of a concentrated network of hiking trails means a hiking trail developed for recreational purposes, connected to a concentrated network of hiking trails, except for trails intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles; (circuit périphérique d’un réseau dense de sentiers de randonnée)
partial cutting means a forest cutting that takes less than 50% of the basal area of a stand at each passage and that ensures at all times the maintenance of a forest cover at least 7 m high in commercial species; (coupe partielle)
peat bog means a piece of land covered with moss, resulting from the accumulation of partially decomposed organic matter. The organic matter is at least 30 cm thick. The water table is usually at the same level as the soil or close to its surface. A peat bog may be open (unwooded) or wooded; in the latter case, the trees are more than 4 m high with a cover equal to or greater than 25%. A peat bog with a pond is composed of one or more isolated bodies of water forming one or more ponds of various shapes; (tourbière)
permanent watercourse means a continuous watercourse whose flow is permanent and whose bed consequently does not dry up, except during exceptional periods of drought; (cours d’eau permanent)
pier means an intermediate support of a bridge’s deck installed in the bed of a watercourse. Piers are made of reinforced concrete, wood or steel caissons or a combination of stakes crowned by a portal cap beam; (pile)
piling area means a site used to pile timber, bark, wood shavings or forest biomass, where lopping and sawing activities may take place; (aire d’empilement)
public beach means a site comprising a beach, a strip of land extending 300 m inland from the shoreline and the facilities necessary for swimming and relaxation; (plage publique)
reception station means a place where the principal building is located, used to register, inform and supervise users and visitors who want to have access to an outfitting operation with exclusive rights, a controlled zone or a wildlife sanctuary; (poste d’accueil)
removable structure means a structure that is installed on a temporary basis to cross a watercourse; (ouvrage amovible)
repair work on a road, bridge or culvert means work carried out to put a degraded road or road segment, including the bridges and culverts, back in the condition it was in at the time of its construction or latest improvement, as the case may be. In the case of a bridge or culvert, the work includes, among other things: replacing the conduit of a culvert by a new one of the same type, altering the structure of a bridge to increase its bearing capacity such as the repair or replacement of the deck, of a part of the structure or of a part or all of the abutments; (travaux de réfection d’un chemin, d’un pont ou d’un ponceau)
residual forest means a portion of forest that remains in place following a natural disturbance, such as fire, windfall and insect epidemics, or following a man-made disturbance; (forêt résiduelle)
rest area means a site developed along a road corridor for rest purposes or for picnicking and its service areas such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (halte routière)
restaurant or accommodation site means a site that includes a dwelling offering restaurant or accommodation services on a commercial basis, or an area where an establishment has been constructed offering lodging for hunting and fishing activities on a commercial basis; (site de restauration ou d’hébergement)
right-of-way of a road means the surface occupied by the roadway, shoulders, ditches and embankments of a road, as well as the deforested strip of land on each side of the roadway. The roadway is generally located at the centre of the right-of-way; (emprise d’un chemin)
riparian ecotone means the transitional zone between the water environment and the forest, characterized by the muscinal, herbaceous or shrubby vegetation of wetlands and sometimes including a few scattered trees; (écotone riverain)
road corridor means a numbered public road appearing on the official map of the Ministère des Transports and located in the bioclimatic domains of the maple or fir forest referred to in Schedule 1, or such a road located in the bioclimatic domain of the spruce-moss forest referred to in that Schedule that links 2 local municipalities or that covers a distance of no more than 50 km from the urban perimeter of a local municipality. That map is the map accessible on the website of the Ministère des Transports. A unnumbered public road giving access to an Indian reserve, to the settlements of Kitcisakik, Hunter’s Point, Pakuashipi, Oujé-Bougoumou and Winneway, to an accommodation centre or a welcome centre in an outfitting operation, a controlled zone or a wildlife sanctuary within the meaning of sections 86, 104 and 111 of the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife (chapter C-61.1) is also considered a road corridor; (corridor routier)
salt lick means a salt lick within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (vasière)
sandpit means an open-air site where unconsolidated substances such as sand, gravel and soil are extracted. Any site to extract unconsolidated substances transported by truck is deemed to be a sandpit for the purposes of this Regulation; (sablière)
