A-19.1 - Act respecting land use planning and development

Full text
chapter A-19.1
Act respecting land use planning and development
LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENTNovember 21 1979December 12 1979
TITLE PRELIMINARY
INTERPRETATION
1. In this Act, unless the context indicates otherwise,
(1)  alienation means any conveyance of property, including sale with a right of redemption, emphyteusis, alienation for rent, transfer of a right contemplated in section 8 of the Mining Act (chapter M‐13.1), and transfer of timber limits under the Lands and Forests Act (chapter T‐9), except by
(a)  transmission owing to death;
(b)  auction sale, including sale for unpaid taxes and withdrawal and any conveyance resulting from the Expropriation Act (chapter E‐24);
(c)  taking in payment to the extent that the person exercising that right becomes the owner of the whole lot or of all the lots still subject to the hypothec;
(2)  (paragraph repealed);
(3)  Commission means the Commission municipale du Québec;
(4)  Minister means the Minister of Municipal Affairs, Sports and Recreation;
(5)  (paragraph repealed);
(6)  (paragraph repealed);
(7)  cadastral operation means a cadastral amendment provided for in the first paragraph of article 3043 of the Civil Code;
(8)  public agency means an agency to which the Government or a minister appoints the majority of the members, to which, by law, the personnel is appointed in accordance with the Public Service Act (chapter F‐3.1.1), or at least half of whose capital stock is derived from the consolidated revenue fund;
(9)  secretary‐treasurer means the secretary‐treasurer of the regional county municipality or any other officer designated for that purpose by the council of the regional county municipality;
(9.1)  core city means any local municipality whose territory corresponds to a census agglomeration defined by Statistics Canada or any local municipality whose territory is situated within such an agglomeration and whose population is the highest among those of the local municipalities whose territory is situated within that agglomeration;
(10)  thoroughfare means any place or structure intended for vehicular or pedestrian traffic, in particular, a road, street, lane, sidewalk, walkway, bicycle path, snowmobile trail, hiking path, square or public parking area.
1979, c. 51, s. 1; 1982, c. 2, s. 53; 1984, c. 27, s. 18; 1983, c. 55, s. 161; 1987, c. 64, s. 329; 1988, c. 19, s. 215; 1993, c. 3, s. 1; 1993, c. 65, s. 75; 1992, c. 57, s. 431; 1996, c. 2, s. 29; 1996, c. 25, s. 1; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 1999, c. 43, s. 13; 2000, c. 8, s. 242; 2002, c. 68, s. 1; 2003, c. 19, s. 250.
The reference pursuant to section 97 of chapter 23 of the statutes of 1987 in respect of the Lands and Forests Act (chapter T‐9) could not be effected in this section because all timber limits leased on the domain of the State were cancelled on 1 April 1987. (1986, c. 108, s. 213; 1999, c. 40, s. 140).
1.1. In this Act, the word municipality , except where it appears as part of the expression regional county municipality , means a local municipality.
A regional county municipality whose territory comprises an unorganized territory is a local municipality in respect of that territory, in accordance with section 8 of the Act respecting municipal territorial organization (chapter O-9). However, the provisions of this Act, other than those that refer specifically to an unorganized territory, apply to such a local municipality, with the following modifications:
(1)  the regional county municipality does not have the power or the obligation to adopt a planning program in respect of that territory;
(2)  any document that must be sent by a third person to the municipality and to the regional county municipality may be sent validly once, within the time and according to the procedure that are more demanding in respect of the third person if the prescribed time and procedure for the transmission of documents to the municipality and to the regional county municipality differ;
(3)  any provision requiring that the by-law of a municipality be approved or certified true by the regional county municipality does not apply; in such a case, the by-law is deemed approved and certified true on being passed;
(4)  (subparagraph repealed).
1982, c. 63, s. 69; 1988, c. 19, s. 216; 1993, c. 3, s. 2; 1996, c. 2, s. 30.
2. A land use planning and development plan and an interim control by-law adopted by a regional county municipality and put into force in accordance with this Act are binding on the Government, its ministers and mandataries of the State, where they plan any intervention to which sections 150 to 157 apply, but only to the extent provided in these sections.
In particular, the Government and its ministers and mandataries of the State are not required to obtain a permit or certificate required under an interim control by-law.
1979, c. 51, s. 2; 1983, c. 19, s. 1; 1993, c. 3, s. 3; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
TITLE I
REGULATION OF LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT
CHAPTER I
REGIONAL COUNTY MUNICIPALITY LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PLAN
2002, c. 68, s. 52.
DIVISION I
LAND USE PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT PLAN
1996, c. 25, s. 2; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
3. Every regional county municipality must maintain in force, at all times, a land use planning and development plan applicable to its whole territory.
1979, c. 51, s. 3; 1996, c. 25, s. 2; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
4. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 4; 1982, c. 2, s. 54; 1994, c. 13, s. 15; 1996, c. 2, s. 31; 1996, c. 25, s. 2.
DIVISION II
CONTENTS OF THE PLAN
5. A land use planning and development plan must, regarding the territory of a regional county municipality,
(1)  determine the general aims of land development policy for the territory;
(2)  determine the general policies on land use of the territory for the different parts of it;
(2.1)  without restricting the generality of subparagraphs 1 and 2 or limiting the application of the other elements of the plan with regard to the overall territory of the regional county municipality, determine such land use guidelines and land use designations as the regional county municipality considers appropriate to ensure, in the agricultural zone within its territory, that land use planning and development standards are compatible with the objective of ensuring priority for the use of land for agricultural activities and, within that framework, the harmonious coexistence of agricultural and non-agricultural uses;
(3)  delimit urbanization perimeters;
(4)  identify zones where land occupation is subject to special restrictions for reasons of public safety such as flood zones, erosion zones, landslide zones or zones subject to other disasters or for reasons of environmental protection regarding riverbanks and lakeshores, littoral zones and floodplains;
(5)  identify the thoroughfares whose present or planned presence in a place results in land occupation near this place being subject to major restrictions for reasons of public safety, public health or general welfare;
(6)  identify any part of the territory that is of historical, cultural, aesthetic or ecological interest to the regional county municipality;
(7)  describe and plan the organization of land transport and, for such purpose,
(a)  indicate the nature of major existing land transport infrastructures and equipment as well as their location;
(b)  taking into account the adequacy or inadequacy of the infrastructures and equipment referred to in subparagraph a, the foreseeable demand in matters of transportation and the anticipated part of transportation having to be assured by the various means of transportation, indicate the principal improvements to be made to the infrastructures and equipment referred to in subparagraph a and indicate the nature of any planned major new land transport infrastructures and equipment, together with their approximate location;
(8)  (a)  indicate the nature of major existing infrastructures and equipment other than those referred to in subparagraph 7 as well as their location;
(b)  indicate the nature of any planned major new infrastructures or equipment other than those referred to in subparagraph 7, together with their approximate location;
(9)  set out a strategic vision of cultural, economic, environmental and social development to facilitate the coherent exercise of the regional county municipality’s jurisdiction.
The plan must also include a complementary document establishing rules requiring municipalities whose territories are comprised in that of a regional county municipality
(1)  to adopt by-laws under subparagraph 16 or 17 of the second paragraph of section 113 or subparagraph 3 or 4 of the second paragraph of section 115;
(2)  to adopt by-laws under subparagraph 16.1 of the second paragraph of section 113 or subparagraph 4.1 of the second paragraph of section 115, by reason of the present or planned presence of any thoroughfare identified in accordance with subparagraph 5 of the first paragraph of this section;
(3)  to prescribe, by by-law, rules at least as restrictive as those established in the complementary document.
The complementary document of a regional county municipality whose territory includes an agricultural zone must contain the elements it considers appropriate for the implementation of section 79.1 of the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P‐41.1), together with parameters to determine, in relation to the forms of inconvenience resulting from odours caused by certain agricultural activities, the separation distances referred to in the third paragraph of section 113.
For the purposes of subparagraphs 7 and 8 of the first paragraph, major infrastructure or equipment means infrastructure or equipment that concerns the citizens and ratepayers of more than one municipality or that is erected by the Government or one of its ministers or a mandatary of the State or by a public body or a school board.
The plan of a regional county municipality all or part of whose territory is situated within the territory of a metropolitan community is not required to contain the element provided for in subparagraph 9 of the first paragraph.
1979, c. 51, s. 5; 1982, c. 63, s. 70; 1988, c. 84, s. 700; 1993, c. 3, s. 4; 1996, c. 26, s. 65; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2002, c. 68, s. 2, s. 52; 2004, c. 20, s. 1.
6. The land use planning and development plan may, in respect of the territory of a regional county municipality,
(1)  identify any zone, mainly within an urbanization perimeter, which is likely to be, as a priority, the subject of land development or redevelopment, establish the rank of priority between zones thus identified and determine for such a zone, or for its different parts, the land uses and the approximate density of occupation;
(2)  determine the approximate density of occupation for the different parts of the territory outside the zones identified in accordance with subparagraph 1;
(3)  determine, for an urbanization perimeter or for different parts thereof, outside the zones identified in accordance with subparagraph 1, the policies on land use which present an interest for the regional county municipality;
(4)  identify each immovable, other than a thoroughfare identified in accordance with subparagraph 5 of the first paragraph of section 5, and each activity whose present or planned presence or carrying out in a place results in land occupation near this place being subject to special restrictions for reasons of public safety, public health or general welfare;
(5)  describe the organization of sea and air transportation, indicating the conditions of integration of the sea and air transportation infrastructures and equipment referred to in subparagraph 8 of the first paragraph of section 5 into the transport system, with the land transport infrastructures and equipment referred to in subparagraph 7 of the said paragraph;
(6)  describe the intermunicipal development proposals emanating from a group of municipalities;
(7)  identify any part of the territory which, under section 30 of the Mining Act (chapter M‐13.1), is withdrawn from staking, map designation, mining exploration or mining;
(8)  determine guidelines to promote the sustainable development of private forests within the meaning of the preliminary provision of the Forest Act (chapter F‐4.1).
The power provided for in subparagraph 8 of the first paragraph does not limit the generality of the obligation set out in section 5 regarding the general aims that relate to resources other than private forest resources.
The complementary document provided for in the second paragraph of section 5 may
(1)  require any municipality whose territory is comprised in that of a regional county municipality to adopt, for all or part of its territory, the by-law provided for in section 116 or any by-law provided for in Divisions IV or VII to XI of Chapter IV of Title I;
(1.1)  provide, in respect of an immovable it describes that is situated in a flood zone, for an exemption from a prohibition or rule imposed pursuant to subparagraphs 1 and 3 of the second paragraph of section 5, for any land use, structure, works or cadastral operation it specifies;
(2)  (subparagraph repealed);
(3)  establish rules and criteria which municipalities whose territories are comprised in that of a regional county municipality must take into account in a zoning, subdivision or building by-law or a by-law provided for in Divisions IV or VII to XI of Chapter IV;
(4)  require municipalities whose territories are comprised in that of a regional county municipality to include in an urban planning by-law provisions that are at least as restrictive as those included in the complementary document.
The requirement provided for in subparagraph 1 of the third paragraph may be general or special. In the latter case, the complementary document may specify
(1)  any municipality contemplated;
(2)  any contemplated part of the territory of the municipality;
(3)  any contemplated condition for the issue of the building permit among the conditions set out in section 116;
(4)  any class of structure in respect of which the municipality must not grant an exemption under the third or fourth paragraph of section 116.
1979, c. 51, s. 6; 1987, c. 64, s. 330; 1989, c. 46, s. 1; 1993, c. 3, s. 5; 1996, c. 14, s. 21; 1997, c. 93, s. 1; 1998, c. 31, s. 1; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2004, c. 20, s. 2.
7. A land use planning and development plan shall be accompanied with
(1)  a document indicating the estimated cost of the various intermunicipal public services and infrastructure proposed in the plan;
(1.1)  a plan of action for the implementation of the plan which mentions, in particular, the steps involved in its implementation, the municipalities, public bodies, ministers and State mandataries and other persons who are likely to participate in the implementation, the means provided to further the coordinated action of participants and, in the case of priority land development or redevelopment planned for any zone identified in accordance with subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 6, the schedule established for each step in the erection of the planned infrastructures and equipment;
(2)  a document indicating the modes of consultation employed and the conclusions drawn, including the reasons offered by the persons and bodies consulted for their agreement or, as the case may be, their objection.
1979, c. 51, s. 7; 1993, c. 3, s. 6; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
8. For the purposes of this Act, the objectives of a land use planning and development plan include not only the aims that are explicitly set forth in the plan, but also the principles implied by the bringing together of its components.
1979, c. 51, s. 8; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
8.1. (Repealed).
2002, c. 37, s. 1; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 1.
DIVISION III
Repealed, 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
1996, c. 25, s. 3.
9. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 9; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
10. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 10; 1996, c. 2, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
11. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 11; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
12. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 12; 1996, c. 2, s. 33; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
13. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 13; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
14. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 14; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
15. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 15; 1996, c. 2, s. 34; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
16. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 16; 1987, c. 23, s. 79; 1994, c. 13, s. 15; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
17. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 17; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
18. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 18; 1996, c. 2, s. 35; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
19. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 19; 1996, c. 2, s. 36; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
20. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 20; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
21. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 21; 1996, c. 2, s. 68; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
22. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 22; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
23. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 23; 1985, c. 27, s. 1; 1996, c. 2, s. 37; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
24. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 24; 1996, c. 25, s. 3.
DIVISION IV
Repealed, 1996, c. 25, s. 4.
1996, c. 25, s. 4.
25. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 25; 1987, c. 102, s. 1; 1996, c. 2, s. 38; 1996, c. 25, s. 4.
26. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 26; 1982, c. 2, s. 55; 1987, c. 102, s. 2; 1996, c. 25, s. 4.
27. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 27; 1987, c. 23, s. 80; 1994, c. 13, s. 15; 1996, c. 2, s. 68; 1996, c. 25, s. 4.
28. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 28; 1982, c. 2, s. 56; 1987, c. 102, s. 3; 1996, c. 2, s. 39; 1996, c. 25, s. 4.
29. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 29; 1987, c. 23, s. 81; 1996, c. 2, s. 40; 1996, c. 25, s. 4.
29.1. (Repealed).
1986, c. 33, s. 1; 1996, c. 25, s. 4.
30. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 30; 1996, c. 2, s. 41; 1996, c. 25, s. 4.
31. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 31; 1996, c. 25, s. 4.
DIVISION V
EFFECTS OF THE COMING INTO FORCE OF THE PLAN
32. The coming into force of the land use planning and development plan creates no obligation in respect of the calendar or the terms and conditions of implementation of the public services and infrastructure provided for in the plan.
1979, c. 51, s. 32; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
33. Every municipality in the regional county municipality is required, within 24 months following the coming into force of the land use planning and development plan, to adopt, for the whole of its territory, a planning program consistent with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document and to send a copy thereof to every contiguous municipality and to the regional county municipality.
The first paragraph does not apply to the Municipalité de Saint-Benoît-du-Lac or to the Paroisse de Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague-du-Cap-Tourmente.
1979, c. 51, s. 33; 1982, c. 63, s. 71; 1987, c. 102, s. 4; 1996, c. 2, s. 42; 1996, c. 25, s. 5; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
34. Every municipality having a master plan or a planning program is required to amend it, if necessary, to bring it into conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document within 24 months of the coming into force of the land use planning and development plan.
Where the council of the municipality is of opinion that the master plan or the planning program is consistent with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document, it shall adopt a resolution indicating that it does not intend to amend it. A copy of the resolution shall be sent, with the plan or program, to every contiguous municipality and to the regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 34; 1982, c. 2, s. 57; 1982, c. 63, s. 71; 1987, c. 102, s. 5; 1993, c. 3, s. 7; 1996, c. 25, s. 6; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
35. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 35; 1987, c. 57, s. 662; 1987, c. 102, s. 6.
36. Within 45 days following the sending of the plan or program contemplated in section 33 or 34 or of a by-law contemplated in section 102, the council of the regional county municipality shall examine it and approve it if it is consistent with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document.
1979, c. 51, s. 36; 1987, c. 102, s. 7; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
37. If, at the expiration of 45 days following the sending of the plan or program contemplated in section 33 or 34 or of a by-law contemplated in section 102, the certificate of conformity has not been issued, the municipality which sent the plan, program or by-law for approval by the council of the regional county municipality may apply to the Commission for an assessment of conformity.
The clerk or secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall serve on the Commission a certified copy of the resolution by which the assessment is requested and of the plan or by-law concerned. He shall serve a certified copy of the resolution on the regional county municipality. The copy served on the Commission must be received by it within 15 days after the expiry of the time prescribed in the first paragraph.
1979, c. 51, s. 37; 1987, c. 102, s. 8; 1996, c. 25, s. 7.
38. Within 45 days following the service of the application, the Commission must give an assessment based solely on whether or not the plan or program contemplated in section 33 or 34 or the by-law contemplated in section 102 is consistent with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document.
On the issuance of the assessment, a copy of it shall be sent to the municipality that applied for it and to the regional county municipality.
The assessment of conformity rendered by the Commission is binding in that respect on the interested persons. This assessment may, however, include, but only as indications, the suggestions of the Commission with regard to the manner of ensuring the required conformity.
1979, c. 51, s. 38; 1987, c. 102, s. 9; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
39. If the assessment of the Commission is that the program of the by-law is in conformity with the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document, the secretary-treasurer, within 15 days of the date of the assessment of conformity, must issue a certificate of conformity.
1979, c. 51, s. 39; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
40. If, at the expiration of the 15 days provided for in the second paragraph of section 37, the municipality has not applied to the Commission for an assessment or if the Commission’s assessment is that the program or the by-law is not in conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document, the council of the regional county municipality shall require the municipality to amend the program or the by-law to bring it into the required conformity within such time as it may prescribe, which cannot be less than 45 days.
1979, c. 51, s. 40; 1987, c. 102, s. 10; 1993, c. 3, s. 8; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
41. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 41; 1993, c. 3, s. 9.
42. If, within the prescribed time, the municipality fails to submit a program prescribed in section 33 or a by-law prescribed in section 102 to the approval of the council of the regional county municipality, the latter shall itself proceed with the program or by-law at the expense of the municipality.
Once adopted by the council of the regional county municipality, the program or the by-law becomes the program or the by-law of the municipality; it is deemed to be approved by the council and to be in conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document.
A copy of the program or by-law shall be filed in the office of the municipality.
The secretary-treasurer of the regional county municipality shall publish a notice of the filing in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 42; 1993, c. 3, s. 10; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 2.
43. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 43; 1987, c. 102, s. 11; 1993, c. 3, s. 11.
44. On the approval or deemed approval of the program or by-law of a municipality under section 36 or under section 42, the secretary-treasurer shall issue a certificate of conformity in respect of that program or by-law.
A plan, program or by-law contemplated in section 33, 34, 40, 42 or 102 comes into force on the date of issuance of a certificate of conformity in respect thereof, subject to the first paragraph of section 105.
Notice of its coming into force shall be published in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality and forwarded to the Minister of Natural Resources, Wildlife and Parks for the purposes of the cadastre. Where the coming into force results from the issuance of a certificate of conformity ending the interim control measures, the notice sent to the Minister of Natural Resources, Wildlife and Parks shall mention it.
Where the municipality has not made the amendment contemplated in section 34 since conformity was deemed to exist, the second paragraph does not apply and a notice indicating that a certificate of conformity was issued in respect of such program shall be published in accordance with the third paragraph, with the necessary modifications.
1979, c. 51, s. 44; 1982, c. 2, s. 58; 1987, c. 53, s. 1; 1987, c. 102, s. 12; 1993, c. 3, s. 12; 1994, c. 13, s. 15; 1996, c. 25, s. 8; 2003, c. 8, s. 6.
45. From the date of issuance of the certificate of conformity, the planning program, the zoning by-law, the subdivision by-law, the building by-law or the by-law contemplated in section 116 is deemed to be in conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document.
1979, c. 51, s. 45; 1982, c. 63, s. 72; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
46. From the date of issuance of the last certificate of conformity in respect of the planning program and the zoning, subdivision and building by-laws, and, as the case may be, the by-law contemplated in section 116 of a municipality, every by-law or resolution of the municipality concerning the execution of public works, other than rebuilding, corrective or repair works on immovables already in place, must, upon its approval, be sent to the regional county municipality, which may consider the advisability of the works in view of the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and of the complementary document.
1979, c. 51, s. 46; 1982, c. 63, s. 73; 1984, c. 27, s. 19; 1984, c. 38, s. 1; 1993, c. 3, s. 13; 1995, c. 34, s. 54; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
DIVISION VI
AMENDMENT TO THE PLAN
1993, c. 3, s. 14.
47. The council of the regional county municipality may amend the land use planning and development plan in accordance with the procedure prescribed in this division.
1979, c. 51, s. 47; 1990, c. 50, s. 1; 1993, c. 3, s. 15; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
48. The council of the regional county municipality shall initiate the process of amendment of the land use planning and development plan by the adoption of a draft by-law.
Where applicable, the council shall, by way of the same resolution, also adopt a document stating the nature of the amendments a municipality would be required to make to its planning program, zoning by-law, subdivision by-law or building by-law, to any of its by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV or to its by-law under section 116 if the land use planning and development plan is amended, or identifying any municipality which would be required, in such an event, to adopt a by-law under section 116.
1979, c. 51, s. 48; 1982, c. 63, s. 74; 1985, c. 27, s. 2; 1987, c. 102, s. 13; 1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 16; 1994, c. 32, s. 1; 1996, c. 25, s. 9; 1997, c. 93, s. 2; 2002, c. 37, s. 2; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
48.1. (Replaced).
1987, c. 23, s. 82; 1990, c. 50, s. 2.
49. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the draft by-law, the secretary-treasurer shall serve on the Minister a certified copy of the draft by-law, of the resolution by which the draft by-law was adopted and, where applicable, of the document described in the second paragraph of section 48. He shall, at the same time, transmit a certified copy to every municipality in the territory of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 49; 1987, c. 102, s. 14; 1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 17; 1995, c. 34, s. 55; 1996, c. 25, s. 10.
50. The council of the regional county municipality may, in the interval between the adoption of the draft by-law and the adoption of the by-law, apply to the Minister for his opinion on the proposed amendment.
The secretary-treasurer shall serve on the Minister a certified copy of the resolution setting out the request.
The Minister shall notify, in writing, the regional county municipality of the date on which he received the copy.
1979, c. 51, s. 50; 1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 18.
51. The Minister shall, within 60 days after receiving the resolution requesting him to do so, give his opinion on the proposed amendment taking into account the aims that the Government, its ministers, mandataries of the State and public bodies are pursuing or intend to pursue in the matter of land use and development in the territory of the regional county municipality, including the land use plan provided for in section 21 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T‐8.1), and taking into account the projects for public services, infrastructure and development they intend to implement in that territory.
Where the territory of the regional county municipality includes an agricultural zone established under the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P-41.1), the notice shall include the guidelines relating to the objectives mentioned in subparagraph 2.1 of the first paragraph of section 5. It shall also indicate the parameters to serve in the establishment of separation distances with a view to reducing the inconvenience caused by odours resulting from certain agricultural activities.
If the opinion of the Minister raises objections to the proposed amendment, it must include reasons.
The Minister shall serve the opinion on the regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 51; 1987, c. 57, s. 663; 1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 19; 1995, c. 34, s. 56; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2001, c. 35, s. 21.
52. The council of every municipality in the territory of the regional county municipality may give its opinion on the documents referred to in section 49 within 45 days after their transmission. The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit to the regional county municipality, within the same time, a certified copy of the resolution setting out the opinion of the council.
However, the council of the regional county municipality may, by unanimous resolution, change the period of time prescribed in the first paragraph; the period of time fixed by the council shall in no case be shorter than 20 days. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution, the secretary- treasurer shall transmit a certified copy thereof to every municipality contemplated in the first paragraph.
1979, c. 51, s. 52; 1990, c. 50, s. 2.
53. The regional county municipality shall hold a public meeting in every municipality whose representative on the council so requests during the sitting at which the draft by-law to amend the development plan is adopted.
It shall also hold such a meeting in any other municipality within its territory whose council so requests within 20 days after transmission of the documents referred to in section 49. The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit to the regional county municipality, within the same time, a certified copy of the resolution stating the request.
In every case, the regional county municipality shall hold at least one public meeting in its territory.
For the purposes of the first two paragraphs, where the sittings of the council of a municipality are held in the territory of another municipality, the territory is deemed to be that of the former and to be situated within the territory of the regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 53; 1982, c. 2, s. 59; 1987, c. 57, s. 664; 1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 21; 1996, c. 25, s. 11.
53.1. The regional county municipality shall hold its public meetings through the intermediary of a committee established by the council, composed of council members designated by the council and presided by the warden or by another committee member designated by the warden.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 22; 2003, c. 19, s. 3.
53.2. The council of the regional county municipality shall identify any municipality in whose territory a public meeting must be held.
The council shall determine the date, time and place of every meeting; it may delegate all or part of such power to the secretary-treasurer.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 22.
53.3. Not later than 15 days before the day a public meeting is held, the secretary-treasurer shall see to it that a notice of the date, time, place and object of the meeting is posted in the office of every municipality in the territory of the regional county municipality and shall publish the notice in a newspaper circulated in that territory.
The notice of the meeting or the first of several meetings, as the case may be, shall include an abstract of the documents referred to in section 48, describing the principal effects of the proposed amendment on the territory of each municipality contemplated in the second paragraph of the said section, and shall mention that copies of the documents may be examined at the office of every municipality in the territory of the regional county municipality.
The abstract may, however, if the council of the regional county municipality so elects, be sent by mail or otherwise delivered to every address in the territory of the regional county municipality, not later than 15 days before the day the meeting or the first meeting is held, as the case may be, rather than be included in the notice referred to in the second paragraph. In that case, the abstract must be accompanied with a notice of the date, time, place and object of every scheduled meeting and of the fact that copies of the summarized documents may be examined at the office of every municipality in the territory of the regional county municipality.
When notice of a subsequent meeting is given separately from notice of the first meeting, it shall mention, in addition to what is prescribed in the first paragraph, that copies of the documents mentioned in section 48 and of the summary of those documents may be examined at the office of every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 23.
53.4. At a public meeting, the committee shall explain the proposed amendment and its effects, if any, on municipal plans and by-laws.
The committee shall hear the persons and bodies wishing to be heard.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 24.
53.5. After the consultation period concerning the draft by-law, the council of the regional county municipality shall adopt a by-law to amend the development plan, with or without changes.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the consultation period runs until the end of the last of the following days:
(1)  if the opinion of the Minister is requested, the day the opinion is served or, failing that, the last day of the period prescribed in section 51;
(2)  the day the last resolution transmitted by a municipality pursuant to section 52 is received or, failing such a transmission by a municipality, the last day of the period applicable to it under that section;
(3)  the day the public meeting is held or, if several are held, the day the last one is held, or the last day of the period prescribed in the second paragraph of section 53.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 25; 1997, c. 93, s. 3.
53.6. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the by-law amending the development plan, the secretary-treasurer shall serve on the Minister a certified copy of the by-law and of the resolution by which it was adopted. He shall, at the same time, transmit a certified copy to every municipality in the territory of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
The Minister shall notify, in writing, the regional county municipality of the date on which he received the copy.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 26; 1995, c. 34, s. 57.
53.7. Within 60 days of receiving the copy of the by-law amending the development plan, the Minister shall give his opinion on the amendment, taking into account the aims that the Government, its ministers, mandataries of the State and public bodies are pursuing or intend to pursue in respect of land use development in the territory of the regional county municipality, including the land use plan provided for in section 21 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T‐8.1), as well as the equipment, infrastructure and land use development projects which they intend to carry out in the territory.
Where the territory of the regional county municipality includes an agricultural zone established under the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P-41.1), the notice shall include the guidelines relating to the objectives mentioned in subparagraph 2.1 of the first paragraph of section 5. It shall also indicate the parameters to serve in the establishment of separation distances with a view to reducing the inconvenience caused by odours resulting from certain agricultural activities.
If the opinion of the Minister states that the proposed amendment is not consistent with such aims and projects, it must include reasons. In that case, the Minister may, in his opinion, require the regional county municipality to replace the by-law.
The Minister shall serve the opinion on the regional county municipality. In the case provided for in the third paragraph, he shall transmit a copy of the opinion to every municipality in the territory of the regional county municipality.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 27; 1995, c. 34, s. 58; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2001, c. 35, s. 22; 2002, c. 37, s. 3.
53.8. If the opinion of the Minister states that the proposed amendment is not consistent with the aims and projects referred to in section 53.7, the council of the regional county municipality may replace the by-law amending the plan with another by-law which is consistent with those aims and projects.
Sections 48 to 53.4 do not apply to a new by-law differing from the by-law it replaces for the sole purpose of taking into account the Minister’s opinion.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 28.
53.9. The by-law amending the development plan comes into force on the day the Minister serves a notice on the regional county municipality, declaring that the by-law is consistent with the aims and projects referred to in section 53.7 or, in the absence of a notice, at the expiry of the period prescribed in the said section.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 29.
53.10. After the coming into force of the by-law amending the development plan, the council of the regional county municipality shall, if applicable, adopt a document stating the nature of the amendments a municipality will be required to make to its planning program, zoning by-law, subdivision by-law or building by-law, to any of its by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV or to its by-law under section 116 in order to take account of the amended development plan, or identifying any municipality which will be required to adopt a by-law under section 116.
The council may adopt the document described in the first paragraph by way of a reference to the document adopted pursuant to the second paragraph of section 48.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 30; 1994, c. 32, s. 2; 2002, c. 37, s. 4.
53.11. As soon as practicable after the coming into force of the by-law amending the development plan, the secretary-treasurer shall publish a notice of the date of coming into force in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the regional county municipality. He shall, at the same time, transmit a certified copy of the by-law and, if applicable, of the document adopted pursuant to section 53.10 to every municipality in the territory of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1995, c. 34, s. 59; 2003, c. 19, s. 4.
53.12. Where the Government has approved an amendment to the land use plan for the lands in the domain of the State situated in the territory of a regional county municipality pursuant to section 25 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T‐8.1), the Minister may, if he is of the opinion that the development plan in force is not consistent with the amended land use plan, request that the development plan be amended.
The Minister shall in that case serve a notice on the regional county municipality, stating what amendments must be made to the development plan to make it consistent with the land use plan, as well as the reasons therefor.
Within 90 days after service of the Minister’s notice, the council of the regional county municipality shall adopt a by‐law amending the development plan so as to abide by the notice. Sections 48 to 53.4 do not apply in respect of the by‐law if it amends the plan only to the extent necessary to take account of the notice. For the purposes of sections 53.7 to 53.9, the Minister shall give his opinion as to whether the proposed amendment is consistent with the land use plan.
If the council fails to adopt a by‐law for the purpose of making the development plan consistent with the land use plan, the Government, by order, may adopt such a by‐law. The by‐law is deemed to have been adopted by the regional county municipality. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the order, the Minister shall transmit a copy of the order and of the by‐law to the regional county municipality. The by‐law comes into force on the date fixed in the order.
1990, c. 50, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 31; 1996, c. 25, s. 12; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2002, c. 37, s. 5.
53.13. The Minister of the Environment may, by way of a notice briefly stating reasons setting forth the nature and purpose of the amendments to be made, request that the development plan in force be amended if the Minister is of the opinion that the development plan is not consistent with the policy of the Government referred to in section 2.1 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2), does not respect the limits of a floodplain situated within the territory of the regional county municipality or, considering the distinctive features of the locality, fails to provide adequate protection for lakeshores, riverbanks, littoral zones and floodplains.
The third and fourth paragraphs of section 53.12 apply, with the necessary modifications, to a request made in accordance with the first paragraph.
2002, c. 37, s. 6.
53.14. The Minister may, by way of a notice, request that the development plan in force be amended for reasons of public safety. The notice must include reasons and state the nature and purpose of the amendments to be made.
The third and fourth paragraphs of section 53.12 apply, with the necessary modifications, to an application made under the first paragraph.
2004, c. 20, s. 3.
DIVISION VI.1
REVISION OF THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
54. The council of the regional county municipality shall revise its land use planning and development plan by following the procedure provided for in this division.
1979, c. 51, s. 54; 1993, c. 3, s. 32; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
55. The period of revision of the development plan begins on the date of the fifth anniversary of the coming into force of the first plan or the last revised plan, as the case may be.