scenic outlook means a site developed for the observation of nature; (belvédére)
swamp means land subject to seasonal floods or characterized by a soil permanently or temporarily saturated with water and dominated by a ligneous, shrub or arborescent vegetation growing on a mineral soil. The ligneous vegetal covers more than 25% of the marsh’s area. A marsh may either be riparian, that is, adjacent to a lake or watercourse, or isolated; (marécage)
territorial reference unit means a development unit or other forest in the domain of the State or a subdivision thereof, forming a single block, measuring less than 100 km2 in the bioclimatic domains of the maple forest, less than 300 km2 in the bioclimatic domains of the fir forest and less than 500 km2 in the bioclimatic domain of the spruce-moss forest. Those bioclimatic domains are shown in Schedule 1. A territorial reference unit overlapping 2 bioclimatic domains is deemed to be part of the bioclimatic domain in which most of the area is found; (unité territoriale de référence)
thalweg means the line connecting the deepest points of the bed of a watercourse; (thalweg)
total cutting means a forest cutting carried out during one or more operations, spread over 10 years or less, that takes once all interventions are carried out more than 80% of the basal area of the species and diameters specified in the sylvicultural prescription of the stand; (coupe totale)
tourist circuits or roads means a road corridor recognized as a main interregional access road or as an itinerary proposed on one of the maps in the tourist guides published jointly by the Gouvernement du Québec and the regional tourist associations; (circuits ou routes touristiques)
trail intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles means a trail developed and maintained for users of motorized all-terrain vehicles, including snowmobile trails. The trails intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles that are to be protected are those used year after year and indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (sentier destiné aux véhicules tout terrain motorisés)
ungroomed road means a road free of stumps and free in whole or in part of vegetal cover, that has undergone no earth-moving operation besides what is required to flatten its surface, and whose use is reserved for the harvest and transportation of timber in winter time; (chemin sans mise en forme)
visual setting means a part of the landscape visible from a site of interest over 360 degrees at a height of 1.5 m from the ground and whose limits are given by the surrounding topography; (encadrement visuel)
water fowl gathering area means a water fowl gathering area within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (aire de concentration d’oiseaux aquatiques)
water intake means a site subject to the Regulation respecting the quality of drinking water (chapter Q-2, r. 40) that includes a structure to draw water from a watercourse, lake, reservoir or spring and the 60 m strip of woodland surrounding it; (prise d’eau)
watercourse means any permanent or intermittent watercourse of a hydrographic system flowing in a bed, excluding the water discharged by the natural draining of the soil; (cours d’eau)
white-tailed deer yard means a white-tailed deer yard within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (aire de confinement du cerf de Virginie)
wilderness campground means a site established for the sojourn of campers, not supplied with running water or electric power by a private or public distribution network, and offering a lower quantity and quality of the other services; (camping rustique)
winter road means a temporary road summarily groomed and developed mainly for harvesting wood in winter; (chemin d’hiver)
wooden culvert means a culvert with a wooden arch; (ponceau de bois)
work to build a road, bridge or culvert means work performed to build a road or road segment at a new place, including work to build bridges and culverts on that road; (travaux de construction d’un chemin, d’un pont ou d’un ponceau)
work to close a road means work to prevent access to a road or road segment on a permanent or temporary basis. (travaux de fermeture d’un chemin)
For the purposes of this Regulation, an outdoor recreation centre, a scenic outlook, a developed campground, a wilderness campground, an ecological or nature interpretation centre, a cottage that offers lodging and operated on a commercial basis by the manager of an outfitting operation, a controlled zone or a wildlife sanctuary, an outlying circuit of a concentrated network of hiking trails, an accommodation centre, a rest area, a landfill, an observatory, an interregional trail, a public beach, a reception station, a water intake, a concentrated network of hiking trails, a trail intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles, a dock site with a boat ramp, a restaurant or accommodation site, a vacation site, a downhill skiing station and a fish hatchery are those for which a right has been granted under a law or regulation of the Government.
473-2017O.C. 473-2017, s. 2.
In force: 2018-04-01
2. In this Regulation,
abutment means the end support of a bridge that holds the approach fill. Abutments are made of reinforced concrete, wood or steel caissons or a combination of stakes crowned by a portal cap beam; (culée)
accommodation centre means a group of commercial buildings laid out on an area in a single block and having an accommodation capacity of at least 15 persons per day; (établissement d’hébergement)
aggregated cut block means a territory situated in a management unit in which total cutting areas with or without recent natural disturbance zones are concentrated. The aggregated cut blocks must vary in shape and have an area less than or equal to 150 km2. Despite the foregoing, they may be larger in the case of plans for the protection of woodland caribou, woodland ecotype; (agglomération de coupes)
archaeological sector means a place where archaeological sites are concentrated and the surrounding grounds whose geographical characteristics and situation offer an archaeological potential; (secteur archéologique)
archaeological site means any site indicating prehistoric or historic human occupation and registered in the Register of the domain of the State referred to in section 26 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T-8.1); (site archéologique)
bank or shore means the lateral part of variable steepness of the bed of a watercourse or lake that may be submerged without the water overflowing. The upper limit of the bank is located at the top of the angle of repose located at the lower limit of emerged grass or, if there is no such grass, at the low limit of shrubs. In the absence of emerged grass and shrubs, the top of the angle of repose corresponds to the level of the bankfull discharge; (berge)
bear den means a site where bears hibernate. The bear dens that are to be protected are those indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (tanière d’ours)
bed of a watercourse means a natural depression in the ground occupied by a permanent or intermittent watercourse, comprising the bottom and the banks. The bed of the watercourse is free of vegetation other than aquatic plants, if any. It shows signs or traces of waterflow, whether underground or not; (lit d’un cours d’eau)
block cutting means an area of total cutting or a group of areas of total cutting carried out in a given territory so as to preserve, within the limits of the block cutting harvest site, a residual forest having the characteristics set out in section 139; (coupe en mosaïque)
block cutting harvest site means a territory delimited by all the cutting areas for block cutting, with a distance of less than 2 km between the areas, and by a strip of land 2 km wide surrounding the whole site; (chantier de récolte en mosaïque)
boat access route to trapping grounds means a route that comprises rivers, lakes and portage trails leading to trapping grounds and recognized by a Native community that includes members who use it every year. The boat access routes to trapping grounds that are to be protected are those indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (parcours d’accès en embarcation aux terrains de piégeage)
bridge means a structure not built under embankments including abutments, sometimes piers, a deck and stabilizing materials and that allows a road to cross an obstacle, such as a watercourse; (pont)
burial site means a place where the body of a deceased person is interred. The burial sites that are to be protected are those indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (site de sépulture)
canoe-kayak-camping course means a marked route to go down watercourses in a canoe or kayak that includes rivers and lakes along the banks and shores of which a number of wilderness campgrounds are located, and often portage trails that are developed and maintained by a government body, a municipality, the Fédération québécoise du canot et du kayak or a club affiliated with that federation. The canoe-kayak-camping courses that are to be protected are those indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (parcours de canot-kayak-camping)
caribou calving area north of the 52nd parallel means a caribou calving area north of the 52nd parallel within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats (chapter C-61.1, r. 18); (aire de mise bas du caribou au nord du 52e parallèle)
cliff inhabited by a colony of birds means a cliff inhabited by a colony of birds within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (falaise habitée par une colonie d’oiseaux)
commercial species means a tree species referred to in Part A or Part B of Schedule 2; (essence commerciale)
complementary vacation site means a site comprising at least 3 vacation lots, at the rate of at least 1 lot per 0.8 ha. Complementary vacation sites are developed to complete the development of vacation sites on the shores of a lake where the biophysical characteristics of the environment no longer make it possible to comply with the installation criteria for a grouped vacation site; (site de villégiature complémentaire)
concentrated network of hiking trails means a site criss-crossed by hiking trails developed for recreational purposes, except trails intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles, at a density equal to or greater than 2.5 km per square kilometer; (réseau dense de sentiers de randonnée)