However, the period of revision may begin before the date provided for in the first paragraph, where the council of the regional county municipality so decides.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution under which the council makes the decision provided for in the second paragraph, the secretary-treasurer shall serve a certified copy of the resolution on the Minister. At the same time, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit such a copy to every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 55; 1990, c. 50, s. 3; 1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 13.
56. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 56; 1990, c. 50, s. 4; 1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 14.
56.1. Within six months after the beginning of the period of revision, the council of the regional county municipality shall adopt a document stating the principal objects of the revision, the stages in the revision and the schedule established for each stage, as well as municipalities, other regional county municipalities, public bodies, ministers, State mandataries and other persons likely to be interested in the objects of the revision.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the document, the secretary-treasurer shall serve on the Minister a certified copy of the document and of the resolution under which the document was adopted. At the same time, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a copy to every municipality or school board whose territory is situated in whole or in part in that of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the document, the secretary-treasurer shall publish a summary of it in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the regional county municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 15; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2003, c. 19, s. 5.
56.2. The council of every municipality, school board or regional county municipality to which a copy of the document provided for in section 56.1 is transmitted may, within 120 days after the copy is transmitted, give its opinion on the document.
The clerk or the secretary-treasurer or, in the case of a school board, the director general, shall, within the time prescribed in the first paragraph, transmit to the regional county municipality which has adopted the document a copy of the resolution stating the council’s opinion.
For the purpose of this division, the council of a school board is the council of commissioners of the school board.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 2003, c. 19, s. 6.
56.3. Within two years after the beginning of the revision period, the council of the regional county municipality shall adopt a draft of the revised land use planning and development plan, designated as the “first draft”.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the draft plan, the secretary-treasurer shall serve on the Minister a certified copy of the draft plan and of the resolution under which the draft plan was adopted. At the same time, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a copy to every municipality or school board whose territory is situated in whole or in part in that of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
The Minister shall notify, in writing, the regional county municipality of the date on which he received the copy.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 16; 1997, c. 93, s. 4; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 7.
56.4. Within 120 days after receiving a copy of the first draft, the Minister shall serve on the regional county municipality a notice stating the aims that the Government, its ministers, mandataries of the State and public bodies are pursuing or intend to pursue in respect of land use development in the territory of the regional county municipality, including the land use plan provided for in section 21 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T‐8.1), as well as the equipment, infrastructure and land use development projects which they intend to carry out in the territory.
Where the territory of the regional county municipality includes an agricultural zone established under the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P‐41.1), the notice shall include the guidelines relating to the objectives mentioned in subparagraph 2.1 of the first paragraph of section 5. It shall also indicate the parameters to serve in the establishment of separation distances with a view to reducing the inconvenience caused by odours resulting from certain agricultural activities.
The notice may also mention any objections to the first draft regarding the stated aims and projects, and specify the reasons for the objections.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 17; 1996, c. 26, s. 66; 1999, c. 40, s. 18.
56.5. The council of any municipality, school board or regional county municipality to which a copy of the first draft has been transmitted may, within 120 days after the copy is transmitted, give its opinion on the draft plan.
The clerk or the secretary-treasurer or, in the case of a school board, the director general shall, within the time prescribed in the first paragraph, transmit to the regional county municipality which has adopted the draft plan a certified copy of the resolution stating the council’s opinion.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 2003, c. 19, s. 8.
56.6. After the period of consultation on the first draft, the council of the regional county municipality shall adopt, with or without changes, a revised land use planning and development plan for public consultation, designated as the “second draft”. However, where the Minister, in accordance with section 56.4, has served on the regional county municipality an opinion stating objections to the first draft, the second draft must contain all the changes necessary for removing the reasons for the objections.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the consultation period for the first draft lasts until the end of the later of the following days:
(1)  the day on which the notice prescribed in section 56.4 is served or, failing that, the last day of the period provided in that section;
(2)  the day on which the last resolution transmitted by municipalities, school boards or regional county municipalities in accordance with section 56.5 is received or, failing such transmission by any of them, the last day of the period applicable to it under that section.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the second draft, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the draft and of the resolution under which it is adopted to every municipality or school board whose territory is situated in whole or in part in that of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 18; 1997, c. 93, s. 5; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 9.
56.7. The council of any municipality, school board or regional county municipality to which a copy of the second draft is transmitted may, within 120 days of such transmission, give its opinion on the draft.
The clerk or the secretary-treasurer or, in the case of a school board, the director general shall transmit to the regional county municipality which has adopted the draft, within the time prescribed in the first paragraph, a certified copy of the resolution stating the council’s opinion.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 2003, c. 19, s. 10.
56.8. The regional county municipality shall hold a public meeting in every municipality whose representative on the council so requests during the sitting at which the second draft is adopted.
It shall also hold a public meeting in any other municipality within its territory whose council so requests within 20 days after a copy of the draft is transmitted. The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit to the regional county municipality, within the same time, a certified copy of the resolution stating the request.
For the purposes of the first two paragraphs, where the sittings of the council of a municipality are held in the territory of another municipality, that territory is deemed to be the territory of the former municipality and, if applicable, to be within the territory of the regional county municipality.
In every case, to comply with the fifth paragraph, the regional county municipality must hold at least one meeting in its territory.
The population of the municipality in whose territory the meeting is held or, as the case may be, the total population of the municipalities in whose territories the meetings are held, must make up at least two thirds of the population of the regional county municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
56.9. The regional county municipality shall hold its public meetings through the intermediary of a committee established by the council, composed of council members designated by the council and presided by the warden or by another committee member designated by the warden.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 2003, c. 19, s. 11.
56.10. The council of the regional county municipality shall identify every municipality in whose territory a public meeting must be held.
It shall determine the date, time and place of every meeting; it may delegate all or part of such power to the secretary-treasurer.
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
56.11. Not later than 30 days before the day the public meeting is held, the secretary-treasurer shall have posted in the office of every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality and publish in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the regional county municipality notice of the date, time and object of the meeting.
The notice of the meeting or of the first of several meetings, as the case may be, shall also include a summary of the second draft and mention that a copy of the draft may be examined at the office of every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality.
However, this summary may be transmitted, by mail or by other means, at the option of the regional county municipality, to every address in the territory of the latter, not later than 30 days before the day the meeting or the first of several meetings is held, as the case may be, instead of being included in the notice referred to in the second paragraph. If this is the case, a notice shall accompany the summary indicating the date, time, place and object of any scheduled meeting and mentioning that a copy of the second draft may be examined at the office of every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality.
When notice of a subsequent meeting is given separately from the notice of the first meeting, is shall mention, in addition to the information required by the first paragraph, that a copy of the second draft and of a summary thereof may be examined at the office of every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
56.12. At the public meeting, the committee shall explain the second draft and hear persons and bodies wishing to be heard.
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
56.13. After the period of consultation on the second draft, the council of the regional county municipality shall pass a by-law to adopt a revised development plan, with or without changes.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the period of consultation on the second draft lasts until the end of the later of the following days:
(1)  the day on which the last resolution transmitted by municipalities, school boards or regional county municipalities in accordance with section 56.7 is received or, failing such transmission by any of them, the last day of the period applicable to it under that section;
(2)  the day of the public consultation meeting on the draft or, as the case may be, the day of the last meeting.
As soon as practicable after passage of the by-law to adopt the revised plan, the secretary-treasurer shall serve on the Minister a certified copy of the plan, the by-law and the resolution under which the by-law was adopted. At the same time, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit such a copy to every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
The Minister shall notify, in writing, the regional county municipality of the date on which he received the copy.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 19; 1997, c. 93, s. 6; 2003, c. 19, s. 12.
56.14. Within 120 days after receiving a copy of the revised plan, the Minister shall give his opinion on the plan, taking into consideration the aims that the Government, its ministers, mandataries of the State and public bodies are pursuing or intend to pursue in respect of land use development in the territory of the regional county municipality, including the land use plan provided for in section 21 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T‐8.1), as well as the equipment, infrastructure and development projects which they intend to carry out in the territory.
Where the territory of the regional county municipality includes an agricultural zone established under the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P-41.1), the notice shall include the guidelines relating to the objectives mentioned in subparagraph 2.1 of the first paragraph of section 5. It shall also indicate the parameters to serve in the establishment of separation distances with a view to reducing the inconvenience caused by odours resulting from certain agricultural activities.
The opinion stating that the revised plan is not consistent with the said aims and projects must include reasons. In that case, the Minister shall, in the opinion, request that the regional county municipality replace the revised development plan.
The Minister shall serve the opinion on the regional county municipality. In the case provided for in the third paragraph, he shall transmit a copy of the opinion to every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 20; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2001, c. 35, s. 23; 2002, c. 37, s. 7.
56.15. If the opinion of the Minister states that the revised plan is not consistent with the aims and projects referred to in section 56.14, the council of the regional county municipality shall, within 120 days of service of the opinion, replace the revised plan with another which is consistent with those aims and projects.
A new revised plan which differs from the plan it replaces for the sole purpose of taking the opinion into account need not be preceded by the draft plans prescribed in sections 56.3 and 56.6. The third and fourth paragraphs of section 56.13 apply in respect thereof.
Where, in accordance with section 239, the Minister extends the period prescribed in the first paragraph of this section or grants a new period to the regional county municipality for replacing the revised plan, he may give a new opinion, in accordance with section 56.14, notwithstanding the expiry of the prescribed period. In such a case, the council shall replace the revised plan by a new one, which takes the new opinion into account, before the end of the later of the following days:
(1)  the one hundred and twentieth day after service of the new opinion;
(2)  the last day of the period established by causing the extension period or the new period granted by the Minister to begin on the date of service of the new opinion.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1997, c. 93, s. 7.
56.16. Where, on the expiry of the period applicable under section 56.15, the council of the regional county municipality has not passed a by-law for the adoption of a new revised plan, the Government may, by order, amend the revised plan which was the subject of the opinion provided for in section 56.14 so that the plan is consistent with the aims and projects referred to in that section.
Where, before the expiry of the said period, the council has passed a by-law for the adoption of a new revised plan which is not consistent with the said aims and projects, the Minister may either make the request provided for in the third paragraph of section 56.14 or recommend that the Government exercise the power provided for in the first paragraph of this section.
The plan, as amended by the Government, is considered to be a revised development plan adopted in its entirety by a by-law of the council of the regional county municipality.
As soon as practicable after the making of the order, the Minister shall serve a copy thereof on the regional county municipality. For the purposes of the delivery of certified copies of the revised plan, the copy of the order shall stand in lieu of the original.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 2002, c. 37, s. 8.
56.17. The revised plan comes into force on the day of service on the regional county municipality of the Minister’s opinion stating that the plan is consistent with the aims and projects referred to in section 56.14 or, failing any opinion of the Minister on the plan, on the expiry of the period provided for in that section.
However, a revised development plan which has been amended by the Government comes into force on the date indicated in the order made under section 56.16.
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
56.18. As soon as practicable after the coming into force of the revised plan, the secretary-treasurer shall publish a notice of the date of coming into force of the plan in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the regional county municipality.
He shall transmit, at the same time, a certified copy of the plan and of the notice to every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 2003, c. 19, s. 13.
57. Within 90 days after the coming into force of the revised plan, the secretary-treasurer shall publish a summary mentioning the date of coming into force of the plan in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the regional county municipality.
However, the summary may be transmitted within the same period, by mail or by other means, to every address in the territory of the regional county municipality instead of being published in a newspaper.
1979, c. 51, s. 57; 1982, c. 63, s. 75; 1987, c. 57, s. 665; 1993, c. 3, s. 32.
57.1. (Repealed).
2002, c. 37, s. 9; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 14.
DIVISION VI.2
EFFECTS OF AMENDMENTS TO OR REVISION OF THE DEVELOPMENT PLAN
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
§ 1.  — Effect of amendment
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
58. The council of every municipality mentioned in the document adopted under section 53.10 shall, within six months after the coming into force of the by-law amending the plan, adopt any concordance by-law.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the term concordance by-law means any by-law among the following that is needed to take account of amendments made to the plan:
(1)  every by-law amending the planning program of a municipality, its zoning by-law, subdivision by-law or building by-law or any of its by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV;
(2)  the by-law adopted by the council of a municipality under section 116 or any by-law amending it.
1979, c. 51, s. 58; 1987, c. 102, s. 15; 1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1994, c. 32, s. 3; 2002, c. 37, s. 10.
§ 2.  — Effects of revision
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
A.  — Obligations relating to conformity with the objectives of the revised plan and with the provisions of the complementary document
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
59. The council of each municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality shall, within two years after the coming into force of the revised plan, adopt concordance by-laws.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the term concordance by-law means any by-law referred to in subparagraph 1 or 2 of the second paragraph of section 58 which is needed to take account of the revision of the plan.
1979, c. 51, s. 59; 1982, c. 63, s. 76; 1993, c. 3, s. 32.
59.1. After the coming into force of the revised plan, the council of each municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality may indicate that one or more of the following municipal programs or by-laws need not be amended for the purpose of taking the revision of the plan into account:
(1)  its planning program;
(2)  its zoning, subdivision and building by-laws;
(3)  its by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV;
(4)   its by-law under section 116.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution by which the council indicates that its program or by-laws need not be amended, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit a certified copy of the resolution to the regional county municipality and, in accordance with the Act governing the municipality in that matter, give public notice of its adoption.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1994, c. 32, s. 4; 1996, c. 25, s. 21; 2002, c. 37, s. 11.
59.2. Within 120 days after the copy of the resolution referred to in the second paragraph of section 59.1 is transmitted, the council of the regional county municipality shall approve the resolution, if the planning program or the by-law which is the subject of the resolution is in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document or, if not, it shall withhold approval thereof.
The resolution by which the council of the regional county municipality withholds approval of the municipality’s resolution must include reasons.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution by the council of the regional county municipality, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy thereof to the municipality.
For the purposes of section 59, the program or the by-law which is the subject of the approved resolution need not be amended to take into account the revision of the development plan. It is deemed to be in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 22.
59.3. Where the council of the regional county municipality withholds approval of the resolution referred to in the second paragraph of section 59.1 or fails to give its opinion within the period prescribed in section 59.2, the council of the municipality may apply to the Commission for an assessment of the conformity of the program or of the by-law which is the subject of the resolution with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall serve on the Commission a certified copy of the resolution requesting the assessment, accompanied with the program or by-law concerned. He shall serve a certified copy of the resolution on the regional county municipality.
The copy served on the Commission must be received by it within 15 days after a copy of the resolution in which the council of the regional county municipality withholds approval of the resolution referred to in the second paragraph of section 59.1 is transmitted or, as the case may be, after the expiry of the period prescribed in section 59.2.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 23.
59.4. The Commission shall give its assessment within 60 days of receiving a copy of the resolution requesting the assessment.
Any assessment stating that the program or the by-law is not in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document may include the suggestions of the Commission on ways to ensure conformity.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit a copy of the assessment to the municipality and the regional county municipality.
For the purposes of section 59, where the assessment states that the planning program or the by-law is in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document, the program or by-law need not be amended to take into account the revision of the plan. It is deemed to be in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document.
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
B.  — Obligations relating to conformity with the planning program
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
59.5. The council of each municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality shall, within two years of the coming into force of the revised plan, adopt any by-law amending the planning program or any concordance by-law necessary for the purpose of ensuring conformity with the program of any by-law which is not deemed to be in conformity pursuant to section 59.9. Such a concordance by-law must be in conformity with the planning program.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the term concordance by-law means any by-law among the following that is needed to ensure the conformity referred to in that paragraph:
(1)  any by-law which amends the zoning by-law, subdivision by-law or building by-law of a municipality or any of its by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV;
(2)  the by-law adopted by the council of a municipality under section 116 or any by-law which amends it.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1994, c. 32, s. 5; 2002, c. 37, s. 12.
59.6. After the coming into force of the revised plan, the council of each municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality may indicate that one or other of the following by-laws of the municipality is in conformity with the planning program of the municipality:
(1)  its zoning, subdivision and building by-laws;
(2)  its by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV;
(3)  its by-law under section 116.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution in which the council indicates that a by-law is in conformity with the planning program, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall, in accordance with the Act governing the municipality in that matter, give public notice of the adoption of the resolution, explaining the rules prescribed in the first two paragraphs of section 59.7 and in the first paragraph of section 59.8.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1994, c. 32, s. 6; 1996, c. 25, s. 24; 2002, c. 37, s. 13.
59.7. Any qualified voter in the territory of the municipality may apply, in writing, to the Commission for an assessment of the conformity of the by-law which is the subject of the resolution referred to in the second paragraph of section 59.6 with the planning program.
The application must be transmitted to the Commission within 45 days after publication of the notice provided for in that paragraph.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit to the municipality a copy of every application transmitted within the prescribed period, and may receive free of charge from the municipality a certified copy of the program and by-law concerned.
1993, c. 3, s. 32; 1996, c. 25, s. 25.
59.8. Where the Commission receives applications from at least five qualified voters in the territory of the municipality, filed in accordance with section 59.7 in respect of the same by-law, the Commission shall, within 60 days after the expiry of the period prescribed in that section, give its assessment of the conformity of such a by-law with the planning program.
Any assessment stating that the by-law is not in conformity with the planning program may include the suggestions of the Commission on ways to ensure conformity.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit a copy of the assessment to the municipality and to every applicant.
The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall post in the office of the municipality a copy of the assessment received.
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
59.9. Where the Commission does not receive applications from at least five qualified voters in the territory of the municipality, filed in accordance with section 59.7 in respect of the same by-law, the by-law is deemed to be in conformity with the planning program from the expiry of the period prescribed in that section.
A by-law is also deemed to be in conformity with the planning program from the date on which the Commission gives, in accordance with section 59.8, an assessment confirming such conformity.
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
§ 3.  — Effects common to amendment and revision
1993, c. 3, s. 32.
60. Sections 32 and 46, from the coming into force of a by-law amending the plan or of a revised plan, refer to the plan as it exists after the amendment or revision.
1979, c. 51, s. 60; 1982, c. 63, s. 77; 1990, c. 50, s. 5; 1993, c. 3, s. 32.
DIVISION VII
INTERIM CONTROL
1996, c. 25, s. 26.
§ 1.  — Application
1996, c. 25, s. 26.
61. Subdivisions 2 to 4 shall apply to every regional county municipality that has initiated the process of amendment of its land use planning and development plan or is in the process of revising it.
1979, c. 51, s. 61; 1982, c. 63, s. 78; 1983, c. 19, s. 2; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
§ 2.  — Interim control resolution
1996, c. 25, s. 26.
62. The council of the regional county municipality may prohibit new uses of the land, new structures, applications for cadastral operations or the parcelling out of lots by alienation.
However, no such prohibition may apply to
(1)  new uses of the land, structures, applications for cadastral operations or the parcelling out of lots by alienation
(a)  for agricultural purposes on land under cultivation;
(b)  for the purposes of the installation, by a municipality, of water or sewer services in an existing public street in execution of an order made under the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q‐2);
(c)  for the purposes of the installation of electricity, gas, telecommunication or cable distribution networks;
(d)  for the purposes of a forest management activity or of a wildlife management activity on lands in the domain of the State;
(2)  applications for cadastral operations required by a declaration of co‐ownership made under article 1038 of the Civil Code or by the alienation of part of a building requiring the partitioning of the land on which it is situated.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the council may provide that new uses of the land, new structures, applications for cadastral operations and the parcelling out of lots by alienation constitute classes of activities, establish subclasses or divide the territory of the regional county municipality. In such a case, the council may impose prohibitions that apply to one, several or all of the classes, subclasses or parts of territory or that vary according to class, subclass or part of territory or to any combination comprised of a class or subclass and a part of territory.
As soon as practicable after the passage of the resolution by which the council makes the decision under the first paragraph or changes or repeals it, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy thereof to the Minister and to every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality, and shall publish notice of the date of passage of the resolution in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 62; 1982, c. 63, s. 79; 1993, c. 3, s. 33; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 1997, c. 93, s. 8; 1999, c. 40, s. 18.
63. The council of the regional county municipality may, by the same resolution, provide that a prohibition under section 62 may be lifted on issuance of a permit, and set out the terms and conditions for the issuance thereof which may vary according to the classes, subclasses, parts of territory or combinations established under the third paragraph of the said section.
It may designate for that purpose an officer of every municipality in whose territory the prohibition that may be lifted applies; such designation shall be valid only if the council of the municipality consents thereto.
1979, c. 51, s. 63; 1982, c. 63, s. 80; 1996, c. 2, s. 68; 1996, c. 25, s. 26.
§ 3.  — Interim control by-law
1996, c. 25, s. 26.
64. The council of the regional county municipality may, by by-law, exercise its powers under section 62 or under the first paragraph of section 63.
It may also, by the same by-law, prescribe special rules in the matters of zoning, subdivision or building and of issuance of permits and certificates. For that purpose, the third paragraph of section 62 and sections 113, 115, 116 and 118 to 122 apply, with the necessary modifications.
Notwithstanding subparagraph a of subparagraph 1 of the second paragraph of section 62, the council may avail itself, as regards an agricultural zone established under the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P-41.1), of any of the powers provided for in subparagraphs 3, 4, 4.1 and 5 of the second paragraph of section 113. In such a case, as soon as a notice of motion is given prior to the adoption of the by-law, the secretary-treasurer shall send the Minister, by recommended or certified mail, a copy of the notice, of the minutes in which it is mentioned or, where applicable, of the notice referred to in the fourth paragraph of article 445 of the Municipal Code of Québec (chapter C-27.1).
The council may make the designation provided for in the second paragraph of section 63. The officer designated shall be charged with issuing any permit required for the lifting of a prohibition and any permit or certificate required pursuant to the by-law under the second paragraph of this section.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the by-law, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the by-law and of the resolution by which it was adopted to the Minister and to every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality.
The Minister shall give notice in writing to the regional county municipality of the date on which he received the copy.
1979, c. 51, s. 64; 1982, c. 2, s. 60; 1982, c. 63, s. 81; 1993, c. 3, s. 34; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 1997, c. 93, s. 9; 2001, c. 35, s. 24; 2002, c. 37, s. 14; 2004, c. 20, s. 4.
65. Within 60 days after receiving a copy of the by-law, the Minister shall give his opinion on the by-law as regards the aims that the Government, its ministers or mandataries of the State, and public bodies are pursuing or intend to pursue in respect of land use development in the territory of the regional county municipality, including the land use plan provided for in section 21 of the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T‐8.1), as well as the equipment, infrastructure and development projects they intend to carry out in the territory.
An opinion stating that the by-law is not consistent with such aims and projects must include reasons. In that case, the Minister may, in the opinion, request that the regional county municipality replace the by-law; he may also fix a time limit for the adoption of a replacement by-law.
In the case of an interim control by-law concerning an agricultural zone established under the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P-41.1), the notice shall take into account the guidelines relating to the objectives set out in subparagraph 2.1 of the first paragraph of section 5. If the by-law provides for standards aimed at reducing the inconvenience caused by odours resulting from agricultural activities, the notice shall also indicate the parameters to serve in the establishment of separation distances with a view to reducing the inconvenience.
The Minister shall serve the opinion on the regional county municipality. In the case provided for in the second paragraph, he shall transmit a copy of the opinion to every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 65; 1982, c. 2, s. 61; 1982, c. 63, s. 82; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2001, c. 35, s. 25.
66. The by-law comes into force on the day an opinion attesting that it is consistent with the aims and projects referred to in section 65 is served on the regional county municipality by the Minister, or, failing such notice, on the expiry of the period prescribed in the first paragraph of that section.
As soon as practicable after the coming into force of the by-law, the secretary-treasurer shall publish notice of the date of coming into force of the by-law in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the regional county municipality.
The secretary-treasurer shall, at the same time, transmit a certified copy of the by-law and notice to every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality and to every contiguous regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 66; 1996, c. 2, s. 43; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 2003, c. 19, s. 15.
67. Sections 64 to 66 apply in respect of a by-law concerning the amendment of the interim control by-law.
The fifth paragraph of section 64 and the second and third paragraphs of section 66 apply in respect of a by-law concerning the repeal of the interim control by-law.
1979, c. 51, s. 67; 1982, c. 2, s. 62; 1996, c. 2, s. 44; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 1998, c. 31, s. 2; 2002, c. 37, s. 15.
§ 4.  — Effects of the interim control
1996, c. 25, s. 26.
68. No building permit, subdivision permit, certificate of authorization or certificate of occupancy may be issued pursuant to a by-law of a municipality in respect of an activity that is prohibited or that is authorized, under any of sections 62 to 64, upon issuance of a permit or a certificate, unless in the latter case the activity was so authorized.
The provisions of an interim control by-law, adopted under the third paragraph of section 64, render inoperative any inconsistent provision of a by-law of a municipality adopted under any of subparagraphs 3, 4 and 5 of the second paragraph of section 113.
In addition, where a notice of motion has been given in relation to an interim control by-law referred to in the second paragraph, no construction plan may be approved and no permit or certificate may be issued or granted for the carrying out of work or the use of an immovable which, if the by-law that is the subject of the notice of motion comes into force, will be prohibited in the agricultural zone concerned.
The third paragraph ceases to apply at the expiry of the period that begins on the day of the filing of the notice of motion and that ends four months later. The third paragraph ceases, however, to apply before the expiry of that period on the day on which a notice of motion relating to a replacement by-law is filed or, failing that, on the day on which the time limit fixed by the Minister pursuant to the second paragraph of section 65 expires.
1979, c. 51, s. 68; 1982, c. 2, s. 63; 1993, c. 3, s. 35; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 2001, c. 35, s. 26; 2002, c. 37, s. 16; 2002, c. 77, s. 3; 2004, c. 20, s. 5.
69. The regional county municipality may examine the advisability, having regard to the interim control measures, of works provided for by any resolution or any by-law, referred to in section 46, of a municipality in whose territory the measures apply.
1979, c. 51, s. 69; 1982, c. 2, s. 64; 1996, c. 2, s. 68; 1996, c. 25, s. 26.
70. A resolution passed under section 62 shall cease to have effect, if not repealed previously, from
(1)  where the council adopts under section 64, during the period of 90 days after the passage of the resolution, a by-law connected with the same process of amendment or revision of the land use planning and development plan, at the earliest of
(a)  the date of coming into force of that by-law or of a by-law replacing it; and
(b)  the one hundred and eightieth day following the passage of the resolution or, if a time limit was fixed by the Minister under the second paragraph of section 65, the date of expiry of that time limit;
(2)  in the opposite case, the expiry of the period of 90 days following the passage of the resolution.
Any resolution that replaces any other resolution shall cease to have effect from the same day as the resolution replaced would have ceased to have effect.
1979, c. 51, s. 70; 1996, c. 2, s. 68; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
71. Any by-law adopted under section 64 and connected with the process of amendment of the land use planning and development plan shall cease to have effect in the territory of a municipality, if not repealed previously, from the date of coming into force of the last concordance by-law that the council of the municipality concerned must adopt under section 58 to take account of the amendment of the plan.
1979, c. 51, s. 71; 1993, c. 3, s. 36; 1996, c. 2, s. 68; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
71.1. (Replaced).
1982, c. 2, s. 65; 1996, c. 2, s. 45; 1996, c. 25, s. 26.
71.2. (Replaced).
1982, c. 2, s. 65; 1993, c. 3, s. 37; 1996, c. 25, s. 26.
72. Any by-law adopted under section 64 and connected with the process of revision of the land use planning and development plan shall cease to have effect in the territory of a municipality, if not repealed previously,
(1)  from the date of coming into force of the last concordance by-law that the council of the municipality concerned must adopt under section 59 to take account of the revision of the plan; or
(2)  from the date on which all of the by-laws of the municipality concerned, from among those referred to in section 59.1, that are not required to be amended by a concordance by-law to take account of revisions to the plan, have been determined under the fourth paragraph of section 59.2 or 59.4, if that day is later than the day referred to in paragraph 1 or if no by-law of the municipality concerned, from among the by-laws referred to in section 59.1, has to be so amended.
1979, c. 51, s. 72; 1982, c. 63, s. 83; 1983, c. 19, s. 3; 1996, c. 25, s. 26; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
73. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 73; 1982, c. 2, s. 66; 1993, c. 3, s. 38; 1996, c. 25, s. 26.
74. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 74; 1982, c. 63, s. 84; 1984, c. 27, s. 20; 1984, c. 38, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 39; 1995, c. 34, s. 60; 1996, c. 25, s. 26.
75. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 75; 1982, c. 63, s. 85; 1990, c. 50, s. 6; 1993, c. 3, s. 40; 1995, c. 34, s. 61; 1996, c. 25, s. 26.
CHAPTER I.1
JOINT LAND USE PLANNING COMMISSIONS
2001, c. 25, s. 1.
75.1. The Government may, by order, establish joint land use planning commissions having jurisdiction in the combined territory of two regional county municipalities.
The order shall determine the number of members of the commission, which shall not be less than four nor more than eight. It shall also fix the date before which the commission must produce the document referred to in section 75.8 and the date before which the commission must submit the report required under section 75.12 to the Government.
For the purposes of this chapter, regional county municipality means any municipality responsible for the maintenance, in its territory, of a land use planning and development plan, and warden means the mayor in the case of a local municipality similarly responsible.
2001, c. 25, s. 1; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
75.2. A joint land use planning commission is composed of an equal number of members of the council of each regional county municipality in whose territory the commission has jurisdiction.
The warden of each of the regional county municipalities is a member by virtue of office.
The additional members shall be appointed by the council of each of the regional county municipalities from among its members.
2001, c. 25, s. 1.
75.3. The wardens of each regional county municipality respectively, alternating, shall act as chair and vice-chair of the commission for a period of two years. The order referred to in section 75.1 shall designate from among them the chair and vice-chair for the two-year period beginning on the date on which the commission is established.
2001, c. 25, s. 1.
75.4. The chair shall call and preside at sittings of the commission and ensure that they are properly conducted.
The vice-chair shall replace the chair where the chair is unable to act or where the office of chair is vacant. The vice-chair may also, at the chair’s request, preside at any sitting of the commission.
2001, c. 25, s. 1.
75.5. A commission may adopt internal management by-laws relating to its sittings and the conduct of its affairs.
2001, c. 25, s. 1.
75.6. The quorum of a commission is a majority of its members. Every member present has one vote.
Every notice, report, recommendation or document of a commission shall be adopted by a simple majority.
2001, c. 25, s. 1.
75.7. The council of each regional county municipality in whose territory a commission has jurisdiction may assign to the commission any persons whose services it may require to carry out its mandate.
2001, c. 25, s. 1.
75.8. The commission must adopt, before the date fixed in the order under section 75.1, a document determining the policy orientations and main avenues of intervention to guide the regional county municipalities in whose territory the commission has jurisdiction in land use planning and development.
The chair shall transmit a copy of the document referred to in the first paragraph, as soon as possible after it is adopted, to the Minister of Municipal Affairs, Sports and Recreation and to each regional county municipality in whose territory the commission has jurisdiction.
2001, c. 25, s. 1; 2003, c. 19, s. 250.
75.9. The function of a commission is to examine, on its own initiative or at the request of the council of one of the regional county municipalities in whose territory the commission has jurisdiction, any matter relating to land use planning and development throughout the combined territory.
A further function of a commission is to give its opinion, having regard to the document referred to in section 75.8 if available, to the regional county municipalities and to make recommendations to ensure that their land use planning and development plans reflect an overall vision that is shared and that is in harmony with land use planning and development in the territories in which the land use planning and development plans apply.
2001, c. 25, s. 1; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
75.10. For the purposes of the application of the process of amendment or revision of the land use planning and development plan to the regional county municipalities in whose territory a commission has jurisdiction, each time the Act prescribes the transmission of a copy of a document by the secretary-treasurer, the secretary-treasurer shall also transmit a copy of the document to the commission so that it may give its opinion, make recommendations or produce a report in respect thereof.
2001, c. 25, s. 1; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
75.11. The Minister of Municipal Affairs, Sports and Recreation shall, before giving an opinion pursuant to any of sections 51, 53, 53.7, 56.4, 56.14 and 65 to a regional county municipality in whose territory a commission has jurisdiction, consult with the other regional county municipality in whose territory the commission also has jurisdiction.
The Minister shall also, before giving such an opinion, consult the commission.
In addition to reasons relating to the government aims or guidelines referred to in those sections, an objection or disapproval expressed by the Minister under any of those sections may be based on the opinion of the regional county municipality or on the opinion of the commission.
2001, c. 25, s. 1; 2003, c. 19, s. 250.