continuous forest cover means a forest cover with a density of at least 25%, characterized by a relatively uniform space between its stems and not having any patch greater than the size of the dominant trees forming it; (couvert forestier continu)
culvert means a structure built under embankments including an arch or at least a conduit and stabilizing materials and that allows a road to cross an obstacle, such as a watercourse; (ponceau)
cutting area means an area in a single block where a single type of cut is used, during a single harvest year, comprised in a development unit or in another forest of the domain of the State; (aire de coupe)
developed campground means a site developed for the sojourn of campers, accessible by road and having service areas such as shelters, toilets and parking lots. Each camping site or group of sites including no more than 20 camping site is supplied with running water or electric power by a private or public distribution network offered by the lessor of camping space; (camping aménagé)
developed trail means a trail, other than a trail intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles, for which amounts were invested by the managers of an outfitting operation, a controlled zone or a wildlife sanctuary, with a view to offering services to all the users of those territories; (sentier aménagé)
dock site with a boat ramp means a public site with the facilities required to facilitate the coming alongside and the launching of pleasure boats, as well as its service areas, such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (site de quai avec rampe de mise à l’eau)
downhill skiing station means a site developed for the practice of downhill skiing and its service areas, such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (station de ski alpin)
dwelling means any building intended for occupancy by human beings and provided with a water supply system and a waste water disposal system connected to the ground; (habitation)
ecological or nature interpretation centre means a site consisting of trails developed for educational purposes in connection with ecology or for purposes of discovering nature and service areas such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (centre d’écologie ou de découverte de la nature)
fish habitat means a fish habitat within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats;
fish hatchery : means a site comprising the facilities and equipment required for the raising and breeding of fish with a view to seeding the lakes and watercourses of a region; (station piscicole)
forest camp : means a place where dwellings and facilities are grouped mainly for the use of workers assigned to forest development activities authorized under a forest development plan (camp forestier)
forest cover density means the relative ground cover by the projection of all the living branches of trees 7 m tall or higher; (densité du couvert forestier)
forest development activity means a forest development activity within the meaning of paragraph 1 of section 4 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act (chapter A-18.1); however, for the purposes of sections 3, 5, 19 to 22, 47, 50, 52, 54, 55, 57 and 59, it does not include the repair, maintenance and closure of forest roads or the control of fires, insect epidemics and cryptogamic diseases; (activité d’aménagement forestier)
forest operations zone means a maximum area of 250 ha, not necessarily in a single block, that is the subject of a single sylvicultural treatment during a single harvest year, comprised in a single development unit or other forest in the domain of the State; (secteur d’intervention)
forest stand means a forest area of a single block of at least 30 km2, of which a minimum of 70% of the productive forest area is constituted of timber stands 7 m or higher; (massif forestier)
geotextile membrane means a permeable textile, needle punched and nonwoven, having a minimum tensile strength of 1,000 newtons and interstices smaller than 150 micrometres; (membrane géotextile)
grouped vacation site means a site comprising at least 5 vacation lots, at the rate of at least 1 lot per 0.8 ha; (site de villégiature regroupé)
harvest year means the period comprised between 1 April of a year and 31 March of the following year; (année de récolte)
heritage cultural landscape means a land area recognized by a community for its remarkable landscape features, which are the result of the interaction of natural and human factors and are worth preserving and, if applicable, enhancing because of their historical or emblematic interest, or their value as a source of identity, within the meaning of section 2 of the Cultural Heritage Act (chapter P-9.002); (paysage culturel patrimonial)
heritage site means a place, a group of immovables or, in the case of a heritage site referred to in section 58 of the Cultural Heritage Act, a land area that is of interest for its archaeological, architectural, artistic, emblematic, ethnological, historical, identity, landscape, scientific, urbanistic or technological value, within the meaning of section 2 of that Act; (site patrimonial)