75.12. Every commission shall, before the date fixed in the order referred to in section 75.1, report to the Government on the exercise of its jurisdiction.
The report shall be tabled in the National Assembly by the Minister within 15 days if the Assembly is sitting or, if it is not sitting, within 15 days of resumption.
2001, c. 25, s. 1.
CHAPTER II
PLANNING BY-LAWS IN UNORGANIZED TERRITORIES
1988, c. 19, s. 217.
76. Within 24 months of the coming into force of the land use planning and development plan, the council of the regional county municipality shall adopt, in respect of its unorganized territory, a zoning by-law, a subdivision by-law, a building by-law and, if required by the plan’s complementary document, a by-law contemplated in section 116 in accordance with Chapter IV.
The council of the regional county municipality may adopt different by-laws in respect of such parts of its unorganized territory as it determines.
The by-laws must be in conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document.
1979, c. 51, s. 76; 1982, c. 63, s. 86; 1988, c. 19, s. 218; 1996, c. 2, s. 46; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
77. If a zoning by-law, a subdivision by-law, a building by-law or a by-law contemplated in section 116 of a regional county municipality is in force in respect of its unorganized territory at the coming into force of the land use planning and development plan, the council of the regional county municipality shall, within 24 months, amend that by-law, where necessary, to bring it into conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document.
1979, c. 51, s. 77; 1982, c. 63, s. 87; 1988, c. 19, s. 219; 1993, c. 3, s. 41; 1996, c. 2, s. 47; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
78. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 78; 2003, c. 19, s. 16.
79. Three qualified voters of an unorganized territory may apply in writing to the Commission for an assessment of the conformity of a by-law provided for in sections 76 and 77 that is applicable to that territory, in accordance with sections 103 to 106, which apply, with the necessary adaptations.
1979, c. 51, s. 79; 1987, c. 57, s. 666; 1988, c. 19, s. 220; 1996, c. 25, s. 27.
CHAPTER II.1
OTHER BY-LAWS OF CERTAIN REGIONAL COUNTY MUNICIPALITIES
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
DIVISION I
PLANTING OR FELLING OF TREES
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.1. The council of a regional county municipality no part of whose territory is situated within the territory of a metropolitan community may, by by-law, regulate or restrict the planting or felling of trees on all or part of the territory of the regional county municipality to ensure protection of the forest cover and promote the sustainable development of private forests.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.2. The council of the regional county municipality shall adopt a draft of the by-law provided for in section 79.1.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.3. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the draft by-law, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit an authenticated copy thereof to each municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.4. The council of every municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law may give its opinion on the draft by-law within 45 days after its transmission. The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit to the regional county municipality, within the same time, an authenticated copy of the resolution setting out the opinion of the council.
However, the council of the regional county municipality may, by unanimous resolution, change the period of time prescribed in the first paragraph; the period of time fixed by the council shall in no case be shorter than 20 days. As soon as practicable after passage of the resolution, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit an authenticated copy thereof to every municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.5. The regional county municipality shall hold a public meeting in every municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law and whose representative on the council so requests during the sitting at which the draft by-law is adopted.
The regional county municipality shall also hold such a meeting in any other municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law and whose council so requests within 20 days after transmission of the draft by-law. The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit to the regional county municipality, within the same time, an authenticated copy of the resolution setting out the request.
In every case, the regional county municipality shall hold at least one public meeting in its territory.
For the purposes of the first two paragraphs, where the sittings of the council of a municipality are held in the territory of another municipality, the territory is deemed to be that of the former municipality and to be situated within the territory of the regional county municipality.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.6. The regional county municipality shall hold its public meetings through a committee established by the council, composed of council members designated by the council and presided by the warden or by another committee member designated by the warden.
2002, c. 68, s. 3; 2003, c. 19, s. 17.
79.7. The council of the regional county municipality shall identify any municipality in whose territory a public meeting must be held.
The council of the regional county municipality shall determine the date, time and place of every meeting; it may delegate all or part of such power to the secretary-treasurer.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.8. Not later than 15 days before the day a public meeting is to be held, the secretary-treasurer shall see to it that a notice of the date, time, place and object of the meeting is posted in the office of every municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law and shall publish the notice in a newspaper circulated in the territory of every such municipality.
The notice of the meeting or the first of several meetings, as the case may be, shall include an abstract of the draft by-law and shall mention that a copy of the draft may be examined at the office of every municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law.
The abstract may, however, if the council of the regional county municipality so elects, be sent by mail or otherwise delivered to every address in the territory concerned by the draft by-law, not later than 15 days before the day the meeting or the first of the meetings is to be held, as the case may be, rather than be included in the notice referred to in the second paragraph. In that case, the abstract must be accompanied with a notice of the date, time, place and object of every scheduled meeting and mention that a copy of the abstract of the draft by-law may be examined at the office of every municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law.
When notice of a subsequent meeting is given separately from notice of the first meeting, it shall mention, in addition to what is prescribed in the first paragraph, that a copy of the draft by-law and of the abstract of the draft by-law may be examined at the office of every municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.9. At a public meeting, the committee shall explain the draft by-law.
The committee shall hear the persons and bodies wishing to be heard.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.10. After the consultation period concerning the draft by-law, the council of the regional county municipality shall adopt the by-law, with or without changes.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the consultation period runs until the end of the last of the following days:
(1)  the day the last resolution transmitted by a municipality pursuant to section 79.4 is received or, failing such a transmission by a municipality, the last day of the period applicable to it under that section;
(2)   the day the public meeting is held or, if several are held, the day the last meeting is held, or the last day of the period prescribed in the second paragraph of section 79.5.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.11. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the by-law, the secretary-treasurer of the regional county municipality shall see to it that a notice of the adoption of the by-law, explaining the rules prescribed in the first two paragraphs of section 79.12 and in the first paragraph of section 79.13, is posted in the office of every municipality whose territory is concerned by the by-law, and shall publish the notice in a newspaper circulated in the territory of every such municipality.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.12. Any qualified voter in a municipality whose territory is concerned by the by-law may apply, in writing, to the Commission for an opinion on the conformity of the by-law with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
The application must be transmitted to the Commission within 30 days after publication of the notice provided for in section 79.11.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit to the regional county municipality a copy of every application transmitted within the prescribed period, and may receive free of charge from the municipality an authenticated copy of the development plan and the complementary document.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.13. Where the Commission receives applications from at least five qualified voters in a municipality whose territory is concerned by the by-law, filed in accordance with section 79.12 in respect of the by-law, the Commission shall, within 60 days after the expiry of the period prescribed in that section, give its opinion on the conformity of the by-law with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
An opinion stating that the by-law is not in conformity with the objectives of the plan and the provisions of the complementary document may include the suggestions of the Commission on ways to ensure conformity.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit a copy of the opinion to the regional county municipality and to the applicants.
The secretary-treasurer of the regional county municipality shall see to it that a copy of the opinion is posted in the office of every municipality whose territory is concerned by the by-law.
2002, c. 68, s. 3; 2003, c. 19, s. 18.
79.14. Where the Commission does not receive applications from at least five qualified voters in a municipality whose territory is concerned by the by-law, filed in accordance with section 79.12 in respect of the by-law, the by-law is deemed to be in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document from the expiry of the period prescribed in section 79.12.
The by-law is also deemed to be in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document from the date on which the Commission gives, in accordance with section 79.13, an opinion confirming such conformity.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.15. The council of the regional county municipality must adopt a new by-law to replace a by-law that is not deemed under section 79.14 to be in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document, so as to ensure such conformity.
Sections 79.2 to 79.10 do not apply in respect of a new by-law differing from the by-law it replaces for the sole purpose of ensuring that it is in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
The new by-law must be adopted before the expiry of a period of 90 days after the day on which the Commission gives its opinion on the conformity of the by-law with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.16. The by-law comes into force on the date as of which, under section 79.14, it is deemed to be in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the by-law, the secretary-treasurer of the regional county municipality shall see to it that a notice of the coming into force of the by-law is posted in the office of every municipality whose territory is concerned by the by-law, and shall publish the notice in a newspaper circulated in the territory of every such municipality.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.17. Upon the coming into force of the by-law, the council of a municipality whose territory is concerned by the by-law shall lose the right to include in its zoning by-law provisions regarding a matter referred to in subparagraph 12.1 of the second paragraph of section 113, and any such provision already in force shall immediately cease to have effect.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.18. Only the representatives of the municipalities whose territory is concerned by the by-law may participate in the deliberations and vote of the council of the regional county municipality as regards the exercise of the functions arising from the by-law. Only those municipalities shall contribute to the payment of expenses resulting from such exercise.
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.19. The council of the regional county municipality may, by by-law, prohibit any operation referred to in the by-law provided for in section 79.1 carried on without a certificate of authorization. In such a case, paragraphs 5, 6 and 7 of section 119 and section 120 apply, with the necessary modifications.
Only the representatives of the municipalities whose territory is concerned by the by-law provided for in section 79.1 may participate in the deliberations and vote of the council of the regional county municipality in relation to the by-law provided for in the first paragraph, both for its adoption and for the exercise of the functions arising from the by-law. Only those municipalities shall contribute to the payment of expenses resulting from such adoption or exercise.
2002, c. 68, s. 3; 2003, c. 19, s. 19.
79.19.1. When a notice of motion has been given in order to adopt or amend a by-law provided for in section 79.1, no permit or certificate may be granted by the regional county municipality for carrying out work that will be prohibited if the by-law that is the subject of the notice of motion is adopted.
When the notice of motion has been sent to the members of the council of the regional county municipality by registered or certified mail in accordance with the fourth paragraph of article 445 of the Municipal Code of Québec (chapter C-27.1), as of receipt of the notice, no permit or certificate may be granted by a local municipality for carrying out work that will be prohibited if the by-law that is the subject of the notice of motion is adopted, if an authenticated copy of the notice was also transmitted, in the same manner, to the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of each local municipality in whose territory such a prohibition is to apply.
The first two paragraphs cease to be applicable on the day that is two months after the filing of the notice of motion in accordance with the first paragraph or the mailings under the second paragraph if the by-law is not adopted on that date, or, in the opposite case, on the day that is four months after the adoption of the by-law if it is not in force on that date.
2004, c. 20, s. 6.
DIVISION II
TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT PLANS
2002, c. 68, s. 3.
79.20. The council of a regional county municipality no part of whose territory is situated within the territory of the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal may, by by-law, establish a plan relating to the development of the territory of the regional county municipality, which may, in particular, mention the obligations to which the municipalities are subject for the implementation of the plan.
The plan must take into account
(1)  the objectives of the development plan;
(2)  the local action plan developed under section 90 of the Act respecting the Ministère du Développement économique et régional et de la Recherche (chapter M-30.01) by the local development centre serving the territory of the regional county municipality;
(3)  the five-year development plan established under section 99 of the Act respecting the Ministère du Développement économique et régional et de la Recherche by the regional conference of elected officers for the administrative region in which the territory of the regional county municipality is situated;
(4)  any agreement entered into under section 98 of the Act respecting the Ministère du Développement économique et régional et de la Recherche by the regional conference of elected officers referred to in paragraph 3;
(5)  every agreement entered into by the regional committee established under Order in Council 1295-2002 dated 6 November 2002, in the administrative region in which the territory of the regional county municipality is situated.
Sections 79.2 to 79.10 apply in respect of the by-law provided for in the first paragraph, with the necessary modifications, particularly the modification whereby “municipality whose territory is concerned by the draft by-law” is replaced by “municipality whose territory is situated within the territory of the regional county municipality”.
2002, c. 68, s. 3; 2003, c. 29, s. 142.
80. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 80; 1987, c. 57, s. 667; 1993, c. 3, s. 42.
CHAPTER III
PLANNING PROGRAM OF A MUNICIPALITY
DIVISION I
POWERS OF THE MUNICIPALITY
81. A municipality may adopt a planning program.
A municipal council which undertakes to prepare a planning program must pass a resolution to that effect. The resolution must indicate the time within which the council intends to adopt its program.
On the passing of the resolution, a copy of it shall be sent to the council of the regional county municipality, together with a notice of the date of its passing.
1979, c. 51, s. 81; 1982, c. 2, s. 67; 1982, c. 63, s. 88; 1994, c. 13, s. 15; 1996, c. 25, s. 28.
82. Before the coming into force of a land use planning and development plan, the Minister may, by an order indicating the reasons on which it is based, require a municipality to adopt a planning program within such time as he may prescribe, and indicate, where that is the case, the components listed in sections 84 and 85 which must be included in the program.
On the issuance of the order, a copy of it shall be sent to the municipality, and to the council of the regional county municipality.
The order comes into force on the day of its issuance.
1979, c. 51, s. 82; 1994, c. 13, s. 15; 1996, c. 25, s. 29; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
DIVISION II
CONTENTS OF THE PLANNING PROGRAM
83. A planning program must include
(1)  the general aims of land development policy in the territory of the municipality;
(2)  the general policies on land uses and land occupation densities;
(3)  the planned layout and the type of the principal thoroughfares and transport systems.
1979, c. 51, s. 83; 1993, c. 3, s. 43.
84. A planning program may include
(1)  the zones to be renovated, restored or protected;
(2)  (paragraph repealed);
(3)  the nature, location and type of the public services and infrastructure intended for community use;
(4)  the estimated costs pertaining to the implementation of the components of the program;
(5)  the nature and intended layout of the main waterworks, sewer, electricity, gas, telecommunications and cable distribution systems, networks and terminals;
(6)  the delimitation within the municipal territory of development areas that may be the object of special planning programs;
(7)  the delimitation within the municipal territory of development areas that may be the object of comprehensive development programs in accordance with sections 145.9 to 145.14.
1979, c. 51, s. 84; 1987, c. 53, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 44.
85. A planning programme may also include a special planning programme for part of the territory of the municipality.
A special planning programme may include
(1)  the detailed land use and the land occupation density;
(2)  the intended layout and the type of the thoroughfares and of the public transport, electricity, gas, telecommunications and cable distribution networks;
(3)  the nature, layout and type of the public services and infrastructure intended for community use;
(4)  the catalogue of the intended works, their estimated costs and indication of the bodies concerned;
(5)  the proposed zoning, subdivision and building rules;
(6)  the sequence in which urban public services and waterworks and sewer systems and terminals are to be constructed;
(7)  the estimated duration of the works;
(8)  the special land redevelopment, restoration and demolition programmes.
A special planning program applicable to that part of the territory of the municipality designated as the centre or central sector of the city or town may also include a program of acquisition of immovables in view of alienating or leasing them for purposes contemplated in the special planning program.
1979, c. 51, s. 85; 1983, c. 57, s. 34.
85.1. A municipality may, until the adoption of its planning program or until a land use planning and development plan is in force in its territory, adopt, in respect of that part of its territory that it designates as the “centre” or the “central sector” of the city or town, a special planning program that does not form part of its planning program. Where a municipality adopts a planning program providing for more than one “centre” or “central sector” in its territory, it may provide different rules in respect of each of them.
Provisions of this Act relating to the planning program apply to the special planning program, with the necessary modifications, except sections 83, 84 and 98.
In addition to the components listed in section 85, the special planning program must include the general aims of land development policy in the territory of the municipality regarding that part of the territory to which it applies.
In the case of a municipality whose territory is comprised in that of a regional county municipality that has begun to prepare its first land use planning and development plan, the program comes into force on the date of its approval by the council of the regional county municipality. In other cases, it comes into force on the date of publication of the by-law under which it is adopted, in accordance with the Act governing the municipality, or on any later date indicated therein.
1983, c. 57, s. 35; 1985, c. 27, s. 3; 1996, c. 2, s. 48; 1996, c. 25, s. 30; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
86. The council of the regional county municipality, once the land use planning and development plan is in force, may, by resolution, require a municipality to include one or several components listed in sections 84 and 85 in its planning program.
As soon as practicable after passage of a resolution provided for in the first paragraph, the secretary-treasurer of the regional county municipality shall transmit a certified copy of it to the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 86; 1982, c. 2, s. 68; 1996, c. 25, s. 31; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
87. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 87; 1996, c. 27, s. 108.
DIVISION III
PREPARATION OF THE PLANNING PROGRAM
88. In preparing a planning program, the council of a municipality may, by resolution, adopt a preliminary proposal regarding the various components of the program.
The preliminary planning proposal shall be presented as a series of alternatives, with an indication of the estimated cost of each.
The resolution of the municipal council shall indicate the time within which the consultation is to be held and the date, time and place of the public meetings.
The consultation shall be held in accordance with the procedure prescribed in sections 89 to 93.
1979, c. 51, s. 88.
89. The preliminary proposal shall be submitted to the council of the regional county municipality for its opinion.
1979, c. 51, s. 89.
90. The municipality shall hold a public meeting concerning the preliminary proposal presided by the mayor or by another member of the council designated by the mayor.
The council shall fix the date, time and place of the meeting; it may delegate all or part of such power to the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 90; 1996, c. 25, s. 32; 1996, c. 77, s. 1.
91. The preliminary proposal shall be sent to the municipalities whose territories are adjacent, together with a notice of the date, time, place and objects of the public meeting.
1979, c. 51, s. 91; 1996, c. 25, s. 33.
92. Not later than fifteen clear days before the holding of the meeting, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality must publish a notice of the date, time, place and objects of the meeting in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality. The notice must also indicate that a copy of the preliminary proposal is available for inspection at the office of the municipality.
The notice must also be posted up at the office of the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 92.
93. At the public meeting, the person presiding the meeting must explain the preliminary proposal and hear every person and body wishing to be heard.
1979, c. 51, s. 93; 1996, c. 25, s. 35.
94. The municipality, in preparing the planning program, shall take into account, as the case may be, the preliminary proposal, the opinion of the council of the regional county municipality, the results of the consultation or any other relevant factor.
1979, c. 51, s. 94.
95. Before adopting the planning program, the council of the municipality shall hold a consultation on the various components of the program and the consequences of its adoption. This consultation is required even where the preliminary proposal had been submitted to consultation.
The council of the municipality may submit the draft zoning, subdivision and building by-laws it intends to adopt or the amendments it intends to make to these by-laws, in the cases provided for in section 102, to consultation.
It may, in addition, submit to the consultation any draft by-law concerning any matter referred to in Divisions VI to XI of Chapter IV.
The terms and conditions provided in sections 88 to 93 apply, with the necessary adaptations, to the consultation on the planning program.
1979, c. 51, s. 95; 1987, c. 102, s. 16; 1989, c. 46, s. 2; 1994, c. 32, s. 7; 2002, c. 37, s. 17.
96. Not less than fifteen clear days before the holding of the meeting, an abstract of the planning program shall, at the option of the municipal council, be
(1)  mailed or otherwise distributed to each civic address in the territory of the municipality, or
(2)  published in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality.
This abstract shall be accompanied with a notice of the date, time, place and objects of the public meeting and of the fact that a copy of the planning program is available for inspection at the office of the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 96.
DIVISION IV
ADOPTION OF THE PLANNING PROGRAM
97. The planning program is adopted by a by-law of the municipal council requiring the affirmative vote of the majority of the members of the council.
1979, c. 51, s. 97.
98. In the case of a municipality whose territory is comprised in that of a regional county municipality that has a land use planning and development plan in force or that has begun to prepare its first land use planning and development plan, the planning program comes into force on the date of the issuance of the certificate of conformity.
In any other case, the planning program comes into force on the date of the publication of the by-law contemplated in section 97 in conformity with the law governing the municipality, or on the later date provided therein.
1979, c. 51, s. 98; 1982, c. 63, s. 89; 1996, c. 2, s. 49; 1996, c. 25, s. 36; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
99. A copy of the planning program, together with a notice of the date of its coming into force, shall be sent to the municipalities whose territories are adjacent and to the council of the regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 99; 2003, c. 19, s. 20.
100. Within ninety days of the coming into force of the planning program, an abstract of the program, together with a notice of its coming into force, shall, at the option of the municipal council, be
(1)  mailed or otherwise distributed to each civic address in the territory of the municipality, or
(2)  published in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality.
The abstract shall be accompanied with a notice indicating that a copy of the planning program is available for inspection at the office of the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 100.
DIVISION V
EFFECTS OF THE COMING INTO FORCE OF THE PLANNING PROGRAM
101. The coming into force of the planning program does not create any obligation in respect of the calendar or the terms and conditions of implementation of the public services and infrastructure provided for therein.
1979, c. 51, s. 101.
102. The council of a municipality shall, within 90 days following the coming into force of the planning program or the issuance of the certificate of conformity in the case contemplated in the fourth paragraph of section 44, adopt for its whole territory a zoning by-law, a subdivision by-law, a building by-law and, where the complementary document so requires, the by-law contemplated in section 116, and send a copy of them to the council of the regional county municipality, if applicable. The by-laws must be in conformity with the planning program and, where such is the case, with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document.
However, if a zoning by-law, a subdivision by-law, a building by-law, a by-law contemplated in section 116 or a by-law to the same effect adopted under another Act is in force at the time of the coming into force of the planning program, the council shall, if necessary, amend the said by-law, within the same time, to bring it into conformity with the planning program and, where such is the case, with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document, and send a copy of it to the regional county municipality, if applicable, whether amended or not.
Where the council is of opinion that the zoning by-law, the subdivision by-law, the building by-law, the by-law contemplated in section 116 or a by-law to the same effect adopted under another Act is consistent with the planning program and, where such is the case, with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the complementary document, it shall adopt a resolution and publish a notice indicating its intention not to amend the by-law. A copy of the resolution must be sent with the copy of the by-law.
A by-law adopted in accordance with the first paragraph must, unless it has been the subject of the consultation provided for in section 95, be submitted to the consultation provided for in sections 124 to 127.
1979, c. 51, s. 102; 1982, c. 2, s. 69; 1982, c. 63, s. 90; 1987, c. 57, s. 668; 1987, c. 102, s. 17; 1993, c. 3, s. 45; 1996, c. 25, s. 37; 1996, c. 25, s. 37; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
103. Five qualified voters of the territory of the municipality may apply to the Commission in writing for an assessment of conformity within 45 days
(1)  of the passing of a by-law contemplated in the first paragraph of section 102; or
(2)  (paragraph repealed);
(3)  of the publication of the notice contemplated in the third paragraph of the said section.
On receiving the application, the Commission shall send a copy of it to the municipality; the municipality may obtain free of charge from the Commission a certified copy of the program and by-law concerned.
1979, c. 51, s. 103; 1982, c. 2, s. 70; 1987, c. 57, s. 669; 1987, c. 102, s. 18; 1993, c. 3, s. 46; 1996, c. 25, s. 38.
104. Within forty-five days of the expiration of the time allowed in the first paragraph of section 103, the Commission shall give an assessment of the conformity of the by-law with the planning program.
The assessment given by the Commission is binding on all the interested parties. This assessment may include, as an indication, the suggestions of the Commission with regard to the manner of ensuring the required conformity.
A copy of the assessment shall be sent to every person who applied for an assessment of conformity from the Commission, and to the municipality concerned by the application.
The assessment must be posted up at the office of the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 104.
105. A by-law contemplated in section 102 for which a certificate of conformity has been issued under section 44, comes into force, or in the case contemplated in the third paragraph of section 102, is deemed to be consistent with the planning program
(1)  at the expiry of the period provided in section 103, where no assessment is requested from the Commission, or
(2)  from the issuance of a favourable assessment by the Commission.
However, if a certificate under section 44 is issued after the date contemplated in the first paragraph, the by-law comes into force upon such issuance.
A notice of the coming into force or, in the case contemplated in the third paragraph of section 102, of the conformity of the by-law shall be published in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality and posted up at the office of the municipality. Copy of the notice is sent to the Minister of Natural Resources, Wildlife and Parks for the purposes of the cadastre.
From the date of its coming into force in conformity with this section, the by-law is deemed to be in conformity with the planning program.
1979, c. 51, s. 105; 1982, c. 2, s. 71; 1982, c. 63, s. 91; 1987, c. 102, s. 19; 1993, c. 3, s. 47; 1994, c. 13, s. 15; 1996, c. 25, s. 39; 2003, c. 8, s. 6.
106. If the assessment of the Commission is that a by-law contemplated in section 102 is not consistent with the planning program, the municipality shall, within 90 days, amend it to bring it into conformity with the planning program.
None of the formalities prescribed in sections 124 to 137 applies in respect of a by-law which is adopted, for the purposes of the first paragraph, solely to ensure the conformity of a by-law referred to in section 102 with the planning program.
1979, c. 51, s. 106; 1982, c. 63, s. 92; 1987, c. 57, s. 670; 1987, c. 102, s. 20; 1993, c. 3, s. 48; 1996, c. 25, s. 40.
107. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 107; 1993, c. 3, s. 49.
108. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 108; 1987, c. 57, s. 671; 1993, c. 3, s. 49.
DIVISION VI
AMENDMENT OF THE PLANNING PROGRAM
109. The council of the municipality may amend its planning program in accordance with the procedure prescribed in this division.
1979, c. 51, s. 109; 1982, c. 2, s. 72; 1993, c. 3, s. 50.
109.1. The council of the municipality shall begin the procedure for amending the planning program by the adoption of a draft by-law.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the draft by-law amending the planning program, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit to every contiguous municipality and to the regional county municipality a certified copy of the draft by-law and of the resolution under which it is adopted.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 41.
109.2. The municipality shall hold a public meeting concerning the draft by-law presided by the mayor or by another member of the council designated by the mayor.
The council shall fix the date, time and place of the meeting; it may delegate all or part of such power to the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 42; 1996, c. 77, s. 2.
109.3. Not later than 15 days before the day the public meeting is held, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall post in the office of the municipality and publish in a newspaper circulated in its territory a notice of the date, time, place and object of the meeting.
The notice shall include a summary of the draft by-law and mention that a copy of the latter may be examined at the office of the municipality.
However, the summary may be transmitted by mail or by other means, as the council of the municipality may choose, to every address in the territory of the municipality, not later than 15 days before the day the meeting is held instead of being integrated into the notice prescribed in the first paragraph. In this case, a notice indicating the date, time, place and object of the meeting and mentioning that a copy of the draft by-law may be examined at the office of the municipality shall accompany the summary.
1993, c. 3, s. 50.
109.4. At the public meeting, the person presiding the meeting shall explain the draft by-law and the consequences of the adoption and the coming into force of such a by-law and hear the persons and bodies wishing to be heard.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 43.
109.5. After the public meeting, the council of the municipality shall adopt the by-law amending the planning program, with or without changes, by a majority vote of its members.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 44.
109.6. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the by-law, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit a certified copy of the by-law and of the resolution under which it is adopted to the regional county municipality whose territory includes that of the municipality.
The first paragraph does not apply where no land use planning and development plan is in force in the territory of the municipality.
Where the amendment made by the by-law is an amendment made pursuant to section 34, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer shall transmit, to any contiguous municipality and to the regional county municipality, a certified copy of the planning program which is the subject of the amendment.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 45; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
109.7. Within 120 days after the documents described in the first paragraph of section 109.6 are transmitted, the council of the regional county municipality shall approve the by-law if it is in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document or, if not, it shall withhold approval thereof.
The resolution by which the council of the regional county municipality withholds approval of the by-law must include reasons and state the provisions of the by-law that are not in conformity.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution by which the by-law is approved, the secretary-treasurer shall issue a certificate of conformity in respect of the by-law and transmit a certified copy of the certificate to the municipality.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution by which approval of the by-law is withheld, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the resolution to the municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 46.
109.8. Where the council of the regional county municipality withholds approval of a by-law or fails to give its opinion within the period prescribed in section 109.7, the council of the municipality may apply to the Commission for an assessment of the conformity of the by-law with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall serve on the Commission a certified copy of the resolution requesting the assessment and of the by-law concerned. The clerk shall serve a certified copy of the resolution on the regional county municipality.
The copy intended for the Commission must be received by it within 15 days after a copy of the resolution in which approval of the by-law is withheld is transmitted or, as the case may be, after the expiry of the period prescribed in section 109.7.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 47.
109.8.1. If the council of the regional county municipality withholds approval of the by-law, the council of the municipality may, instead of applying for the assessment provided for in section 109.8, adopt
(1)  a single by-law containing only the elements of the by-law concerned that did not cause approval to be withheld; or
(2)  a by-law containing only the elements of the by-law concerned that did not cause approval to be withheld together with a by-law containing only the elements of the by-law concerned that caused approval to be withheld.
Sections 109.1 to 109.4 do not apply in respect of a by-law adopted under the first paragraph. Section 109.7 does not apply in respect of a by-law containing only the elements that caused approval to be withheld; the council of the municipality may, in the same resolution, apply to the Commission for an assessment under section 109.8, as if approval of the by-law had been withheld by the council of the regional county municipality; the time limit prescribed in the third paragraph of the said section shall be computed in relation to the date of adoption of the by-law.
1996, c. 25, s. 48.
109.9. The Commission shall give its assessment within 60 days of receiving a copy of the resolution requesting the assessment.
Any assessment stating that the by-law is not in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document may include the suggestions of the Commission on ways to ensure conformity.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit a copy of the assessment to the municipality and the regional county municipality.
Where the assessment states that the by-law is in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document, the secretary-treasurer, as soon as practicable after receipt of a copy of the assessment, shall issue a certificate of conformity in respect of the by-law and transmit a certified copy thereof to the municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 50.
109.10. Where, under section 58 or 59, the municipality is bound to adopt a concordance by-law, if the assessment of the Commission indicates that the by-law is not in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document or if the Commission has received no application for an assessment regarding the by-law within the period prescribed in section 109.8, the council of the regional county municipality shall request that the municipality replace the by-law, within the period it prescribes, by another by-law which is in conformity with these objectives and provisions.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution by which the request for replacement is formulated, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the resolution to the municipality.
The period prescribed for replacement shall not expire before the end of the 45-day period following transmission of the copy pursuant to the second paragraph.
1993, c. 3, s. 50.
109.11. Sections 109.1 to 109.4 do not apply in respect of a new by-law differing from the by-law it replaces, at the request of the council of the regional county municipality made under section 109.10, for the sole purpose of ensuring that it is in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
1993, c. 3, s. 50.
109.12. Where the council of the municipality fails to adopt a concordance by-law within the period prescribed in section 58 or 59 or within the period prescribed under section 109.10, as the case may be, the council of the regional county municipality may adopt it in its place.
Sections 109.1 to 109.10 do not apply in respect of the by-law adopted by the council of the regional county municipality under the first paragraph. The by-law is considered to be a by-law adopted by the council of the municipality and approved by the council of the regional county municipality. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the by-law, the secretary-treasurer shall issue a certificate of conformity in respect of it.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the by-law and the issue of the certificate, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the by-law, of the resolution by which it is adopted and of the certificate to the municipality. The copy of the by-law transmitted to the municipality shall stand in lieu of the original for the issue by the municipality of certified copies of the by-law.
The expenses incurred by the regional county municipality to act in the place of the municipality shall be reimbursed by the municipality.
The first four paragraphs also apply where the council of a municipality fails to adopt, within the period prescribed in section 34 or within the period prescribed pursuant to section 40, as the case may be, a by-law whose object is the amendment of the planning program or master plan of the municipality to bring it into conformity with the objectives of the development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 2003, c. 19, s. 21.
110. Where a development plan is in force in the territory of the municipality, the by-law shall come into force on the date of issue of the certificate of conformity in respect thereof. The by-law is deemed to be in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document.
As soon as practicable after the coming into force of the by-law, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall publish a notice thereof in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality and shall post it in the office of the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 110; 1982, c. 2, s. 73; 1982, c. 63, s. 93; 1993, c. 3, s. 50.
110.1. Where no development plan is in force in the territory of the municipality, the by-law shall come into force in accordance with the Act governing the municipality in that respect.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 49.
110.2. As soon as practicable after the coming into force of the by-law, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit a certified copy of the by-law, accompanied by a notice of the date of its coming into force, to every contiguous municipality and to the regional county municipality.
However, a by-law adopted by the regional county municipality under section 109.12 need not be transmitted to the regional county municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 50; 2003, c. 19, s. 22.
110.3. Within 90 days after the coming into force of the by-law, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall publish a summary mentioning the date of its coming into force and stating that a copy of it may be examined at the office of the municipality in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality.
However, the summary may be transmitted within the same period, by mail or by other means, as the council may choose, to every address in the territory of the municipality, instead of being published in a newspaper.
1993, c. 3, s. 50.
DIVISION VI.0.1
REVISION OF PLANNING PROGRAM
1997, c. 93, s. 10.
110.3.1. The council of the municipality may, from the fifth anniversary of the coming into force of the first planning program or of the latest revised planning program, as the case may be, revise the planning program in accordance with the process set out in sections 109.1 to 109.8, 109.9 and 110 to 110.3, adapted as required.
Where, however, to comply with the obligation under section 110.10.1 to adopt on the same day the by-law revising the planning program and the by-law that replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law, the council is required to readopt the by-law revising the planning program without amendment, sections 109.1 to 109.4 shall not apply to the readopted by-law.
Furthermore, where, pursuant to section 110.10.1, the council adopts on the same day the by-law revising the planning program and the by-law that replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law, the issue and transmission of the certificate of conformity under section 109.7 or 109.9 in respect of the by-law revising the planning program may not be effected as long as the issue and transmission under section 137.3 or 137.5 cannot be effected in respect of any other by-law so adopted on the same day. The issue and transmission are effected on the same day in respect of all the by-laws.
1997, c. 93, s. 10.
110.3.2. In cases where section 109.1 applies, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall also transmit a certified copy of both the draft by-law revising the planning program and the resolution under which it is adopted to every school board whose territory is situated in whole or in part in that of the municipality.
2003, c. 19, s. 23.
DIVISION VI.1
EFFECTS OF AMENDMENT TO OR REVISION OF THE PLANNING PROGRAM
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1997, c. 93, s. 11.
§ 1.  — Concordance by-laws
1997, c. 93, s. 12.
110.4. Within 90 days after the coming into force of a by-law amending or revising the planning program, the council of the municipality shall adopt any concordance by-law needed to ensure conformity with the amended or revised planning program of any by-law not deemed to be in conformity pursuant to section 110.9.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the term “concordance by-law” means any by-law among the following that is needed to ensure the conformity referred to in that paragraph:
(1)  any by-law which amends the zoning by-law, subdivision by-law or building by-law of a municipality or any of its by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV;
(2)  the by-law adopted by the council of a municipality under section 116 or any by-law which amends it.
Every concordance by-law must be in conformity with the amended or revised program.
The first three paragraphs do not apply where the amendment to the planning program is made by a concordance by-law adopted under section 58 for the sole purpose of taking into account an amendment to the development plan and where the council adopts simultaneously a by-law amending or revising the planning program and a concordance by-law it would otherwise have been required to adopt within the period prescribed in the first paragraph.
If the concordance by-law to be adopted under the first paragraph is also required under section 59.5, it shall be adopted before the expiry of the period which ends on the later of the day prescribed in the first paragraph and that prescribed in section 59.5.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1994, c. 32, s. 8; 1997, c. 93, s. 13; 1998, c. 31, s. 3; 2002, c. 37, s. 18.
110.5. Where the council of the municipality adopts, in accordance with section 59, a concordance by-law in relation to the planning program and another in relation to the zoning by-law, subdivision by-law or building by-law, to any of the by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV or to the by-law provided for in section 116, for the purpose of taking into account the revision of the plan, the latter concordance by-law must be in conformity with the planning program amended by the former by-law.
Where the council adopts simultaneously a by-law amending or revising the planning program and a concordance by-law which the council would otherwise have been required to adopt within the period prescribed in the first paragraph of section 110.4, the latter by-law must be in conformity with the planning program amended or revised by the former by-law.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1994, c. 32, s. 9; 1997, c. 93, s. 14; 2002, c. 37, s. 19.
110.6. After the coming into force or adoption of the by-law amending or revising the planning program, depending on whether the conformity of a by-law with the program is imposed by section 110.4 or 110.5, the council of the municipality may indicate that the zoning by-law, subdivision by-law or building by-law of the municipality, any of its by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV or its by-law provided for in section 116 need not be amended to bring it into conformity with the planning program.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution under which the council indicates that a by-law need not be amended, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall, in accordance with the Act governing the municipality in that matter, give public notice of the adoption of the resolution, explaining the rules prescribed in the first two paragraphs of section 110.7 and in the first paragraph of section 110.8.
If the by-law revising the planning program that came into force is the by-law adopted on the same day as the by-law that replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law, pursuant to section 110.10.1, the council is exempted from being required to indicate that the zoning or subdivision by-law need not be amended to bring it into conformity with the planning program.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1994, c. 32, s. 10; 1996, c. 25, s. 51; 1997, c. 93, s. 15; 2002, c. 37, s. 20.
110.7. Every qualified voter in the territory of the municipality may apply, in writing, to the Commission for an assessment of the conformity of the by-law which is the object of a resolution under the second paragraph of section 110.6 with the planning program.
The application must be transmitted to the Commission within 45 days after publication of the notice required by that paragraph.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit to the municipality a copy of every application transmitted within the prescribed period, and may receive free of charge from the municipality a certified copy of the program and by-law concerned.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 52.
110.8. Where the Commission receives applications from at least five qualified voters in the territory of the municipality, filed in accordance with section 110.7 in respect of the same by-law, the Commission shall, within 60 days of the expiry of the period prescribed in that section, give its assessment of the conformity of the by-law with the planning program.
Where the conformity of a by-law with the program is required under section 110.5, the program considered by the Commission is the program amended or revised by the by-law referred to in that section, even if the by-law is not in force.
Any assessment stating that the by-law is not in conformity with the planning program may include the suggestions of the Commission on ways to ensure conformity.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit a copy of the assessment to the municipality and to every applicant.
The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall post in the office of the municipality a copy of the assessment it received.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1997, c. 93, s. 16.
110.9. Where the Commission does not receive applications from at least five qualified voters in the territory of the municipality, filed in accordance with section 110.7 in respect of the same by-law, the by-law is deemed to be in conformity with the planning program from the expiry of the period prescribed in that section.
A by-law is also deemed to be in conformity with the planning program from the date on which the Commission gives, in accordance with section 110.8, an assessment confirming such conformity.
1993, c. 3, s. 50.
§ 2.  — Equipment and infrastructures in the amended or revised planning program
1997, c. 93, s. 17.
110.10. Section 101 shall refer, from the coming into force of a by-law amending or revising the planning program, to the planning program as it exists after being amended or revised.
1993, c. 3, s. 50; 1997, c. 93, s. 18.
§ 3.  — Replacement of the zoning or subdivision by-law
1997, c. 93, s. 19.
110.10.1. To replace the zoning or subdivision by-law, the council of the municipality shall, on pain of nullity, adopt the replacement by-law on the same day as it adopts the by-law revising the planning program.
The zoning or subdivision by-law must be in conformity with the revised planning program, as provided by the by-laws adopted on the same day.
1997, c. 93, s. 19.
DIVISION VII
INTERIM CONTROL
1996, c. 25, s. 53.
§ 1.  — Application
1996, c. 25, s. 53.
111. Subdivisions 2 to 4 shall apply to every municipality that has initiated the process of amendment or revision of its planning program.
1979, c. 51, s. 111; 1982, c. 63, s. 94; 1990, c. 50, s. 7; 1993, c. 3, s. 51; 1996, c. 2, s. 50; 1996, c. 25, s. 53; 1997, c. 93, s. 20.
§ 2.  — Interim control resolution
1996, c. 25, s. 53.
112. The council of the municipality may prohibit new uses of the land, new structures, applications for cadastral operations or the parcelling out of lots by alienation.
However, no such prohibition may apply to
(1)  new uses of the land, structures, applications for cadastral operations or the parcelling out of lots by alienation
(a)  for agricultural purposes on land under cultivation;
(b)  for the purposes of the installation, by a municipality, of water or sewer services in an existing public street in execution of an order made under the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q‐2);
(c)  for the purposes of the installation of electricity, gas, telecommunication or cable distribution networks;
(d)  for the purposes of a forest management activity or of a wildlife management activity on lands in the domain of the State;
(2)  applications for cadastral operations required by a declaration of co‐ownership made under article 1038 of the Civil Code or by the alienation of part of a building requiring the partitioning of the land on which it is situated.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, the council may provide that new uses of the land, new structures, applications for cadastral operations and the parcelling out of lots by alienation constitute classes of activities, establish subclasses or divide the territory of the municipality. In such a case, the council may impose prohibitions that apply to one, several or all of the classes, subclasses or parts of territory or that vary according to class, subclass or part of territory or to any combination comprised of a class or subclass and a part of territory.
As soon as practicable after the passage of the resolution by which the council makes the decision under the first paragraph or changes or repeals it, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy thereof to the regional county municipality and publish notice of the date of passage of the resolution in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 112; 1993, c. 3, s. 52; 1996, c. 25, s. 53; 1999, c. 40, s. 18.
112.1. The council may, by the same resolution, provide that a prohibition prescribed under section 112 may be lifted on issuance of a permit, and set out the terms and conditions for the issuance thereof which may vary according to the classes, subclasses, parts of territory or combinations established under the third paragraph of the said section.
1982, c. 2, s. 74; 1993, c. 3, s. 53; 1994, c. 13, s. 15; 1996, c. 25, s. 53.
§ 3.  — Interim control by-law
1996, c. 25, s. 53.
112.2. The council may, by by-law, exercise its powers under sections 112 and 112.1.
It may also, by the same by-law, prescribe special rules in the matters of zoning, subdivision or building and of issuance of permits and certificates. For that purpose, the third paragraph of section 112 and sections 113, 115, 116 and 118 to 122, adapted as required, apply.
1996, c. 25, s. 53.
112.3. As soon as practicable after the coming into force of the by-law, the clerk or secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the by-law, together with a notice of the date of its coming into force, to the regional county municipality and to every contiguous municipality.
1996, c. 25, s. 53; 2003, c. 19, s. 24.
112.4. Section 112.3 applies in respect of a by-law concerning the amendment or the repeal of an interim control by-law.
1996, c. 25, s. 53.
§ 4.  — Effects of the interim control
1996, c. 25, s. 53.
112.5. No building permit, subdivision permit, certificate of authorization or certificate of occupancy may be issued pursuant to a by-law of a municipality in respect of an activity that is prohibited or that is authorized, under any of sections 112 to 112.2, upon issuance of a permit or a certificate, unless in the latter case the activity was so authorized.
1996, c. 25, s. 53.
112.6. A resolution passed under section 112 shall cease to have effect, if not repealed previously, from
(1)  where the council adopts under section 112.2, during the period of 90 days after the passage of the resolution, a by-law connected with the same process for amending or revising the planning program, the earlier of
(a)  the date of coming into force of that by-law or of a by-law replacing it; and
(b)  the date occurring 120 days after the date of passage of the resolution;
(2)  in the opposite case, the expiry of the period of 90 days after the passage of the resolution.
Any resolution that replaces any other resolution shall cease to have effect from the same day as the resolution replaced would have ceased to have effect.
1996, c. 25, s. 53; 1997, c. 93, s. 21.
112.7. Any by-law adopted under section 112.2 shall cease to have effect, if not repealed previously, from the latest of
(1)  the date of coming into force of the last concordance by-law that the council must adopt under section 58, 59, 59.5 or 110.4 to take account of the amendment or revision of the land use planning and development plan or of the planning program;
(2)  the date on which all of the by-laws of the municipality, from among those referred to in section 59.1, not required to be amended by a concordance by-law to take account of the revision of the plan, are determined under the fourth paragraph of section 59.2 or 59.4; and
(3)  the date on which all of the by-laws of the municipality, from among those referred to in section 110.4, not required to be amended by a concordance by-law to take account of the amendment or revision of the program, are, under the first or second paragraph of section 110.9, deemed to be in conformity with the amended or revised program.
For the purposes of subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph, no account shall be taken of a zoning or subdivision by-law which, under the third paragraph of section 110.6, has not been the subject of a resolution indicating that it need not be amended to bring it into conformity with the planning program.
1996, c. 25, s. 53; 1997, c. 93, s. 22; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
112.8. Any provision of a resolution or by-law passed or adopted under section 112 or 112.2 and prohibiting an activity in a given portion of territory shall be without effect if a resolution or a by-law passed or adopted by the regional county municipality under section 62 or 64 authorizes the activity, in the same portion of territory, upon issuance of a permit or a certificate.
Any provision of a resolution or by-law passed or adopted under section 112 or 112.2 and authorizing, upon issuance of a permit or a certificate, an activity in a given portion of territory shall be without effect if a resolution or a by-law passed or adopted by the regional county municipality under section 62 or 64
(1)  prohibits the activity, in the same portion of territory;
(2)  authorizes the activity in the same portion of territory, upon issuance of a permit or a certificate, and the terms and conditions for the issuance thereof or the officers charged with the issuance thereof are not the same.
1996, c. 25, s. 53.
CHAPTER IV
MUNICIPAL PLANNING BY-LAWS
DIVISION I
ZONING BY-LAWS
113. The council of a municipality may adopt a zoning by-law for its whole territory or any part thereof.
A zoning by-law may include provisions regarding one or more of the following objects:
(1)  for the purposes of regulation, to classify structures and uses and, in accordance with a plan forming an integral part of the by-law, to divide the territory of the municipality into zones;
(2)  to divide each zone into sectors so that each of such sectors may be a territorial unit for the purposes of the provisions of subdivisions 1 to 2.1 of Division V that relate to approval by way of referendum and so that in each of such sectors the land use standards authorized in the zone may be prescribed in a supplementary by-law of the council, provided, however, that the standards respecting the uses permitted are uniform in all the sectors of the same zone;
(3)  to specify, for each zone, the structures and uses that are authorized and those that are prohibited, including public uses and buildings, and the land occupation densities;
(3.1)  for every zone in which the only partially or totally residential buildings permitted are those comprising a specific number of dwellings, hereinafter referred to as “principal” dwellings, to provide that in such a building, one additional dwelling per principal dwelling may be built to be occupied by persons belonging to a class established under this subparagraph; to provide that only such persons, their spouse and their dependants, other than the owner or occupant of the principal dwelling, may occupy the additional dwelling; to establish classes of buildings from among the buildings to which this subparagraph applies and classes of persons from among the persons who are or were related by blood or allied, including through a de facto spouse, to the owner or occupier of the principal dwelling; to provide that the right to build an additional dwelling applies to one or more classes of buildings; to prescribe the conditions to which the building or occupation of an additional dwelling are subject, which conditions may vary from one class of building to another;
(3.2)  to prescribe, for each zone, where the carrying on of an enterprise is permitted inside a residence, the maximum number of persons not resident therein who may work in the residence because of the carrying on of that enterprise;
(4)  to specify, by zones, the open space that must be left between structures and the different uses, between structures or between the different uses, whether the structures or uses are grouped together or not, and whether they are situated in the same zone or in contiguous zones, and to prescribe, where applicable, the use and development of such open space;
(4.1)  without restricting the generality of the other subparagraphs, to specify, for each zone, the maximum number of places that may be used for identical or similar uses, including those in the same immovable, the minimum distance required between such places or the maximum floor or land area allowed for such uses; however, a rule so provided may only apply, as regards agricultural activities within the meaning of the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P‐41.1) in an agricultural zone established under that Act, to hog farms;
(5)  to specify, for each zone or sector of a zone, the dimensions, volumes, floor areas and ground areas of structures; the total floor area of a building in relation with the total area of the lot; the length, width and area of the open space to be left between structures on the same landsite, and the use and development of such open space; the open space to be left between structures and the street and land boundaries; the distance back from the street of buildings in relation to their height;
(5.1)  to regulate, by zone or sector of a zone, the architecture, symmetry and exterior aspect of structures, the location of a group of structures on a single site and the exterior materials of structures;
(6)  to specify, for each zone, the proportion of a landsite which may be occupied by a structure or use;
(7)  in the case of a municipality whose territory is situated near the boundary line between Québec and the United States of America, to prohibit the construction of buildings within a distance of three metres from that boundary line;
(8)  to determine the level of a landsite in relation to a thoroughfare;
(9)  to determine and regulate the place where vehicles may have access to a landsite;
(10)  to prescribe, for each zone, use or combination of uses, the space which, on the lots, must be reserved and arranged for parking, loading or unloading vehicles or for parking vehicles used by handicapped persons within the meaning of the Act to secure the handicapped in the exercise of their rights (chapter E‐20.1) using wheel‐chairs, and the manner of arranging such space; to establish parking restrictions inside or outside buildings;
(10.1)  to provide that the council may exempt every person who applies therefor from the obligation to provide and to maintain parking units, on the payment of a sum determined in accordance with rules of computation that may vary according to classes of units or uses, and provide that the proceeds of the payment be used only to purchase or develop immovables to be used for parking purposes;
(11)  to regulate or restrict, by zone, the division or subdivision of a dwelling;
(12)  to regulate or restrict, by zone, the excavation of the ground, the removal of humus, the planting and felling of trees and all works of clearing and filling; to compel any owner to put grass, shrubs or trees on his landsite;
(12.1)  to regulate or restrict the planting or felling of trees to ensure protection of the forest cover and promote sustainable development of private forest;
(13)  to regulate or restrict, by zone, the moving, use, repair or demolition of a structure; to require, where a structure is moved, the deposit, as security, of an amount considered provisionally sufficient to ensure compensation of the damage that might be incurred by the municipality by reason of that moving;
(14)  to regulate, by zone, the construction, erection, alteration and maintenance of all bill‐boards and signs already erected or to be erected in the future;
(15)  to regulate or restrict, by zone, the layout, height and maintenance of fences, walls, hedges, shrubs and trees;
(16)  to regulate or prohibit all or certain land uses, structures or works, taking into account the topography of the landsite, the proximity of a stream or lake, the danger of flood, rockfall, landslide or other disaster, or any other factor specific to the nature of a place which may be taken into consideration for reasons of public safety or of environmental protection regarding riverbanks and lakeshores, littoral zones or floodplains; to provide, in respect of an immovable that is described in the zoning by‐law and that is situated in a flood zone to which a prohibition or rule made under this subparagraph applies, for an exemption from the prohibition or rule for any land use, structure or works specified in the by‐law;
(16.1)  to regulate or prohibit all or certain land uses, structures or works, taking into account the proximity of a place where the present or planned presence or carrying out of an immovable or an activity results in land occupation being subject to special restrictions for reasons of public safety, public health or general welfare;
(17)  to regulate the siting and installation of mobile homes and trailers;
(18)  to regulate, by zone or for the whole territory, non‐conforming structures and uses protected by acquired rights,
(a)  by requiring that a non‐conforming use protected by acquired rights cease if such use has been abandoned, has ceased or has been interrupted for such period of time as it may define, which must be a reasonable period, taking into account the nature of the use, but must not in any case be shorter than six months;
(b)  by stipulating that a non‐conforming use or structure protected by acquired rights shall not be replaced by another non‐conforming use or structure;
(c)  by prohibiting the extension or alteration of a non‐conforming use or structure protected by acquired rights, or by establishing conditions under which a non‐conforming use or structure protected by acquired rights may be extended or altered;
(19)  to regulate, by zone, the specific conditions of siting or layout applicable to structures and uses on lots not in conformity with the subdivision by‐law which are protected by acquired rights;
(20)  to permit, by zone, groups of structures and uses of a determined classification and prescribe the specific rules applicable in such a case;
(21)  within certain zones where residential and non residential uses are permitted, to regulate, restrict or prohibit the change from a residential use to a non residential use otherwise permitted in the zone;
(22)  to determine, for each zone, the uses permitted in any part of a structure.
A zoning by‐law may not contain a provision establishing a separation distance pursuant to subparagraph 4 of the second paragraph, where one of the structures or one of the uses to which it applies is in an agricultural zone established under the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities, except for the purpose of ensuring the preservation of a water supply or reducing the inconvenience resulting from the odours caused by agricultural activities. In addition, the by-law may contain a provision establishing a separation distance applying to a structure, a use or a location in an agricultural zone, only if it specifies
(1)  the space that, for any purpose other than those mentioned above, must be left between different structures or different uses on adjacent lots in contiguous zones, and the use and layout of that space;
(2)  the space that, for any of the purposes mentioned above, must be left between areas on which manure is spread and non-agricultural structures or uses.
For the purposes of subparagraph 12.1 of the second paragraph, the zoning by-law may establish rules that vary according to the parts of the territory it determines.
No by-law concerning signs and bill-boards adopted under subparagraph 14 or under any other general law or special Act applies to prohibit or restrict the use of signs and bill-boards relating to an election or a referendum held under an Act of Québec.
For the purposes of subparagraph 16 or 16.1 of the second paragraph, a zoning by-law may, in particular, divide the territory of the municipality, establish classes of uses, structures or works to be prohibited or regulated and establish classes of immovables, activities or other factors which justify, depending on the subparagraph contemplated, such prohibition or regulation. The by-law may, in that case, order prohibitions and rules varying according to the parts of the territory concerned, the former classes involved, the latter classes involved or any combination of a number of such criteria of distinction. The by-law may, so as to permit the determination of the territory where a prohibition or a rule applies near a source of restrictions, measure the extent of harmful or undesirable effects caused by the source.
For the purposes of subparagraph 18 of the second paragraph, the by-law may establish classes of non-conforming structures and uses protected by acquired rights and contain rules that vary according to the classes.
1979, c. 51, s. 113; 1982, c. 2, s. 75; 1985, c. 27, s. 4; 1987, c. 53, s. 3; 1987, c. 57, s. 672; 1987, c. 102, s. 21; 1993, c. 3, s. 54; 1996, c. 25, s. 54; 1996, c. 26, s. 67; 1997, c. 93, s. 23; 1998, c. 31, s. 4; 1999, c. 90, s. 1; 2002, c. 37, s. 21; 2002, c. 6, s. 82; 2002, c. 77, s. 4; 2004, c. 20, s. 7.
114. When a notice of motion has been given to adopt or amend a zoning by-law, no building plan may be approved nor may any permit or certificate be granted for the carrying out of works or use of an immovable which, if the by-law that is the subject of the notice of motion is adopted, will be prohibited in the zone concerned.
The first paragraph ceases to be applicable to the works or use in question on the date occurring two months after the filing of the notice of motion if the by-law has not been adopted by that date or, if the by-law has been adopted, on the date occurring four months after the date of its adoption if the by-law is not in force on that date.
Where, however, within two months after the filing of the notice of motion, the amending by-law is the subject, under section 128, of a second draft by-law, the first paragraph ceases to be applicable to the works or use in question on the date occurring four months after the filing of the notice of motion if the by-law has not been adopted by that date or, if the by-law has been adopted, on the date occurring four months after the date of its adoption if the by-law is not in force on that date.
1979, c. 51, s. 114; 1997, c. 93, s. 24.
DIVISION II
SUBDIVISION BY-LAWS
115. The council of a municipality may adopt a subdivision by-law for its whole territory or any part thereof.
The subdivision by-law includes provisions on one or more of the following objects:
(1)  to specify, for each zone provided for in the zoning by-law, the area and dimensions of lots or landsites by category of structures or uses;
(1.0.1)  to identify the public or private nature of thoroughfares;
(1.1)  to establish the conditions under which a non-conforming lot which is protected by acquired rights may be enlarged or changed, such conditions varying according to the cases prescribed in the by-law;
(2)  to prescribe, according to the topography of the land and its intended use the manner of laying out public or private streets and lanes, the distance to be left between them, and their width;
(3)  to prescribe the minimum area and minimum dimensions of the lots at the time of a cadastral operation, taking into account the nature of the land, the proximity of public works, or the presence or, as the case may be, the absence of septic installations, waterworks or a sanitary sewer system;
(4)  to regulate or prohibit all or certain cadastral operations, taking into account the topography of the landsite, the proximity of a stream or a lake, the danger of flood, rockfall, landslide or other disaster, or any other factor specific to the nature of the place which may be taken into consideration of reasons of public safety or of the environmental protection regarding riverbanks and lakeshores, littoral zones or floodplains; to provide, in respect of an immovable that is described in the subdivision by-law and that is situated in a flood zone to which a prohibition or rule made under this subparagraph applies, for an exemption from the prohibition or rule for any cadastral operation specified in the by-law;
(4.1)  to regulate or prohibit all or certain cadastral operations, taking into account the proximity of a place where the present or planned presence or carrying out, present or planned, of an immovable or activity results in land occupation being subject to major restrictions for reasons of public safety, public health or the general welfare;
(5)  to prohibit such cadastral operations or category of cadastral operations relating to streets, lanes, walkways or public squares and their layout, as do not conform to the dimension standards provided in the subdivision by-law and the intended layout of thoroughfares provided for in the planning program, and require the owners of private streets, lanes and walkways provided for to indicate that these are private roads in the manner stipulated by the council;
(6)  to require that the owner of any landsite previously submit to the approval of an officer designated for such purpose any plan for a cadastral operation, whether that plan provides for streets or not;
(7)  to require, as a precondition to the approval of a plan relating to a cadastral operation, that the owner undertake to convey, free of charge, the sites of the thoroughfares or a class of them shown on the plan and intended to be public;
(8)  (subparagraph repealed);
(9)  to require, as a precondition to the approval of a plan relating to cadastral operation, that the existing or necessary servitudes of right of way for power supply and communications transmission be indicated on a plan annexed thereto and showing the lots subject to them;
(10)  to require, as a precondition to the approval of a plan relating to a cadastral operation for its whole territory or a part thereof, the presentation of a project of parcelling out of land respecting a territory wider than the land contemplated in the plan and owned by the person applying for approval;
(11)  to require, as a precondition to the approval of a plan relating to a cadastral operation, that the owner pay the municipal taxes exigible and unpaid in respect of the immovables comprised in the plan.
For the purposes of subparagraph 4 or 4.1 of the second paragraph, the subdivision by-law may, in particular, divide the territory of the municipality, establish classes of cadastral operations to be prohibited or regulated and establish classes of immovables, activities or other factors which justify, depending on the subparagraph contemplated, such prohibition or regulation. The by-law may, in that case, order prohibitions and rules varying according to the parts of territory, the former classes involved, the latter classes involved or any combination of a number of such criteria of distinction. The by-law may, so as to permit the determination of the territory where a prohibition or a rule applies near a source of restrictions, measure the extent of harmful or undesirable effects caused by the source.
1979, c. 51, s. 115; 1979, c. 72, s. 398; 1982, c. 2, s. 76; 1984, c. 27, s. 21; 1984, c. 38, s. 3; 1989, c. 46, s. 3; 1991, c. 29, s. 2; 1993, c. 3, s. 55; 1996, c. 25, s. 55; 1998, c. 31, s. 5.
116. The council of a municipality may, by by-law, prescribe that no building permit may be granted in its whole territory or any part thereof, unless one or more of the following conditions, which may differ according to various parts of the territory, are complied with:
(1)  the landsite on which each proposed structure, including its dependencies, is to be built, forms one or more separate lots on the official cadastral plans, which are in conformity with the subdivision by-law of the municipality or, if not, which are protected by acquired rights;
(2)  the waterworks and sewer services for which an authorization has been received or a permit issued under the law are installed in the street on which the structure is proposed or unless the by-law ordering their installation is in force;
(3)  in the case where the waterworks and sewer services are not installed in the street on which a structure is proposed or the by-law ordering their installation is not in force, the drinking-water supply and waste water treatment planned for the structure to be erected on the land comply with the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q-2) and the regulations thereunder or with the municipal by-laws dealing with the same object;
(4)  the land on which a structure is to be erected is adjacent to a public or a private street in conformity with the requirements of the subdivision by-law;
(5)  the land on which a structure is to be erected is adjacent to a public street.
Subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph does not apply to structures for agricultural purposes on lands under cultivation.
The by-law may also exempt structures for agricultural purposes on lands under cultivation from any of the provisions of subparagraphs 1, 3, 4 and 5 of the first paragraph. However, no residence situated on land under cultivation may be exempted from the obligation contemplated under subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph.
The by-law may prescribe that the condition set out in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph does not apply to a proposed structure the location of which is to be identical to that of an existing structure. It may also provide for the same exemption in respect of any other proposed structure where it is proved to the officer responsible for issuing the permit that such structure will not be erected on parcels of land belonging to different owners.
An exemption granted under the fourth paragraph does not apply where the estimated cost of the cadastral operation whereby one or several separate lots may be made on the land where the structure is to be erected does not exceed 10% of the estimated cost of the structure.
1979, c. 51, s. 116; 1982, c. 63, s. 95; 1983, c. 57, s. 36; 1989, c. 46, s. 4; 1993, c. 3, s. 56.
117. When a notice of motion has been given to adopt or amend a subdivision by-law, no permit may be granted for a subdivision which, should the by-law that is the subject of the notice of motion be adopted, would be prohibited in the zone or sector concerned.
The first paragraph ceases to be applicable to the subdivision in question on the date occurring two months after the filing of the notice of motion if the by-law has not been adopted by that date or, if the by-law has been adopted, on the date occurring four months after its date of adoption if the by-law is not in force on that date.
Where, however, within two months after the filing of the notice of motion, the amending by-law is the subject, under section 128, of a second draft by-law, the first paragraph ceases to be applicable to the subdivision in question on the date occurring four months after the filing of the notice of motion if the by-law has not been adopted by that date or, if the by-law has been adopted, on the date occurring four months after its date of adoption if the by-law is not in force on that date.
1979, c. 51, s. 117; 1997, c. 93, s. 25.
DIVISION II.1
ZONING AND SUBDIVISION BY-LAWS RESPECTING PARKS, PLAYGROUNDS AND NATURAL AREAS
1993, c. 3, s. 57.
117.1. The subdivision by-law may, for the purpose of promoting the establishment, maintenance and improvement of parks and playgrounds and the preservation of natural areas in any part of the territory of the municipality determined by the by-law, prescribe any prerequisite condition, from among the conditions mentioned in section 117.2, for the approval of a plan relating to a cadastral operation.
The subdivision by-law may, for the same purposes, prescribe any prerequisite condition, from among the conditions mentioned in section 117.2, for the issue of a building permit in respect of an immovable, where
(1)  the immovable is the subject of a redevelopment plan, as defined by the by-law; or
(2)  the building permit applied for relates to the establishment of a new principal building on an immovable in respect of which no subdivision permit has been issued under registration as a separate lot by reason of the fact that the registration resulted from cadastral renewal.
1993, c. 3, s. 57; 2001, c. 25, s. 2.
117.2. The prerequisite condition prescribed under section 117.1 may be any of the following: the owner undertakes to transfer, free of charge, to the municipality a parcel of land which, in the opinion of the council or executive committee, is suitable for the establishment or enlargement of a park or playground or for the preservation of a natural area, or the owner pays an amount to the municipality, or the owner makes both the undertaking and the payment. The by-law may specify in which cases each of such obligations applies, or provide that the council or the executive committee shall decide in each case which obligation is applicable.
However, none of the conditions set out in the first paragraph may be imposed in the case of a cancellation, correction or replacement of lot numbers which does not result in an increase of the number of lots. The by-law may specify any other case in which none of the conditions may be imposed.
The land which the owner undertakes to transfer to the municipality must form part of the site. However, the municipality and the owner may agree that the undertaking pertains to land which forms part of the territory of the municipality but not included in the site.
For the purposes of this division, the word site means, as the case may be, the site of the immovable referred to in the second paragraph of section 117.1 or the land included in the plan referred to in the first paragraph of that section.
1993, c. 3, s. 57; 2001, c. 68, s. 1.
117.3. A by-law which includes a provision enacted under section 117.1 must establish rules for calculating the area of the land to be transferred or the amount to be paid.
The by-law may, for that purpose, define classes of lands according to the uses for which the sites and immovables found thereon may be intended, or according to their area, or according to both such criteria, delimit parts of the territory to which the provision applies or form combinations based on a class of land and part of a territory. The calculation rules established under the first paragraph may vary according to those classes, parts or combinations.
The rules shall vary according to whether the condition prescribed is an undertaking or a payment only, or both an undertaking and a payment. The rules prescribed in the subdivision by-law must also take into account, in favour of the owner, any transfer or payment made at the time of a previous cadastral operation concerning the whole or part of the site.
1993, c. 3, s. 57.
117.4. The area of the land to be transferred and the amount paid shall not exceed 10% of the area and value of the site, respectively.
However, where the owner is to make both an undertaking and a payment, the total of the value of the land to be transferred and of the amount paid shall not exceed 10% of the value of the site.
1993, c. 3, s. 57.
117.5. Any agreement on the undertaking to transfer a parcel of land not included in the site entered into under the third paragraph of section 117.2 shall prevail over any calculation rule established under section 117.3 and over any maximum amount fixed under section 117.4.
1993, c. 3, s. 57.
117.6. For the purposes of section 117.4, the value of the land to be transferred or of the site is considered on the date of receipt by the municipality of the application for a building permit or of the plan relating to the cadastral operation, as the case may be, and is established according to the principles applicable to expropriation.