heronry means a heronry within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (héronnière)
holder of a forestry permit means the holder of a forestry permit referred to in section 73 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act or the third person to whom the permit holder entrusted the performance of the work authorized by the permit; (titulaire d’un permis d’intervention)
improvement work on a road, bridge or culvert means work performed to improve a road or road segment, including the bridges and culverts, in relation to the condition it was in at the time of its construction or latest improvement, as the case may be. In the case of a road, the work includes the following, among other things: operations to upgrade a road’s class, particularly by making it wider; course correction; the reduction of slopes and the addition of safety devices such as safety slides. In the case of a bridge or culvert, the work includes, among other things: the replacement of the structure by a different structure, such as replacing a culvert with a conduit by a culvert with an arch, and alterations to the structure of a bridge to improve its bearing capacity; (travaux d’amélioration d’un chemin, d’un pont ou d’un ponceau)
integrated forest development plan means a tactical plan or an operational plan referred to in section 54 of the Sustainable Forest Development Act; (plan d’aménagement forestier intégré)
intermittent watercourse means a watercourse whose flow is intermittent and whose bed consequently dries up during certain times of year; (cours d’eau intermittent)
interregional trail means a hiking trail developed for recreational purposes, linking 2 municipalities or 2 regions, excluding trails intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles; (parcours interrégional de randonnées)
island or peninsula inhabited by a colony of birds means an island or a peninsula inhabited by a colony of birds within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (île ou presqu’île habitée par une colonie d’oiseaux)
isolated vacation site means land leased under section 47 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State and intended for vacation, excluding land intended for the construction of a shelter; (site de villégiature isolé)
landfill means a landfill within the meaning of the Regulation respecting the landfilling and incineration of residual materials (chapter Q-2, r. 19); (lieu d’enfouissement de matières résiduelles)
logging machine means a machine, motorized or not, mobile or stationary, including machines pulled by a motor vehicle, used to carry out one or more forest development activities; (engin forestier)
maintenance work on a road, bridge or culvert means work performed to prevent the degradation of a road or road segment, including the bridges and culverts, so that it remains in the condition it was in at the time of its construction or latest improvement, as the case may be. In the case of a road, the work includes, among other things: the leveling and resurfacing of the roadway provided that it does not entail the road’s reclassification; cleaning and digging ditches, the installation or replacement of drainage channels; the repair and stabilization of embankments; clearing the right-of-way of bushes to ensure visibility; spreading dust suppressants and spreading abrasives on roads during wintertime. In the case of a bridge or culvert, the work includes, among other things: clearing a culvert’s entrance and repairing the roadway surface and kerbs of a bridge; (travaux d’entretien d’un chemin, d’un pont ou d’un ponceau)
marsh means land flooded permanently or temporarily, and dominated by grass growing on a mineral or organic soil. Shrubs and trees, if any, cover less than 25% of the swamp’s area. A swamp is usually riparian, that is, adjacent to a lake or watercourse, or isolated; (marais)
Minister and department means the Minister responsible for the administration of the Sustainable Forest Development Act and the department within which the Minister discharges duties; (ministre and ministère)
muskrat habitat means a muskrat habitat within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (habitat du rat musqué)
Native gathering or sojourn area means an area regularly frequented by Natives and located along a boat access route to trapping grounds or at the meeting point of a portage trail and a river or lake, identified by a Native community and indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (aire de rassemblement ou de séjour autochtone)
natural drainage means a soil’s capacity to naturally discharge, by runoff or by infiltration into the soil, the waters brought by precipitations and the melting of snow; (drainage naturel)
numeric information layers means the most up-to-date numeric information layers used in the process of forest planning for the cartographic localization of places and territories in respect of which normative provisions are applicable; (couches d’informations numériques)
observatory means a site comprising facilities intended for astronomical observation and its service areas, such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (observatoire)