The value is established, at the owner’s expense, by a chartered appraiser commissioned by the municipality.
The first two paragraphs apply for the purposes of the establishment of the value of any land other than land referred to in the first paragraph if the value must be established for the purposes of the calculation rules provided for in section 117.3.
Notwithstanding the first three paragraphs, the by-law may permit the use of the property assessment roll of the municipality. In such a case, if on the date referred to in the first paragraph the land, including the site, for which a value is to be established constitutes a unit of assessment entered on the roll or a part of such a unit of assessment whose value is entered on the roll separately, its value for the purposes of this division is the product of the value entered on the roll for the unit or part thereof corresponding to the land whose value must be established, as the case may be, multiplied by the factor of the roll established in accordance with section 264 of the Act respecting municipal taxation (chapter F‐2.1). If the land is not a unit of assessment or part of a unit of assessment, the first three paragraphs apply.
1993, c. 3, s. 57; 1999, c. 40, s. 18.
117.7. The municipality or the owner may contest, before the Administrative Tribunal of Québec, the value established by the appraiser in accordance with the first three paragraphs of section 117.6.
The contestation does not exempt the owner from paying the amount and, as the case may be, transferring the area of the land required by the municipality on the basis of the value established by the appraiser.
1993, c. 3, s. 57; 1997, c. 43, s. 33.
117.8. To submit the matter to the Administrative Tribunal, the municipality or the owner must cause a notice of contestation to be served on the other and file it with the Administrative Tribunal, together with proof of service. The notice shall be filed accompanied with the building or subdivision permit, as the case may be, and with a plan and a description, signed by a land surveyor, of the land whose value is contested; a certified copy of such a document may be filed in place of the original.
The notice of contestation shall mention the value established by the appraiser, refer to the plan and description, summarily set out the grounds for contestation, specify the date of receipt by the municipality of the application for a building permit or of the plan relating to the cadastral operation authorized by the subdivision permit, as the case may be, and request that the Administrative Tribunal establish the value of the land concerned.
The documents mentioned in the first paragraph must, on pain of dismissal of the contestation, be filed within 30 days of the issue of the building or subdivision permit, as the case may be.
1993, c. 3, s. 57; 1997, c. 43, s. 34.
117.9. Upon the filing of the documents mentioned in the first paragraph of section 117.8, the owner and the municipality become parties to the contestation.
Within 60 days after service of the notice of contestation, each party shall submit a statement containing its estimate of the value of the land concerned and setting out the reasons which justify such estimate.
If a party fails to submit a statement, the other party may proceed by default.
1993, c. 3, s. 57.
117.10. The burden of proof lies with the party contesting the value established by the appraiser.
1993, c. 3, s. 57.
117.11. The Administrative Tribunal may, in a decision giving reasons, either confirm or set aside the value established by the appraiser and establish the value of the land concerned on the date of receipt by the municipality of the application for a building permit or of the plan relating to the cadastral operation authorized by the subdivision permit, as the case may be; it is not bound to establish a value between those submitted by the parties. It shall also rule on the costs.
It shall, as soon as practicable, send a copy of its decision to the prothonotary.
1993, c. 3, s. 57; 1997, c. 43, s. 34.
117.12. The provisions of the Expropriation Act (chapter E-24) which are not inconsistent with sections 117.8 to 117.11 apply, with the necessary changes, to the contestation of the value established by the appraiser.
1993, c. 3, s. 57.
117.13. Where, following the decision of the Administrative Tribunal, it appears that the amount paid to the municipality by the owner is too high, the municipality shall refund the excess amount to the owner.
Where, following the Tribunal’s decision, it appears that the total of the value of the land transferred or to be transferred and the amount paid is more than it should have been, the municipality shall refund the excess amount to the owner.
In addition to the capital of the amount to be refunded, the municipality shall also pay to the owner the interest which would have accrued on such capital, at the rate applicable to arrears on taxes in the municipality, from the date of payment to the date of the refund.
1993, c. 3, s. 57; 1997, c. 43, s. 34.
117.14. Where, following the Tribunal’s decision, it appears that the amount paid to the municipality by the owner is insufficient, the owner shall pay the difference to the municipality.
Where, following the Tribunal’s decision, it appears that the total of the value of the land transferred or to be transferred and the amount paid is less than it should have been, the owner shall pay to the municipality an additional amount equal to the difference between such totals.
In addition to the capital of the amount to be paid, the owner shall also pay to the municipality the interest which would have accrued on such capital, at the rate applicable to arrears on taxes in the municipality, from the date of payment prior to the Tribunal’s decision to the date of the payment made pursuant to this section.
The amount to be paid is secured by a legal hypothec on the unit of assessment that includes the site.
1993, c. 3, s. 57; 1994, c. 30, s. 85; 1997, c. 43, s. 34.
117.15. Land transferred pursuant to a provision enacted under section 117.1 may be used only for the establishment or enlargement of a park or playground or for the preservation of a natural area for as long as it belongs to the municipality.
Every amount paid pursuant to such a provision and every amount received by the municipality in return for a transfer of land under the first paragraph shall form part of a special fund.
The fund may be used only to purchase or develop land to be used for parks or playgrounds, to purchase land to be used for natural areas or to purchase plants and to plant them on property of the municipality. For the purposes of this paragraph, the development of land includes the construction thereon of a building the use of which is inherent in the use or maintenance of a park, playground or natural area.
1993, c. 3, s. 57; 2000, c. 56, s. 98.
117.16. Amounts paid pursuant to a provision enacted under section 117.1 do not constitute a tax, a compensation or a mode of tariffing.
1993, c. 3, s. 57.
DIVISION III
BUILDING BY-LAWS
118. The council of a municipality may adopt a building by-law for its whole territory or any part thereof.
The building by-law may include provisions on one or more of the following objects:
(1)  to regulate the materials to be used in building and the manner of assembling them;
(2)  to establish standards of strength, salubrity and safety or insulation for any structure;
(2.1)  regulate fortification or protective elements of a structure according to the authorized use thereof, prohibit such fortification or protective elements where their utilization is not justified in view of the said use and, in the latter case, order the reconstruction or repair of any structure existing on the date of coming into force of the by-law within the time prescribed therein which cannot be less than 6 months, so that it may be brought into conformity with such by-law;
(3)  to order the reconstruction or repair of any building destroyed or become dangerous, or diminished in its value by at least one-half, as the result of fire or any other cause, in accordance with the by-laws in force at the time of such reconstruction or repair.
The council may order in the building by-law that all or part of an existing code of building standards constitutes all or part of the by-law. It may also prescribe that amendments to that code or a relevant part of it made after the coming into force of the by-law is also part of it without having to pass a by-law to prescribe the applicability of every amendment made. Such an amendment comes into force in the territory of the municipality on the date fixed by a resolution of the council; the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall give public notice of the passing of such a resolution in conformity with the law governing the municipality. The code or the applicable part of it is attached to the by-law and is part of it.
1979, c. 51, s. 118; 1982, c. 63, s. 96; 1993, c. 3, s. 58; 1996, c. 2, s. 51; 1997, c. 51, s. 1.
118.1. The building by-law may, as regards a residence for the elderly, prescribe special building standards and special rules applicable to the layout of the building and the elements and accessories that must be integrated therein to ensure the residents have the services appropriate to their needs.
For the purposes of the first paragraph, a residence for the elderly is a congregate residential facility where rooms or apartments intended for elderly persons are offered for rent along with a varied range of services relating, in particular, to security, housekeeping assistance and assistance with social activities, except a facility operated by an institution within the meaning of the Act respecting health services and social services (chapter S-4.2) and a building or residential facility where the services of an intermediate resource or a family-type resource within the meaning of that Act are offered.
2002, c. 37, s. 22.
DIVISION IV
PERMITS AND CERTIFICATES
119. The council of a municipality may, by by-law,
(1)  prohibit any project for the construction, alteration, enlargement or extension of a building except with a building permit;
(2)  prohibit any project to change the use or destination of an immoveable and any operation contemplated in subparagraphs 12, 12.1, 13, 14, 16 and 16.1 of the second paragraph of section 113, except with a certificate of authorization;
(3)  prohibit the occupancy of an immoveable recently erected or altered or the destination or use of which has been changed, except with a certificate of occupancy;
(4)  prohibit any application for a cadastral operation except with a subdivision permit;
(5)  prescribe the plans and documents that must be submitted by an applicant in support of his application for a permit or certificate;
(6)  establish a tariff of fees for the issue of permits and certificates or any class of them established in accordance with the type of structure or use intended;
(7)  designate a municipal officer responsible for the issuance of permits and certificates.
1979, c. 51, s. 119; 1993, c. 3, s. 59; 1996, c. 25, s. 56; 1997, c. 93, s. 26.
120. The officer designated under paragraph 7 of section 119 shall issue a building permit or a certificate of authorization, where
(1)  the application is in conformity with the zoning and building by-laws and, where such is the case, with the by-law adopted under section 116 and with the by-law adopted under section 145.21;
(1.1)  the applicant has provided the information required by the officer to complete the form referred to in section 120.1;
(2)  the application is accompanied with all the plans and documents required by by-law and, where such is the case, the plans have been approved in accordance with section 145.19; and
(3)  the fee for obtaining the permit or the certificate has been paid.
In addition, where the land in respect of which the building permit application is made is entered on the list of contaminated lands drawn up by the municipality pursuant to section 31.68 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q‐2) and is the subject of a rehabilitation plan approved by the Minister of the Environment under Division IV.2.1 of Chapter I of that Act, the permit shall be issued only if the application is accompanied with the attestation of an expert referred to in section 31.65 of that Act establishing that the project for which the permit application is made is consistent with the provisions of the rehabilitation plan.
1979, c. 51, s. 120; 1989, c. 46, s. 5; 1994, c. 32, s. 11; 1995, c. 8, s. 51; 1997, c. 93, s. 27; 2002, c. 11, s. 13.
120.0.1. In addition to the conditions provided for in section 120, the officer designated under paragraph 7 of section 119 must also, prior to the issuance of a building permit, receive from the applicant a written statement establishing whether or not the permit applied for concerns an immovable to be used as a residence for the elderly as defined in the second paragraph of section 118.1.
On 1 April each year, the officer shall transmit to the regional health and social services board whose territory includes that of the municipality the statements received in the preceding 12 months according to which the permit applied for concerns an immovable to be used as a residence for the elderly.
2002, c. 37, s. 23.
120.1. In the case of work for which a building permit is required pursuant to paragraph 1 of section 119, the officer designated under paragraph 7 of that section shall, in accordance with the regulation under section 120.2, transmit to the recipient the form containing the information, prescribed by the regulation, that relates to the carrying out of the work.
1997, c. 93, s. 28.
120.2. The Government may, by regulation,
(1)  prescribe the form and content of the form referred to in section 120.1;
(2)  prescribe the computer-drawn equivalent of such a form;
(3)  designate the recipient of the form;
(4)  prescribe the period within which the form, or its computer-drawn equivalent, must be transmitted to the recipient;
(5)  prescribe the cases in which the form need not be filled out and transmitted.
1997, c. 93, s. 28.
120.3. Paragraph 1.1 of section 120 and sections 120.1 and 120.2, adapted as required, apply notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any charter or special Act applicable to a municipality.
1997, c. 93, s. 28.
121. The officer designated under paragraph 7 of section 119 shall issue a subdivision permit, where
(1)  the application is in conformity with the subdivision by-law and, where applicable, with the by-law adopted under section 145.21;
(2)  the application is accompanied with all the plans and documents required by by-law and, where such is the case, the plans have been approved in accordance with section 145.19; and
(3)  the fee for obtaining the permit has been paid.
In addition, where the land in respect of which the subdivision permit application is made is entered on the list of contaminated lands drawn up by the municipality pursuant to section 31.68 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q‐2) and is the subject of a rehabilitation plan approved by the Minister of the Environment under Division IV.2.1 of Chapter I of that Act, the permit shall be issued only if the application is accompanied with the attestation of an expert referred to in section 31.65 of that Act establishing that the proposed operation for which the permit application is made is consistent with the provisions of the rehabilitation plan.
1979, c. 51, s. 121; 1989, c. 46, s. 6; 1994, c. 32, s. 12; 2002, c. 11, s. 14.
122. The officer designated under paragraph 7 of section 119 shall issue a certificate of occupancy, where
(1)  the immovable recently erected or altered or the destination or use of which has been changed is in conformity with the requirements of the zoning and building by-laws and, where applicable, with the by-law adopted under section 145.21 or with the plans and documents duly approved; and
(2)  the fee for obtaining the certificate has been paid.
Any holder of a building permit may, on proof that the location of the foundations of the immovable being built is in conformity with the requirements of the zoning and building by-laws or with the duly approved plans and documents, and for payment of the prescribed fees, obtain from the office a partial certificate of occupancy establishing the conformity and the location of the foundations.
1979, c. 51, s. 122; 1982, c. 63, s. 97; 1994, c. 32, s. 13.
DIVISION V
ADOPTION AND COMING INTO FORCE OF BY-LAWS
1993, c. 3, s. 60.
§ 1.  — Public consultation on draft by-laws
1993, c. 3, s. 61; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
123. Sections 124 to 127 apply with respect to
(1)  zoning, subdivision and building by-laws;
(2)  by-laws adopted under section 116;
(3)  by-laws under any of the provisions of Divisions VI to XI;
(4)  by-laws to amend or replace a by-law mentioned in subparagraphs 1 to 3.
However, sections 124 to 127 do not apply to by-laws applicable to unorganized territories that are not subject to approval by way of referendum. Moreover, if, in order to fulfil the obligation under section 110.10.1 to adopt, on the same day, the by-law revising the planning program and the by-law that replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law, the council must readopt the replacement by-law without amendment, sections 123 to 127 do not apply in respect of the readopted by-law. For the purposes of section 134, that by-law is deemed to have been the subject of a draft by-law as provided in section 124.
For the purposes of this division, a by-law that is subject to approval by way of referendum is a by-law that
(1)  is designed to amend a zoning or subdivision by-law by adding, amending, replacing or striking out a provision bearing on a matter mentioned in any of subparagraphs 1 to 5, 6, 10, 11 and 16.1 to 22 of the second paragraph of section 113 or in the third paragraph of the said section, or a matter mentioned in any of subparagraphs 1, 3 and 4.1 of the second paragraph of section 115; and
(2)  is not a concordance by-law enacting, pursuant to section 58, 59, 102 or 110.4, an amendment referred to in subparagraph 1 for the sole purpose of taking into account an amendment to or revision of the land use planning and development plan or the coming into force of the original planning program or of the amendment to or revision of the planning program.
For the purposes of this division, the conditional use by-law provided for in section 145.31 or any by-law that amends or replaces the conditional use by-law is also subject to approval by way of referendum.
1979, c. 51, s. 123; 1982, c. 2, s. 77; 1985, c. 27, s. 5; 1987, c. 57, s. 673; 1989, c. 46, s. 7; 1993, c. 3, s. 62; 1994, c. 32, s. 14; 1996, c. 25, s. 57; 1997, c. 93, s. 29; 2002, c. 37, s. 24; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
124. Every by-law to which this section applies shall be adopted in draft form by the council of the municipality.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the draft by-law, the clerk or secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit a certified copy of the draft by-law and of the resolution by which it was adopted to the regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 124; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
125. The municipality shall hold a public meeting in connection with the draft by-law, presided by the mayor or by a member of the council designated by the mayor.
The date, time and place of the meeting shall be fixed by the council, which may delegate all or part of this power to the clerk or secretary-treasurer of the municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 125; 1996, c. 25, s. 57; 1996, c. 77, s. 3.
126. At least seven days before the public meeting is held, the clerk or secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall post, in the office of the municipality, a notice setting out the date, time, place and object of the meeting, and publish it in a newspaper circulated in its territory.
The notice must state that a copy of the draft by-law is available for consultation at the office of the municipality. It must also state whether or not the draft by-law contains a provision making it a by-law subject to approval by way of referendum.
Except in the case of a draft concordance by-law to be adopted under section 58 or 59,
(1)  where the draft by-law concerns a zone, a sector of a zone or a part of the territory determined under the sixth paragraph of section 113 or the third paragraph of section 115, the notice must, using street names whenever possible, describe the perimeter of the zone, sector or part, illustrate it by means of a sketch, or state the approximate location of the zone, sector or part and the fact that a description or illustration is available for consultation at the office of the municipality;
(2)  where the draft by-law concerns the whole territory of the municipality, the notice must state, where applicable, that the draft by-law contains provisions applying specifically to a zone, a sector of a zone or a part of the territory determined under the sixth paragraph of section 113 or the third paragraph of section 115 and mention the fact that a description or illustration of the zone, sector or part is available for consultation at the office of the municipality.
In the case of contiguous zones or sectors of zones, the description or illustration of their perimeter or approximate location may be that of their combined areas.
1979, c. 51, s. 126; 1984, c. 10, s. 14; 1984, c. 36, s. 44; 1988, c. 41, s. 89; 1994, c. 16, s. 51; 1994, c. 32, s. 15; 1996, c. 25, s. 57; 1997, c. 93, s. 30.
127. During the public meeting, the person presiding must explain the draft by-law and hear every person or body wishing to express an opinion.
Where the draft by-law contains a provision making it a by-law subject to approval by way of referendum, the person responsible for explaining the draft by-law shall identify that provision and explain the nature of and means of exercising the right of certain persons to make an application, pursuant to the provisions of subdivision 2, for any by-law containing that provision to be submitted for the approval of certain qualified voters.
1979, c. 51, s. 127; 1996, c. 2, s. 52; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
§ 2.  — Applications to take part in a referendum following a second draft by-law
1996, c. 25, s. 57.
128. Once the public meeting on a draft by-law containing a provision making it a by-law subject to approval by way of referendum has been held, the council of the municipality shall adopt, with or without change, a second draft by-law. No such provision may be included in the second draft by-law unless it relates to a matter in respect of which such a provision was included in the first draft by-law.
However, the council is not bound to adopt a second draft by-law if the by-law it adopts under section 134 no longer contains any provision making it a by-law subject to approval by way of referendum.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the second draft by-law, the clerk or secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit a certified copy of the draft by-law and of the resolution by which it was adopted to the regional county municipality or, if the second draft by-law is identical to the first, a notice to that effect.
1979, c. 51, s. 128; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
129. A summary of the second draft by-law may be produced under the responsibility of the municipality.
Notwithstanding the second paragraph of section 11 of the Act respecting Access to documents held by public bodies and the Protection of personal information (chapter A-2.1), a copy of the summary may be obtained from the municipality, free of charge, by any person who so requests.
1979, c. 51, s. 129; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
130. If the second draft by-law contains a provision making the by-law a by-law subject to approval by way of referendum, an application may be made under this section and under sections 131 and 133 to require that any by-law containing the provision that is adopted under section 136 be submitted for the approval of certain qualified voters.
An application relating to a provision adopted under subparagraph 17 of the second paragraph of section 113 or subparagraph 3 of the second paragraph of section 115 may originate from any zone within the territory of the municipality, and shall require that the by-law be submitted for the approval of all the qualified voters. The same applies in respect of a provision adopted under subparagraph 18 of the second paragraph of section 113 where it applies to the whole territory of the municipality.
An application relating to a provision that applies to part of the territory, as determined under the sixth paragraph of section 113 or the third paragraph of section 115, may originate from any zone wholly or partially comprised within the part concerned, and shall require that the by-law be submitted for the approval of the qualified voters in any zone wholly or partially comprised within the part concerned.
An application relating to a provision that amends the classification of structures or uses in such a way that the authorized structures and uses in a zone are changed may originate from that zone and from any zone contiguous to it, and shall require that the by-law be submitted for the approval of the qualified voters in the zone in which the authorized structures or uses are changed and from which the application originates, and of the qualified voters in any contiguous zone from which an application originates, provided that an application originates from the zone to which it is contiguous.
An application relating to a provision adopted pursuant to a power that permits of zone-by-zone regulation, where it applies to a zone that is not divided into sectors if the power also permits of sector-by-sector regulation, may originate from a zone to which it applies and from any zone contiguous to that zone, and shall require that the by-law be submitted for the approval of the qualified voters in the zone to which the by-law applies, and of the qualified voters in any contiguous zone from which an application originates. That rule applies in respect of a provision adopted under subparagraph 18 of the second paragraph of section 113 only where the provision does not apply to the whole territory of the municipality.
An application relating to a provision adopted pursuant to a power that permits of sector-by-sector regulation may originate from a sector to which it applies, a sector of the same zone that is contiguous to a sector to which it applies, and any zone contiguous to a sector to which it applies, and shall require that the by-law be submitted for the approval of the qualified voters in the sector to which the by-law applies and of the qualified voters in any contiguous sector or zone from which an application originates.
For the purposes of the fifth and sixth paragraphs and of sections 133 to 137, a provision that applies to more than one zone or more than one sector of a zone, as the case may be, is deemed to constitute a separate provision applying separately to each zone or sector.
For the purposes of the first seven paragraphs and of sections 133 to 137, a provision that changes the limits of a zone or a sector of a zone so as to amend the rules adopted pursuant to a power referred to in the fifth or sixth paragraph that are applicable to that zone or sector is considered to be a provision referred to in the fifth or sixth paragraph, as the case may be.
1979, c. 51, s. 130; 1996, c. 25, s. 57; 1996, c. 77, s. 4; 1997, c. 93, s. 31; 1999, c. 90, s. 2.
130.1. (Replaced).
1993, c. 3, s. 64; 1994, c. 32, s. 16; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
130.2. (Replaced).
1993, c. 3, s. 64; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
130.3. (Replaced).
1993, c. 3, s. 64; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
130.4. (Replaced).
1993, c. 3, s. 64; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
130.5. (Repealed).
1993, c. 3, s. 64; 1994, c. 16, s. 51; 1994, c. 32, s. 17.
130.6. (Replaced).
1993, c. 3, s. 64; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
130.7. (Replaced).
1993, c. 3, s. 64; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
130.8. (Replaced).
1993, c. 3, s. 65; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
131. Every interested person in a zone or a sector of a zone may sign an application originating from that zone or sector.
For the purposes of this subdivision, an interested person in a given zone or sector of a zone is a person who would be a qualified voter and whose name would be entered on the referendum list of the zone or sector if the reference date, within the meaning of the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (chapter E-2.2), was the date of adoption of the second draft by-law and if the sector concerned, within the meaning of that Act, was that zone or sector.
1979, c. 51, s. 131; 1987, c. 57, s. 674; 1993, c. 3, s. 65; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
131.1. (Replaced).
1993, c. 3, s. 65; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
132. Following the adoption of the second draft by-law, the clerk or secretary-treasurer shall, in accordance with the Act governing the municipality for such purposes, issue a public notice
(1)  setting out the number, title and date of adoption of the second draft by-law;
(2)  giving a brief description of the object of the provisions in respect of which an application may be made, or mentioning the fact that a copy of the summary of the second draft by-law may be obtained, free of charge, by any person who so requests;
(3)  (a)  stating which interested persons are entitled to sign an application in respect of each provision and the tenor of an application or, if the object of the provisions is not stated in the notice, explaining, in a general manner, entitlement to sign an application and the tenor of an application and stating how information may be obtained to determine which interested persons are entitled to sign an application in respect of each provision and the tenor of an application;
(b)  setting out the conditions of validity of an application;
(4)  determining the interested persons in a zone and the manner in which a legal person may exercise the right to sign an application, or stating how such information may be obtained;
(5)  describing, using street names whenever possible, the perimeter of each zone from which an application may originate, otherwise than by reason of the fact that it is contiguous to another zone, illustrating it by means of a sketch, or indicating the approximate location of the zone and stating the fact that a description or illustration is available for consultation at the office of the municipality;
(6)  mentioning the fact that the provisions in respect of which no valid application is received may be included in a by-law that is not required to be submitted for the approval of the qualified voters;
(7)  stating the place, dates and times at which the second draft by-law is available for consultation.
If the notice contains a description of the object of a provision other than those referred to in the second and third paragraphs of section 130, the indication of the interested persons entitled to sign an application in respect of that provision, prescribed in subparagraph a of subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph of this section, shall name every zone to which the provision applies, contain a general statement concerning any zone contiguous to the zone so named and, in the case of a provision referred to in the seventh paragraph of section 130, state that the provision is deemed to constitute a separate provision applying separately to each zone named. For the purposes of this paragraph, a zone in which the authorized structures or uses would no longer be the same because of the amended classification under the provision is deemed to be a zone to which the provision applies.
If, under subparagraph 5 of the first paragraph, the perimeter or approximate location of all the zones in the territory of the municipality are to be illustrated or described, the notice need contain no description, illustration or indication, except if it contains the description of the object of the provisions in respect of which an application may be made.
In the case of contiguous zones, the description or illustration of their perimeter or indication of their approximate location may be that of their combined areas.
For the purposes of the first four paragraphs, a sector of a zone is considered to be a zone if, pursuant to the sixth paragraph of section 130, an application may originate from a sector of a zone.
1979, c. 51, s. 132; 1987, c. 57, s. 674; 1996, c. 25, s. 57; 1996, c. 77, s. 5.
133. An application, in order to be valid, must
(1)  state clearly the provision to which it refers and the zone or sector of a zone from which it originates;
(2)  be signed by at least 12 interested persons in a zone or sector in which there are more than 21 interested persons, or, in other cases, by a majority of the interested persons;
(3)  be received by the municipality not later than the eighth day following the day on which the notice provided for in section 132 is published.
The provisions of the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (chapter E-2.2) dealing with the manner in which a legal person may exercise its rights, the manner in which qualified voters entitled to have their names entered on the referendum list are to be counted, and applications for the holding of a referendum poll apply, adapted as required, to the signing of an application.
1979, c. 51, s. 133; 1980, c. 16, s. 88; 1987, c. 57, s. 674; 1989, c. 46, s. 8; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
§ 2.1.  — Adoption and approval of certain by-laws
1996, c. 25, s. 57.
134. Once the public hearing provided for in section 125 has been held, the council of the municipality shall adopt, with or without change, the by-law adopted in draft form under section 124.
The by-law may not contain any provision making it a by-law subject to approval by way of referendum.
The first two paragraphs do not apply if the council has been required to adopt a second draft by-law under section 128. However, even if the council adopts a second draft by-law containing provisions making it a by-law subject to approval by way of referendum that relate to matters in respect of which such provisions were included in the draft by-law provided for in section 124, the council may adopt a by-law containing only provisions not making the by-law a by-law subject to approval by way of referendum that relate to matters in respect of which provisions were included in the latter draft by-law.
1979, c. 51, s. 134; 1987, c. 57, s. 674; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
135. Where no valid application has been received in respect of a second draft by-law, the council of the municipality shall adopt that draft by-law without change.
In all other cases, the council shall adopt, besides a separate by-law under section 136, if any, a by-law containing the provisions of the second draft by-law in respect of which no valid application has been received. The council may only make changes required by reason of the withdrawal, from the by-law, of the provisions in respect of which valid applications have been received.
1979, c. 51, s. 135; 1987, c. 57, s. 674; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
136. In cases where a valid application has been received in respect of a provision of the second draft by-law, that provision may only be contained in a by-law that is separate from that referred to in the second paragraph of section 135 and, subject to section 137, separate from any other by-law containing another provision in respect of which a valid application has been made.
The council of the municipality shall adopt such separate by-laws without any change, as compared to the equivalent part of the second draft by-law, other than a change required by reason of the withdrawal, from the by-law, of the provisions contained in the by-law provided for in the second paragraph of section 135 and of any other provisions in respect of which a valid application has been made.
1979, c. 51, s. 136; 1987, c. 57, s. 674; 1996, c. 25, s. 57; 1996, c. 77, s. 6.
136.0.1. Any by-law adopted under section 134 that, pursuant to section 110.10.1, replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law must be approved by all qualified voters in accordance, having regard to any adaptation under the third paragraph, with the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (chapter E‐2.2).
Where, however, to comply with the obligation under section 110.10.1 to adopt on the same day the by-law revising the planning program and the by-law that replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law, the council is required to readopt without amendment a by-law that has received the approval of the qualified voters, the readopted by-law is deemed to have received that approval without having been subject to the process set out in the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities.
The 45-day and 120-day periods provided, respectively, by sections 535 and 568 of that Act shall begin to run on the day after either the day referred to in subparagraph 1 or 2 or the later of those days, according to whether, from among the sections of this Act mentioned in those subparagraphs, only one section mentioned in only one subparagraph applies in respect of the by-law or more than one section mentioned in both subparagraphs applies thereto:
(1)  the day on which the regional county municipality approves the by-law under section 137.3 or the day the municipality receives a copy of the notice of the Commission, provided for in section 137.5, according to which the by-law conforms to the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and to the provisions of the complementary document;
(2)  the day on which the by-law is deemed, under section 137.13, to be in conformity with the planning program.
1997, c. 93, s. 32; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
136.1. Every by-law adopted under section 136 must be approved by the qualified voters, in accordance with the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (chapter E-2.2), as provided for in the following paragraphs.
A by-law adopted following an application referred to in the second paragraph of section 130 shall be submitted for the approval of all the qualified voters.
A by-law adopted following an application referred to in the third paragraph of section 130 shall be submitted for the approval of the qualified voters in any zone wholly or partially comprised within the part of the territory referred to in that paragraph.
A by-law adopted following an application referred to in the fourth paragraph of section 130 shall be submitted for the approval of the qualified voters in the zone in which the authorized structures or uses are changed and from which a valid application in respect of the provision referred to in that paragraph originated, and of the qualified voters in any contiguous zone from which an application originates, provided that such an application originates from the zone to which it is contiguous.
A by-law adopted following an application referred to in the fifth paragraph of section 130 shall be submitted for the approval of the qualified voters in the zone in which the by-law applies, and of the qualified voters in any contiguous zone from which a valid application originates in respect of the provision referred to in that paragraph.
A by-law adopted following an application referred to in the sixth paragraph of section 130 shall be submitted for the approval of the qualified voters in the sector in which it applies, and of the qualified voters in any contiguous sector or zone from which a valid application originates in respect of the provision referred to in that paragraph.
Where approval is to be sought under the third, fourth, fifth or sixth paragraph, if the applicable paragraph applies to several zones, the sector concerned, within the meaning of the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities, is the aggregate of those zones. For the purposes of this paragraph, a sector of a zone is considered to be a zone in the case of approval sought under the sixth paragraph.
1996, c. 25, s. 57; 1996, c. 77, s. 7.
137. A by-law may contain more than one provision in respect of which a valid application has been made to the extent that, were each such provision to be contained in a separate by-law, all the by-laws containing one such provision would have to be approved by the same group of qualified voters.
1979, c. 51, s. 137; 1987, c. 57, s. 674; 1996, c. 25, s. 57.
§ 3.  — Examination of conformity of certain by-laws with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
137.1. Sections 137.2 to 137.8 apply where a land use planning and development plan is in force in the territory of the municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
137.2. As soon as practicable after the adoption of a by-law referred to in this paragraph, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the by-law and of the resolution adopting it to the regional county municipality whose territory includes that of the municipality. The by-laws concerned are
(1)  by-laws amending or replacing the zoning, subdivision or building by-law;
(2)  any of the by-laws under Divisions VII to XI and section 116;
(3)  by-laws amending or replacing a by-law referred to in subparagraph 2.
However, if the by-law requires the approval of the qualified voters, the documents mentioned in the first paragraph shall be transmitted, as soon as practicable, either after the approval or, at the option of the council, after the adoption of the by-law; the second case applies mandatorily where, under the third paragraph of section 136.0.1, the beginning of the periods provided for in sections 535 and 568 of the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (chapter E-2.2) is delayed. In the latter case, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer shall, when transmitting the documents, notify the regional county municipality that the by-law requires the approval of the qualified voters.
The clerk or secretary-treasurer shall also, as soon as practicable after the date on which the by-law is deemed to have been so approved, transmit a notice specifying that date to the regional county municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1994, c. 32, s. 18; 1996, c. 25, s. 58; 1997, c. 93, s. 33; 2002, c. 37, s. 25.
137.3. Within 120 days after the documents described in the first paragraph of section 137.2 are transmitted, the council of the regional county municipality shall approve the by-law if it is in conformity with the objectives of the plan and with the provisions of the complementary document, or, if not, it shall withhold approval thereof.
The resolution by which the council of the regional county municipality withholds approval of the by-law must include reasons and state the provisions of the by-law that are not in conformity.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution by which the by-law is approved, the secretary-treasurer shall issue a certificate of conformity in respect of the by-law and transmit a certified copy of the certificate to the municipality. However, where the by-law must also be approved by qualified voters and such approval has not been given when the council gives its approval, the documents which must be issued or transmitted under the first paragraph shall be issued or transmitted as soon as practicable after the regional county municipality receives the notice provided for in the third paragraph of section 137.2. Furthermore, where, pursuant to section 110.10.1, the council of the municipality adopts on the same day the by-law revising the planning program and the by-law that replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law, the issue and transmission in respect of the by-law approved by the council of the regional county municipality may not be effected as long as the issue and transmisson provided for in this section or in any of sections 109.7, 109.9 and 137.5 cannot be effected in respect of any other by-law so adopted on the same day; the issue and transmission in such a case are effected on the same day in respect of all the by-laws.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution by which approval of the by-law is withheld, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the resolution to the municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 59; 1997, c. 93, s. 34.
137.4. Where the council of the regional county municipality withholds approval of the by-law or fails to give its opinion within the time prescribed in section 137.3, the council of the municipality may apply to the Commission for an assessment of the conformity of the by-law with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall serve on the Commission a certified copy of the resolution requesting the assessment and of the by-law concerned. He shall serve a certified copy of the resolution on the regional county municipality.
The copy served on the Commission must be received by the Commission within 15 days after a copy of the resolution in which approval of the by-law is withheld is transmitted or, as the case may be, the expiry of the period prescribed in section 137.3.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 60.
137.4.1. If the council of the regional county municipality withholds approval of the by-law, the council of the municipality may, instead of applying for the assessment provided for in section 137.4, adopt
(1)  a single by-law containing only the elements of the by-law concerned that did not cause approval to be withheld; or
(2)  a by-law containing only the elements of the by-law concerned that did not cause approval to be withheld together with a by-law containing only the elements of the by-law concerned that caused approval to be withheld.
Sections 124 to 133 do not apply in respect of a by-law adopted under the first paragraph. Section 137.3 does not apply in respect of a by-law containing only the elements that caused approval to be withheld; the council of the municipality may, in the same resolution, apply to the Commission for an assessment under section 137.4, as if approval for such by-law had been withheld by the council of the regional county municipality; the time limit prescribed in the third paragraph of the said section shall be computed in relation to the date of adoption of the by-law.
Any by-law adopted under the first paragraph that contains a provision having resulted in, in respect of the by-law for which approval was withheld by the council of the regional county municipality, the utilization of the process of approval by way of referendum must be approved by the same qualified voters, regardless of any change in the date of reference within the meaning of the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (chapter E-2.2). However, the by-law is deemed to have been so approved on the date of its adoption if, on such date, the by-law for which approval was withheld by the council of the regional county municipality is deemed, under the said Act, to have been approved by the qualified voters.
The first three paragraphs do not apply in respect of a by-law that replaces a by-law in force.
1996, c. 25, s. 61; 1997, c. 93, s. 35.
137.5. The Commission shall give its assessment within 60 days of receiving a copy of the resolution requesting the assessment.
Any assessment stating that the by-law is not in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document may include the suggestions of the Commission on ways to ensure conformity.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit a copy of the assessment to the municipality and the regional county municipality.
If the assessment indicates that the by-law is in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document, the secretary-treasurer shall, as soon as practicable after receipt of the copy of the assessment, issue a certificate of conformity in respect of the by-law and transmit a certified copy thereof to the municipality. However, where the by-law must also be approved by qualified voters and such approval has not been given when the secretary-treasurer receives a copy of the assessment of the Commission, the documents which must be issued or transmitted under this paragraph shall be issued or transmitted as soon as practicable after the regional county municipality receives the notice provided for in the third paragraph of section 137.2. Furthermore, where, pursuant to section 110.10.1, the council of the municipality adopts on the same day the by-law revising the planning program and the by-law that replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law, the issue and transmission in respect of the by-law that is the subject of the notice of the Commission may not be effected as long as the issue and transmission provided for in this section or in any of sections 109.7, 109.9 and 137.3 cannot be effected in respect of any other by-law so adopted on the same day; the issue and transmission in such a case are effected on the same day in respect of all the by-laws.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 62; 1997, c. 93, s. 36.
137.6. Where, under section 58 or 59, the municipality is bound to adopt a concordance by-law to take into account the amendment or revision of the development plan, if the assessment of the Commission indicates that the by-law is not in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document or if the Commission has received no application for assessment regarding the by-law within the time prescribed in section 137.4, the council of the regional county municipality shall request that the municipality replace the by-law, within the period it prescribes, by another by-law which is in conformity with these objectives and provisions.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the resolution requesting that the by-law be replaced, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the resolution to the municipality.
The period prescribed for replacement shall not expire before the end of the 45-day period following transmission pursuant to the second paragraph.
1993, c. 3, s. 66.
137.7. Sections 124 to 133 do not apply in respect of a new by-law differing from the by-law it replaces, at the request of the council of the regional county municipality made under section 137.6, for the sole purpose of ensuring that it is in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 63.
137.8. Where the council of the municipality fails to adopt, within the time prescribed in section 58 or 59 or under section 137.6, as the case may be, a concordance by-law to take into account the amendment or revision of the plan, the council of the regional county municipality may adopt it in its place.
Sections 124 to 137.6 do not apply in respect of the by-law adopted by the council of the regional county municipality under the first paragraph. The by-law is considered to be a by-law adopted by the council of the municipality and approved by the council of the regional county municipality. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the by-law, the secretary-treasurer shall issue a certificate of conformity in respect of it.
As soon as practicable after the adoption of the by-law and the issue of the certificate, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the by-law, of the resolution by which it is adopted and of the certificate to the municipality. The copy of the by-law transmitted to the municipality shall stand in lieu of the original for the issue by the municipality of certified copies of the by-law.
The expenses incurred by the regional county municipality to act in the place of the municipality shall be reimbursed to it by the municipality.
The first four paragraphs also apply where the council of a municipality fails to adopt, within the period prescribed in section 102 or within the period prescribed pursuant to section 40, as the case may be, a by-law whose object is the amendment of a by-law referred to in the second paragraph of section 102 to bring the latter into conformity with the objectives of the development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 64; 2003, c. 19, s. 25.
§ 4.  — Examination of conformity of certain by-laws with the planning program
1993, c. 3, s. 66.
137.9. Sections 137.10 to 137.14 apply in respect of any by-law which must be in conformity with the planning program under section 59.5, 110.4, 110.5 or 110.10.1. They also apply in respect of any by-law adopted in accordance with the second paragraph of section 102 or with the first paragraph of section 106.
However, those sections do not apply in respect of a by-law adopted by the council of the regional county municipality in accordance with section 137.8. Such a by-law is deemed to be in conformity with the program from the time of its adoption.
Where, to comply with the obligation under section 110.10.1 to adopt on the same day the by-law revising the planning program, the by-law that replaces the zoning by-law and the by-law that replaces the subdivision by-law, the council is required to readopt without amendment the first by-law and one of the latter two by-laws that was deemed to be in conformity with the planning program under section 137.13, sections 137.10 to 137.14 do not apply in respect of the latter by-law. The latter by-law is deemed to be in conformity with the planning program as soon as it is readopted.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1997, c. 93, s. 37.
137.10. As soon as practicable after the adoption of a by-law to which this section applies, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall, in accordance with the Act governing the municipality in that respect, give public notice of the adoption of the by-law, explaining the rules prescribed in the first two paragraphs of section 137.11 and in the first paragraph of section 137.12.
1993, c. 3, s. 66.
137.11. Any qualified voter of the territory of the municipality may apply, in writing, to the Commission for an assessment of the conformity of the by-law with the planning program.
The application must be transmitted to the Commission within 45 days after publication of the notice provided for in section 137.10.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit to the municipality a copy of every application transmitted within the prescribed period, and may receive free of charge from the municipality a certified copy of the program and by-law concerned.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 65.
137.12. Where the Commission receives applications from at least five qualified voters in the territory of the municipality, filed in accordance with section 137.11 in respect of the by-law, the Commission shall, within 60 days after the expiry of the period prescribed in that section, give its assessment of the conformity of such a by-law with the planning program.
Where the conformity of the by-law with the program is required by section 110.5 or 110.10.1, the program taken into consideration by the Commission is the program amended or revised by the by-law referred to in the said section, even if the by-law is not in force.
Any assessment stating that the by-law is not in conformity with the planning program may include the suggestions of the Commission on ways to ensure conformity.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit a copy of the assessment to the municipality and to every applicant.
The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall post in the office of the municipality the copy of the assessment received.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1997, c. 93, s. 38.
137.13. Where the Commission does not receive applications from at least five qualified voters in the territory of the municipality, filed in accordance with section 137.11 in respect of the by-law, the by-law is deemed to be in conformity with the planning program from the expiry of the period prescribed in that section.
The by-law is also deemed to be in conformity with the planning program from the date on which the Commission gives, in accordance with section 137.12, an assessment confirming such conformity.
1993, c. 3, s. 66.
137.14. The council of the municipality must adopt a new by-law to replace a by-law which is not deemed under section 137.13 to be in conformity with the program, so as to ensure such conformity.
Sections 124 to 133 do not apply in respect of a new by-law differing from the by-law it replaces for the sole purpose of ensuring that it is in conformity with the program.
The new by-law must be adopted before the expiry of the period which ends on the later of the date of expiry of the period prescribed for the adoption of the by-law it replaces and a period of 90 days after the day on which the Commission gives its assessment on whether or not the by-law is in conformity with the program.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 66.
§ 5.  — Coming into force of certain by-laws
1993, c. 3, s. 66.
137.15. Every by-law to which sections 137.2 to 137.7 apply or which is adopted by the council of the regional county municipality in accordance with section 137.8 comes into force on the date on which the certificate of conformity is issued. It is deemed to be in conformity with the objectives of the development plan and with the provisions of the complementary document.
However, where sections 137.10 to 137.14 apply also to the by-law, the by-law comes into force on the later of the date on which the certificate of conformity is issued and the date from which, according to section 137.13, it is deemed to be in conformity with the planning program.
As soon as practicable after the coming into force provided for in the first or second paragraph, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall publish a notice thereof in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the municipality and post it in the office of the municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 66.
137.16. Every by-law referred to in section 123 of a municipality in whose territory no land use planning and development plan is in force shall come into force, subject to section 105, in accordance with the Act governing the municipality in that respect.
No by-law to which sections 137.10 to 137.14 apply may come into force earlier than the date from which, according to section 137.13, it is deemed to be in conformity with the planning program.
Furthermore, where, pursuant to section 110.10.1, the by-law was adopted on the same day as the by-law revising the planning program, it shall come into force on the same day as the latter by-law.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 67; 1997, c. 93, s. 39; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
137.17. As soon as practicable after the coming into force of the by-law, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall transmit a certified copy thereof with a notice of the date on which it comes into force to the regional county municipality.
The first paragraph does not apply in respect of a by-law adopted by the council of the regional county municipality under section 137.8.
1993, c. 3, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 68; 2003, c. 19, s. 26.
138. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 138; 1987, c. 57, s. 674.
139. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 139; 1980, c. 16, s. 89; 1987, c. 57, s. 674.
140. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 140; 1980, c. 16, s. 90; 1987, c. 57, s. 674.
141. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 141; 1987, c. 57, s. 674.
142. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 142; 1987, c. 57, s. 674.
143. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 143; 1987, c. 57, s. 674.
144. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 144; 1987, c. 57, s. 674.
145. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 145; 1987, c. 57, s. 674.
DIVISION VI
MINOR EXEMPTIONS FROM PLANNING BY-LAWS
1985, c. 27, s. 6.
145.1. The council of a municipality provided with an advisory planning committee may pass a by-law concerning minor exemptions from the provisions of the zoning or subdivision by-laws other than those relating to land use and land occupation density.
1985, c. 27, s. 6; 1996, c. 2, s. 53.
145.2. Every minor exemption from the zoning and subdivision by-laws shall respect the aims of the planning program.
No minor exemption may be granted for a zone in which land use is subject to particular constraints for reasons of public safety.
1985, c. 27, s. 6; 1998, c. 31, s. 6.
145.3. The by-law concerning minor exemptions shall provide
(1)  the procedure to be followed to obtain a minor exemption from the council and the costs exigible for the examination of the application;
(2)  the identification from among the zones provided for in the zoning by-law, of those where a minor exemption may be granted;
(3)  the enumeration of the provisions of the zoning or subdivision by-laws that may be the subject of a minor exemption.
1985, c. 27, s. 6.
145.4. The council of a municipality in whose territory a by-law concerning minor exemptions is in force may grant such an exemption.
The exemption may be granted only if the application of the by-law causes a serious prejudice to the person who applied for the exemption. Moreover, it shall not be granted where it hinders the owners of the neighbouring immovables in the enjoyment of their right of ownership.
1985, c. 27, s. 6; 1996, c. 2, s. 54.
145.5. The resolution may also have effect in respect of work in progress or already carried out where the work was authorized by a building permit and was carried out in good faith.
1985, c. 27, s. 6.
145.6. The clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall, not later than fifteen days before the holding of the sitting at which the council is to give a decision on the application for a minor exemption, cause a notice to be published in accordance with the Act governing the municipality, at the expense of the person who applies for the exemption.
The notice shall indicate the date, time and place of the sitting of the council and the nature and the consequences of the exemption applied for. The notice shall contain the designation of the immovable affected using the name of the thoroughfare and the civic number or, failing that, the cadastral number, and shall indicate that any interested person may be heard by the council in relation to the application.
1985, c. 27, s. 6.
145.7. The council shall render its decision after having received the advice of the advisory planning committee.
The resolution under which the council renders its decision may set conditions within the jurisdiction of the municipality, to reduce the impact of the exemption. The resolution may provide for any condition among those set out in section 165.4.13 when the exemption granted concerns non-compliance, during the construction or expansion of a livestock facility or building not referred to in the second paragraph of section 165.4.2, with separation distances provided for in a regulatory provision adopted under subparagraph 4 of the second paragraph of section 113 or, if there is no such provision, under the Guidelines respecting odours caused by manure from agricultural activities (2003, G.O. 2, No. 25A, p. 1919A) applicable in such a case under section 38 or 39 of the Act to amend the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities and other legislative provisions (2001, chapter 35).
A copy of the resolution under which the council renders its decision shall be transmitted to the person who applied for the exemption.
1985, c. 27, s. 6; 2003, c. 19, s. 27; 2004, c. 20, s. 8.
145.8. Notwithstanding sections 120, 121 and 122, upon presentation of a certified copy of the resolution under which the council grants the exemption, the officer referred to in those sections shall issue the permit or certificate if the conditions referred to in the section are satisfied, subject to the second paragraph, including any condition that must, under the resolution, be satisfied no later than the time the permit or certificate application is made.
Where the condition is that the application be in conformity with a by-law referred to in paragraph 1 of section 120 or 121 or subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 122, the application must be in conformity with the provisions of the by-law that are not the subject of the exemption.
1985, c. 27, s. 6; 2003, c. 19, s. 28.
DIVISION VII
COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
1987, c. 53, s. 4.
145.9. The council of a municipality provided with an advisory planning committee may adopt a by-law authorizing it to require the production of a comprehensive development program for a zone upon any application for the amendment of the planning by-laws.
1987, c. 53, s. 4; 1996, c. 2, s. 55.
145.10. A by-law provided for in section 145.9 must
(1)  indicate the zone in respect of which any amendment to the planning by-laws is subject to the production of a comprehensive development program;
(2)  specify, for the zone, the land uses and occupation densities applicable to a comprehensive development program;
(3)  establish the procedure relating to an application for the amendment of the planning by-laws where the presentation of a comprehensive development program is required;
(4)  prescribe the mandatory components of a comprehensive development program and the required accompanying documents;
(5)  establish criteria for the assessment of a comprehensive development program.
1987, c. 53, s. 4.
145.11. (Repealed).
1987, c. 53, s. 4; 1989, c. 46, s. 9.
145.12. The council of a municipality having adopted a by-law contemplated in section 145.9 shall, by resolution, approve or reject a comprehensive development program presented to it in accordance with this division, after consultation with the planning advisory committee.
A copy of the resolution must be transmitted to the person who presented the program.
1987, c. 53, s. 4; 1989, c. 46, s. 10.
145.13. The council of a municipality may require as a condition of approval of a comprehensive development program that the owners of the immovables situated in the zone contemplated in the program
(1)  assume the cost of certain components of the program, particularly of infrastructure and public services;
(2)  implement the program within the time it prescribes;
(3)  furnish such financial guarantees as it determines.
1987, c. 53, s. 4.
145.14. The council may, in accordance with the applicable provisions of Division V, adopt a by-law amending the planning by-laws of the municipality to integrate an approved comprehensive development program.
The council may, when it replaces a planning by-law, include the comprehensive development program in the by-law adopted as a replacement by-law instead of effecting the inclusion by way of amendment.
1987, c. 53, s. 4; 1993, c. 3, s. 67; 1997, c. 93, s. 40; 2002, c. 77, s. 5.
DIVISION VIII
SITE PLANNING AND ARCHITECTURAL INTEGRATION PROGRAMS
1989, c. 46, s. 11.
145.15. The council of a municipality where a planning advisory committee has been established may, by by-law, subordinate the issue of a building or subdivision permit or a certificate of authorization or occupancy to the approval of plans relating to the site and architecture of the constructions or the development of the land and related work.
1989, c. 46, s. 11.
145.16. The by-law must
(1)  specify every zone and every class of construction, land or work to which it applies;
(2)  determine objectives regarding site planning and the architecture of constructions or the development of the land, and set out criteria permitting to assess whether the objectives have been achieved;
(3)  prescribe the minimum content of the plans and, in particular, require that they include one or several of the following components:
(a)  the location of existing and proposed constructions;
(b)  a description of the land and the proposed development work;
(c)  the architecture of the constructions to be built, converted, enlarged or added to;
(d)  the relations between such constructions and adjacent constructions;
(4)  prescribe the documents that must be submitted with the plans;
(5)  prescribe the procedure applicable to an application for a building or subdivision permit or a certificate of authorization or occupancy where the issue of such a permit or certificate is subordinated to the approval of plans.
1989, c. 46, s. 11.
145.17. The by-law may establish different rules according to zones, types of construction, class of land or kind of work or according to any combination of zones and classes.
1989, c. 46, s. 11.
145.18. The council may order that the plans be submitted for consultation in accordance with sections 125 to 127 which apply, adapted as required.
1989, c. 46, s. 11; 1993, c. 3, s. 68; 1996, c. 25, s. 69.
145.19. After consulting the planning advisory committee and holding any consultation ordered under section 145.18, the council of the municipality shall approve the plans if they are in conformity with the by-law or, if not, it shall refuse its approval.
The resolution refusing to approve the plans shall state the reasons for the refusal.
1989, c. 46, s. 11.
145.20. The council may, in addition, require as a condition of approval of the plans that the owner assume the cost of certain components of the plans, such as the cost of infrastructure or public services, that he implement his project within a fixed period or that he furnish financial guaranties.
1989, c. 46, s. 11.
145.20.1. Where a notice of motion has been given for the adoption or amendment of a by-law provided for in section 145.15, no building or subdivision permit and no certificate of authorization or occupancy may be issued where the issue thereof will be subordinated, should the by-law which is the subject of the notice of motion be adopted, to the approval of plans relating to the site and architecture of the structures or the development of the land and related work.
The first paragraph ceases to be applicable unless the by-law which is the subject of the notice of motion is adopted within two months after the filing of the notice or put into force within four months after its adoption.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
DIVISION IX
MUNICIPAL WORKS AGREEMENTS
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.21. The council of a municipality may, by by-law, subordinate the issue of a building or subdivision permit or a certificate of authorization or occupancy to the making of an agreement between the applicant and the municipality pertaining to work for the construction of municipal infrastructures or equipment and to the payment or apportionment of expenditures incurred in respect of such work.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.22. A by-law under section 145.21 must indicate
(1)  the zones in respect of which it applies:
(2)  the classes of structure, land or work in respect of which the issue of a building or subdivision permit or a certificate of authorization or occupancy is subordinated to an agreement;
(3)  the classes of infrastructure or equipment to which the agreement applies and specify, where applicable, that the agreement may pertain to infrastructures and equipment destined, regardless of location, to serve not only immovables to which the permit or certificate applies but also other immovables in the territory of the municipality;
(4)  where applicable, the terms and conditions governing the establishment of the share of the expenditures incurred in respect of the work which is to be borne by the holder of the permit or certificate, according to the classes of structure, land, work, infrastructure or equipment specified in the by-law;
(5)  where applicable, the terms and conditions governing the establishment of the share of the expenditures incurred in respect of the work to be borne by any person benefitted by the work, other than the holder of the permit or certificate, according to the classes of structure, land, work, infrastructure or equipment specified in the by-law, prescribe the terms and conditions of payment and collection of aliquot shares, and fix the rate of interest payable on any unpaid amount.
The by-law may also subordinate the issue of a building or subdivision permit or a certificate of authorization or occupancy applied for by a person benefitted by the work, within the meaning of subparagraph 5 of the first paragraph, to prior payment, by the latter, of any part of his aliquot share or to the deposit of any guarantee determined by the by-law.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.23. The agreement must include
(1)  the designation of the parties;
(2)  the description of the work and the designation of the party responsible for the carrying out of all or part of the work;
(3)  where applicable, the date on which the work must be completed by the holder of the permit or certificate;
(4)  a determination of the expenditures incurred in respect of the work which must be borne by the holder of the permit or certificate;
(5)  the penalty recoverable from the holder of the permit or certificate in the event of a delay in the carrying out of the work for which the holder is responsible;
(6)  where applicable, the terms and conditions of payment by the holder of the permit or certificate of the expenditures incurred in respect of the work and the interest payable on any unpaid amount;
(7)  where applicable, the terms and conditions of remittance by the municipality to the holder of the permit or certificate of the aliquot share of the expenditures incurred for the work paid by a person benefitted by the work; the terms and conditions of remittance of the aliquot share must specify the deadline for payment by the municipality to the holder of the permit or certificate of any unpaid aliquot share;
(8)  the financial guarantees required of the holder of the permit or certificate.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.24. The agreement providing for the payment of an aliquot share by persons benefitted by the work, within the meaning of subparagraph 5 of the first paragraph of section 145.22, must identify, in a schedule to the agreement, the immovables that make the persons benefitted by the work subject to the payment of the aliquot share or indicate any criterion by which such immovables may be identified.
The municipality may, by resolution, amend the schedule to update it or add thereto any immovable that makes a person benefitted by the work subject to the payment of the aliquot share.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.25. Any part of the aliquot share that is not due to the municipality shall, after deduction of the collection costs, be remitted to the person who is party to the agreement with the municipality or, as the case may be, to any other rightful claimant.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.26. Sections 1 to 3 of the Municipal Works Act (chapter T-14) do not apply to work carried out in accordance with an agreement. However, the rules prescribed by that Act in relation to the method of financing of the work by the municipality apply.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.27. Section 29.3 of the Cities and Towns Act (chapter C-19) and article 14.1 of the Municipal Code of Québec (chapter C-27.1) do not apply to an agreement.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.28. Sections 573 and 573.1 of the Cities and Towns Act (chapter C-19) and articles 935 and 936 of the Municipal Code of Québec (chapter C-27.1) do not apply to work carried out under the responsibility of the holder of a permit or certificate, pursuant to an agreement.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.29. An amount paid pursuant to a provision enacted under subparagraph 4 or 5 of the first paragraph of section 145.22 does not constitute a tax, a compensation or the imposition of a tariff.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
145.30. Where a notice of motion has been given for the adoption or amendment of a by-law provided for in section 145.21, no building or subdivision permit and no certificate of authorization or occupancy may be issued where the issue thereof will be subordinated, should the by-law which is the subject of the notice of motion be adopted, to the making of an agreement provided for in section 145.21.
The first paragraph ceases to be applicable unless the by-law which is the subject of the notice of motion is adopted within two months after the filing of the notice or put into force within four months after its adoption.
1994, c. 32, s. 19.
DIVISION X
CONDITIONAL USES
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
145.31. The council of a municipality that has an advisory planning committee may adopt a conditional use by-law.
The by-law may not, however, apply to agricultural activities within the meaning of the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P-41.1) in an agricultural zone established under that Act.
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
145.32. The conditional use by-law must
(1)  indicate any zone provided for in the zoning by-law where a conditional use may be authorized;
(2)  specify, for each zone indicated under subparagraph 1, the conditional use that may be authorized;
(3)  determine the procedure for an application for authorization of a conditional use, in particular the documents to be submitted with the application;
(4)  determine the criteria to be used to assess an application for authorization of a conditional use.
The by-law may define classes of conditional uses and prescribe different rules according to the classes, the zones or combinations of a class and a zone.
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
145.33. Not later than 15 days before the holding of the sitting at which the council is to decide the application for authorization of a conditional use, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall, by means of a public notice given in accordance with the Act governing the municipality and a poster or sign placed in full view on the site to which the application relates, indicate the date, time and place of the sitting, the nature of the application and that any person interested may be heard at the sitting in relation to the application.
The notice shall situate the immovable to which the application relates using street names and the street number of the immovable or, if the immovable has no street number, the cadastral number.
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
145.34. The council shall, after consulting with the advisory planning committee, grant or refuse an application for authorization of a conditional use submitted to it in accordance with the by-law.
The resolution by which the council grants the application shall provide for any condition, having regard to the jurisdiction of the municipality, that must be satisfied in relation to the establishment or exercise of the use.
The resolution by which the council refuses the application shall state the grounds for the refusal.
As soon as practicable after the passing of the resolution, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the resolution to the applicant.
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
145.35. Notwithstanding sections 120, 121 and 122, the officer referred to in those sections shall issue a permit or certificate upon being presented with a certified copy of the resolution by which the council grants the application for authorization of a conditional use, if the conditions referred to in the section are satisfied, subject to the second paragraph, including any condition required by the resolution to be satisfied at the latest at the time the permit or certificate application is made.
Where the condition requires the application to be in conformity with a by-law referred to in paragraph 1 of section 120 or 121 or subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 122, the application must be in conformity with the provisions of the by-law that are not the subject of the conditional use authorization.
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
DIVISION XI
SPECIFIC CONSTRUCTION, ALTERATION OR OCCUPANCY PROPOSALS FOR AN IMMOVABLE
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
145.36. The council of a municipality that has an advisory planning committee may adopt a by-law concerning specific construction, alteration or occupancy proposals for an immovable.
The object of the by-law is to enable the council to authorize, upon application and subject to certain conditions, a specific construction, alteration or occupancy proposal in respect of an immovable if the proposal is at variance with a by-law under this chapter.
To be authorized, a specific proposal must be consistent with the aims of the municipality’s planning program.
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
145.37. The by-law must
(1)  delimit the part of the territory of the municipality where a specific proposal may be authorized, which part may not include a zone where land occupation is subject to special restrictions for reasons of public safety;
(2)  determine the procedure for an application for authorization of a specific proposal, in particular the documents to be submitted with the application;
(3)  determine the criteria to be used to assess an application for authorization of a specific proposal.
The by-law may define classes of specific proposals and prescribe different rules according to the classes, the parts of the territory or combinations of a class and such a part.
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
145.38. The council shall, after consulting with the advisory planning committee, grant or refuse an application for authorization of a specific proposal submitted to it in accordance with the by-law.
The resolution by which the council grants the application shall provide for any condition, having regard to the jurisdiction of the municipality, that must be satisfied in relation to the carrying out of the proposal.
Sections 124 to 137, 137.2 to 137.5 and 137.15 apply, with the necessary modifications, in respect of the resolution by which the council grants the application; however, where there is no land use planning and development plan in force in the territory of the municipality, section 137.16 applies instead of sections 137.2 to 137.5 and 137.15. For that purpose, the resolution is subject to approval by way of referendum where the specific proposal is at variance with a provision referred to in subparagraph 1 of the third paragraph of section 123.
The resolution by which the council refuses the application shall state the grounds for the refusal.
As soon as practicable after the coming into force of the resolution, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the resolution to the applicant.
2002, c. 37, s. 26; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
145.39. As soon as practicable after the passing under section 124 of a draft resolution granting the application for authorization of a specific proposal, the clerk or the secretary-treasurer of the municipality shall, by means of a poster or sign placed in full view on the site to which the application relates, indicate the nature of the application and the place where any person interested may obtain information relating to the specific proposal.
That obligation ceases when the council passes the resolution granting the application for authorization or declines to do so. However, where the resolution passed must be approved by qualified voters, the obligation ceases when the referendum process ends.
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
145.40. Notwithstanding sections 120, 121 and 122, the officer referred to in those sections shall issue a permit or certificate upon being presented with a certified copy of the resolution in force by which the council grants the application for authorization of a specific proposal, if the conditions referred to in the section are satisfied, subject to the second paragraph, including any condition required by the resolution to be satisfied at the latest at the time the permit or certificate application is made.
Where the condition requires the application to be in conformity with a by-law referred to in paragraph 1 of section 120 or 121 or subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph of section 122, the application must be in conformity with the provisions of the by-law that are not the subject of the specific proposal authorization.
2002, c. 37, s. 26.
DIVISION XII
OCCUPANCY AND MAINTENANCE OF BUILDINGS
2004, c. 20, s. 9.
145.41. A council of a municipality may, by by-law, set standards and prescribe measures for the occupancy and maintenance of buildings.
If a building is decrepit or dilapidated, a municipality where a by-law under the first paragraph is in force may require that restoration, repair or maintenance work be carried out. The municipality must send the owner of the building a written notice indicating the work to be done to bring the building into conformity with the standards and measures prescribed by regulation and the time limit for carrying out the work. The municipality may grant additional time.
If the owner fails to carry out the work, the Superior Court may, on a motion by the municipality, authorize the latter to carry it out and recover the cost from the owner. The motion is heard and decided by preference.
The cost of such work constitutes a prior claim on the immovable on which the work is carried out in the same manner and with the same rank as the claims described in paragraph 5 of article 2651 of the Civil Code. The cost is secured by a legal hypothec on the immovable.
2004, c. 20, s. 9.
CHAPTER V
CONSTITUTION OF PLANNING ADVISORY COMMITTEES
146. The council of a municipality may, by by-law,
(1)  establish a planning advisory committee composed of at least one member of the council and of such number of members as it shall determine, who are chosen from among the persons resident in the territory of the municipality;
(2)  assign to such committee powers of study and recommendation in regard to planning, zoning, subdivision and building;
(3)  empower the committee to establish its rules of internal management;
(4)  provide that the term of office of the members must not exceed two years and that it may be renewed.
1979, c. 51, s. 146; 1996, c. 2, s. 56.
147. The members and officers of the committee are appointed by resolution of the council of the municipality.
The council may also appoint to the committee any persons whose services it may require for the performance of its functions.
1979, c. 51, s. 147.
148. The council may vote and place at the disposal of the committee the amounts of money the committee needs to fulfil its functions.
1979, c. 51, s. 148.
CHAPTER V.1
AGRICULTURAL ADVISORY COMMITTEES
1987, c. 102, s. 22; 1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.1. Every regional county municipality whose territory includes an agricultural zone established under the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P-41.1) shall establish an agricultural advisory committee.
Any other regional county municipality may pass a by-law to establish such a committee.
1987, c. 102, s. 22; 1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.2. A regional county municipality having established an agricultural advisory committee shall determine, by by-law, the number of members who will sit on the committee.
1987, c. 102, s. 22; 1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.3. The regional county municipality shall appoint the members of the committee from among the following persons:
(1)  the members of the council of the regional county municipality;
(2)  the farm producers, within the meaning of the Farm Producers Act (chapter P‐28), who are not eligible under subparagraph 1, who reside in the territory of the regional county municipality, and who are entered on a list drawn up by the certified association within the meaning of that Act;
(3)  persons who are not eligible under subparagraph 1 or 2 and who reside in the territory of the regional county municipality.
At least one-half of the members of the committee must be selected from among the persons eligible under subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph. Where a regional county municipality whose territory includes that of a core city appoints members of the committee from among the persons eligible under subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph, one of those persons must be a representative of the core city, unless the core city has previously waived that requirement.
Subject to the second paragraph, the regional county municipality may determine, by by-law, the number of members who must be selected under each subparagraph of the first paragraph.
The list referred to in subparagraph 2 of the first paragraph must contain a number of names equal to the lesser of twice the minimum number of members of the committee required to be chosen from among the persons mentioned in that subparagraph and the total number of farm producers, within the meaning of the Farm Producers Act, who reside in the territory of the regional county municipality.