outdoor recreation centre means a site developed to practise outdoor activities and its service areas, such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (base de plein air)
outlying circuit of a concentrated network of hiking trails means a hiking trail developed for recreational purposes, connected to a concentrated network of hiking trails, except for trails intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles; (circuit périphérique d’un réseau dense de sentiers de randonnée)
partial cutting means a forest cutting that takes less than 50% of the basal area of a stand at each passage and that ensures at all times the maintenance of a forest cover at least 7 m high in commercial species; (coupe partielle)
peat bog means a piece of land covered with moss, resulting from the accumulation of partially decomposed organic matter. The organic matter is at least 30 cm thick. The water table is usually at the same level as the soil or close to its surface. A peat bog may be open (unwooded) or wooded; in the latter case, the trees are more than 4 m high with a cover equal to or greater than 25%. A peat bog with a pond is composed of one or more isolated bodies of water forming one or more ponds of various shapes; (tourbière)
permanent watercourse means a continuous watercourse whose flow is permanent and whose bed consequently does not dry up, except during exceptional periods of drought; (cours d’eau permanent)
pier means an intermediate support of a bridge’s deck installed in the bed of a watercourse. Piers are made of reinforced concrete, wood or steel caissons or a combination of stakes crowned by a portal cap beam; (pile)
piling area means a site used to pile timber, bark, wood shavings or forest biomass, where lopping and sawing activities may take place; (aire d’empilement)
public beach means a site comprising a beach, a strip of land extending 300 m inland from the shoreline and the facilities necessary for swimming and relaxation; (plage publique)
reception station means a place where the principal building is located, used to register, inform and supervise users and visitors who want to have access to an outfitting operation with exclusive rights, a controlled zone or a wildlife sanctuary; (poste d’accueil)
removable structure means a structure that is installed on a temporary basis to cross a watercourse; (ouvrage amovible)
repair work on a road, bridge or culvert means work carried out to put a degraded road or road segment, including the bridges and culverts, back in the condition it was in at the time of its construction or latest improvement, as the case may be. In the case of a bridge or culvert, the work includes, among other things: replacing the conduit of a culvert by a new one of the same type, altering the structure of a bridge to increase its bearing capacity such as the repair or replacement of the deck, of a part of the structure or of a part or all of the abutments; (travaux de réfection d’un chemin, d’un pont ou d’un ponceau)
residual forest means a portion of forest that remains in place following a natural disturbance, such as fire, windfall and insect epidemics, or following a man-made disturbance; (forêt résiduelle)
rest area means a site developed along a road corridor for rest purposes or for picnicking and its service areas such as shelters, toilets and parking lots; (halte routière)
restaurant or accommodation site means a site that includes a dwelling offering restaurant or accommodation services on a commercial basis, or an area where an establishment has been constructed offering lodging for hunting and fishing activities on a commercial basis; (site de restauration ou d’hébergement)
right-of-way of a road means the surface occupied by the roadway, shoulders, ditches and embankments of a road, as well as the deforested strip of land on each side of the roadway. The roadway is generally located at the centre of the right-of-way; (emprise d’un chemin)
riparian ecotone means the transitional zone between the water environment and the forest, characterized by the muscinal, herbaceous or shrubby vegetation of wetlands and sometimes including a few scattered trees; (écotone riverain)
road corridor means a numbered public road appearing on the official map of the Ministère des Transports and located in the bioclimatic domains of the maple or fir forest referred to in Schedule 1, or such a road located in the bioclimatic domain of the spruce-moss forest referred to in that Schedule that links 2 local municipalities or that covers a distance of no more than 50 km from the urban perimeter of a local municipality. That map is the map accessible on the website of the Ministère des Transports. A unnumbered public road giving access to an Indian reserve, to the settlements of Kitcisakik, Hunter’s Point, Pakuashipi, Oujé-Bougoumou and Winneway, to an accommodation centre or a welcome centre in an outfitting operation, a controlled zone or a wildlife sanctuary within the meaning of sections 86, 104 and 111 of the Act respecting the conservation and development of wildlife (chapter C-61.1) is also considered a road corridor; (corridor routier)
salt lick means a salt lick within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (vasière)