1987, c. 102, s. 22; 1996, c. 26, s. 68; 2002, c. 68, s. 4.
148.4. The regional county municipality shall, by by-law, fix the term of office of the members of the committee. It may, in the same manner, provide for the cases in which a member of the committee may be replaced before the expiry of his term.
A member shall cease to be a member upon the expiry of his term or upon being replaced, resigning, or ceasing to be eligible under the first paragraph of section 148.3. A member appointed under a particular subparagraph of that paragraph, pursuant to the second paragraph of that section or pursuant to a by-law adopted under the third paragraph of that section, shall cease to be a member upon ceasing to be eligible under that subparagraph.
A member may resign by transmitting a signed resignation to the regional county municipality. The resignation takes effect on its date of receipt.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.5. The regional county municipality shall designate the chairman of the committee from among its members. The first paragraph of section 148.4, adapted as required, applies to the chairman.
The chairman shall cease to hold office upon the expiry of his term or upon being replaced, ceasing to be a member of the committee or resigning from the office of chairman.
The chairman may resign by transmitting a signed resignation to the regional county municipality. The resignation takes effect on its date of receipt.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.6. The function of the committee is to examine, at the request of the council of the regional county municipality or on its own initiative, any matter relating to agricultural land planning, the practice of agricultural activities and the environmental aspects pertaining to such planning and practice.
A further function of the committee is to make the recommendations it considers appropriate regarding the matters it has examined to the council of the regional county municipality.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.7. The committee may establish rules for its internal management.
Subject to sections 148.8 to 148.11, the meetings of the committee shall be called and held according to any such rules.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.8. The chairman of the committee shall preside at meetings of the committee.
If the chairman is unable to act, or if the position of chairman is vacant, the members of the committee present at a meeting of the committee shall designate a member from among their number to preside at the meeting.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.9. The quorum at meetings of the committee is a majority of the members of the committee.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.10. Each member of the committee has one vote.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.11. The rules of internal management and the recommendations of the committee shall be adopted by a majority of the votes cast.
The committee shall give an account of its work and its recommendations in a report signed by its chairman or by a majority of its members.
The report shall be tabled at a sitting of the council of the regional county municipality.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.12. The regional county municipality may allocate funds and assign personnel to assist the committee in fulfilling its functions.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
148.13. For the purposes of the legislative provisions governing the regional county municipality with respect to the reimbursement of the expenses of the members of the council, the office of chairman or committee member is deemed to be an office for which the members of the council may be entitled to the reimbursement of their expenses.
The regional county municipality may, following the same procedure as for the reimbursement of the expenses of the members of the council, establish rules relating to the reimbursement of the expenses of the chairman and of the other committee members who are not council members.
1996, c. 26, s. 68.
CHAPTER VI
GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS
149. Sections 150 to 157 apply to interventions through which the Government, any of its ministers or any mandatary of the State
(1)  begins to use an immovable, in the case either where the immovable is unused or, if the opposite is true, where the Government, any of its ministers or any mandatary of the State changes the use to which it puts the immovable;
(2)  carries out work on the soil;
(3)  builds, installs, demolishes, removes, enlarges or moves a building, equipment or infrastructure;
(4)  creates, abolishes or changes the boundaries of a wildlife preserve, a wildlife sanctuary, a wildlife management area, a park, an ecological reserve, an aquatic reserve, a biodiversity reserve or a man-made landscape;
(5)  delimits part of the lands in the domain of the State to foster the utilization of wildlife resources, or abolishes or changes such delimitation;
(6)  authorizes, in accordance with the Act respecting the lands in the domain of the State (chapter T‐8.1), the construction of a road other than a forest road or a mining road;
(7)  authorizes the construction of a main forest road included in a general forest management plan, by issuing, in accordance with the Forest Act (chapter F‐4.1), a forest management permit which includes the construction of such a road;
(8)  renders available, for vacation purposes on lands in the domain of the State, a location consisting of at least five sites with a concentration of at least one site per 0.8 hectare.
However, sections 150 to 157 do not apply to
(1)  an intervention mentioned in any of subparagraphs 1 to 3 of the first paragraph, unless such an intervention concerns a component of an electrical network, in a territory referred to in either of subparagraphs 4 and 5 of the first paragraph;
(2)  an intervention by Hydro-Québec mentioned in any of subparagraphs 1 to 3 of the first paragraph, other than a building which, under the Hydro-Québec Act (chapter H‐5), requires prior authorization by the Government or, under the Act respecting the Régie de l’énergie (chapter R‐6.01), requires authorization by the Régie de l’énergie;
(3)  an intervention mentioned in any of subparagraphs 1 to 3 of the first paragraph which is related to the management of resources on lands in the domain of the State, such as a forest management or wildlife management activity;
(4)  an intervention mentioned in either of subparagraphs 2 and 3 of the first paragraph aimed at restoring the premises after unlawful occupation;
(5)  repair or maintenance work.
For the purposes of subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph, the transfer of a right in respect of an immovable does not in itself constitute the beginning or a change of the use of an immovable.
1979, c. 51, s. 149; 1993, c. 3, s. 70; 1998, c. 29, s. 32; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2000, c. 22, s. 58; 2002, c. 74, s. 78.
150. The Government or any of its ministers or mandataries of the State may make an intervention to which this section applies, in a territory where a land use planning and development plan or an interim control by-law adopted by the council of a regional county municipality is in force, only if the intervention is deemed, under section 157, to be in conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan or the provisions of the by-law.
If in the territory concerned, a land use planning and development plan and an interim control by-law are in force simultaneously and if the intervention is in conformity with the objectives of the plan but not with the provisions of the by-law, or vice versa, the document considered for the purposes of the first paragraph shall be the one containing the provisions applicable to the territory concerned that were brought into force more recently. However, where none of the provisions of the by-law applies to the planned intervention in the territory concerned, the plan shall be the document considered for the purposes of the first paragraph.
In the case of an intervention mentioned in subparagraph 7 of the first paragraph of section 149, only the elements of the permit referred to in that subparagraph which concern the construction of a main forest road shall be taken into consideration for the purposes of assessing the conformity of the intervention.
1979, c. 51, s. 150; 1993, c. 3, s. 70; 1996, c. 25, s. 70; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
151. Where an intervention mentioned in section 150 is planned, the Minister shall serve a notice on the regional county municipality describing the intervention.
The notice remains valid for three years after the date on which the intervention is deemed under section 157 to be in conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan or the provisions of the interim control by-law, and throughout the period during which the intervention continues after those three years, regardless of amendments made to the plan or by-law coming into force before the end of the intervention. If the intervention does not begin within those three years and remains a project at the expiry of the three years, the Minister must serve a new notice in respect of that intervention. The second paragraph of section 150, adapted as required, applies for the purposes of this paragraph.
However, in the case of a building which, under the Hydro-Québec Act (chapter H‐5), requires prior authorization by the Government or, under the Act respecting the Régie de l’énergie (chapter R‐6.01), requires authorization by the Régie de l’énergie, the three-year period prescribed in the second paragraph begins to run from the date on which the building, deemed to be in conformity under section 157, is authorized.
1979, c. 51, s. 151; 1983, c. 19, s. 4; 1993, c. 3, s. 70; 2000, c. 22, s. 59; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 29.
152. The council of the regional county municipality shall, within 120 days after being served a notice pursuant to section 151, give its opinion on the conformity of the planned intervention with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan or the provisions of the interim control by-law.
The secretary-treasurer shall, within the time prescribed in the first paragraph, serve on the Minister a certified copy of the resolution stating the council’s opinion.
The Minister shall notify, in writing, the regional county municipality of the date on which he received the copy.
1979, c. 51, s. 152; 1983, c. 19, s. 5; 1993, c. 3, s. 70; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 30.
153. If the opinion indicates that the planned intervention is not in conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan or the provisions of the interim control by-law, the Minister may, within 120 days after receipt of the copy of the resolution stating the council’s opinion, request an assessment of the conformity from the Commission or require that the council of the regional county municipality amend the plan or by-law to ensure its conformity.
If the Minister elects to request an assessment from the Commission, he shall serve his requests on the Commission within the period prescribed in the first paragraph and transmit a copy thereof to the regional county municipality.
If the Minister elects to request an amendment to the plan or by-law, he shall serve on the regional county municipality, within the period prescribed in the first paragraph, a request with reasons, indicating the amendments that must be made to ensure conformity of the planned intervention with the objectives of the plan or the provisions of the by-law. He shall transmit a copy of the request to every municipality whose territory is comprised in the territory of the regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 153; 1993, c. 3, s. 70; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 31.
154. The Commission must give an assessment of the conformity of the planned intervention with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan or the provisions of the interim control by-law within 60 days after receipt of a request under the second paragraph of section 153.
Any assessment stating that the intervention is not in conformity with such objectives or provisions may contain the suggestions of the Commission on ways to ensure conformity.
The secretary of the Commission shall transmit a copy of the assessment to the Minister and to the regional county municipality.
Where the assessment indicates that the planned intervention is not in conformity with the objectives of the plan or the provisions of the by-law, the Minister may, within 30 days after receipt of the copy of the assessment, request that the council of the regional county municipality amend the plan or by-law to ensure its conformity. The third paragraph of section 153, adapted as required, applies in such a case as regards the time prescribed for serving the request.
1979, c. 51, s. 154; 1982, c. 2, s. 78; 1993, c. 3, s. 70; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
154.1. (Replaced).
1983, c. 19, s. 6; 1993, c. 3, s. 70.
155. Within 90 days after service of the request in accordance with the third paragraph of section 153, the council of the regional county municipality must adopt a by-law to amend the land use planning and development plan or the interim control by-law to take account of the request.
Sections 48 to 53.4 do not apply to a by-law which amends the land use planning and development plan for the sole purpose of taking the request into account. For the purposes of sections 53.7 to 53.9 or 65 and 66, the Minister shall give his assessment of the conformity of the planned intervention with the objectives of the plan, or the provisions of the interim control by-law, as either is amended by the by-law, even if the by-law is not in force.
1979, c. 51, s. 155; 1993, c. 3, s. 70; 1996, c. 25, s. 71; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
156. Where the council of the regional county municipality fails to adopt a by-law amending the land use planning and development plan or the interim control by-law to take into account the Minister’s request, the Government may act in the place of the council in accordance with the provisions of this section.
Once the council has failed to act, the Minister shall produce a document describing the planned intervention and the amendments to be made to the land use planning and development plan or interim control by-law to ensure conformity of the intervention with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan or the provisions of the interim control by-law. He shall transmit a copy of the document to the regional county municipality and to every municipality whose territory is comprised in the territory of the regional county municipality.
The Minister shall, through a representative, hold one or more public consultation meetings on the document referred to in the second paragraph. The representative shall fix the date, time and place of each meeting.
Not later than 15 days before the day preceding a meeting, the Minister or his representative shall publish, in a newspaper circulated in the territory of the regional county municipality, a notice of the date, time, place and object of the meeting. The notice shall also include a summary of the document referred to in the second paragraph and mention that a copy of the document may be examined in the office of every municipality whose territory is comprised in the territory of the regional county municipality.
At such a meeting, the Minister’s representative shall explain the document referred to in the second paragraph and hear the persons and bodies wishing to be heard.
After the meeting or, as the case may be, the last of the meetings, the Government may, by order, adopt a by-law amending the land use planning and development plan or the interim control by-law to ensure conformity of the planned intervention with the objectives of the plan or the provisions of the by-law. The by-law adopted by the Government is deemed to have been adopted by the council of the regional county municipality. As soon as practicable after the adoption of the order, the Minister shall transmit a copy of the order and of the by-law to the regional county municipality. The by-law comes into force on the date mentioned in the order.
1979, c. 51, s. 156; 1993, c. 3, s. 70; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
157. The planned intervention is deemed to be in conformity with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and the provisions of the interim control by-law,
(1)  where the council of the regional county municipality or the Commission gives an opinion confirming the conformity;
(2)  where the council of the regional county municipality does not give an opinion on the conformity within the time prescribed in the first paragraph of section 152;
(3)  upon the coming into force of a by-law amending the land use planning and development plan or interim control by-law adopted either by the council of the regional county municipality to take into account a request from the Minister served under the third paragraph of section 153 or by the Government in accordance with the sixth paragraph of section 156.
1979, c. 51, s. 157; 1993, c. 3, s. 70; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
CHAPTER VII
SPECIAL PLANNING ZONES
158. The Government may, by order, declare any part of the territory of Québec to be a special planning zone.
1979, c. 51, s. 158.
159. A special planning zone shall be created for the purpose of solving a development or environmental problem whose urgency or seriousness, in the opinion of the Government, warrants its intervention.
1979, c. 51, s. 159; 1996, c. 25, s. 72.
160. The order shall include the following components:
(1)  a description of the perimeter of the area to which it applies;
(2)  a statement of the objectives pursued;
(3)  the land use planning and development controls applicable within the perimeter;
(4)  the designation of the authority responsible for the administration of the controls provided for in paragraph 3;
(5)  the terms and conditions of amendment, review or repeal of the applicable controls.
1979, c. 51, s. 160.
161. A special planning zone order may be passed only if a draft order has been previously published in the Gazette officielle du Québec and served on each regional county municipality or municipality concerned.
1979, c. 51, s. 161; 1993, c. 3, s. 71; 2003, c. 19, s. 32.
162. From the date of the publication of the draft order in the Gazette officielle du Québec until the date of the coming into force of the order, the following practices are prohibited in the territory contemplated in the draft order:
(1)  any new construction, alteration, addition or installation, or any new use of land except uses of land and buildings for agricultural purposes on land under cultivation;
(2)  any new cadastral operation and the parcelling out of a lot by alienation.
However, the Government may at any time exempt any part of the territory contemplated in the draft order from the prohibitions enacted by this section. These prohibitions then cease to apply in that part of the territory from the date of the publication by the Minister, in the Gazette officielle du Québec, of a notice containing the description of that part of the territory thus exempted from the prohibitions enacted by this section.
1979, c. 51, s. 162.
163. Before the adoption of the order, the Minister or his representative shall hold a consultation on the content of the draft order.
The second, third, fourth and fifth paragraphs of section 156, adapted as required, apply to such consultation.
1979, c. 51, s. 163; 1993, c. 3, s. 72.
164. The order comes into force on the date of its publication in the Gazette officielle du Québec or on any later date fixed therein.
A copy of the order shall be served on each regional county municipality or municipality concerned.
1979, c. 51, s. 164; 2003, c. 19, s. 33.
165. From the coming into force of the order, the controls provided for therein are applicable within the perimeter of the area to which the order applies, notwithstanding any other provision of this Act.
The controls shall be administered, in accordance with the terms and conditions of the order, by the municipality, the regional county municipality or any other designated body.
1979, c. 51, s. 165.
CHAPTER VIII
PROTECTION OF LAKESHORES, RIVERBANKS, LITTORAL ZONES AND FLOODPLAINS
1987, c. 53, s. 5.
165.1. (Repealed).
1987, c. 53, s. 5; 1993, c. 3, s. 73.
165.2. If the Minister of the Environment is of the opinion that a zoning, subdivision or building by-law of a municipality fails to conform with the policy of the Government contemplated in section 2.1 of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q‐2) or, considering the distinctive features of the locality, fails to provide adequate protection for lakeshores, riverbanks, littoral zones and floodplains, he may request the municipality to amend it if he thinks it expedient.
Such a request is made by way of a notice, briefly stating reasons, setting forth the nature and purpose of the amendments to be made to the by-law and transmitted to the municipality.
The Minister shall transmit a copy of the notice to the regional county municipality.
1987, c. 53, s. 5; 1993, c. 3, s. 74; 1994, c. 17, s. 75; 1999, c. 36, s. 158; 2003, c. 19, s. 34.
165.3. Sections 137.3 to 137.5 and 137.15 do not apply to the by-law passed by the municipality to comply with the notice of the Minister.
Copy of the amending by-law shall be transmitted to the Minister upon passage.
The by-law comes into force in accordance with the Act governing the municipality in that matter.
1987, c. 53, s. 5; 1993, c. 3, s. 75.
165.4. If, on the expiry of 90 days from receipt of the notice of the Minister, the council of the municipality has not amended its by-law in accordance with the notice, the Minister may exercise his regulation making powers to bring it into conformity with his notice, in place and instead of the municipality.
The making by the Minister of the regulation contemplated in the first paragraph is not subject to any preliminary formalities.
The regulation comes into force on the day of its publication in the Gazette officielle du Québec and has the same effect as a by-law passed by the council of the municipality.
Notice of the coming into force of the regulation shall be transmitted to the municipality and to the regional county municipality.
1987, c. 53, s. 5; 2003, c. 19, s. 35.
TITLE II
ADMINISTRATION
CHAPTER I
REGIONAL COUNTY MUNICIPALITIES
DIVISION I
Repealed, 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
1993, c. 65, s. 76.
166. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 166; 1987, c. 102, s. 23; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
167. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 167; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
168. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 168; 1980, c. 34, s. 6; 1984, c. 27, s. 22; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
169. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 169; 1987, c. 102, s. 24; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
170. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 170; 1988, c. 19, s. 221; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
171. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 171; 1988, c. 19, s. 222; 1990, c. 85, s. 123; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
172. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 172; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
173. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 173; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
174. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 174; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
175. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 175; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
176. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 176; 1982, c. 2, s. 79; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
DIVISION II
Repealed, 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
1993, c. 65, s. 76.
177. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 177; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
178. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 178; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
179. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 179; 1982, c. 63, s. 98; 1987, c. 57, s. 675; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
180. (Replaced).
1979, c. 51, s. 180; 1987, c. 57, s. 675.
181. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 181; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
182. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 182; 1987, c. 57, s. 676; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
183. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 183; 1984, c. 27, s. 23; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
184. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 184; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
185. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 185; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
186. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 186; 1988, c. 19, s. 223; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
186.1. (Repealed).
1985, c. 27, s. 7; 1988, c. 19, s. 224; 1990, c. 47, s. 19; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
186.2. (Repealed).
1988, c. 19, s. 225; 1990, c. 47, s. 20; 1993, c. 65, s. 76.
DIVISION III
DELIBERATIONS OF THE COUNCIL
1993, c. 65, s. 77.
187. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 187; 1982, c. 2, s. 80; 1982, c. 63, s. 99; 1989, c. 46, s. 12; 1993, c. 65, s. 78.
188. Subject to any inconsistent legislative provision, the representatives of all the municipalities whose territories form part of that of a regional county municipality are qualified to participate in the deliberations and votes of the council.
For the purposes of the exercise of a function provided for in Title XXV of the Municipal Code of Québec (chapter C-27.1), only the representatives of the municipalities governed by that Code are qualified to participate in the deliberations and votes of the council of the regional county municipality.
A municipality may withdraw from deliberations on the exercise of a function not contemplated in the second paragraph.
No municipality may withdraw from deliberations where they concern
(1)  the exercise of powers provided for in this Act;
(2)  the adoption of the budget of the regional county municipality;
(3)  any matter relating to the general administration of the regional county municipality;
(4)  (subparagraph repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 188; 1980, c. 34, s. 7; 1982, c. 2, s. 81; 1987, c. 102, s. 25; 1996, c. 2, s. 57; 2001, c. 25, s. 3; 2002, c. 37, s. 27.
188.1. The clerk or secretary-treasurer of a municipality that exercises its right of withdrawal under the third paragraph of section 188 must send to the regional county municipality, by registered mail, a certified true copy of the resolution by which the municipality exercises that right.
From the sending of the resolution, the representatives of the municipality shall cease to participate in the deliberations of the council of the regional county municipality that relate to the exercise of the function to which the withdrawal pertains.
1996, c. 2, s. 58.
188.2. A municipality that has exercised its right of withdrawal under the third paragraph of section 188 may terminate the withdrawal.
In such a case, the clerk or secretary-treasurer of the municipality must send to the regional county municipality, by registered mail, a certified true copy of the resolution by which the municipality terminates the withdrawal.
From the sending of the resolution, the representatives of the municipality shall once again participate in the deliberations of the council of the regional county municipality that relate to the exercise of the function to which the withdrawal pertained.
1996, c. 2, s. 58.
188.3. A regional county municipality may, by by-law, set out the administrative and financial terms and conditions relating to the exercise of the right of withdrawal under the third paragraph of section 188 or to a reversal of that withdrawal, in particular to determine the amounts that must be paid by the municipality that exercises or ceases to exercise that right.
1996, c. 2, s. 58.
189. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 189; 1980, c. 34, s. 8; 1987, c. 102, s. 26.
189.1. (Repealed).
1982, c. 2, s. 82; 1987, c. 102, s. 26.
190. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 190; 1982, c. 2, s. 83; 1987, c. 102, s. 26.
191. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 191; 1987, c. 102, s. 26.
DIVISION IV
OPERATION OF REGIONAL COUNTY MUNICIPALITIES
192. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 192; 1993, c. 65, s. 79.
193. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 193; 1987, c. 102, s. 27; 1993, c. 65, s. 79.
194. The warden is the head of the council of the regional county municipality and shall preside at the sittings of the council.
1979, c. 51, s. 194.
195. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 195; 1993, c. 65, s. 80.
196. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 196; 1993, c. 65, s. 80.
197. In the case of a tie-vote, the warden has a casting vote in the council, except when he is the mayor of a municipality whose representatives are not qualified to vote on the question that is the subject of the deliberations and voting.
However, where the warden is elected in accordance with section 210.29.2 of the Act respecting municipal territorial organization (chapter O-9), the warden has a casting vote in the council where no affirmative or negative decision could be made pursuant to section 201 in respect of the question that is the subject of the deliberations and voting.
Where the warden does not exercise the casting vote under the second paragraph, the council is deemed to have made a negative decision in respect of the question.
1979, c. 51, s. 197; 1987, c. 102, s. 28; 2001, c. 25, s. 4.
198. The council shall appoint among its members a deputy warden who, in the absence of the warden or while the office is vacant, shall fulfil the functions of the warden, with all the privileges, rights and obligations attached thereto. The deputy warden shall be chosen from among the mayors.
However, where the warden is elected in accordance with section 210.29.2 of the Act respecting municipal territorial organization (chapter O-9), the following rules apply to the appointment of the deputy warden:
(1)  the warden shall appoint from among the members of the council a deputy warden who, while the warden is unable to act or while the office of warden is vacant, shall cease to be the representative of a local municipality and shall fulfil the functions of warden, with all the privileges, rights and obligations attached thereto;
(2)  that appointment is made by the transmission to the secretary-treasurer of a writing signed by the warden;
(3)  the council of the local municipality whose representative is appointed as deputy warden may, on the appointment, designate from among its members a person to replace the representative of the municipality when the representative fulfils the functions of warden.
1979, c. 51, s. 198; 2001, c. 25, s. 5.
199. After the election of the first warden, the council of the regional county municipality shall hold a regular meeting at least once every two months.
1979, c. 51, s. 199; 1993, c. 65, s. 81.
200. One-third of the members representing at least one-half of the votes are a quorum of the council of the regional county municipality.
For the purposes of the exercise of the functions referred to in the second paragraph of section 188 or in any other provision limiting the number of members qualified to vote, one-third of the members qualified to vote on a question representing at least one-half of the votes to which such members are entitled is a quorum of the council of the regional county municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 200; 1987, c. 102, s. 29; 1996, c. 2, s. 59.
201. For an affirmative decision to be made by the council, a majority of the votes cast must be cast in the affirmative, and the total of the populations awarded to the representatives who cast the affirmative votes must be equal to more than half of the total of the populations awarded to the representatives who voted.
However, where the warden is elected in accordance with section 210.29.2 of the Act respecting municipal territorial organization (chapter O-9), the decision is negative only if the majority of the votes cast are cast in the negative and the total of the populations awarded to the representatives who cast the negative votes equals more than one-half of the total of the populations awarded to the representatives who voted.
For the purposes of the first and second paragraphs, the sole representative of a municipality is awarded the entire population of the municipality; each representative of the same municipality is awarded an equal share of the population of that municipality.
This section applies subject to section 197.
1979, c. 51, s. 201; 1987, c. 102, s. 30; 1993, c. 65, s. 82; 1997, c. 93, s. 41; 1998, c. 31, s. 7; 2001, c. 25, s. 6.
202. Subject to the second, third, fourth and fifth paragraphs, the representative of a municipality has, in the council of the regional county municipality, the number of votes determined in the order constituting the regional county municipality.
Where the representative of a municipality whose population is at least half of the population of the regional county municipality has, in accordance with the first paragraph, a number of votes equivalent to at least half of the number of votes that all the representatives have, the representative shall have, for the application of section 201 in respect of a proposal, the number of votes obtained by multiplying, by the percentage that the municipality’s population is of the population of the regional county municipality, the number of votes cast by the other representatives in respect of the proposal.
Where the representative of a municipality has, in accordance with the first paragraph, a number of votes equivalent to a least half of the number of votes that all the representatives have, the representative shall have, for the application of section 210.26 of the Act respecting municipal territorial organization (chapter O‐9), the number of votes obtained by multiplying, by the percentage that the municipality’s population is of the population of the regional county municipality, the number of votes that the other representatives have.
Where the number of votes obtained under the second or third paragraph, as the case may be, has a decimal fraction, the decimal fraction is disregarded and, if the first decimal would have been greater than 5, the number is increased by 1.
For the purposes of the second and third paragraphs, the expression “representative of a municipality” also means all the representatives of a municipality if the municipality has more than one representative. In that case, the number of votes obtained under either of those paragraphs shall be apportioned among the representatives in the same proportion as that established under the first paragraph.
A representative may also have a right of veto if the order so provides.
1979, c. 51, s. 202; 1993, c. 65, s. 83; 2001, c. 25, s. 7; 2002, c. 37, s. 28; 2002, c. 68, s. 5.
203. Where the order grants a right of veto to a member of the council of the regional county municipality, the exercise of that right on a question put to the vote suspends deliberations and voting on that question for 90 days.
However, the veto may be lifted by the council at a later sitting.
The right of veto may be exercised only once by the same member on the same question put to the vote.
1979, c. 51, s. 203; 1993, c. 65, s. 84; 1997, c. 93, s. 42.
204. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 204; 1980, c. 34, s. 9; 1984, c. 27, s. 24; 1995, c. 34, s. 62; 1996, c. 2, s. 60; 1996, c. 27, s. 109.
204.1. (Repealed).
1984, c. 27, s. 24; 1988, c. 19, s. 226; 1996, c. 2, s. 61; 1996, c. 27, s. 109.
204.2. (Repealed).
1984, c. 27, s. 24; 1996, c. 27, s. 109.
204.3. (Repealed).
1984, c. 27, s. 24; 1996, c. 27, s. 109.
204.4. (Repealed).
1984, c. 27, s. 24; 1996, c. 27, s. 109.
204.5. (Repealed).
1984, c. 27, s. 24; 1996, c. 2, s. 62; 1996, c. 27, s. 109.
204.6. (Repealed).
1984, c. 27, s. 24; 1996, c. 27, s. 109.
204.7. (Repealed).
1984, c. 27, s. 24; 1996, c. 27, s. 109.
204.8. (Repealed).
1984, c. 27, s. 24; 1996, c. 27, s. 109.
DIVISION V
EXPENSES OF THE REGIONAL COUNTY MUNICIPALITIES
205. Every municipality whose territory is comprised in that of a regional county municipality shall, subject to any inconsistent legislative provision, contribute towards the payment of the expenses of the regional county municipality.
The expenses of the regional county municipality shall be apportioned between the municipalities that must contribute towards their payment according to the criteria determined by a by-law of the regional county municipality, which may vary according to the nature of the expenses. Failing such a by-law, the expenses shall be apportioned between the municipalities on the basis of their respective standardized property values within the meaning of section 261.1 of the Act respecting municipal taxation (chapter F‐2.1).
A municipality whose representatives are not qualified to participate in the deliberations of the council of a regional county municipality under the third paragraph of section 188 shall not contribute towards the payment of the expenses related to the exercice of the functions that are the subject of the deliberations.
1979, c. 51, s. 205; 1979, c. 72, s. 399; 1980, c. 34, s. 10; 1982, c. 2, s. 84; 1983, c. 57, s. 37; 1984, c. 27, s. 25; 1984, c. 38, s. 4; 1987, c. 102, s. 31; 1991, c. 32, s. 161; 1996, c. 2, s. 63; 1999, c. 40, s. 18; 2003, c. 19, s. 36.
205.1. Every regional county municipality may, by a by-law of its council, prescribe the terms and conditions for determining the aliquot shares of its expenses and payment thereof by the municipalities.
The by-law may, in particular, prescribe, for every possible situation with respect to the coming into force, in whole or in part, of the budget of the regional county municipality,
(1)  the date on which the data used to establish provisionally or finally the basis of apportionment of the expenses of the regional county municipality are to be considered;
(2)  the time limit for determining each aliquot share and for informing each municipality of it;
(3)  the obligation of the municipality to pay its aliquot share in a single payment or its right to pay it in a certain number of instalments;
(4)  the time limit within which each instalment must be paid;
(5)  the rate of interest payable on an outstanding instalment;
(6)  the adjustments that may result from the deferred coming into force of all or part of the budget of the regional county municipality or from the successive use of provisional and final data in determining the basis of apportionment of the expenses of the regional county municipality.
Instead of fixing the rate of interest payable on an instalment which is outstanding, the by-law may provide that such rate shall be fixed by a resolution of the council of the regional county municipality when its budget is adopted.
1983, c. 57, s. 38; 1986, c. 33, s. 2; 1991, c. 29, s. 3; 1991, c. 32, s. 162; 1996, c. 2, s. 64.
CHAPTER II
ASSESSMENTS BY THE COMMISSION
1984, c. 27, s. 26; 2003, c. 19, s. 37.
206. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 206; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
207. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 207; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
208. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 208; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
209. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 209; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
210. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 210; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
211. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 211; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
212. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 212; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
213. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 213; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
214. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 214; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
215. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 215; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
216. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 216; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
217. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 217; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
218. Assessments, opinions and notices of the Commission signed by the chairman or secretary are authentic, as are documents or copies issued by the Commission or forming part of its records, if they are certified true by the chairman, the secretary or the person in charge of access to documents of the Commission.
1979, c. 51, s. 218; 1987, c. 68, s. 14.
219. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 219; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
220. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 220; 1984, c. 27, s. 28.
221. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 221; 1982, c. 63, s. 100; 1987, c. 102, s. 32; 1993, c. 3, s. 76; 1994, c. 32, s. 20; 2002, c. 37, s. 29; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 40.
222. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 222; 1990, c. 50, s. 8.
223. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 223; 1990, c. 50, s. 9; 2003, c. 19, s. 41.
224. A regional county municipality, a municipality or, in the case of a request for a notice pertaining to a government intervention, the Minister shall furnish the Commission with any public document, by-law, study or public report it requests for the performance of its functions.
1979, c. 51, s. 224; 1993, c. 3, s. 77.
225. An assessment of conformity given by the Commission must indicate the grounds on which the Commission bases itself.
1979, c. 51, s. 225; 2003, c. 19, s. 42.
226. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 226; 1987, c. 68, s. 15; 2003, c. 19, s. 43.
TITLE II.1
GOVERNMENT REGULATIONS
2003, c. 19, s. 44.
226.1. The Government may, by regulation, prescribe rules of form for the preparation of a document that may or must, under this Act, be sent to or served on the Minister.
2003, c. 19, s. 44; 2004, c. 20, s. 11.
TITLE III
SANCTIONS AND RECOURSES
227. The Superior Court may, at the request of the Attorney General, the regional county municipality, the municipality or any other interested person, order the cessation of
(1)  a use of land or a structure incompatible with
(a)  a zoning, subdivision or building by-law;
(b)  a by-law under any of sections 79.1, 116 and 145.21;
(c)  an interim control by-law or resolution;
(d)  a plan approved in accordance with section 145.19;
(e)  an agreement under section 145.21; or
(f)  a resolution referred to in the second paragraph of section 145.7, 145.34 or 145.38;
(2)  an intervention made contrary to section 150;
(3)  a use of land or a structure inconsistent with the provisions of a land rehabilitation plan approved by the Minister of the Environment under Division IV.2.1 of Chapter I of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q‐2).
It may also order, at the expense of the owner, the carrying out of the works required to bring the use of the land or the structure into conformity with the resolution, the agreement, the by-law or the plan referred to in subparagraph 1 of the first paragraph, or to cause an intervention to which section 150 applies to be in conformity with the objectives of the applicable land use planning and development plan or the provisions of the applicable interim control by-law or, if there is no other useful remedy, the demolition of the structure or the restoration of the land to its former condition.
It may also order, at the expense of the owner, the carrying out of the works required to bring the use of the land or the structure into conformity with the provisions of the land rehabilitation plan referred to in subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph, or if there is no other useful remedy, the demolition of the structure or the restoration of the land.
1979, c. 51, s. 227; 1993, c. 3, s. 78; 1994, c. 32, s. 21; 1996, c. 25, s. 73; 2002, c. 37, s. 30; 2002, c. 68, s. 6, s. 52; 2002, c. 11, s. 15; 2003, c. 19, s. 45.
227.1. The Superior Court may in addition, on the motion of the Minister of the Environment, make any order under section 227 where the use of land or a construction is inconsistent with a zoning by-law, subdivision by-law or building by-law relating to the protection of lakeshores, riverbanks, littoral zones or floodplains, or where the use of land or a structure is inconsistent with the provisions of a land rehabilitation plan approved under Division IV.2.1 of Chapter I of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q‐2).
1987, c. 53, s. 6; 1994, c. 17, s. 75; 1999, c. 36, s. 158; 2002, c. 11, s. 16.
228. Any subdivision, cadastral operation or parcelling out of a lot by alienation that is carried out contrary to a subdivision by-law, a by-law under section 145.21 or an interim control by-law or resolution, a plan approved in accordance with section 145.19, an agreement made under section 145.21, a resolution referred to in the second paragraph of section 145.7 or 145.38 or a land rehabilitation plan approved by the Minister of the Environment under Division IV.2.1 of Chapter I of the Environment Quality Act (chapter Q‐2) may be annulled. The Attorney General or any interested person, including the regional county municipality or the municipality in whose territory the lot is situated, may apply to the Superior Court for a declaration of nullity.
The first paragraph does not apply to a subdivision, cadastral operation or parcelling out whose effects are confirmed by the registration of the immovables made as part of the cadastral renewal or review effected in the territory concerned by the implementation of a renewal plan prepared under Chapter II of the Act to promote the reform of the cadastre in Québec (chapter R‐3.1) or a plan drawn up after 30 September 1985 under the Act respecting land titles in certain electoral districts (chapter T‐11).
1979, c. 51, s. 228; 1993, c. 3, s. 79; 1994, c. 32, s. 22; 1996, c. 25, s. 74; 2002, c. 37, s. 31; 2002, c. 11, s. 17; 2003, c. 19, s. 46.
229. The Superior Court may, on a motion of the Attorney General, the regional county municipality, the municipality or any interested person, order the cessation of any use of land or of any construction undertaken contrary to section 162.
It may also, in such a case, order, at the expense of the owner, the carrying out of the works required to bring the use of the land or the structure into conformity with section 162 or, if there is no other useful remedy, the demolition of the structure or the restoration of the land to its former condition.
1979, c. 51, s. 229; 1993, c. 3, s. 80; 1996, c. 25, s. 75.
230. A cadastral operation or the parcelling out of a lot by alienation contrary to section 162 is liable to annulment.
Any interested person, including the Attorney General, the regional county municipality or the municipality in whose territory the lot is situated, may apply to the Superior Court for a declaration of nullity.
The first two paragraphs do not apply to a cadastral operation or a parcelling out whose effects are confirmed by the registration of the immovables made as part of the cadastral renewal or review effected in the territory concerned by the implementation of a renewal plan prepared under Chapter II of the Act to promote the reform of the cadastre in Québec (chapter R-3.1) or a plan drawn up after 30 September 1985 under the Act respecting land titles in certain electoral districts (chapter T-11).
1979, c. 51, s. 230; 1993, c. 3, s. 81; 1996, c. 25, s. 76.
231. Where a structure is in such a condition as to constitute a danger to persons or where it has lost one-half of its value through decay, fire or explosion, the Superior Court may, on a motion of the regional county municipality, of the municipality, or of any interested person, order the carrying out of the works required to ensure the safety of persons or, if there is no other useful remedy, the demolition of the structure.
Where the matter is exceptionally urgent, the court may authorize the regional county municipality or the municipality to carry out the work or to proceed with the demolition without further delay, and the regional county municipality or the municipality may claim the cost thereof from the owner of the building. The court may also, in all cases, enjoin the persons living in the building to vacate it within the time it fixes.
1979, c. 51, s. 231.
232. A motion presented under sections 227 to 231 is heard and decided by preference.
Where the motion is for the carrying out of works or demolition, the court may, if the owner or the person having custody of the immovable fails to proceed therewith within the allotted time, authorize the regional county municipality or the municipality to proceed therewith at the expense of the owner of the immovable.
1979, c. 51, s. 232; 1999, c. 90, s. 3.
233. The cost of demolition, repairs, alterations or construction or of restoring land to its former condition incurred by a regional county municipality or a municipality in the exercise of the powers contemplated in section 232 is a prior claim on the immovable, of the same nature and with the same rank as the claims described in paragraph 5 of article 2651 of the Civil Code; the cost is secured by a legal hypothec on the immovable.
1979, c. 51, s. 233; 1994, c. 30, s. 86.
233.1. The minimum fine for felling trees in contravention of a regulatory provision adopted under section 79.1 or either of subparagraphs 12 or 12.1 of the second paragraph of section 113 is $500 plus,
(1)  for felling trees on less than one hectare of land, an amount varying from $100 to $200 per tree illegally felled, up to a total of $5,000; or
(2)  for felling trees on one or more hectares of land, a fine varying from $5,000 to $15,000 per hectare deforested, in addition to an amount determined in accordance with subparagraph 1 for each fraction of a hectare.
The amounts specified in the first paragraph are doubled for a second or subsequent offence.
2004, c. 20, s. 13.
TITLE IV
GENERAL, TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS
CHAPTER I
GENERAL PROVISIONS
234. Where this Act requires service, it may be made by a bailiff or by registered mail.
Service by registered mail is deemed to have been made on the date of mailing.
1979, c. 51, s. 234.
234.1. Where this Act requires that a copy of a reviewed land use planning and development plan or of a by-law be transmitted to a person, after its coming into force, and the person has already received an identical copy after the adoption of the plan or by-law, the sender may transmit to the person, instead of the copy, a notice indicating that the text in force is identical to the adopted text and specifying the dates of coming into force and adoption.
Where this Act requires the transmission after its adoption of a copy of a plan or by-law adopted to replace another which did not come into force by reason of non-conformity, and the person has already received a copy of the replaced plan or by-law, the sender may transmit to the person, instead of the copy, only the pages of the new plan or by-law which contain changes, with a notice indicating the changes, mentioning that except for those changes, the new text is identical to the previous one and specifying the date of adoption of each.
Where, to comply with the obligation under section 110.10.1 to adopt on the same day the by-law revising the planning program and the by-law that replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law, the council of the municipality is required to readopt a by-law without amendment and this Act requires the transmission after its readoption of a copy of the by-law to a person and that person had already received a copy of the by-law after its previous adoption, the sender may transmit to the person, instead of the copy of the by-law, a notice indicating that the text of the readopted by-law is identical to the text of the by-law adopted previously and specifying the dates of previous adoption and readoption.
1993, c. 3, s. 82; 1997, c. 93, s. 43; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
235. For the purposes of this Act, the qualified voters are the voters determined in accordance with the Act respecting elections and referendums in municipalities (chapter E-2.2).
Where this Act gives a certain number of qualified voters the right to request an assessment by the Commission, the reference date to determine who is a qualified voter is the date of passage of the resolution or by-law being the subject of the request for assessment or, in the case contemplated in subparagraph 3 of the first paragraph of section 103 or in section 59.7 or 110.7, the date of publication of the notice provided for in the third paragraph of section 102 or in the second paragraph of section 59.6 or 110.6.
1979, c. 51, s. 235; 1987, c. 57, s. 677; 1993, c. 3, s. 83.
236. No permit or certificate provided for in this Act may be validly granted or issued except by the secretary-treasurer or an officer designated for that purpose by the council of the regional county municipality or the council of the municipality, and except in conformity with the requirements of this Act and the regulations and by-laws the adoption of which it provides for.
1979, c. 51, s. 236.
237. The council of the regional county municipality and the council of a municipality may, by by-law, establish the procedure of application for and issuance of the permits and certificates it is within their respective jurisdictions to issue under this Act. They may also set the related issuance fees.
1979, c. 51, s. 237; 1996, c. 25, s. 77.
237.1. The council of a regional county municipality may, by by-law, delegate to the executive committee of the regional county municipality all or part of its powers under this Act, except the power to adopt by-laws or draft by-laws or to adopt a document accompanying any of them.
The first paragraph prevails over article 124 of the Municipal Code of Québec (chapter C-27.1).
1993, c. 3, s. 84.
237.2. The council of a regional county municipality may, by by-law, determine the cases in which a by-law of a municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality must be submitted to an examination of conformity as regards the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and the provisions of the complementary document.
Where a by-law adopted under the first paragraph is in force, the provisions of this Act which concern the rules relating to the conformity of a by-law with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan and the provisions of the complementary document do not apply to a by-law of a municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality if the by-law adopted under the first paragraph does not refer to it. However, the provisions apply to any concordance by-law within the meaning of section 58 or 59, to any by-law whose object falls within any of the provisions of the complementary document, to the by-law revising the planning program and to the by-law that replaces the zoning or subdivision by-law.
As soon as practicable after the coming into force of the by-law adopted under the first paragraph, the secretary-treasurer shall transmit a certified copy of the by-law to each municipality whose territory is comprised in that of the regional county municipality.
1993, c. 3, s. 84; 1997, c. 93, s. 44; 2002, c. 68, s. 52; 2003, c. 19, s. 47.
237.3. The council of a municipality having a population of 100,000 or more, except the council of the cities of Longueuil and Montréal, may, notwithstanding any provision, delegate to the executive committee
(1)  the granting of minor exemptions in accordance with section 145.4;
(2)  the approval of comprehensive development programs in accordance with sections 145.12 and 145.13;
(3)  the exercise of the powers provided for in sections 145.18 to 145.20 relating to site planning and architectural integration programs;
(4)  the making of the municipal works agreements provided for in section 145.21;
(5)  the authorization of conditional uses in accordance with section 145.34;
(6)  the authorization of specific proposals for the construction, alteration or occupancy of an immovable in accordance with section 145.38.
The first paragraph applies subject to the powers granted to a borough council by any applicable provision.
2002, c. 77, s. 6.
238. Where a regional county municipality or a municipality fails to do a thing within the period or term granted by this Act, by a regulation or by-law, or by an order, notice, assessment or decree made or passed pursuant to this Act, the Minister may act in its place, and anything he does in that case has the same effect as if the defaulting regional county municipality or municipality had acted.
The Minister may appoint a representative for the purposes of this section.
The decision of the Minister to exercise or to cease to exercise the powers conferred on him by this section has effect immediately; notice of it shall be published in the Gazette officielle du Québec within 15 days.
1979, c. 51, s. 238; 2003, c. 19, s. 48.
239. The Minister, of his own initiative or at the request of a regional county municipality, a municipality or the Commission, may extend a period or a term granted to it by this Act, a regulation, a by-law, or an order, notice, assessment or decree made or passed by virtue of this Act, if the period or the term has not expired.
If the Minister deems it advisable, he may, at the request of the defaulting regional county municipality, municipality or Commission, grant a new period or set a new term, on such conditions as he may fix.
In either case, the decision of the Minister granting the request has effect immediately; notice of the decision shall be published in the Gazette officielle du Québec within 15 days.
1979, c. 51, s. 239; 1987, c. 102, s. 33; 1989, c. 46, s. 13; 2003, c. 19, s. 49.
240. The Minister may, within the time provided for in this Act, apply to the Commission for an assessment of the conformity of any planning program, zoning by-law, subdivision by-law or building by-law, any by-law provided for in section 79.1 or 116, any of the by-laws under Divisions VII to XI of Chapter IV of Title I or any resolution referred to in the second paragraph of section 145.38 with the objectives of the land use planning and development plan of the regional county municipality and with the complementary document.
The Minister may, within the time prescribed under this Act, apply to the Commission for an assessment of the conformity of any by-law referred to in section 102 or in respect of which sections 59.6 to 59.9 and 137.10 to 137.14 apply with the planning program of the municipality.
Any application for an assessment made under this section has the same effect as a similar application made by a municipality or by the required number of qualified voters, as the case may be.
1979, c. 51, s. 240; 1982, c. 63, s. 101; 1987, c. 57, s. 678; 1987, c. 102, s. 34; 1990, c. 50, s. 10; 1993, c. 3, s. 85; 1994, c. 32, s. 23; 2002, c. 37, s. 32; 2002, c. 68, s. 7, s. 52.
241. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 241; 1980, c. 34, s. 11; 1982, c. 63, s. 102; 1984, c. 27, s. 29; 1987, c. 68, s. 16; 1990, c. 50, s. 11; 1993, c. 3, s. 86; 1996, c. 25, s. 78.
242. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 242; 1988, c. 19, s. 227; 1993, c. 65, s. 85.
243. Where a notice must be published in the Gazette officielle du Québec in virtue of this Act, the obligation of publishing it rests with the body which adopted the measure or rendered the decision which must be set out in the notice.
1979, c. 51, s. 243.
244. The Minister may grant financial assistance to a regional county municipality for the preparation and application of a land use planning and development plan.
He may also grant financial assistance to a municipality or a regional county municipality for the preparation and application of a planning program, or of a zoning, subdivision or building by-law.
1979, c. 51, s. 244; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
245. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 245; 1988, c. 19, s. 228; 1993, c. 65, s. 86.
246. No provision of this Act, or of a land use planning and development plan, an interim control by-law or resolution or a zoning, subdivision or building by-law has the effect of preventing the staking or designation on a map of a claim, or exploration or search for or the development or exploration of mineral substances or underground reservoirs, carried on in accordance with the Mining Act (chapter M‐13.1).
The first paragraph does not apply to the extraction of sand, gravel or building stone on private lands where, under the Mining Act, the right to those mineral substances belongs to the owner of the soil.
1979, c. 51, s. 246; 1987, c. 64, s. 331; 1994, c. 32, s. 24; 1996, c. 25, s. 79; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
246.1. Failure by a regional county municipality or a municipality or any of its council members or officers to observe a formality prescribed by this Act does not invalidate a deed, except where such failure causes serious harm or the Act provides for its effect, in particular, by stating that the formality must be observed on pain of nullity or rejection of the deed.
1993, c. 3, s. 87.
CHAPTER II
TRANSITIONAL AND FINAL PROVISIONS
247. (Amendment integrated into c. C-27.1, a. 3).
1979, c. 51, s. 247.
248. (Amendment integrated into c. C-27.1, a. 117).
1979, c. 51, s. 248.
249. (Amendment integrated into c. D-11, s. 1).
1979, c. 51, s. 249.
250. (Amendment integrated into c. D-11, s. 12).
1979, c. 51, s. 250.
251. (Amendment integrated into c. D-11, s. 12.1).
1979, c. 51, s. 251.
252. This Act applies notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of any charter or special Act applicable to a municipality.
1979, c. 51, s. 252; 2000, c. 56, s. 99.
253. In any general law or special Act, charter, order in council or by-law, a reference to a provision repealed pursuant to this Act is considered to be a reference to the equivalent provision of this Act.
1979, c. 51, s. 253; 1999, c. 40, s. 18.
254. Notwithstanding article 453 of the Municipal Code (chapter C-27.1) and section 365 of the Cities and Towns Act (chapter C-19), the repeal or amendment of a by-law which, according to the provisions of a general law or special Act repealed by this Act, required any approval, may be carried out only if such action is taken in conformity with this Act.
1979, c. 51, s. 254.
255. Any plan or by-law dealing with a matter contemplated in this Act and put into force before the coming into force of this Act remains in force and retains all its effects until it is replaced, amended, repealed or rendered inoperative in conformity with this Act.
1979, c. 51, s. 255.
256. Any joint town-planning commission instituted by virtue of article 392e of the Municipal Code of 1916 or of subsection 3 of section 70 of the Cities and Towns Act (chapter C-19) remains operative until the adoption of a resolution provided for in section 4.
1979, c. 51, s. 256.
256.1. No permit authorizing a cadastral operation may be refused in respect of a tract of land that, on 30 November 1982 or on the date of the day preceding that of the coming into force of the first interim control by-law of the regional county municipality, when that date is later than 30 November 1982, does not form one or several separate lots on the official plans of the cadastre and the metes and bounds of which are described in one or several acts published to that date, on the sole ground that the area or the dimensions of the land do not allow it to satisfy the pertinent requirements of an interim control by-law or of a subdivision by-law, if the following conditions are observed:
(1)  on the date mentioned above, the area and the dimensions of the land allow it to satisfy, where such is the case, the pertinent requirements of the regulation on cadastral operations applicable on that date in the territory where the land is situated, and
(2)  a single lot results from the cadastral operation, except where the tract of land is comprised in several original lots, in which case a single lot for each original lot results from the cadastral operation.
1982, c. 63, s. 103; 1984, c. 47, s. 5; 1999, c. 40, s. 18.
256.2. No permit authorizing a cadastral operation may be refused on the sole ground that the area or the dimensions of the tract of land do not allow it to satisfy the pertinent requirements of an interim control by-law or of a subdivision by-law in respect of a tract of land that meets the following conditions:
(1)  on 30 November 1982 or on the date preceding the date of the coming into force of the first interim control by-law of the regional county municipality, whichever date is the later, the tract of land did not form one or several separate lots on the official plans of the cadastre;
(2)  on the date applicable under subparagraph 1, the tract of land was the site of a structure built and used in accordance with the by-laws in force at that time, if such was the case, or protected by acquired rights.
To be authorized, the cadastral operation must result in the creation of a single lot or, where the tract of land is comprised in several original lots, of a single lot for each original lot.
The first two paragraphs apply even if the structure is destroyed by a disaster after the applicable date.
1986, c. 33, s. 3.
256.3. No permit authorizing a cadastral operation may be refused on the sole ground that the area or the dimensions of the tract of land do not allow it to satisfy the pertinent requirements of an interim control by-law or of a subdivision by-law in respect of a tract of land that is the remainder of a tract of land
(1)  part of which has been acquired for purposes of public utility by a public body or some other person having powers of expropriation, and
(2)  which immediately before the acquisition had sufficient area and dimensions to conform with the by-laws in force at that time or could have been the subject of a cadastral operation pursuant to section 256.1 or 256.2.
To be authorized, the cadastral operation must result in the creation of a single lot or, where the tract of land is comprised in several original lots, of a single lot for each original lot.
1986, c. 33, s. 3.
257. (Amendment integrated into c. C-19, s. 421).
1979, c. 51, s. 257.
258. (Inoperative, 1979, c. 72, s. 267).
1979, c. 51, s. 258.
259. (1)  (Omitted);
(2)  (omitted);
(3)  (omitted);
(4)  (omitted);
(5)  (omitted);
(6)  (amendment integrated into c. C-27.1, a. 493);
(7)  (omitted);
(8)  (omitted);
(9)  (omitted);
(10)  (omitted);
(11)  (omitted);
(12)  (omitted);
(13)  (omitted);
(14)  (omitted);
(15)  (omitted);
(16)  (omitted);
(17)  (amendment integrated into c. C-27.1, a. 540);
(18)  (omitted).
1979, c. 51, s. 259.
260. (1)  (Amendment integrated into c. C-19, s. 70);
(2)  (amendment integrated into c. C-19, s. 356);
(3)  (amendment integrated into c. C-19, s. 411);
(4)  (amendment integrated into c. C-19, s. 412);
(5)  (amendment integrated into c. C-19, s. 415);
(6)  (omitted).
1979, c. 51, s. 260.
261. (Omitted).
1979, c. 51, s. 261.
261.1. (Repealed).
1982, c. 2, s. 85; 1982, c. 63, s. 283; 1996, c. 2, s. 65.
262. (Repealed).
1979, c. 51, s. 262; 1981, c. 59, s. 7.
263. (Amendment integrated into c. R-10, s. 2).
1979, c. 51, s. 263.
264. For the purposes of this Act, the City of Laval is a regional county municipality; the powers and responsibilities conferred by this Act on the warden, the council of the regional county municipality and the secretary-treasurer shall be exercised, respectively, for the City of Laval, by the mayor, the municipal council or, where such is the case, the executive committee and the clerk or any other officer designated for that purpose. Its executive committee is considered to be the executive committee of a regional county municipality.
This Act applies, with the necessary adaptations, to the City of Laval, with the following changes:
(1)  Chapter I of Title I, rather than Chapter III of Title I, applies, with the necessary adaptations, to the City of Laval, with the following restrictions:
(a)  sections 103 to 106, 59.5 to 59.9 and 137.10 to 137.14 apply, rather than sections 36 to 46, 59 to 59.4 and 137.2 to 137.8, to the conformity of by-laws with the land use planning and development plan;
(b)  paragraphs 6 and 7 of section 84 and section 85 apply to the optional content of the plan;
(c)  (subparagraph repealed);
(c.1)  section 85.1 applies to the City of Laval as if its land use planning and development plan were not in force;
(2)  Chapter IV of Title I applies, with the necessary adaptations, to the City of Laval, on the following terms and conditions:
(a)  sections 114 and 117 apply, taking into account the procedure provided for in subsection 23 of section 51a of the Cities and Towns Act (Revised Statutes, 1964, c. 193), enacted for the City of Laval by section 12 of the Charter of the City of Laval (1965, 1st session, c. 89);
(b)  subparagraph 2 of the second paragraph of section 113 is amended by adding, at the end, the words “where the land use planning and development plan specifies development areas grouping one or more zones for which a special planning program has come into force, a development area may be a territorial unit for the purposes of the provisions of subdivisions 1 to 2.1 of Division V that relate to approval by way of referendum;”;
(b.1)  (subparagraph repealed);
(c)  Chapter V of Title I applies, with the possibility of establishing subcommittees of the planning advisory committee on the basis of existing planning sectors.
1979, c. 51, s. 264; 1982, c. 63, s. 104; 1986, c. 33, s. 4; 1987, c. 53, s. 7; 1987, c. 57, s. 679; 1993, c. 3, s. 88; 1993, c. 65, s. 87; 1996, c. 25, s. 80; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
This section shall cease to have effect on the day of coming into force of the metropolitan land use and development plan of the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal. (2000, c. 56, s. 64).
264.0.1. For the purposes of this Act, Ville de Mirabel is a regional county municipality; the powers and responsibilities conferred by this Act on the warden, the council of the regional county municipality and the secretary-treasurer shall be exercised, respectively, for Ville de Mirabel, by the mayor, the municipal council and the clerk or any other officer designated for that purpose.
This Act applies, with the necessary adaptations, to Ville de Mirabel, with the following changes:
(1)  Chapter I of Title I, rather than Chapter III of Title I, applies, with the necessary adaptations, to Ville de Mirabel, with the following restrictions:
(a)  sections 103 to 106, 59.5 to 59.9 and 137.10 to 137.14 apply, rather than sections 36 to 46, 59 to 59.4 and 137.2 to 137.8, to the conformity of by-laws with the land use planning and development plan;
(b)  paragraphs 6 and 7 of section 84 and section 85 apply to the optional content of the plan;
(c)  (subparagraph repealed);
(c.1)  section 85.1 applies to Ville de Mirabel as if its land use planning and development plan were not in force;
(2)  Chapters IV and V of Title I apply, adapted as required, to Ville de Mirabel except that subparagraph 2 of the second paragraph of section 113 is amended by adding, at the end, the words “where the land use planning and development plan specifies development areas grouping one or more zones for which a special planning program has come into force, a development area may be a territorial unit for the purposes of the provisions of subdivisions 1 to 2.1 of Division V that relate to approval by way of referendum.”.
1984, c. 47, s. 6; 1986, c. 33, s. 5; 1987, c. 53, s. 8; 1987, c. 57, s. 680; 1993, c. 3, s. 89; 1993, c. 65, s. 88; 1996, c. 2, s. 66; 1996, c. 25, s. 81; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
This section shall cease to have effect on the day of coming into force of the metropolitan land use and development plan of the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal. (2000, c. 56, s. 64).
264.0.2. Ville de Gatineau is subject both to the provisions of this Act, except Chapter II.1 of Title I, that concern regional county municipalities and to the provisions concerning local municipalities, subject to the necessary modifications. The powers and responsibilities conferred by that Act on the warden, the council and the secretary-treasurer of a regional county municipality shall be exercised, respectively by the mayor, the city council and the clerk.
However, the examination of the conformity of the planning program or of a planning by-law with the city’s land use planning and development plan shall be effected in accordance with sections 59.5 to 59.9 and 137.10 to 137.14, with the necessary modifications, rather than in accordance with sections 109.6 to 110 in the case of the planning program or sections 137.2 to 137.8 in the case of by-laws.
The planning program and planning by-laws of the city are all the programs and by-laws in force on 31 December 2001 in the local municipalities to which the city succeeds.
2000, c. 56, s. 100; 2001, c. 25, s. 218; 2002, c. 68, s. 8, s. 52.
264.1. (Repealed).
1982, c. 18, s. 146; 1982, c. 63, s. 105; 1983, c. 57, s. 39; 1984, c. 27, s. 30; 1985, c. 27, s. 8; 1985, c. 31, s. 27; 1987, c. 57, s. 681; 1987, c. 102, s. 35; 1990, c. 50, s. 12; 1993, c. 3, s. 90; 1995, c. 34, s. 63; 1996, c. 25, s. 82; 1997, c. 44, s. 96; 2000, c. 34, s. 238.
264.2. (Repealed).
1982, c. 63, s. 106; 1983, c. 57, s. 40; 1984, c. 27, s. 31; 1984, c. 32, s. 28; 1985, c. 27, s. 9; 1987, c. 57, s. 682; 1987, c. 102, s. 36; 1990, c. 50, s. 13; 1993, c. 3, s. 91; 1995, c. 34, s. 64; 1996, c. 25, s. 83; 2000, c. 56, Sch. VI, s. 225.
264.3. (Repealed).
1983, c. 29, s. 72; 1983, c. 57, s. 41; 1984, c. 27, s. 32; 1985, c. 27, s. 10; 1987, c. 102, s. 37; 1990, c. 50, s. 14; 1990, c. 85, s. 123; 1993, c. 3, s. 92; 1995, c. 34, s. 65; 1996, c. 25, s. 84; 2000, c. 56, s. 101.
265. In the case of the municipalities contemplated in the Act respecting the vicinity of the new international airport (1970, c. 48) and in the case of the municipalities of the Haut-Saguenay contemplated in the Act respecting certain municipalities of the Outaouais and Haut-Saguenay (1974, c. 88), the letters patent respecting those municipalities or a group thereof may include special provisions respecting the preparation, adoption and coming into force of a land use planning and development plan, a planning program or a zoning, subdivision or building by-law.
1979, c. 51, s. 265; 2002, c. 68, s. 52.
266. This Act does not apply in the territories situated north of the 55th parallel nor in the lands excluded from the territory of Municipalité de Baie-James by paragraph 2 of section 40 of the James Bay Region Development and Municipal Organization Act (chapter D-8.2).
1979, c. 51, s. 266; 1996, c. 2, s. 67; 2001, c. 61, s. 11.
267. The aims, documents, assessments, notices, orders and interventions of the Government or of its Ministers or mandataries of the State contemplated in sections 51, 53.7, 53.12, 56.4, 56.14, 56.16 and 65 and 149 to 165 shall be prepared under the responsibility of a minister designated by the Government. The minister shall, for that purpose, consult the other ministers concerned.
The minister designated in accordance with the first paragraph may authorize another minister or an agency of the State to exercise all or part of his powers or to perform his duties and functions under sections 149 to 165.
1979, c. 51, s. 267; 1987, c. 53, s. 9; 1990, c. 50, s. 15; 1993, c. 3, s. 93; 1996, c. 25, s. 85; 1996, c. 26, s. 69; 1999, c. 40, s. 18.
The aims, documents, assessments, notices, orders and interventions of the Government or of its Ministers or mandataries of the State contemplated in sections 51, 53.7, 53.12, 56.4, 56.14, 56.16 and 65 and 149 to 165 of this Act shall be prepared under the responsibility of the Minister of Municipal Affairs, Regions and Land Occupancy. Order in Council 810-2009 dated 23 June 2009, (2009) 141 G.O. 2 (French), 3231.
267.1. Where the Minister gives his opinion, in light of governmental policy, on a document concerning an agricultural zone established pursuant to the Act respecting the preservation of agricultural land and agricultural activities (chapter P-41.1), he shall take into consideration whether or not the elements it contains enable the objectives referred to in subparagraph 2.1 of the first paragraph of section 5 to be met. He shall also take into consideration whether or not the parameters to serve in the establishment of separation distances are consistent with the parameters indicated pursuant to section 56.4.
1996, c. 26, s. 70.
267.2. The Minister shall, before giving an opinion pursuant to any of sections 51, 53.7, 56.4, 56.14 and 65 to a regional county municipality whose territory is contiguous to the territory of the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal or to the territory of the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec, request the Community’s opinion on the document submitted to it.
In the case of an opinion referred to in any of sections 51, 53.7 and 65, the Community’s opinion must be received by the Minister within 45 days of the Minister’s request; in the case of an opinion referred to in section 56.4 or 56.14, the Community’s opinion must be received by the Minister within 60 days of the Minister’s request. Notwithstanding section 47 of the Act respecting the Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal (chapter C‐37.01) and section 38 of the Act respecting the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec (chapter C‐37.02), the council of the Community may delegate to the executive committee the power to submit an opinion.
The first two paragraphs do not apply where the Minister gives an opinion
(1)  pursuant to section 53.7 in respect of a by-law referred to in the second paragraph of section 53.8;
(2)  pursuant to section 56.14 in respect of a revised plan adopted following a request made by the Minister pursuant to the third paragraph of that section;
(3)  pursuant to section 65 in respect of a replacement interim control by-law adopted following a request made by the Minister under the second paragraph of that section.
In addition to reasons relating to the government aims or guidelines referred to in those sections, an objection or disapproval expressed by the Minister under any of the sections referred to in the first paragraph may be based on the opinion of the Community.
1997, c. 44, s. 97; 1997, c. 93, s. 45; 2000, c. 56, s. 102; 2001, c. 25, s. 8; 2001, c. 68, s. 3; 2002, c. 77, s. 7; 2004, c. 20, s. 14.
267.3. The Minister shall, before giving an opinion pursuant to any of sections 51, 53.7, 56.14 and 65 to Ville de Québec, Ville de Lévis or a regional county municipality whose territory is situated in whole or in part in that of the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec, request an opinion from the Commission de la capitale nationale on the submitted document. The first sentence of the second paragraph and the third paragraph of section 267.2 apply, with the necessary modifications.
On the coming into force of the metropolitan land use and development plan of the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec, the first paragraph applies to the opinions given to the Community pursuant to the sections referred to in that paragraph.
2001, c. 68, s. 4; 2002, c. 77, s. 8.
268. The Minister is responsible for the application of this Act.
1979, c. 51, s. 268.
269. (Omitted).
1979, c. 51, s. 269.
270. (This section ceased to have effect on 17 April 1987).
1982, c. 21, s. 1; U. K., 1982, c. 11, Sch. B, Part I, s. 33.
REPEAL SCHEDULES

In accordance with section 17 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), chapter 51 of the statutes of 1979, in force on 1 November 1980, is repealed, except sections 247, 248 and 269, effective from the coming into force of chapter A-19.1 of the Revised Statutes.

In accordance with section 17 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), sections 247 and 248 of chapter 51 of the statutes of 1979, in force on 1 January 1984, are repealed effective from the coming into force of the updating to 1 January 1984 of chapter A-19.1 of the Revised Statutes.

In accordance with section 17 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), paragraphs 4 and 7 of section 261 of chapter 51 of the statutes of 1979, in force on 1 September 1985, are repealed effective from the coming into force of the updating to 1 September 1985 of chapter A-19.1 of the Revised Statutes.

In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), paragraph 6 of section 261 of chapter 51 of the statutes of 1979, in force on 1 September 1993, is repealed effective from the coming into force of the updating to 1 September 1993 of chapter A-19.1 of the Revised Statutes.

In accordance with section 9 of the Act respecting the consolidation of the statutes and regulations (chapter R-3), paragraph 10 of section 261 of chapter 51 of the statutes of 1979, in force on 1 March 1996, is repealed effective from the coming into force of the updating to 1 March 1996 of chapter A-19.1 of the Revised Statutes.