sandpit means an open-air site where unconsolidated substances such as sand, gravel and soil are extracted. Any site to extract unconsolidated substances transported by truck is deemed to be a sandpit for the purposes of this Regulation; (sablière)
scenic outlook means a site developed for the observation of nature; (belvédére)
swamp means land subject to seasonal floods or characterized by a soil permanently or temporarily saturated with water and dominated by a ligneous, shrub or arborescent vegetation growing on a mineral soil. The ligneous vegetal covers more than 25% of the marsh’s area. A marsh may either be riparian, that is, adjacent to a lake or watercourse, or isolated; (marécage)
territorial reference unit means a development unit or other forest in the domain of the State or a subdivision thereof, forming a single block, measuring less than 100 km2 in the bioclimatic domains of the maple forest, less than 300 km2 in the bioclimatic domains of the fir forest and less than 500 km2 in the bioclimatic domain of the spruce-moss forest. Those bioclimatic domains are shown in Schedule 1. A territorial reference unit overlapping 2 bioclimatic domains is deemed to be part of the bioclimatic domain in which most of the area is found; (unité territoriale de référence)
thalweg means the line connecting the deepest points of the bed of a watercourse; (thalweg)
total cutting means a forest cutting carried out during one or more operations, spread over 10 years or less, that takes once all interventions are carried out more than 80% of the basal area of the species and diameters specified in the sylvicultural prescription of the stand; (coupe totale)
tourist circuits or roads means a road corridor recognized as a main interregional access road or as an itinerary proposed on one of the maps in the tourist guides published jointly by the Gouvernement du Québec and the regional tourist associations; (circuits ou routes touristiques)
trail intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles means a trail developed and maintained for users of motorized all-terrain vehicles, including snowmobile trails. The trails intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles that are to be protected are those used year after year and indicated in the numeric information layers used for forest planning; (sentier destiné aux véhicules tout terrain motorisés)
ungroomed road means a road free of stumps and free in whole or in part of vegetal cover, that has undergone no earth-moving operation besides what is required to flatten its surface, and whose use is reserved for the harvest and transportation of timber in winter time; (chemin sans mise en forme)
visual setting means a part of the landscape visible from a site of interest over 360 degrees at a height of 1.5 m from the ground and whose limits are given by the surrounding topography; (encadrement visuel)
water fowl gathering area means a water fowl gathering area within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (aire de concentration d’oiseaux aquatiques)
water intake means a site subject to the Regulation respecting the quality of drinking water (chapter Q-2, r. 40) that includes a structure to draw water from a watercourse, lake, reservoir or spring and the 60 m strip of woodland surrounding it; (prise d’eau)
watercourse means any permanent or intermittent watercourse of a hydrographic system flowing in a bed, excluding the water discharged by the natural draining of the soil; (cours d’eau)
white-tailed deer yard means a white-tailed deer yard within the meaning of section 1 of the Regulation respecting wildlife habitats; (aire de confinement du cerf de Virginie)
wilderness campground means a site established for the sojourn of campers, not supplied with running water or electric power by a private or public distribution network, and offering a lower quantity and quality of the other services; (camping rustique)
winter road means a temporary road summarily groomed and developed mainly for harvesting wood in winter; (chemin d’hiver)
wooden culvert means a culvert with a wooden arch; (ponceau de bois)
work to build a road, bridge or culvert means work performed to build a road or road segment at a new place, including work to build bridges and culverts on that road; (travaux de construction d’un chemin, d’un pont ou d’un ponceau)
work to close a road means work to prevent access to a road or road segment on a permanent or temporary basis. (travaux de fermeture d’un chemin)
For the purposes of this Regulation, an outdoor recreation centre, a scenic outlook, a developed campground, a wilderness campground, an ecological or nature interpretation centre, a cottage that offers lodging and operated on a commercial basis by the manager of an outfitting operation, a controlled zone or a wildlife sanctuary, an outlying circuit of a concentrated network of hiking trails, an accommodation centre, a rest area, a landfill, an observatory, an interregional trail, a public beach, a reception station, a water intake, a concentrated network of hiking trails, a trail intended for motorized all-terrain vehicles, a dock site with a boat ramp, a restaurant or accommodation site, a vacation site, a downhill skiing station and a fish hatchery are those for which a right has been granted under a law or regulation of the Government.
473-2017O.C. 473-2017, s. 2.